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CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 

ENGLISH COLLECTION 




THE GIFT OF 

JAMES MORGAN HART 

PROFESSOR OF ENGUSH 



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BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

NO. 263 

Philology and Literature Series, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 2S5-4S2. 



GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICAN MAGAZINES 
1846 TO 1880 



BY 

MAETIN HENRY HAERTEL 
Instructor in German, University of Wisconsin 



A THESIS SUBMITTED FOE THE DEGREE OT DOCTOR OF PHILOSOFHT 
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 
1906 



PiibUshed bi-monthly by cmthorUv of la/w wtth the approval of the Regents 

of the University, and entered as second-class matter at the 

post office at Madison, Wisconsin 



MADISON, WISCONSIN 
NOVEMBBB, 1908 



PRICE. SO CBNTS. 



BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION 

Walter M. Smith, Chairman 
WiLLARD G. Bleyer, Secretary 
Charles M. Gillette, Editor 

John R. Commons, Economics and Political Sciejue Series 

William S. Marshall, Science Series 

Daniel W. Mead, Engineering Series 

Julius E. Olson, General Series 

Edward T. Owen, Philology and Literature Series 

William H. Lighty, University Extension Series 

William L. Westekman, History Series 



BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

NO. aes 

Philology and Literature Scries, Vol. *, No. 2, pp. 255-452. 



GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICAN MAGAZINES 
1846 TO 1880 



BY 

MARTIN HENRY HAERTEL 

r 
Instructor in German, University of Wisconsin 



THE3I3 SUBMITTED FOB THB DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY 

UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

1906 



PiMiihed bi^mimthlu by authoritu of law witTt the approval of the Regents 

of the University, and entered as seeond-class matter at the 

post oMce at Madison , Wi»consiit 



MADISON, WISCONSIN 
November, 1908 

Ji 









L^l.(-'\ 



1^.2.8 33 tS 



CONTENTS 



PAGBT 

Abbreviations i 

Introduction ^ 

Classical Period 11 

The Period of Decreased Interest 23 

The Period of the Novel 34 

Individual Auihoes and Movements 62 

Leasing 62 

Goethe 64 

Schiller 76 

The Bomantic School 80 

Heine 86 

Conclusion 92 

List A. Chronological List of References 95 

List B. German Authors Referred to 179 

List C. List of Journals Examined 186 



ABBREVIATIONS 



Art. 


Article. 


Lit. 


Literatur (e). 


Autobiog . 


Autobiography. 


Mag. 


Magazine . 


Biog. 


Biography . 


Misc. 


Miscellany . 


Col. 


Column . 


Mo. 


Monthly. 


Contemp. 


Cbntemporaneous . 


N. Y. 


New York. 


Crit. 


Criticism . 


No. 


Number . 


Disc. 


Discussion . 


Phila. 


Philadelphia . 


Ed. 


Edited. 


Quart. 


Quarterly. 


Edinb. 


Edinburgh. 


Refer. 


Reference . 


For. 


Foreign . 


Repr. 


Reprinted . 


Gesch. 


Geschiehte. 


Rev. 


Review . 


Hist. 


History . 


Tr. 


Translated . 


Inst. 


Instalments . 


Trans. 


Translation (s) 


Jo. 


Journal . 


Westm. 


Westminster. 



PREFACE 



It is with great pleasure that I take advantage of this oppor- 
tunity to express to Professor A. R. Hohlfeld my sincere grati- 
tude for the many helpful suggestions that he has given me in 
the preparation of this thesis, and for the kindly interest that 
he has shown in my work at the University of Wisconsin. I 
also owe a debt of gratitude to Professors Dana C. Munro and 
E. K. J. H. Voss of Wisconsin, and to Professors Starr Willard 
Cutting and Hans Schmidt- Wartenberg of the University of 
Chicago. I shall always consider it a privilege to have done my 
graduate work under the guidance of these scholars. 



GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICAN MAGAZINES 
1846 TO 1880 



INTRODUCTION 

The awakening of an interest in German life and culture 
among the Americans, and particularly the gradual introduction 
of German literature to the readers of American magazines has 
been presented by Dr. S. H. Goodnight^ and by Dr. E. Z. Davis.^ 
They have shown how this literature, despite an opposition al- 
ways considerable, and sometimes bitter, was eventually ad- 
mitted to the pages of American journals as a legitimate subject 
of discussion, to be analyzed, commended, or adversely criti- 
cised on very nearly the same basis as the product of the Eng- 
lish and American pen. ' 

In discussing the earlier years of the nineteenth century, it 
was necessary to treat with some care the attitude of the aver- 
age editor and contributor to American periodicals, not towards 
German literature alone, but towards all German life and cul- 
ture, as the literature was not considered entirely on its own 
merits, but rather as one phase of the nation's civilization. In 
this thesis, on the other hand, which is to consider the develop- 
ment of American journalistic criticism of German literature 
from 1846 to 1880, — ^a period in which German letters were 
firmly established in the attention of the journals — ^the writer 
wiU confine himself to the attitude of the journals towards 
literature alone. The discussion will, in general, embrace only 



1 German lAterature in American Magazines prior to 18i6, Madison, Wisconsin, 
1907. 
' Transmtione of German Poetry in American Magazines, niil-lSlO, Pliila., 1905. 

[271] 



8 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

the articles on German literature which appeared in the journals 
of the period under consideration, and will touch on other 
phases of the broader question of the relations of the two coun- 
tries concerned, only when this explanatory aid is needed. 

In order to include as many journals as possible in the scope 
of the investigation, the writer examined those libraries in the 
United States in which there was any special likelihood of find- 
ing a good collection of American periodicals. Collections in 
the following cities were investigated : Madison, Wis. ; 
Chicago; Boston; Cambridge; New York; Philadelphia, and 
"Washington. Naturally, not all the journals that published 
material bearing on the subject under discussion are contained 
in these libraries; the exceptions, however, are certainly of 
minor importance, if not altogether negligible. All journals 
devoted to general interests were examined. Those devoted to 
special fields in no wise related to the study of literature, such 
as trade, agricultural, and political journals, were, of course, 
excluded from the investigation. Theological and religious pub- 
lications, in so far as they showed any considerable interest in 
profane literature, were included. Only the more important 
of the weekly journals were examined. 

In addition to the journals published in the period before 
1880, the examination was extended to the more important 
periodicals of later date. What will be said concerning the 
status of certain authors after 1880, is therefore based on actual 
investigation. 

The dissertation has been divided into three chapters of gen- 
eral purport and one on individual authors and movements. 
In the former, the arrangement of the authors ordinarily follows 
the chronology of German literature. They are roughly divided 
into the following groups: the pre-classic authors, — ^those who 
wrote before Goethe and Schiller; Goethe; Schiller; the Eoman- 
ticists; poets of the War of Liberation; Heine and Young 
Germany; the later nineteenth century authors. These latter 
have been grouped as lyrists, dramatists, and novelists. As 
the more important authors are treated in a special chapter, 
space devoted to them in the general discussion has been cor- 

[272] 



HABRTBL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 9 

respondingly decreased. However, none of the later novelists 
have been discussed under separate headings, as practically all 
mention of them comes in the latter part of our period, and it 
was therefore thought best to give a complete discussion of them 
in the general chapter dealing with those years. 

To gain a clear conception of the purely American interest 
in German letters, it would be necessary to make a distinction 
between articles, reviews, and translations which are solely of 
'Am.erican origin and those which owe their existence to British 
inspiration. This, however, is impossible until the English 
periodicals have been searched for material bearing on our sub- 
ject.^ In all cases where articles are discussed that are re- 
printed from and credited to English publications, reference is 
made to the fact that they are not of American origin. 

The following table shows the number of journals examined 
in each year of the period under discussion, the number of items 
found, and the ratio of the latter to the former. In the case 
of continued articles or stories, each instalment is counted as 
one item. When the number for a particular year is unusually 
large, the cause is indicated in a foot-note. 

Year. Xn. nf .ToTirniils. Xii. of Ifoiiis. Ratio. 

1846 23 67 2.91 

1847 30 81 2.70 

1848 30 60 2.00 

1849 28 60 2.14 

1850 26 96 3.69 

1851 24 88 3.67 

1852 25 90 3.60 

1853 25 76 3.04 

1854 25 30 1.20 

1855 27 41 1.52 

1856 25 54 2.16 

1857 27 40 1.48 



» Cf. Batt, Max. ContrihuUons 1o the History of EnglUh Opinion, of German 
Literature. I. Gillies an4 the For. Quart. Rev. in Modern Language Notes, 17: 
83; II., Gillies and- Blaehwood's Mag., Hid., 18: 6.^. Investigations of the at- 
titude of Britisli journals to German literature will soon be published by Os- 
wald, Roloff, and Rutt of the University of Wisconsin. 

[273] 



10 BTJULETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSll^ 

1858 24 29 1-21 

1859 22 27 1-23 

1860 26 46 1.77 

1861 20 19 -95 

1862 19 19 1-00 

1863 18 28 1.55 

1864 18 23 1.28 

1865 17 21 1.23 

1866 20 13 .65 

1867 25 36 1.44 

1868 27 70 2.57* 

1869 30 84 2.80 

1870 32 78 2.44 

1871 31 105 3.39= 

1872 33 59 1.79 

1873 32 76 2.38 

1874 35 64 1.83 

1875 31 62 2.00 

1876 27 72 2.67 

1877 26 85 3.27« 

1878 26 56 2.15 

1879 27 75 2.78 

1880 ;. 24 74 3.08 

It will be seen that there is a comparatively large number of 
items until the year 1854, when there is a sudden decrease. The 
small ratio holds until 1869, when an increase takes place. This 
renewed interest is sustained until the end of our period in 1880. 
These years may, therefore, be divided into three periods, cor- 
responding to the dates just mentioned. 

While there are a number of references to the Romanticists 
and to contemporaneous literature in the first period, the classic 
writers, especially Goethe, are by far the most prominent, largely 
as the result of the activity of the Dial group.' This may, there- 



»Llst A, No. 1009, 31 instalments. 
» List A, Mo. 1323, 27 instalments. 
"List A, No. 1600, 21 instalments. 
' Cf. Goodnight, p. 51 ff. 



[274] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 11 

fore, be designated as the " Classical Period. ' ' The adoption of this 
term does not mean that the great classicists were dropped from 
view in the succeeding years, as this was by no means the case. 
But never in the following periods did they predominate 
as they did in these years. 

As the second period shows a notable decrease in the number of 
items, — which decrease is especially marked during and imme- 
diately after the Civil War — with no particular interest in any 
one school of literature, it will be known as the "Period of De- 
creased Interest." 

Renewed interest is shown in 1869, and is fairly well sus- 
tained until 1880. More space is devoted to novelists, such as 
Auerbach, Spielhagen, Miihlbach, and Marlitt, while the lyrie 
poets are decidedly secondary, and the dramatists are almost 
entirely neglected. These years will, therefore, be referred to 
as the "Period of the Novelists." 
"We have accordingly the following periods to consider: — 

The Classical Period, 1846-1853; 

The Period of Decreased Interest, 1854-1868 ; 

The Period of the Novelists, 1869-1880. 

THE CLASSICAL PEKIOD (184&-1853) 

While certain phases of German literature had for some time 
attracted the attention of American scholars, and the readers of 
our journals had had opportunity to become acquainted with 
selections from German authors through translation, there can 
be little doubt that the fifth decade showed a considerable in- 
crease in popular appreciation of the subject. 

Several reviewers call attention to the inereasiag interest in 
the literature of the Germans on the part of Americans. The 
following will serve as examples. ' ' German literature has slowly 
but steadily been making its way in our country, and several 
volumes of able translations, containing selections from the most 
distinguished of the German authors, have been for some time 
before the public."* "The taste for German literature in this 
country is continually on the increase, not only from the con- 
siderable number of German' settlements where the 'Mutter- 

'No. 122. 

[275] 



12 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

sprache' is retained, but from the gradual spread of acquaint- 
ance with the great German authors."^ That this increased 
knowledge of German literature is considered of value is shown 
by the following: "Our community [New York] has been 
especially fortunate in possessing a number of poets of scholastic 
culture, willing to labor for the sake of sharing with their less 
favored brethren the enjoyment of German poetry." It is to 
be hoped, concludes the writer, that translators will continue 
their labors.^" One advantage of a knowledge of German lit- 
erature is stated in the following passage : ' ' The Germans write 
more with a design than any other authors, and their produc- 
tions display more refined art and embodied criticism ; the study 
of them cannot fail to have a beneficial effect upon our litera- 
ture. "^"^ The Democratic Review makes the bold assertion that 
' ' German literature is the finest modem literature in the world."^^ 
In another place, in discussing German mental activity in general, 
the same journal says: "The philosophy of Germany has been 
productive of the greatest result upon the political and social 
condition of the Christian world. In the matter of philosophical 
priaciples Germany stands pre-eminent among nations. "^^ 

A discordant note is sounded in a short group review of some 
new German novels. "The Germans have never succeeded in 
the historical novel. With vast resources in material, they have 
always a vagueness, a want of definite interest, of picturesque 
arrangement, and of sustained and disciplined power. ' '^* Possibly 
the reason for this sweeping condemnation may be found in the 
character of the novels under discussion. ^'^ The most reasonable 
statement found, is the following: "It is coming to be very 
much the fashion in some quarters to throw contempt on Ger- 
man literature, to sneer at the restlessness of the German mind, 
to deprecate the influence of the speculations of the German 



» No. 3.51. 

1° No. 401. 

"No. 56. 
" No. 87. 
»» No. 150. 
" No. 384. 

"^ See, The Siege of Bheinjels; Collection Germania, seven romances ; Schefer, 
The Bishop's Wife. 



[276] 



H^SJERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 13 

intellect. When will people leain that in order to judge fairly 
of any author or set of authors, it is necessary that they should 
place themselves in their circumstances, take their position, their 

standpoint, as the (Jermans have it? Now, if Germany have 

any honest, genuine word to speak to us, in heaven's name, let 
us listen to it, let us not close our ears and turn away."" 

This plea for fair play is in sharp contrast to an article on 
"The Intellectual Aspects of the Age," which appeared at the 
same time in the North American Bevieiu" and in which A. P. 
Peabody,^* while admitting that German books display pro- 
digious learning, and that the German mind "grapples with 
higher themes of thought" than does the Anglo-Saxon, denies 
that, "since Goethe and Richter have passed off the stage, there 
remains any rival of their fame, as an original and creative 
mind, in any department whatsoever." The German literature 
of the day is then divided into three classes. First, "works 
which present, with little method or system, compends of all 
that can be read or known on a given subject;" second, "nu- 
merous works which revive old, and often exploded theories;" 
third, those in which "a new theory, so outre and absiird, that 
neither the author himself, nor any of his readers, can be sup- 
posed to have even a momentary faith in it, is started." 

A second article by the same critic, a review of Hedge, Prose 
Writers of Germany, Phila., 1848,^" shows a remarkable mod- 
eration in his views. In a calm, dispassionate tone, it gathers 
together practically all the opinions expressed in the shorter 
reviews of this period, and is so representative that an analysis 
of it will give a fair view of the position which the American 
journals assumed towards German literature at this time. 

In the introductory sentences, Mr. Peabody attempts to show 
that, in Germany, as a result of the arbitrary government, many 



" No. 143. 

" 64: 281. 

i»A. P. Peabody (18H-1893). Graduated at Harvard. Pastor of the South 
Parish (Unitarian) church in Portsmouth, N. H. Acting pifesident of Harvard 
University, 18C8-1869. Editor of N. A. R., 1852-1861. 

"No. 188. 



[277] 



14 BUIAETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

persons, who otherwise would be occupied with political prob- 
lems, are drawn into the field of literature. These were, in nu- 
merous instances, men of broad vision and great originality, but 
they lacked the "Promethean gift" necessary to produce a work 
of art. It would manifestly be as improper to consider the 
works of these men as criterions of German literary art as it 
would be to "libel American literature on the score of the less 
ponderous abortions of our own press which pass into circulation 
chiefly through the hands of the grocer." 

The political condition of Germany, besides forcing into lit- 
erature many men who lacked the inspiration necessary to be- 
come good authors, also accounts for many of the characteristics 
of its literature. Political, social, and economic questions are 
forbidden, or must be "thrown into the most abstract forms, so 
that the whole science of practical life will never leave the 
matrix of metaphysics, in which all its fundamental ideas must 
have their birth, but in which they cannot have their develop- 
ment." The result is a "transcendental" philosophy, which, 
"with the utmost precision and exactness both of outline and of 
detail . . . has necessarily seemed inaccessibly misty or 
profound to the Anglo-Saxon mind, accustomed as it is to a 
pedestrian philosophy, which steps from fact to fact, and leaves 
its footmarks where they may Tdc seen of all men. ' ' 

Therefore, there is no German novel, only ' ' intellectual autobi- 
ographies under the color of fictitious names and incidents, — 
there are philosophical tales, such as might be made from Plato's 
or Cicero's Dialogues by passing a slender thread of narra- 
tive through them, — there are stories which depict some pos- 
sible, imaginable, or remotely future condition of things, to 
which the present offers no parallel. ' ' 

The second element that influences German literature is the 
peculiar course of the Protestant reformation in that land. In 
other countries, the reformatory movement was limited by some 
special force, such as regal power in England and Calvinism 
in Switzerland. Luther and his followers proceeded "inde- 
pendently of prescription or authority." and the result was a 



[278] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 15 

"consciousness of unlimited freedom, . . . with a tendency 
to the broadest divergence in all matters of faith." 

The third influence is that of the reader. The German pub- 
lic is a peculiar one; naturally contemplative and speculative, 
these tendencies have been strengthened by university train- 
ing, and by numerous aesthetic circles among the titled and af- 
fluent. Again, "unlimited freedom and toleration of thought 
and utterance on all subjects appertaining to the inward life 
have degenerated into indifference for the truth, ... so that 
a ready hospitality is offered to whatever is new, strange, or 
startling, however out of harmony with what the rest of the 
world may deem established verities." Often the result is lack 
of "depth of conviction and seriousness of purpose," "philo- 
sophical juggles, or pantheistic rhapsodies as a resource against 
ennui." 

The German language, with its long course of development, 
its ease in naturalizing foreign words, its numerous significant 
inflections, provides expression for all "moods and shades of 
sentiment, emotion, and inward experience," — a most fitting 
mediiimi for "philosophical speculation, for the delineation 
of the inward life, and for the embodiment of all the finer 
tracery of thought and feeling, — of those moods of mind which 
we are apt to call vague and evanescent, because they flit from 
the mind before they can find meet expression in our less copi- 
ous and flexible tongue." The result is an ability to express 
"close and minute analysis of thought and feeling, and the re- 
duction of all the forms of inward experience to their constit- 
uent elements." 

As the German scholar is accustomed to working in an in- 
volved, highly organized language, it is a comparatively easy task 
for him to familiarize himself with foreign languages and make 
himself acquainted with the literature of other people. But 
what is an advantage to the German is to the same degree a 
disadvantage to the foreigner who wishes to enter into German 
literature. Much of its deeper meaning must remain hidden to 
the outsider, who, not realizing his own deficiency, is prone to 
attribute the fault to a supposed diffuseness and lack of clear- 

[279] 



16 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY Oli' WISCONHIN 

ness in German thought and expression. ' ' German genius shines 
from beneath a penumbra, rests under the stigma of obscurity, 
and is charged with giving uniatelligible expression to, ideas not 
sufficiently definite to its own apprehension to admit of clear 
statement. Are not all these phenomena to be traced to the two 
obvious laws, that the less copious language can always be trans- 
ferred into the more affluent, and the latter can never be ade- 
quately translated into the former?" "Rie practical application 
of this thought, directed against those who hastily condemn 
German literature, follows: "Until we can think in German, 
and are conscious of a native German's clear apprehension of 
the wealth and power of his own tongue, there is always reason 
to suspect that the alleged obscurity may have its seat in our 
own ignorance, and not in the printed page." 

Mr. Peabody concludes with selections from the book re- 
viewed, special attention being paid to Lessing and Goethe. 

Unusually strong efforts were made in this period to intro- 
duce German literature itself, and not only criticism of it, to 
the American readers. An examination of the references re- 
veals the fact that the interest in German letters is showing 
itself not only in the publication of critical articles, but in- 
creasingly in the appearance of translations. The debates as 
to the advisability of admitting this literature to America are 
drawing to a close, with a favorable decision in view, and the 
journals are ready to enter on a period of translating which is 
to continue — ^with considerable interruptions, it is true — down to 
the closing decade of the centuiy. The necessity of adequate 
translations was keenly felt, as the study of German was still 
much neglected. "We know that Emerson read Goethe after 
decidedly insufficient study of the language,^" and he was not 
alone in the inadequacy of linguistic equipment for the task 
of reading German authors. Study under such circumstances 
must have been extremely unsatisfactory, if not impossible, 
and, as Peabody suggested in the article outlined above, much 
of the unfavorable criticism is undoubtedly due to the fact that 
the American student read more into the German works than 



=»Cf. Gooanlght, p. 54. 

[280] 



IIAERTEL GEEJIAN LITERATURE JN AMERICA 17 

he read out of them. It was also realized that the newly de- 
veloping American literature would be greatly benefited by an 
intimate acquaintance with the products of older civilizations, 
and that Germany, especially, might become a valuable teacher 
of our young authors. This thought was expressed in the in- 
troduction to the Select Library of the Gernvan Classics, a series 
of translations which appeared in the Democratic Review in 1848 
and 1849.^^ The editor justifies the large amoimt of transla^ 
tion about to be presented as follows: 

"It has long been the earnest wish of many who look with 
both hope and solicitude upon the progress of this coimtry in 
literature and the liberal arts, to see the more important works 
^ of the recent distinguished writers of Germany rendered easily 
\ accessible to American readers. They have felt that the strong 
Teutonic intellect and its rich and varied productions have 
hitherto been too imperfectly known and appreciated among 
us; that indeed any adequate knowledge of them has been con- 
fined to a circle quite too narrow and exclusive ; and, conse- 
quently, that one of the most original, thoughtful, and indefat- 
igable of the European races has not exercised its due influence 
upon our minds." 

An intimate knowledge of foreign literatures, continues the ed- 
itor, is essential to the spiritual and artistic growth of a young 
nation, which has still to develop a literature of its own. For 
America, the danger of narrowness is especially great, on ac- 
count of the natural inclination of American minds to fol- 
low in the footsteps of England, with which country they are 
connected by common origin and language. If this inclination 
should be followed, America can never hope to be more than a 
mere imitator, instead of being a leader. A young nation, par- 
ticularly one composed of such varied elements as the A_meriean 
people, must possess a certain eclecticism of character, so that 
it "might gather and select from the past and the old world 
the scattered rays of light and truth, and again reflect them 
as from one brilliant and burning focus. ' '^^ 



2' No. 165. 

22 The same Idea, in almost precisely the same words, had been expressed the 
preTlous year by a reviewer of Richter, Walt and Vult. No. 107. 

2-H. [281] 



18 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEKSITi" UP WISCLHSTSIN' 

The Select Library was planned on a liberal scale. The editor 
promises to begin with Goethe, Hermann amd Dorothea and 
Alexis and Dora, "the two most perfect of his idyls;" these 
are to be followed by "the most univer-sally admired of his trag- 
•edies," Torquato Tasso and Iphigenia. The artistic merit of the 
translations, the editor modestly leaves to the judgment of the 
reader, but he promises that they are to be "unusually faithful." 
As the Select Library is copyrighted, it may be inferred that 
the translations are original, although the names of the trans- 
lators are not given. 

The plan as originally outlined was modified to a considerable 
degree. The two works first mentioned appeared.^' Of Iphige- 
nia only three acts were published.^* The reason for its discon- 
tinuance is not stated. Torquato Tasso did not appear at all. 
The translations show considerable artistic merit, and, although 
a line by line comparison was not made for the purposes of this 
investigation, a cursory examination indicates that the editor 
kept his promise of "unusual faithfulness." 

In addition to the Select Library, the Democratic Review 
printed translations of Schiller, The Diver,^^ Lessing, Emilia Oa- 
lotti^^ and Minvia von Barnhelm," and a large number of shorter 
selections. Many other journals, while not devoting nearly so much 
space to translations as did the Democratic Review, contrib- 
uted their share to the vork of giving the American reading 
public an opportunity of judging German literature for itself. 
While the translations for the years 1847-1849 were taken 
principally from classical authors, the Romantic School pre- 
dominates in 1850. Besides selections from men whose names 
are now known' only to the student of literature, we find trans- 
lations from such authors as Eichter, Fouque, Krummaeher, 
Tieck, Zschokke, Wilhelm Miiller, Lenau, and Freiligrath. The 
number of titles is larger than in the preceding years, and more 
journals are taking part in the work. However, the actual 



=sNog. 165, 200. 
=«No. 204. 
^^No. 151. 
^'No. 152. 
"No. 802. 



[282] 



HAEETEL GERJIAN I.ITEKATURE IN AMERICA 19 

^paee devoted to the work is less, as almost all the selections 
are brief. THe next year (1851) shows a decided decrease; from 
now on, only occasional translations appear for a period of years, 
until the novelists and short story writers attract attention. 

Accompanying the translations were many critical discussions 
of individual German authors. Journalistic discussions natur- 
ally incline to deal with the present rather than with the past; 
so, with the exception of a few prominent authors, only contem- 
poraneous literature is discussed to any extent. However, there 
are a few references to eighteenth century authors. Klop- 
stoek's name appears a few times, but none of the references 
are of importance. Several of Lessing's fables were translated, 
besides the two dramas mentioned above. The Eclectic Magazine 
devotes a long essay to him in 1846.=^ Gessner, who had 
been so popular in the first half of the century, is almost 
forgotten. One translation by an unidentified contributor 
was the only reference found to the man who had served 
to introduce German literature to America."" A num- 
ber of short translations from Herder appeared, and an 
edition of Ausgewdhlte Werke (Stuttgart and Tiibingen, 1844), 
suggested to the Foreign Quarterly Review of England an ex- 
tremely sympathetic biographical sketch of the author, which 
was reprinted in the Eclectic Magazine.^" 

Goethe is made more prominent than any other author. He 
is highly esteemed as an artist, and the question as to his life 
and morals is falling into the background, although by no means 
forgotten. His genius is almost universally recognized and 
lauded, but his philosophy is still looked on askance. A number 
of protests against the possible evil influence that he might exert 
on the morals of his readers are registered, one journal even 
accusing him of "undermining all that is honorable or holy 
amongst men."^^ 

An examination of the Schiller references yields disappointing 
results, as the critics pay comparatively little attention to him, 



2s See below, p. 62. 

2»No. 5T1. cf. Goodnight, p. 20. 

" No. 93. 

" No. 424. 

[283] 



20 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEKrilTY OF \V1SC(.'N&1N 

and not as many translations of his poems appear as might be 
expected. The American reprint of the second edition of Car- 
lyle's Life, N. T., 1846, called forth a few reviews. One long 
discussion, an appreciative characterization of his works, was 
reprinted from an English journal.^^ Of course, he is some- 
times mentioned in connection with Goethe. The reviewers gen- 
erally content themselves with a few commendatory remarks, 
which are so indefinite as to be almost commonplace general- 
ities. 

Much attention is paid to the Romanticists, especially Jean 
Paul Richter and Zsehokke. A translation from Richter's Flegel- 
jahrc, — Walt and Vult, or flir Twins, Boston, 1845, attracted 
the attention of the Americans to this peculiar embodi- 
ment of sarcasm, hiimor, and pathos. All critics find dif- 
ficulty in understanding him, on account of the numerous de- 
tails and disconnected episodes that confuse his main theme, but 
his bright, pithy sayings appealed to many, and we find selec- 
tions of Aphorisms, Detached Thoughts, and Pearls, the appear- 
ance of which continues well into the next period. 

The strange, weird tales of Zsehokke were for many years a 
source of great interest to Americans. ^^ Several book transla- 
tions of selections from his works were made, and were duly 
recorded in the journals. A number of translations of his short 
stories were also offered to the readers of the magazines. 

Tieck's Der gestiefelteKater is the subject oi a, si:s.-pa.ge discus- 
sion in the Southern Quarterly Review.^*' The author is praised as 
"one of the finest minds and rarest scholars that his country, so 
fruitful in genius, has produced. ' ' A short sketch of Tieck, sug- 
gested by his death, and repriuted from the London Athen- 
aeum,^^ describes him as a man of lovable personality and a dili- 
gent student, especially of Spanish and English. But he is rep- 
resented as belonging to a literary school, which, never based 



2= No. 28. 

» Of. Hoskins, Parke Godwin, and the Translations of Zsohokke's Tales, In 
Publications of the Modern Language Association, 13: 265. Rev. by Goodnight, 
Modern Language Notes. Vol. 23 : p. 199. 

" No. 60. 

=» No. .541. 

[284] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATUKE IN AiMEKICA 21 

on a natural foundation, had been abandoned loiiy before he 
passed away. The critic recognizes the fact that Tieck broke 
away from Romanticism in his later novels, but ill-health pr(^- 
vented him from showing advanced development along new 
lines. 

Young Germany is not well represented. A number of Heine's 
lyrics were translated. W. W. Hurlbut pronounces this author 
brilliant, witty, and possessed of much strength ; but he is con- 
trolled by a shortsighted wilfulness, and thus is thrown out of the 
path of human progress.^* The Eclectic Magazine, in an article 
reprinted from T ait's Magazine, considers him justified in turn- 
ing his satire against German conditions; however, he ruined 
his career by inexcusable attacks on various individuals, and the 
full development of his great genius was prevented by unpar- 
donable faults in his character.^^ 

Of the other poets of the nineteenth century, little can be said. 
Theodor Komer, "the ideal of the youthful hero," was made 
the subject of a seven page biography,'* and a number of his 
poems were translated. The names of Wilhelm Miiller, Anastasius 
Griin, and Emanuel Geibel occur occasionally. A few of Freilig- 
rath's poems were translated, and his exile from Prussia oc- 
casioned some comment. A number of Uhland's poems appeared 
in translation. Special attention should be called to the series 
by William Allen Butler,'''' to the translation of Count Ever- 
hard,^'' and to an article by "W. B.," which is composed almost 
entirely of translations of Uhland's ballads.*^ 

The nineteenth century dramatists are almost completely neg- 
lected, as is but natural, in view of the fact that the German 
stage was itself almost entirely closed to what is now adjudged 
the best that the first half of the century produced. Those 
dramatists who are mentioned are almost entirely of minor im- 
portance, with the exception of Hebbel, whose Herodes und 



s«No. 240. , I' : ''■].]] 

"No. 429. 
3» No. 425. 

■"No. 19. Butler was bom in Alban.y. N. Y., 182.1. A. B., New York Univer- 
slty, 184.S : travelefl in Europe. 1846-1848. Lawyer, auttior. 
«» No. 498. 
" No. 144. 

[285] 



22 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVIiESIT if OF WrSCONSIN 

Mariamne is once reviewed.''- The critic finds that "the persons, 
are too numerous and the action too complicated, but there is- 
great fire and energy in the general treatment, and the gradual 
development of the interest of the story is managed with skill." 
It has the fault commonly found in German literature by the 
Americans, ' ' too much philosophizing and moralizing. ' ' 

The popularity which the German novel and short story are 
to attain within a few years is foreshadowed by numerous re- 
views of book translations and by the publication of many short 
stories in the journals themselves. Frequent mention is made of 
the Countess Hahn-Hahn, whose checkered career in social life and 
final entry in a convent, as well as her marvelously prolific pen, 
occasioned considerable comment, both favorable and unfavor- 
able. Black's translation of Gerstaecker, Wanderings and' 
Fortunes of Some German Emigra/nts, N. Y., 1848, called forth, 
several commendatory reviews. Auerbach, who was known 
at this time principally through Mary Howitt's translation. The 
Professor's Lady, N. T., 1850, is praised on account of his faith- 
ful descriptions of peasant life.*^ In a short review of Deutsche 
Abende, the statement is made that "Auerbach is in this country 
rapidly attaining the popularity which was held a few years 
since by Zschokke."** That this estimate was correct is shown 
by the great frequency with which his works were translated 
and reviewed in the succeeding years. Hauff is not discussed, 
and Willibald Alexis is only briefly mentioned. Translations 
of numerous short stories, marked "from the German," without, 
mention of the author, are found in almost all the journals. 

A general view of the period suggests the following state- 
ments. There was a widespread interest in German literature 
in the middle of the nineteenth century, and a strong desire ta 
become better acquainted with its contents. This is indicated 
by numerous critical articles, by reviews of book translations, 
and by many translations that appeared in the pages of the- 
journals. There is still some of the old prejudice ; contributors- 



"No. 377. 
«No. .^39. 
« No. 397. 



[286] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LlTERxVTURE IN AMERICA 23 

feel doubtful about the moral and religious aspect of this liter- 
ature, and many find among the Germans an inclination to pro- 
pound philosophical theses which they themselves can not 
fully understand, and which are, as a result, unintelligible to 
the readers. But some critics are beginning to realize the diffi- 
culty of passing fair judgment on works written in a foreign 
language which is imperfectly understood, and are not so prone 
to condemn an author as unintelligible, merely because they 
themselves do not fully understand his writings. 

The greatest interest is manifested in the life and works of 
Goethe. Schiller and Gessner, two of the most popular authors 
of the preceding decade, are almost forgotten. The Romantic 
School attracts much attention, and the rising novelists are gain- 
ing in importance. This latter development will become more 
evident in the treatment of the following periods. 

THE PEKIOD OF DECEEASED INTEREST (1834-1808) 

As is shown by the figures tabulated above, ^ a marked de- 
cline in the interest manifested in German literature begins 
with the year 1854. In searching for reasons to account for this 
decrease, aside from the natural reaction from the intense inter- 
est of the preceding period, four elements must be taken into con- 
sideration, each of which exerted more or less influence. These 
are: first, the recognition of our purely American literature, 
particularly the short story ; second, the political troubles, which 
culminated in the Civil War of the early sixties; third, the 
tide of immigration, which was very strong at the middle of the 
century, and aroused much opposition to all foreigners; fourth, 
the condition of German literature itself. 

The first two elements, — the recognition of American litera- 
ture and the political troubles, — would tend to displace all for- 
eign literatures. The attention of critics was naturally turned 
to what was of more immediate national concern, while the 
journals, which had hitherto depended largely on translations 
for fiction and poetry, found a more abundant supply of native 

>Pp. 9, 10. 

[287] 



24 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITV OF WISCONSIN 

American material. The political troubles absorbed the public 
attention to a continually greater extent, and, very naturally, 
threatened to displace temporarily all thoughts of the peaceful 
arts. 

However, an examination of the journal indexes for this period 
shows a notable increase in French titles. This development 
would have been impossible if the first two of the elements 
enumerated above had been the sole cause of the diminished 
interest in German literature, for they would exert their influ- 
ence against the literature of all foreign nations alike. "We must 
therefore turn to the Ger-mans themselves for an explanation, 
askiag the following question: — 

What was the effect of immigration on the spread of German 
literature? Those who came for purely economic reasons, and 
went directly to the farm and workshop, certainly exerted a 
very slight immediate cultural influence on their surroimdings. 
More might be expected of the political refugees, many of whom 
had a university training. It was inevitable that the arrival 
of a multitude of enthusiastic young men, inspired by high 
idealism, and driven from their native land by their zeal for 
the cause of liberty, should make itself profoundly felt in a 
nation comparatively new. However, it is doubtful whether 
their arrival, eventually so highly beneficial to the land of their 
adoption, was in any large degree immediately helpful to the 
spread of German literature among the Americans. Certainly 
no such efiiect is shown in the journals. To be sure, the sug- 
gestion is sometimes made that the literature of the Fatherland 
should be studied as a means of understanding the character 
of the many German inhabitants of this country,^ but this is 
very rare. The immigrants themselves were chiefly occupied 
with political ideas, and therefore, naturally, did little for the 
spread of German literature until they had adjusted themselves 
to their new surroundings. 

Moreover, we must not overlook the impression that the new- 
comers made on the older inhabitants. Whatever influence on 
the spread of German culture was exerted by the immigrants 



'E. g.. No. 956. 

[288] 



IIAERTEL — GERMAN 1..1TERATUKE IN AMERRIA 25 

in the earlier years of the sixth decade, was probably not a favor- 
able one. In general, foreigners were not entirely welcome, as 
is showTi by the "America for Americans only" policy of the 
Know-nothings, which had many adherents at the middle of the 
century. Nor did the character of the educated German im- 
migrant always inspire confidence in the minds of native 
Americans. It has been seen, in the preceding chapter, that 
the Americans looked with suspicion on the rationalistic philos- 
ophy of Germany, which they often regarded not only as irre- 
ligious, but as directly anti-religious. They now had an oppor- 
tunity to observe at first hand the results of these ideas, as 
represented by many of the revolutionists. Differences in na- 
tional traits of character were emphasized on closer acquain- 
tance and aroused distrust, which was certainly increased by 
the slowness of the foreigners in adopting the English tongue. 
Many of the immigrants were restless young men, who had fled 
from the jurisdiction of a government which they considered 
oppressive ; they had just escaped from the iron rule of Prussia, 
and thought that they were in a land where everyone was free 
to follow the bent of his own individuality without consulting 
the wishes and opinions of his neighbors. As a result, many of 
their actions, although possibly harmless in themselves, were 
likely to give offense. Some were political propagandists, who 
did not understand American conditions; many were free- 
thinkers, who denounced all religion; practically all of them 
spent the Sabbath in ways startling to the America that was, 
to a certain extent, still under the influence of Puritan tradi- 
tions, and not disposed to look with favor on the "Continental 
Sunday. ' ' 

It is not surprising that many thoughtful Americans observed 
the influx of such turbulent spirits, as they considered them, 
with some alarm. This feeling was, to a certain extent, re- 
fleeted in the journals.^ Only some years later, during and 



" Cf . Angell, J. B.. Germam Emigrants to America, in A". .4. R.. 82: 248 
(1856). The author finds that the Germans have many good qualities, but are 
apt to go beyond bounds when freed from the restraint of the home country. 
They are especially inclined to be Irreligious and street-haranguers. The belief, 
however, is expressed that these faults wlH disappear in time. 

[289] 



26 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITi" OF WISCONSIiN^ 

after the Civil War, did the attitude become distinctly cor- 
dial.^ 

The three elements mentioned above had an appreciable in- 
fluence on the attitude of the American journals towards Ger- 
man writers; but the most important reason for the decline 
must be sought in Germany itself. The remark has already 
been made that journals concern themselves principally with 
contemporaneous questions. What was there in German liter- 
ature just after the middle of the century to interest a for- 
eigner ? The best work of Heine and Uhland was accomplished, 
and lyri<; poetry in general was on the wane. Great dramas 
were being produced by Hebbel and Ludwig, but they were 
either neglected or condemned by the leading critics, and are 
being recognized only in recent years, even in Germany. Wagner 
was attracting attention, but more as a composer than as a 
dramatist. The novel, as represented by the works of Alexis, 
Freytag, Scheffel, Keller, and Auerbach, was beginning to in- 
dicate the great development which it was to attain in the 
succeeding decades, but had not yet had time to make its in- 
fluence strongly felt on this side of the Atlantic. Germany it- 
self was busy with political questions — constitutional struggles, 
the Crimean and Austro-Prussian Wars, and the ever-present 
friction with the French — and so paid comparatively little at- 
tention to its literary productions. This apparent indifference 
was reflected in America, just as the intense interest in litera- 
ture at the time of Goethe's supremacy also had its reflection 
in this country. 

That the decrease was due to literary conditions in Germany, 
rather than to distrust of the Germans aroused by the character 
of the immigrants, or to absorption in political questions, is 
indicated not only by the increased interest in French literature 
referred to above, but by the cordial tone generally adopted 



«Cf. the article Germany and the Germans, In Knick., 61: 310 (1863). This 
is a very sympathetic description of German life and culture, which begins : "If 
Germany, with her legions of disciplined soldiers, were not bravely fighting with 
us now the battles of freedom in the New World, there are other reasons why 
we could not forget the good old Fatherland of ideas, sciences, reforms, and vic- 
torious races'." 

[290] 



HAERTEIi-^GEBMAN LTTERATUEE IN AMERICA 27 

when questions relating to German life and culture are dis- 
cussed. A number of articles on German universities were 
found, one on The Germwrt Language,^ in which a history of 
the development of the language is given, accompanied by en- 
thusiastic praise of its good qualities, and also revie\As of his- 
tories of German literature. 

With the exception of a few paragraphs by James Kassell / 
Lowell, introductory to his article on Lessing,* in which the old 
charge of lack of humor and appreciation of fine points is re- 
vived, no discussions of German literature as a whole were 
found, as the reviews of the historical works referred to above 
were all limited to a few lines. All that can be done for this 
period, therefore, is to show the attitude of the journals to- 
wards individual authors. 

The Xatianal Quarterly Revietc continues its series of careful 
studies of German poets, presenting in this period articles on 
Wieland,^ Goethe*, Klopstock," and Lessing,^" by E. I. Sears. 
Wieland is characterized as "one of the most fertile and pro- 
found of modem thinkers," whose works are pervaded by "a 
lofty, noble tone, " " replete with food for thought, ' ' and ' ' richly 
imbued with the spirit of ancient Greece." Klopstock is not 
the equal of Milton, but is, nevertheless, a great poet. His odes 
alone would establish his fame, while "the 'Messiah,' with all 
its faults, possesses true epic grandeur." Lessing is portrayed 
as the liberator of German literature from the foreign yoke 
by means of his critical works, and shares with Wieland the 
honor of having originated German prose. The article on 
Goethe will be discussed below. 

A second important article on Lessing, by James Russell Lo-^,. 
well, based on Evans' translation of Stahr's Lessing, Boston, 



»No. 


6.34. 


«No. 


986. 


'No. 


871. 


"No. 


87a. 


•No. 


916. 


" No. 


955. 



B. I. Sears, born in Ireland, 1819 ; died in N. Y., 1876 ; gradu- 
ated at Trinity College, Dublin, 1839 : came to the United States, 1848 ; profes- 
sor of Modern Languages at Manhattan College ; editor and proprietor of Nat. 
Quart. Rev., 1860-1876. 

[291] 



28 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

1866, appeared in 1867." Lowell sees in Lessing not only the 
critic, who dared to speak his mind fearlessly on all occasions, 
hut also the highest type of manhood. Stahr's biography had 
been previously favorably reviewed in an article reprinted from 
an English joumal.^^ The Frothingham translation of Nathan. 
the Wise, N. T., 1868, was not allowed to pass unnoticed. 

This period witnessed the appearance of several interest- 
ing works on Goethe, foremost among which was the Boston 
reprint of Lewes, Life of Goethe (1856). The reviewers are 
practically unanimous in acknowledging the genius of the Ger- 
man master, but one still finds a number of articles expressing 
doubt as to his moral and religious influence. Faust, translated 
by Charles T. Brooks, Boston, 1856, was reviewed at length, and 
generally pronounced a masterpiece ; not, hoAvever, without a 
warning against the fallacy of its philosophy. ^^ W. E. Aytoun 
and Theodore Martin, Poems and Ballads of Goethe, London,, 
1859, attracted some attention. Several descriptions of Weimar 
may be attributed to the interest felt in the personal life of its 
most illustrious citizen, for in them Schiller is decidedly second- 
ary, while the other literary men of that city are hardly men- 
tioned. 

Schiller is still neglected by the contributors. Whenever he 
is mentioned, however, it is with hearty praise. The centen- 
nial of his birth was allowed to pass by with little notice. There 
were several brief references to it, while the only item of im- 
portance found was an address delivered by W. H. Furness on 
the anniversary day in the Academy of Music, Philadelphia.^* 

The National Quarterly Beview^^ published a long review of a 
new edition of Carlyle's Life, N. Y., 1846, and Hoffmeister's 
Lehen, Stuttgart, 1859, in which Schiller's position in Germany, 
so far as popularity is concerned, is compared to that of Shakes- 
peare in English-speaking countries. 

The Romantic School is not so well represented as in the pre- 



" No. i)8«. Reprinted in Lowell, Prose Wwlcs, 2i 102 ff. Boston 1892 
" No. 893. 
>sNo. 898. 
" No. 814. 
'' No. S0«. 



[292] 



HAEKTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 29 

■ceding period. A new edition of Tieck's works, together with 
Hettner, Die romantisdhe Schule, was reviewed in an article 
reprinted from an English journal.'" WilUcun Lovell, Abdallaih, 
and Pe^er Lebrecht are here characterized as the product of an 
undeveloped period. Franz Sternbald is "one of the most ex- 
■cellent novels in the German language." His tales show him 
to be "the very king of story;" his dramas, from which long 
■selections are printed in translation, are said to be the embodi- 
ment of the Romantic ideas. 

Eichendorff's Aus dem Leben eines Taugienichts is regarded by 
Earle Bertie as a perfect specimen of the true German idyl, 
which is "as pure as childhood itself." It is full of the breath 
■of nature, the happiness and carelessness of youth, and the 
worship of love. Eiehendorff shows "the sweet dreamy ideal- 
istic gemilth," which the English lost long ago.^' The Leland 
translation of this work ('N. Y., 1866) was unfavorably reviewed 
in the Atlantic Monthly}^ 

Interest 1^ Richter continues unabated. Several translations 
appear, likewise groups of aphorisms. The most important 
-article is a review of Titan by W. R. Alger.'" Richter is 
Tiere characterized as an author whose works are well worth 
following, through all the mazes of an intricate style, for the 
sake of their human sympathy and delicate wit. Zschokke is 
iast losing ground, only a few of his short stories being trans- 
lated in the earlier part of the period. 

Of the poets of the War of Liberation, Arndt and Korner are 
Tnentioned. The former, in an article, Arndt and his Sacred 
Poetry, reprinted from the British Quarterly,^ is praised, not 
only on account of his patriotic poems, which "resounded like 
the very trump of battle, and tended so mightily to stimulate 
the Prussians in their heroic efforts to fling off the tyranny of 
Napoleon," but also on account of his gentler verses, 
•which "are exquisite in conception and expression," and speak 



'"No. 580. 

" No. ICSO. 

" No. 945. 

» No. 900. For Algev, see p. "2, note 2S. 

™No. 879. 

[293] 



30 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

"to our own heart of hearts." Korner is represented by several 
translations. 

Heine was the only representative of Young Germany who 
succeeded in holding the attention of the American journals. 
With the exception of Goethe, more space is devoted to him 
than to any other German author, largely the result of two 
events of the sixth decade. The first was the appearance of 
the Leland translation of Pictures of Travel, Phila., 1855, 
which called forth a number of reviews. As in the case of 
Goethe, no one doubts his poetic powers, but there are serious 
questions as to his moral influence. The second event was his 
death in 1856, which suggested several articles. The well- 
known essay by Matthew Arnold, in which Heine is estimated 
as "the most important German' successor of Goethe in Goethe's 
most important line of activity — a soldier in the war of libera- 
tion of humanity," is reprinted from an English review.^' The 
National Quarterly Beview^^ contains a long review of Heine's 
works and of Julian Schmidt's history of literature by E. I. 
Sears.-* After a general outline of the status of German litera- 
ture in America, in which he deplores the ignorance of the 
Americans on the subject. Sears discusses Heine at length from 
the point of view that, "of all modern authors, (Heine) is the 
most bitterly anti-Germanic." The statement had been pre- 
viously made that, if France had not existed, Heine would not 
have been Heine.^^ 

The nineteenth century poets are possibly better represented 
than they were in the preceding period. Uhland is discussed in 
a long article reprinted from the Quarterly Review.''^ The poet 
is presented as "a contrast to a too general notion of a poet 
and a German poet. He could stir a nation without parading^ 
his individual agonies, and could contemplate more important 
and more patriotic matters than 'his own great wounded heart'. 
He could set forth in sweet and noble song thoughts which shall 



" No. 894. 
^No. 956. 

" For Rears, see p. 27, note 10. 
« No. 686. 
25 No. 913. 



[294] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AJIERICA 31 

not perish, and poetry which can never pall upon a healthy 
taste, without dabbling in petty blasphemies, or flavoring his 
lines with atheistical innuendos; he in outspoken, unaffected 
strains could move men's hearts without embittering them, 
shocked no prejudice by parading impiety, and gained wide 
sympathy without instilling cynicism. "^^ The poems are char- 
acterized as follows : — 

"Romantic without sentimentality, terse without ruggedness, 
simple without silliness, his poetry was the essential reflex of his 
own noble, upright, full-hearted, and modest nature. We greatly 
doubt that he ever considered himself pre-eminently a great 
poet, but may be sure that he felt his poetic aims were always 
good, and his poetic execution always above the average." His 
life was always pure; too pure, in the opinion of some, to en- 
able him to produce the best of poetry. liowever, "healthy, 
sober, frank, and honest, the utterances of Uhland's muse com- 
mend themselves to all who value, instead of sneering at, such 
attributes; and at least no false feeling is excited by their 
perusal. ' ' 

Of Friedrich Eiickert, a number of whose poems appeared in 
translation, Bayard Taylor says :" ' ' The last of the grand old 
generation of German poets is dead. Within ten years Eichen- 
dorff, Heine, Uhland, have passed away ; and now the death of 
Friedrich Eiickert, the sole survivor of the minor gods who 
inhabited the higher slopes of the Weimar Olympus, closes the 
list of their names." 

Riickert was more Oriental than German, continues the arti- 
cle. "His birthplace is supposed to be Schweinfurt, but it is 
to be sought, in reality, somewhere on the banks of the Eu- 
phrates. His true contemporaries were Saadi and Hariri of 
Bosrah." In conclusion, Taylor describes several visits to the 
venerable old poet, to whom he was bound by ties of cordial 
friendship. 
Bodenstedt's Tausend und em Tag im Orient was outlined by 



"' AJthougli no name is mentioned, there can be little doubt that Heine was In 
the mind of the critic when this comparison was made. 
"No. »44. 



[295] 



32 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

W. R. Alger.^* Sehenkendorf, Geibel, and a large number of 
other less known poets are represented by translations. 

An interesting article on Helel, The German Burns, was con- 
tributed by Bayard Taylor.^^ His poems are praised as the 
natural expression of a simple people. In order to give the 
reader a correct conception of dialect poetry, Taylor translates 
a number of Hebel's verses into "the common, rude form of the 
English language, as it is spoken by the uneducated every- 
where." This form — hardly the equivalent of a German dia- 
lect — is attained by using-^'w' tor-ing, ye for you, o' for of, 
etc., and being careless about grammatical constructions. The 
effect is not very happy. 

The novelists are receiving more attention. References to 
them are not yet very frequent, and names which one might 
expect, such as Scheffel, Keller, Raabe, and Spielhagen, do not 
often appear before the following period. However, those arti- 
cles which we do find, show an intelligent appreciation of the 
work of the prominent German novelists, and a realization of the 
new spirit that is manifesting itself. The movement towards 
more realistic portrayal, especially of peasant life, is heartily 
commended.^" Some of the authors who are to be freely dis- 
cussed in the following period are coming into prominence. 
"The minute details of outer life" and the "evolution of inner 
life" are commended in a review of Auerbach's Bmfussele}^ 
On the Heights, translated by Bunnett, Boston, 1868, is found 
to be above the comprehension of the ordinary novel-reader; it 
must be studied like Hamlet and Faust.^^ Attention is called 
to the fact that Auerbach "introduced, in a time of literary 
poverty, a wide range of new subjects for epical treatment: — 
the life of German peasants, etc."^^ 

Ludwig's Betiveen Heaven aitd Earth is outlined in a long re- 



's No. 732. William RounsTlllp Alger was born in Freetown, Mass., 1822, 
Graduated from the Harvard theological school ; A, M., Harvard, 1852. Uni- 
tarian theologian, author. 

M No. 856. 

•"» C.f . the review o( Jeremias Gotthelf, No. 911. 

3' Xo. 723. 

»' No. 1029. 

" No. 702. 

[2961 



HAEETEL — GEEMAN LITERATUEE IN AMERICA 33 

view taken from aa English joumal.^^ Die Heiteretei, according 
to the Atlantic MmiMy,^^ contains "too nnich spreading out," 
but the characters are true and lifelike, while the psychological 
development is excellent. "It is refreshing to see that German 
literary taste is becoming more realistic, pure, and natural, 
turning its back on the romantic school of the I^rench." Frey- 
tag's Debit and Credit shows "noble aspiration after civil free- 
dom and popular education, profound insight into character, and 
a tone of cordial and human sympathy."^" A. P. Peabody^' 
says of the same novel :^' "The story embraces a remarkable 
number of strongly drawn dramatis personae, and a great vari- 
ety of exciting incident. The conversations are lively and nat- 
ural; the descriptions of scenery, skillful and vivid; the narra- 
tive, well sustained and of unflagging interest; the moral tone, 
uniformly true and high. We have seldom read a tale more 
worthy to be read, and if this furnishes a fair criterion of the 
author's powers, he must take rank among the first novelists of 
the century." 

The dramatists are almost entirely neglected. Hebbel does 
not appear at all, while Ludwig is mentioned only as a novel- 
ist. A translation of Gutzkow, Uriel Acosta, N. Y., 1860, is once 
reviewed, as follows: "It is not often that a five-act tragedy 
is readable ; and a still greater rarity is to find it both readable 
and thoughtful. We have, however, both these qualities in 
'Uriel Acosta,' which possesses the additional novelty of being 
essentially Jewish. ' '^* 

In general the years from 1853 to 1868 inclusive not only 
show a lagging interest iu German literature, but also mark a 
transition in American journalistic criticism of the subject cor- 
responding to the development of the literature itself. The 
preceding years were the period of the classic and romantic 
authors. Now the latter gradually disappear, to be eventually 



=«Nos. 773, 782. 

«'No. 702. 

" No. 751. 

«' See p. 13, note 18. 

»No. 767. 

»No. 832. 



3-H. [297] 



34 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

replaced by the more modern novelists and short-story vpriters, 
who come into their own in the eighth decade. Goethe is the 
overshadowing figure in the whole discussion, the critics never 
growing weary of elaborating their views of his philosophy and 
of the moral qualities of his writings. Heine springs into prom- 
inence rather suddenly, partly on account of his political views, 
which became accessible through translations, and partly by his 
illness and lonely death in a Parisian tenement. Schiller is 
little discussed, despite the anniversary of 1859. 

Throughout the latter half of the period, we find indications 
of interest in the rising school of novelists, an interest which 
is destined before long to become the most active agent in direct- 
ing the attention of American readers to the literature of Ger- 
many. 

THE PERIOD OF THE NOVEL (1869-1880) 

A revival of interest in German literature is shown in 1869.^ 
The sudden iacrease for this year is partly owing to the fact 
that the Neiv Eclectic and Appletan's Journal printed a large 
number of short stories translated from the German; ibut, from 
now on, practically all the journals contained discussions of Ger- 
man authors and their works, which were becoming increasingly 
well-known, either through translations in book form or through 
the importing of the originals. During this entire period, the 
novelists tended to monopolize the interest of the journals at the 
expense of the lyrists and dramatists. 

In considering the figures, it must be borne in mind that, at 
about this time, several journals inaugurated review depart- 
ments, which contain only brief notices of new books. These 
swell the number of references without correspondingly in- 
creasing the actual amount of space devoted to German. The 
two highest figures, those for 1871 and 1877, are caused by the 
publication of long serial stories. However, even after making 



1 Although 1868, shows a high figure in the statistical table (p. 10), it is not 
includea in this period, as the increase over 1867 is due entirely to the fact that 
one long story appeared as a serial. 

[298] 



HAEBTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 35 

allowances for these facts, there is a considerable increase in 
space over the preceding period. German literature had be- 
come of such importance that several journals maintained reg- 
ular correspondents, who kept the readers informed from month 
to month concerning the book trade of Germany.^ The Atlantic 
Monthly, in 1871, assigned a separate heading in the index to 
German book reviews. 

That this increase of interest was manifested not only in the 
journals, but in literary circles generally, is evident from a 
number of remarks by reviewers. J. G. Eosengarten,' in a dis- 
cussion of German Novels and Novelists* calls attention to the 
"growing interest in German language and literature." An- 
other reviewer says, in a discussion of Gostwick and Harrison, 
Outlines of German Literature:^ "With the present expan- 
sion of the study of German, a clear, vivid, compact compen- 
dium of German literature is one of the urgent necessities of 
teacher and scholar." Another journal" views the fact that 
"not only German protestantism, . . . but German philos- 
ophy and music, and German literature have become the vogue" 
with some alarm, as these have also been accompanied by ' ' German 
fairs and Miihlbachs, as well as 'lager'." In the same volume^ 
is found the following: "In the Teutonic miscellaneous writ- 
ings of the present day we find nothing that seems to promise 
a renaissance." 

However, these latter sentiments are not typical. More repre- 
sentative is an editorial on the study of German in the schools, 
which appeared in Godey's Lady's Book and Magazifite} After 
commenting on the efforts of Coleridge and Carlyle to make 
English-speaking people familiar with German thought, and 
on the "high ideal of Teutonic thoroughness and ability" set 



^E. g.j Intern. Bev.; Lit. World. 

= Bom in Philadelphia, 1835. Graduated from Tlniversity of Pennsylvania, 
1852. studied in Heidelberg, 1857. Lawyer and author. 

•No. 1246. 

= No. 1376. 

'Nat. Quart. Bev., SS: 273 (1871). In art. on National Characteristics o] 
French and Germans. 

'No. 1232. 

"No. 1462. 



[299] 



36 BUlLliETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

by the Prince Consort, and also on the prominence of Grer- 
many in world politics since the foundation of the empire, it 
continues: "We need hardly say that the literature has been 
found amply to repay the labor of the student. Within the 
last century there has been an outburst of productiveness in 
Germany, almost unexampled in national history. Before 1750 
there was hardly any poetry or criticism extant ia the lan- 
guage. Now there are twenty names — Schiller, Goethe, Herder, 
Wieland, Lessing, Heine, Uhland— of whom few would be will- 
ing to declare ignorance." Regarding the language, the editor 
writes: "[It is] preeminently the language of poetry. No- 
where in any tongue is there such a store of pure, simple, ten- 
der verse as in German. Home life and the aspects of nature 
are the especial subjects of celebration, and, however cumber- 
some and confused may be his prose, the German always be- 
comes simple and direct ia his poetry." 

r The reasons for this increased interest are not hard to find. 
The immigrants, who had been looked on with suspicion for 
some time after their arrival,' had proven that they were en- 
titled to the respect and esteem of their fellow-citizens, and 
could, therefore, exert a powerful influence in favor of the 
culture with which they were most familiar. Their activity in 
the Civil War, in which they had almost, unanimously supported 
the Federal cause, had been instrumental in winning the good 
will of all the North. Through their private German schools, 
they had spread much of their German culture among their 
neighbors. They provided excellent teachers for the Amer- 
ican schools and colleges, and it was not long before they 
established their language on a firm footing as a regular part 
of the courses of study. In New York, German was made an 
optional study in 1854, and other cities gradually fell into line. 
At the opening of Cornell University, President Andrew D. 
White laid especial stress on the importance of the study of 
German. 

While German was being firmly established in the curricula 
of American schools, an ever increasing number of students 



' See above, p. 24. 

[300] 



HAEETEL GERMAN bITEEATURE IN AMERICA 37 

were crossing the Atlantic in order to work at the world-re- 
nowned German universities. Many of these returned to oc- 
cupy chairs at the American colleges, and their influence on 
the spread of the knowledge of things German is incalcu- 
lable.^" Furthermore, America, not insensible to the adran- 
tages it had gained by the friendship of Prussia during the 
Civil War, sympathized with that country and with all Ger- 
many in the struggle with France in 1870. This cordial feeling 
necessarily had its reflex in the attitude towards all that was 
German, including its literature. 

As a result of this increased study, a number of histories of 
German literature appeared in America, and received com- 
mendatory reviews in the journals. Among them were the 
following: E. P. Evans, Ahriss der deutschen Literaturge- 
scMchte, N. Y., 1869; Gostwick and Harrison, Outlines of Ger- 
man Literature, N. T., 1873 ; H. Rosenstengel, Handbuch der 
deutschen Literatur Europas und Amerikas, Chicago, 1876; A. 
Lodermann, Grundriss der Geschichte der deutschen Litera- 
tur, Boston, 1877 ; Helen S. Conant, A Primer of German Liter- 
ature, N. y., 1878; J. K. Hosmer, Short History of German 
Literature, 2d edition, St. Louis, 1879; Bayard Taylor, Studies 
in German Literature, N. Y., 1879. Not only the American 
publications were reviewed, but also the works of German 
scholars, such as Hettner, Julian Schmidt, Konig, and Hille- 
brand. 

The question might be asked why none of these reviews pre- 
sented exhaustive discussions of German literature as a whole, 
such as appeared in the first half of the century. It is not due 
to apathy, otherwise such a large number of reviews would 
not have appeared at all. On the contrary, the absence of 
such full discussions should rather be regarded as an indica- 
tion of an increased familiarity of the educated Americans 
with the general character of the literature of Germany, a 
familiarity which made it as unnecessary to print such articles 



'» See Vierect, L., German Instruction in American Schools. Report of the 
Commissioner oj Education for 1900-1901. Washington, 1902. p. 560 BE. Also 
the German edition of this work, Zwei Jahrhunderte deutschen XJnterrichts in 
d Ver. Staaten. Braunschweig, Fr. Unweg. 190.3. 

[301] 



38 BUIiLETIN OF THE, UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

as it would have been to print general discussions of English 
literature. An editor will admit nothing to the pages of his 
journal that does not promise to bring something new to his 
readers, while he will strive to have every question that is oc- 
cupying the mind of the public discussed as fully and from as 
many points of view as possible. The fact that the reviewers 
confined themselves almost entirely to the book in question, 
instead of using it as an opportunity for branching out into 
a disetission of the whole subject does not indicate that such 
a discussion would be uninteresting, but rather shows that they 
felt safe in assuming a general Imowledge of the subject on the 
part of their readers. Moreover, this increased familiarity of 
the American public made German literature too broad a sub- 
ject to be treated in one, or even in a series of articles. 

Owing to the resultant lack of articles on the subject as a 
whole, it is now no more possible to determine the attitude 
of the journals towards our subject than it would be to fix 
their attitude towards the literature of England or America. 
We are justified in assuming that German literature was 
known and appreciated, and now need attempt to discuss only 
the attitude towards individual authors and certain move-' 
ments. 

Klopstock is discussed in a long article reprinted from the 
Cornhill Magazine}'^ The essayist admits that his style is bom- 
bastic and the choice of material somewhat unfortunate; how- 
ever, his works are of the utmost importance in the history of 
literature, as he "restored German art to life and liberty." 
Herder, in an essay by Karl Hillebrand,^^ — ^the most conspic- 
uous contribution to the journals of the period, both as re- 
gards length and scholarship — is described as the source of 
that German intellectual supremacy which is generally ad- 
mitted in the second half of the nineteenth century, and a 
long sketch of his life and development is given, emphasis 
being laid on the prominent part that he played in the eight- 
eenth century struggle for individualism. 



" No. 1816. 

" Nos. 1302, 1362. 



[302] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 39 

Several publications on Lessing appeared during this period 
and called forth the customary reviews. In connection with' the 
Frothingham translation, Boston, 1874, Laocoon was greeted i^ 
as "one of the master-pieces of German criticism, "'^^ and a 
standard by which art is even now to be judged.^* Opinion on 
Sime's Lessiiig, Boston, 1877, was divided. The Atlantic 
Monthly^^ finds it not so good as the work of Lewes, while the 
North American Review'^" commends it ; Lessing is highly praised, 
while the English are condemned as "insular" because they re- 
fused to recognize his importance. 

Interest in Goethe never flags. Numerous American and 
European publications were reviewed, such as Tlie Story of 
Goethe's Life, Boston, 1873, a condensation of Lewes, Goethe; 
Boyesen, Goethe cmd Schiller, N. T., 1879; Calvert, Goethe, 
Boston and N. Y., 1872; and Bernays, Der junge Goethe, Leip- 
zig, 1875. These reviews and articles will be discussed in an- 
other chapter; here it is sufficient to state that Goethe is not 
only recognized as a great poet and philosopher, as had been 
the case years before, but his character as a man is being freely 
praised. Even his relations to women, which had been the 
cause of so much offense in earlier years, are viewed in a dif- 
ferent light, and "English prudery"^' must bear the blame 
for the unfavorable attitude formerly held. The general dis- 
cussions are characterized by a calmness of tone and a fair- 
ness of judgment that are sought in vaia in the articles of 
former years. There is an almost total lack of that bitterness 
of feeling which often expressed itself in invective; on the 
other hand, the exuberant, almost unreasoning praise has also 
disappeared. In their place, we find an objective criticism 
which shows that the American students of Goethe have at last 
reached the point where they can discuss his works without 
being carried off their feet by either condemnation or admira- 
tion. 



"No. 1397. 
"No. 1381. 
»=J^o. 1637. 
"No. 1747. 
" No. 1268. 



[303] 



40 BtlLLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP "WISCONSIN 

Faust, whicli had been brought before the American people 
by the splendid translation of Taylor, Boston, 1871, is the only 
work of Goethe to be fully discussed. The one unfavorable opin- 
ion of the drama which was found, appeared near the close 
of the period in a review of Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller,'^^ 
N. Y., 1879, in which the critic fails to see the point of Faust's 
labors in the cause of humanity. Werther had already been 
classed as a "forgotten novel" in the preceding period;^* 
Elective Affinities is discussed incidentally in one article^" 
and is mentioned occasionally in discussions of other works. 
Hermann and Dorothea, the "Evangeline of German Litera- 
ture,"^^ was brought into some prominence by the Frothing- 
ham translation, Boston, 1870, and by the school edition of 
James M. Hart, N. Y., 1875; however, it was not discussed 
at length. Various book translations of Goethe's lyrics were 
recorded, and also Lichtenberger, Etudes sur les poesies lyriques 
de Goethe. A number of translations of short poems appeared, 
and a collection of Maxims and Reflections'^'^ was twice reprinted. 

Schiller, who in the latter half of the century never at- 
tracted much attention among the journal contributors, does 
not now receive the proportion of space to which his impor- 
tance entitles him. In a review of Gostwick and Harrison's 
German Literature,^^ he is portrayed as the representative of 
German national character. Several discussions of his life and 
works were reprinted from English journals. 

There are comparatively few references to the Romantic 
School; these few, however, include three articles which, with 
Hillebrand's discussion of Herder,^* represent the best essays on 
German literature in the American journals, during the years 
embraced in this dissertation: — ^namely the articles by Prof. 



"No. 1694. 

"No. S67. 

=»No. 1533. 

'^ Harp. Mag. protests against this title. No. 1136. 

''^Nos. 1512, 1534. 

28 No. 1355. 

2' See above, p. 38. 



[304] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 41 

H. H. Boyesen,^^ which appeared in the Atlantic Monthly under 
the titles Social Aspedts of the Eomantio School,^^ Literary 
Aspects of the Bomwntic Schocl," and Novalis and the Blue 
Flower.^^ A discussion of these articles will be found in an- 
other chapter.^' 

Besides the article just mentioned, Novalis is represented by 
a large number of translations of Spiritual Songs, by George 
MacDonald.^" Hoffman Yon Fallersleben is made the subject 
of a short article,^^ and Richter is occasionally quoted. Zschokke 
is practically forgotten. 

Amdt is discussed in two long articles, both- copied from 
foreign reviews. ^^ They contain biographical sketches and se- 
lections from his works. The other poets of the War of Lib- 
eration do not appear. 

Heine is even more fully discussed than in the preceding 
period. A number of new books were reviewed, such as Strodt- 
mann, Heine, Berlin, 1867, and Karpeles, Biographische 
Skizzen, Berlin, 1872. Considerable attention was attracted by 
Stem, Scintillations from the Prose Works of Heinrich Heine, 
N. T., 1873, and Fleischmann, Prose Miscellariies from Hein- 
rich Heine, Phila., 1875. The latter called forth a denuncia- 
tion of Heine's character in the Literary World,^^ while the op- 
posite opinion was expressed by the Bookluyer in a review of 
Stigand, Life, Works, and Opinions of Heirie, London, 1875.'* 
The general attitude' towards Heine is similar to that toward^ 
Goethe in preceding years. Every critic is willing to admit 
that he ranks high as an artist, but the lessons to be learned 



" H. H. Boyesen, author andi educator. Born in Norway, 1848. Came to the 
United States, 1868. Professor of German at Cornell University, 1874-1880; 
Columbia University, 1880 till his death In 1895. 

»No. 1456. 

2' No. 1507. 

28 No. 1458. These articles are reprinted in Boyesen, Essays on German liter- 
ature, 4th ed., N. T., 1898. pp. 281 tC. 

» See below, pp. 82 ff. 

»»No. 1371. 

»No. 1383. 

=2Nos. 1128, iaa4. 

s'No. 1469. 

"No. 1509. 



[305] 



4:2 BTOJLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

Ifrom his writings and the character of the man are open 
to serious doubt. 

Borne was made the subject of a long article reprinted from 
Fraser's Magazine, ^^ which presents a biographical sketch and 
discusses him as a fearless political Avriter. No important ref- 
erences to Gutzkow were found. 

German lyric poetry retains its hold on the American people. 
Its beauty and force are attributed to two facts, as brought out 
in the reviews of the numerous anthologies of German poetry 
which appeared in this period. In the first place, German song 
represents the life of the people, and secondly, the language is 
peculiarly adapted to lyric writing. "These (songs) of Ger- 
many have come out of the heart of a people whose speech, 
like that of the Witch in Thalaba, is song. . . . The German 
language flows into rhythmic and rhymiag order without effort. 
Our English is stiff and rigid, with its inevitable couplets, 
in comparison. "^° The ninth edition of the Baskerville trans- 
lations, Phila., 1872, prompted the following remarks: "The 
differences between the languages make it exceedingly difficult 
to give a good English rendering of German poetry. The Ger- 
man is much more copious than the English, and contains a 
larger number of words whose meaning can be expressed in 
English in no other manner than by the use of several words 
for each, sometimes nearly whole sentences. . . . These char- 
acteristics render a metrical version into English, of German 
poetry a by no means easy task."^' 

An article on Uhland^* presents an' interesting attempt to 
classify the German poetry of the nineteenth century, as op- 
posed to both the classical and the romantic. The author says 
in part: "Modem German and French writers have been 
classed as belonging to the classic and the romantic schools, 
and a fierce warfare has been waged between the adherents 
of the two. Uhland is generally placed in the list of the lat- 



»» No. 1673. 

»»No. 1040. Cf. also No. 1207. 

"No. 1298. 

»No. 1157. 



[306] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN DITEEATUEE IN AMERICA 43 

ter, whose Teutonic founder was F. Sehlegel, among whose il- 
lustrious disciples were Novalis and Tieck. We prefer a 
wider classification which shall include many in both the for- 
mer categories, and what seems to us a more significant desig- 
nation — ^the Gothic school. This literature, like Gothic archi- 
tecture, grew out of the needs of the people, and was chiefly 
the product of the prevailing religion. It is distinguished 
by a profusion of ornament, and a great variety of forms which 
were to some extent molded by classical taste. It lacks the 
severe simplicity of Grecian art; it is more gorgeous and bet- 
ter adapted to the tastes and wants of modern times. Gothic 
literature was partly the product of chivalry, or at least owes 
its origin to the same prevailing spirit, and possesses the 
romantic characteristics of that movement. Its early mani- 
festations are exhibited in the ballad poetry of Great Britain 
and Germany. Walter Scott was one of the most illustrious 
examples of this school, Uhland was another." 

Uhland is then represented as the best exponent of this 
class of poetry. His poems are characterized in part as fol- 
lows: "The practical realist will complain of Uhland 's songs 
that they have no sufficient groundwork. He seems not to sing 
of human passion from any considerable knowledge of its move- 
ments; at least he is not impelled by the overmastering spirit 
within him to seek relief in poetic expression. In this, as in 
all else that he wrote, Uhland makes his feelings subservient 
to his art. To him stormy, overwhelming passion and its man- 
ifestations were unartistie. Had Poe been acquainted with the 
writings of Uhland he would have been delighted with him." 
An exception, however, must be made of his patriotic songs, 
where love for his country breaks forth, and which are "worthy 
of a place with the fatherland lyrics of Amdt and Komer." 

America, like England and Germany, was impressed by the 
mystic wisdom of the Orient in the years following the middle 
of the century, and the writings of Bodenstedt and Riickert 
were not overlooked. Bodenstedt had been made the subject 



[307] 



44 BUULETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

of a long article in the preceding period.'* In 1869 Riickert 
was discussed by E. P. Evans.*" 

After warning against the fallacy of holding a great poet, 
the pioneer along a new line, responsible for the product of his 
imitators, Evans attempts to characterize Riickert 's writings. 
The source of his inspiration is to be found in nature, which, 
in his earlier efforts, he peopled with elves, wood-nymphs, and 
water-sprites. "He has imparted new life and meaning to 
the forms of nature, by filling them with the precious sub- 
stance of his mind; the luxuriance of his unparalleled diction 
has overgrown and beautified the whole face of things, like an 
ivy that mantles everything with its verdure, leaving no sur- 
face uncovered, no pinnacle unclimbed, no chink unpene- 
trated." He laid great stress on form. He was the most 
cosmopolitan of German poets, and was at home in all countries. 
As a neologist he surpasses Luther and is second only to Pi- 
schart. Attracted by the aphoristic wisdom of the East, he 
became the greatest didactic poet of modern times. "With 
all his admiration for the poet, Evans is compelled to admit 
that his dramas are failures on account of their monot- 
ony and tediousness. The Brooks translation of the Wisdom 
of the Brahmin was once favorably reviewed,*^ and a consid- 
erable number of his poems were translated for the journals. 

One might expect that a large number of the poems of Freilig- 
rath, dealiQg, as so many of them do, with thrilling scenes 
in uncivilized lands, and rich in imagination, would be trans- 
lated. This, however, was not the case; the poet was almost 
entirely neglected by American contributors, only one good 
discussion of his works being found in this period.*^ The re- 
viewer finds that, while Preiligrath did not have a deep insight 
into hidden meanings, "he kept his eyes and ears open, and 
his poetic mind was busied in endeavoring to extract the 



^ See above, p. 31. 

"No. 1090. Edward Payson Evans, born In Eemsen, N. Y., 1833, A. B., Uni- 
versity of Michigan, 1854. Professor of modem languages In tfniverslty of Mletii- 
gan, 1861-1870. Since 1884 he has lived In Germany, where he is connected with 
' the Allgemeine Zeitiing of Munich. 

« No. 1529. , 

«No. 1232. 

[308] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 45 

sweets from each circumstance that was offered to his ohserva- 
tion. The result was that he saw much that others might have 
found unattractive, but that to him was full of poetic sugges- 
tion, and he did his best to exhibit the attractive phases of what 
came before him. He succeeded to a very considerable extent, 
and produced a volume of which the Germans are justly 
proud. ' ' 

The German drama receives no more attention than it did 
in the preceding period, with the exception of Wagner's music- 
drama. Anzengruber suffered the fate that befell Hebbel and 
Ludwig. Freytag, whose novels, as will be seen later, were 
highly praised, is hardly ever mentioned as the author of Die 
Journalisten. The recognized drama of the period was so 
ephemeral that it could not make its way across the ocean, 
while the realistic school did not develop until after 1880. 
The German stage is once discussed,*^ and foimd ideal as com- 
pared with that of America, but the plays that were presented 
on it are not mentioned. Laube's Das norddeutsche Theater 
was reviewed,** but no opinion of German dramatic literature 
iwas expressed. Gmllparzer was recognized in a short bio- 
graphical note,*° and the Frothingham translation of Sappho, 
Boston, 1876, was pronounced "intensely interesting from be- 
ginning to end."*° Ludwig 's Shakespearestudien were briefly 
reviewed, and praised as a sound manual of criticism. None- 
of these articles and reviews express more than a passing in- 
terest in the subject. Wagner was freely discussed, and his: 
theories were presented time and again. Practically all of the- 
interest centers in his music, however, and thus is not a sub- 
ject for discussion here. 

Most popular of all German literature, though by no means 
always most intelligently judged, was the novel, both the Boman 
and the short story. Many critics denounced the German 
stories as "ponderous, tedious, and obscure,"*^ and some found 



«No. 1638. 
«No. 1267. 
«No. 1273. 
«No. 1538. 
"No. 1089. 

[309] 



46 BinXETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

the craze for translations from the German inexplicable;** but, 
despite these adverse criticisms, the Abnerican ^people were 
willing to read almost anything that had on its title page the 
magic words, "Translated from the German." 

As is to be expected when a new literary species is being 
introduced, the opiaions that found expression in the journals 
are many and conflicting, just as the novels discussed were 
good, bad, or indifferent. The minute psychological analysis 
and popular character of Ludwig and Auerbach had been 
praised before.*' The Eclectic Magazine claims that "the Ger- 
mans have undoubtedly furnished us the best novels of modem 
times, at least if we judge them as philosophical studies of human 
nature. "°'* The Southern Beview,^^ on the contrary, says that, as 
all marriages in Germany are made on a money basis, the Ger- 
mans do not know what love is, and therefore all their novels 
are insincere. Another equally startling fact is recorded by 
Litt ell's Living Age.^^ A reviewer has discovered that the 
Germans have "no social language," and therefore nearly all 
German novels show "want of truth, unbearable affectation." 
If the day is to be saved at all, it wiU be by the work of dialect 
writers, such as Fritz Eeuter. The New Eclectic (Southern Mag^ 
azine)^^ sees in the psychological analysis only "wearisome 
flounderings in the profundities." The Atlantic Monthly, which 
is frequently inclined to take an unfavorable attitude towards 
German literature, maintains that "in original fiction Germany 
lingers behind the rest of Europe,""* comments on "the feeble 
condition of fiction in Germany, "°^ and pronounces Cramm, Das 
Hausgesetz "not absolutely bad when one considers what most 
German novels are. ' '°* "While one reviewer finds that no German 
novelist seems to be entirely destitute of "inimitable passive 



"No. 1182. 

"See above, p. 32. 

»No. 1328. 

« No. 1182. 

"'So. 1412; see below, p. 59. 

»»No. 1111. 

"No. 1198. 

»'No. l."I88. 

"No. 1265. 



[310] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 47 

charm, ' '" another says that few Germans have a ' ' really charm- 
ing style. "^* 

One need not look far for the cause of this difference in opin- 
ion. Apart from the individual attitude of certain reviewers, 
based either on national prejudice, ignorance of the language, 
or honest conviction, it can be found in the novels themselves 
and in the quality of the translation. As soon as it was real- 
ized that it was financially profitable, numerous persons, regard- 
less of their fitness for the task, set to work on such novels as 
struck their fancy. One can readily understand bow a minute 
psychological study like Ludwig, Zwischen Himmel und Erde, 
or a delicate portrayal of sentiment like Storm, Immensee would 
suffer at the hands of an unskillful translator. Moreover, 
numerous translators, even if they did possess sufficient mastery 
of both English and German to produce a readable version, 
were sadly deficient in literary judgment; they wasted their 
efforts on novels which were at best mediocre in their original 
form, but became quite intolerable after suffering the loss which 
is invariably incident to a transference into another tongue.'"' 

The best general discussion of the modem German novel, al- 
though somewhat unfavorable, appeared in the National Quart- 
erly Beview.^" It is based on the original works, — ^not trans- 
lations — of Spielhagen, Auerbaeh, Marlitt, Summarow, Hillem, 
and Werner. The attitude of the essayist is in brief as follows. 

Various considerations helped to produce a distinctive modem 



"No. 1429. 

"No. 1695. 

» Cf. the review of Gerstacker, How a Bride was won, N. T., 1869. No. 1062. 
After commienting on various indications of an Increased Interest In German 
literature, tlie reviewer continues : "The opinions of German literature which 
these things manifest, are in the mata. correct. It is a vast and rich storehouse, 
and several of the test novels of the day have been drawn from it ; hut this gen- 
eral Impression is peculiarly liable to abuse. 

"The public are prone to suppose that anything German must be good, and 
particularly so If It is deemed worthy of being translated Into another tongue. 
Now, abstractly considered, this is very good logic, at least, it is very natural. 
But unfortunately It is a question with publishers of mere loss or gain and 
they are generally dependent upon the opinions of parties whose interest it Is 
not to be too critical of the works which they suggest for translation. In this 
manner works get into market with a dignified imprimatur, which it written by 
an American we may safely say would never find a publisher." 

"No. 1616. 

[311] 



48 BUULETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

school of German romance. First, the spirit of 1848, with the 
resultant exodus to America; again, the large number of scep- 
tical works, such as those of Strauss, and the historical icono- 
clasts, with their allies, the philologists and comparative my- 
thologists, "who have very effectually pulled up by the roots 
many of the old beliefs, while they have left the common people 
with their feet in the air, and nowhere a foot of solid ground 
on which to rest them." The Germans always have on their 
eastern boundary the spectacle of the Poles rising against their 
oppressors, and so are led to think of their own political liber- 
ties. The philosophical spirit is cultivated at their universities, 
and finally the marked sectarian differences result in a spirit 
of tolerance. 

The German novelist strives to attain an object different 
from that of the novelist of other nations, continues the article. 
' ' The American aims mainly to affect public opinion ; the Eng- 
lish, to exhibit individual traits of character; the French excel 
in giving bright scenic descriptions of what exists, irrespective 
of results; but the German is pre-eminently the analyst of emo- 
tions. It is a full century since Goethe first cursed his country- 
men with those two pernicious tales, Elective Affinities and the 
Sorrows of Young Werther, but the lapse of three generations 
has not sufficed for Germany to recover from that malarious in- 
fluence, — ^the same ideas, mixed with new ingredients, . . . 
still flow through the writings of its most able modern novelists 
— ^notably Spielhagen." 

Sentiment and practical things are mingled, as is shown' when 
Werther falls in love with Charlotte while she is preparing 
bread and butter for the children's lunch. There is no sense 
of humor. The Germans are good landscape painters, but are 
deficient in presenting portraits. Women conceive and express 
a passion with wonderful rapidity, and discuss subjects that 
would not be tolerated for a moment in America. In conclu- 
sion, the authors named above are discussed individually. 

This article is chosen as representative, despite its conclu- 
sions, which are more unfavorable than the average opinion ex- 
pressed in the journals, because it summarizes in the first part 

[312] 



HAEBTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 49 

practically all ideas expressed in' the reviews of individual 
authors as to the cause of the great development of the novel. The 
latter part voices the opinion of many critics. The other side 
will appear in the discussion of individual novelists in the fol- 
lowing pages. 

By far the most prominent of these is Berthold Auerbach, 
who had been before the American public for several decades. 
As early as 1851, a reviewer had predicted for him the popular- 
ity once held by Zsehokke."^ This forecast is abundantly veri- 
fied in this period, as fully three times as much space was de- 
voted to him as to any other German novelist. In fact, of all 
German authors, he is surpassed by Goethe alone in popularity 
among the Americans in this period. 

The interest in Auerbach 's personality is illustrated by a three 
page article, with cut, by Bayard Taylor.^^ T. S. Perry, who 
finds German fictitious literature as a whole "feeble," makes 
an exception of the author of the BorfgeschicMen in a careful 
review."^ The article is of sufficient importance to warrant a 
closer examination. 

"He has certain qualities of his own," writes Perry, "which 
are nowhere common ; and these are conspicuous enough to give 
him a high place with much more important rivals. Perhaps 
the first thing the foreigner notices in studying Auerbach is 
that he is so traly a German; his books are full of the air of 
Germany; although he wisely keeps to but one of the various 
regions of that country which is in many ways full of broad 
and striking differences, he succeeds in representing a sort of 
life which is German and German alone. The sincerity and 
picturesqueness with which he accomplishes this outlying part 
of his task deserve warm praise. His simplicity is a quality 
which he does not derive from any foreign source; his homely 
pathos smacks of the soil ; and the same may be said of his less 
attractive qualities, — of his moralizing at all seasons ... of 
the undramatic setting of his stories, of his longwindedness. 



«i See aboTe, p. 22. 

<«No. 1106. Taylor wag bom 1825 in Chester Co., Pa. Traveler, editor, 
author and diplomat. Died in Berlin, 1878. 
•»No. 1388. 

4-H. [313] 



50 BUULETIN OF THE UNIVEESITY OP WISCONSIN 

" . . . In all of them [his village stories] he draws 
very simple sketches of peasant life, not from the point of view 
of the peasants themselves, but from that of one who knows them 
both by experience and careful study, who is able to sympathize 
with them, who has at heart a great fondness for them, and who 
has devoted much time to observing their manner of life. 
. . . He fastens our attention on the people he is writing 
about, and we forget everything else, for after aU the human 
soul is more entertaining to us than the laws of composition, or 
the artistic arrangement of a story. . . . His success is 
more remarkable when we consider with what disadvantages 
he loads his stories; the method of telling them is most awkward; 
events are intermingled most confusingly, here a step forward 
and here an episode about something that happened twenty 
years ago, with the incidents in anything but the compact, closely 
connected order of which most writers are fond. . 
"With all their technical defects, however, these stories are in 
more essential matters very admirable; their faults are those 
due to exaggerated simplicity, and so are surer of pardon than 
if they arose from too great pretension." 

In PerTy's opinion, Auerbaeh is at his best in the village 
stories, and not in his long novels, which discuss vague theories 
of social philosophy. Villa Eden, or the Country House on the 
Rhine is a "good representative of pretentious commonplace;" 
On the Heights is good as long as it deals with peasant life, but 
becomes unnatural as soon as this field is left. "Both this 
novel and The Country House on the Rhine are full of discus- 
sions of disconnected subjects which are unlike the simple 
truisms of the village stories, but yet without the charm of 
novelty. There is often a prosy philosophizing which no one 
can contradict, but which imposes on some readers by its in- 
teUigibility." 

"In fine," is the conclusion, "Auerbaeh may be said to be a 
man with a sharp eye for observing what is said and done, with 
a strong tendency to add to the effect of what he observes by 
some sentimentality of his own. He has a very considerable 
sense of humor, but, strangely enough, without a perception 

[314] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 51 

of the ridiculous to save him from this excessive sentimentality, 
■and another frequent fault, excessive philosophizing. 
Like many other writers he is at his best in his simplest work; 
the closer the view he gets of what he is descrihing, the deeper 
his pathos, the more agreeable his humor; he sometimes con- 
fuses himself by mysteries of his own making. If not one of 
the greatest novelists, he is an amiable and agreeable one." 

Auerbach had been referred to as "the Dickens of Germany." 
Harper's Magazine^*' protests as follows: "Between the vivid 
paintings from nature of the English master and the abstruse 
metaphysics, scarcely concealed beneath the thin guise of a ro- 
mance, of the German, there is the least possible similitude." 

Discussions of individual works wiU be taken up as nearly 
as possible in the order in which they appeared in the journals. 
The Professor's Lady, Ba,rfussele, and On the Heights have 
already been mentioned.°° In 1869 the Frothingham transla- 
tion of Edelweiss, Boston, 1869, was reviewed and praised. In 
the same year, a translation of Barfussele was printed in fuU.*^" 

Villa on the Rhine, translated by Shackford, Boston, 1869, 
and by Taylor, N. Y., 1869, was frequently reviewed. One 
journal finds in it "comprehensive and consistent philos- 
ophy. . . . The leading characters whom Auerbach rev- 
erences in his heart of hearts, are Spinoza, Goethe, Franklin, 
and Theodore Parker. The American incidents and character, and 
denouement, give abundant occasion for reference to the last 
two."'^ Another journal says: "It is an intensely German 
novel. It is in exact contrast to a French romance. The Ger- 
man is a philosopher, the Frenchman is a sensationalist. The Ger- 
man, under the guise of romance, writes philosophy, as witness 
Auerbach and Spielhagen. "°* The Atlantic Monthly^^ regards it 
as a "cumbersome ethical monstrosity." 

Waidfried, translated by Simon Adler Stern, N. T., 1874, 



"No. 1138. 

»See above, pp. 22, 32. 

MNo. 1108. 

"No. 1159. 

"No. 1059. 

«» No. 1698. 



[315] 



52 BUULETIN op the university of WISCONSIN 

called forth conflicting views. The Southern Magazine'"' believes 
that Auerbach is beyond his depth in a " grand heroic work of 
the Tendenz species, in which the grandeur and glories of Prus- 
sia, and the splendid destinies of United Germany under the 
fatherly care of 'the great and glorious Emperor' and Bismark 
shall be fitly sung, in which he shall be political and psycholog- 
ical and military and patriotic and skeptical, shall be strong as 
Spielhagen and delicate as Erckmann-Chatrian. " The Literary 
Worlcf^ thinks it not so good as On the Heights, while the Eclec- 
tic Magazine'"' commends it as a "simple portrayal of human 
character" and a "pleasant book to read." Harper's Maga- 
zine''^ finds it suggestive of thought and sentiment. ' ' The novel 
awakens not thought alone, but feeling also. But the feeling 
is bom in the reader's own soul. It is not made for him or 
imposed upon him by the expression of the writer's feeling." 

On the Heights, translated by Stern, N. Y., 1875, was pro- 
nounced a "masterpiece of modem fiction,"'* "at once a large 
and exacting plan, and a worthy execution of it."" Drei 
einzige Tochter shows "the singular mixture of intelligence and 
simplicity which characterize all his work."'* Lorley and 
Eeinhard is, "like all of Auerbach 's, the vehicle for the expres- 
sion' of some philosophy ia very suggestive poetic forms. These 
little gems that glitter in every character, and that might al- 
most be taken from their connection and brought together in a 
column of wise sayings without losing their significance or their 
beauty, form a chief charm of the book.'"' Nach dreissig 
Jahren, according to one journal,'* is not very good, while an- 
other" is glad that in it Auerbach has gone back to his old 
style. Landolin von, Eeutershofen, "an example of his best 



"No. 1440. 
"No. 1409. 
'2 No. 1398. 
"No. 1402. 
"No. 1461. 

"No. i4se: 

"No. 1457. 
"No. 1591. 
"No. 1579. 
" No. 1621. 



[316] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 53 

■work,"*" which was translated by Annie B. Irish, N. Y., 1878, 
is "microscopic ia its descriptions, and its analyses of char- 
acter. Its iaterest is psychological, though its psychology is 
dramatically, not metaphysically represented."*^ 

The Forester, N. Y., 1880, and Brigitta, N. Y., 1880, are only 
hriefly reviewed.*- The former shows "Auerbaeh at his best,"*^ 
while the latter is a quiet but touching story of German and 
Swiss rural and peasant life.** 

During the eighth decade, numerous translations of Auer- 
bach's short stories appeared in the journals. But his popu- 
larity is not destined to be permanent. In a group review of 
several novels, including Der Forstmeister, the opinion is ex- 
pressed that Auerbaeh is growing tiresome.*^ As he published 
his last work in 1880, and died two years later, interest ui him 
declines very rapidly, and he is soon replaced by other writei-s. 

In marked contrast with the popularity of these novels, and 
the affection shown for their author, is the attitude towards 
Spielhagen, the "Walter Scott of Germany."*" He was never 
very popular in the American journals, principally because the 
American critic could feel no sympathy with his marked revolu- 
tionary tendencies, which were almost universally considered 
subversive of law and order. He is "realistic and minute in 
his details, his characters are sharply defined and full of energy 
and originality, and his incidents novel and striking," remarks 
one reviewer, but the "tendency" in them is too evident.*^ 

William Hand Browne,** m an article on Spielhagen' s 
Novels,^^ attempts to show the underlying thought of the novel- 



"No. 1698. 
» No. 1650. 

»= Lit. World, in an editorial, applies the lesson taught by the Forstm eister to 
American conditions, and urges the establishment of an efficient forestry bureau. 
No. 1810. 

«s No. 1798. 

s*No. 1782. 

85 No. 1766. 

8»No. 1138. 

8' No. 1110. 

"« Bom in Baltimore, 1828, Author, and for many years professor of English 
In Johns Hopkins University. Translator of Spielhagen's novels. 

"No. 1181. 



[317] 



54 BtnJLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

ist's work by a discussion of Problematic Characters, Through 
Night to Light, and Hammer and Anvil. Spielhagen, writes 
Browne, "shared tlie 'ideas' which agitated the student-class"" 
in 1848 ; but, "while most of the young enthusiasts of that period 
discovered, when they came to take their places in social and 
civic life and undertake their share of the business of the world, 
that these sublime and alluring ideas were but beautiful im- 
practicabilities, Spielhagen regarded them as vital, imperishable- 
truths, great principles which would ultimately prevail and 
gloriously reorganize the society of the future. To promote' 
this triumph, and rekindle the dying embers of enthusiasm 
among his former fellow-believers, he devoted his powers; and; 
his fir-st three stories are little more than dramatizations of 
these ideas, developed with philosophic gravity and tragic- 
solenmity. ' ' 

His "antipathy to hereditary rank and aristocracy" seems 
"almost to be intensified to personal hatred," his motto "seems 
not so much a has I'a/riStocratie, as a has les aristocrates." His. 
"philosophical views seem to be a form of Pantheism, approach- 
ing even to Buddhism. The supremacy of duty is with him, as 
with Fichte, a leading moral motive. The abstract idea of 
'Humanity' seems to be the object of his devotion, and his- 
cultus is the liturgy of labor. His political views follow 
as a matter of course. He has unbounded faith in that vague 
abstraction called 'the people,' and in their collective capacity 
for self-government. . . . The abolition of all hereditary 
dignities, and the equalization of all social rights, together with 
the thorough organization of labor, if carried on in a spirit of 
disinterested philanthropy, will bring in the social millenium." 
The reviewer doubts the correctness of this philosophy, but 
adds: "Still we cannot refuse Spielhagen the respect due to 
honesit enthusiasm and sincere zeal for the good, though they 
take the form of wild chimeras and impracticable dreams." 

After this general discussion, Prohlem^atic Characters and 
Through Night to Light are discussed, and inconsistencies in 
them pointed out. "But though," continues Browne, "we find 
in these stories much that seems to us morbid, and some things 

[318] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 55 

that deserve censure, we are compelled to admit that we have 
before us the work of an artist of no ordinary power. There 
is a dramatic skill in the situations, a firm analysis of character, 
and a free energy in the style which place him above the ordi- 
nary rank and file of sentimentalists and realists." These 
qualities are still better illustrated in Hammer and Anvil, in 
which one finds "bright sunshine, pure air, life-like characters, 
and a playful humor which hitherto we had never detected be- 
hind his tragic mask. There is a firm realism in the story which 
reminds us of Auerbach ; but he has far greater breadth of hand- 
ling than Auerbach, who is by nature a painter in miaiature, 
and fails when he attempts a large canvas. . . . Here, too, 
we see the spirit of new Germany, the Germany of ports and 
navies, of railroads and factories; the Germany of energy and 
action which succeeds the old Germany of sentiment and 
philosophy. ' ' 

Reviews of individual works are, on the whole, not favorable; 
their good qualities can not be denied, but the praise is always 
qualified. Either the political ideas are too radical, or the 
moral tone is too low. There are enough "stories of seduction, 
etc." in America without importing Through Night to Light."" 
Problematic Characters, translated by Prof. Scheie de Vere, N. 
Y., 1869, shows "too much tendency,"'^ and is not as philo- 
sophical as Auerbach 's work.'^ Hammer and Anvil, translated by 
William Hand Browne, N. T., 1870, is favorably reviewed by 
Ha/rper's Magazine."^ The Southern Review"* pronounces it an im- 
provement on his former works, but still not very good. The At- 
lantic Monthly finds it " ponderous. "°° The Hohensteins, N. Y., 
1870, according to Harper's Magazine,"'^ is better than its pre- 
decessors. It is intensely democratic; but here and there is an' 
outcropping of German infidelity, and of loose and destructive 
ideas of the marriage relation. Otherwise, remarks the re- 



«»No. 1063. 
" No. IIIO. 
«No. 1060. 
•'No. 1138. 
»«No. 1183. 
«No. 1135. 
"No. 1137. 

[319] 



56 BUKLETIN OF THE UNIVEKSITT OF WISCONSIN 

viewer, it is healthy and entertaining. What the Swallows 
Sang, N. Y., 1873, is below his best romances.'^ Ultimo is re- 
viewed at some length by H. H. Boyesen,"* who concludes that 
German literature does not keep up with political progress. In 
a review of Sturmfluth, the remark is made"* that the admiration 
once felt in this country for Spielhagen has disappeared. In the 
following years he is rarely mentioned. 

A writer in the National Quarterly Review^"" attempts to ac- 
count! for the lack of popular appreciation of Spielhagen 
as follows: "With the appearance of Problematische Nor- 
turen and its sequel, Durch Nacht zum Licht, Spielhagen 
took his place, if not at the head, certainly as the peer 
of any romance writer in Germany. He might with much 
truth be called the psychological historian of his time, 
though his gallery of portraits would show striking omissions 
and deficiencies; and, if his readers have possibly been not so 
numerous as Auerbach's, it is simply because he deals with sub- 
jects and with mixed characters not so readily understood out- 
side of the circle in which such people have lived and moved — • 
namely, the transcendental." 

Paul Heyse is more attractive. "Heyse has less poetical 
genius and less familiarity with peasant and rural life; he has 
not explored society with so sharp an eye as Spielhagen ; but he 
has a happy, airy fancy, and pleasant descriptive powers.""^ 
Even the AtloMtic Monthly^°^ is forced to admit, though somewhat 
grudgingly, in a review of Das Ding an sick, that "Heyse has 
very delicate feeling, and he writes in a really charming style, 
which is what few German authors do." Another journal,^"' 
in a review of Tales from the Oermam, of Paul Heyse, N. Y., 
1879, pronounces the author "a writer of real and unmistakable 
genius, who finds in the short story or tale the natural and most 



"No. 1319. 

"»No. 1476. For Boyesen, see p. 41, note 25. 

"No. 1583. 

100 No. 1616. 

'"' No. 1656. 

i«No. 1695. 

>»'No. 1690. 

[320] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 57 

effective medium of literary expression." Harper's Magazine^"^ 
does not take so favorable an attitude. "Notwithstanding the 
gracefulness of their style, the four stories are the reverse of 
exhilarating," because they are totally lacking in humor and 
vivacity. The same journal had, in a review of In Paradise, 
N. T., 1878,^°^ warned against his moral tone. A large number 
of Heyse's stories appeared in translation, especially in Apple- 
ton's Journal. 

Freytag's series. Die Ahnen, was somewhat disappointing to 
those who remembered Soil und Haben}°^ Mrs. Malcolm's trans- 
lation, Ing^ and Ingraban, N. Y., 1873, was reviewed a number 
of times; almost all critics unite in saying that, while the series 
may be good history, it is poor fiction. "As a representative 
of the real life of that time, and of the processes by which the 
heathen were 'converted', it possesses a good deal of interest; 
but as a mere story, it is not attractive."^*" A notable excep- 
tion to this lack of appreciation is presented in two able dis- 
cussions by Prof. Boyesen.^"^ He shows how Freytag has ceased 
to be an exponent of "harmonious culture" as the "sole 
aim and object of life," after the pattern of his predecessors, 
who "unduly extolled the easy, pleasure-loving existence of a 
petty nobility, whose wealth and political privileges had en- 
abled it to cultivate the amenities of life ; " he is now the ' ' apostle 
of labor," who chooses as his theme "the classes who, by dint of 
their labor, have become indispensable to the state, — ^merchants, 
teachers, journalists, tradesmen, etc." 

In Our Forefathers, writes Boyesen in the second article, 
Freytag breaks with the worn-out romantic traditions of Walter 
Scott and "Willibald Alexis. With him the "historical novel 
takes a new departure ; it throws all its doors and windows wide 
open, and lets in the fresh air and the clear light of heaven; 
it brushes off its traditional cobwebs, and chases away the owls 
and bats and other goblins of night which have housed in its 



"*No. 1704. 

M^No. 1652. 

M» See above, p. 33. 

i»'No. 1347. 

J»»Nos. 1420, 1477. For Boyesen, see p. 41, note 25. 



[321] 



-58 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEESITY OF WISCONSIN 

deserted . towers. It is the realism of the nineteenth century 
which has invaded the graveyard of the dead centuries, and 
the excavations, so far as they have proceeded, have enabled 
us to reconstruct, with delightful accuracy, many a pic- 
turesque bit of medieval life." 

The first work of Bbers that attracted the attention of the 
American journals was Homo Sum, translated by Clara Bell in 
1879. The Reverend Professor Franklin Carter^"" published a 
long outline of the plot, and welcomed it as the novel for 
which "the great German writers of the last century prepared 
the way; it surpasses all expectations, as the possibility of such 
a work had scarcely been foretold by their age."^^" 

The Sisters, also translated by Miss Bell, N. T., 1880, seems 
to the Dial of Chicago somewhat strained and unnatural at 
times.^^^ Another journal remarks: "There is a heavy sweet- 
ness about them [Ebers' novels] like the overladen perfume of 
an oriental lily — which makes one prefer to have one at a time 
and the interval between any two considerable. "^^^ Of the 
Bell translation of Uarda, N. Y., 1880, the National Qua/rterly 
Beview^^^ says: "In the consistent development of their charac- 
ters, Prof. Bbers is masterly, combining the artistic sensibility 
of a poet with the subtle analysis of a philosopher. His powers 
of description are magnificent, whether they be used in describ- 
ing priestly pageants, religious ceremonies and customs, bat- 
tle scenes, or the gentle passions of love and friendship." In the 
following years, Bbers was kept continually before the eyes of 
the journal readers. 

The prose works of Fritz Renter, Germany's great master of 
dialect, aroused much interest among the American journal 
contributors. Litt ell's Living Age published a number of trans- 
lations of his works, including Seed-Time and Harvest [Ut mine 



">' EYanklin Carter. Bom In Waterbury, Conn., in 1837. Professor of Latin 
«nd Frencli at Williams Callege, 1865-1872. Professor of German at Yale, 1872- 
1881. Presiaant of Williams College, 1881. 

i>» No. 1744. 

"' No. 17T3. 

"'No. 1807. 

"» No. 1825. 



[322] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 59 

Stromtid]'^^* and His Little Serene Highnes:\ [Dorchlduch- 
ting]}'^'^ The same journal reprinted from an English period- 
ieal^^° an article whose author sees in such ' ' painters of real life ' ' 
as Gotthelf, Keller, Francois, and Renter the only means of 
rescuing German literature from the ' ' want of truth ' ' and ' ' un- 
bearable affectation" found in nearly all German novels and 
comedies, resulting from the lack of a "social language." T. 
S. Perry published a biographical sketch and literary appre- 
ciation of Renter, '^^'^ in which he emphasizes that writer's truth- 
ful pictures of peasants and villagers, and ascribes to him gen- 
uine humor, a quality which, according to the critic, is almost 
imiversally absent in German books. His fun is never artificial, 
and his pathos never melodramatic. "He was a writer without 
pretense, almost, indeed, without ambition; but while this lim- 
ited the amount of his work, it improved the quality, by con- 
fining him to the simple record of the things he knew. He was 
nowhere ungenuine, his humor and pathos came from his 
heart, his simple vein of poetry he never learned from books. 
He never aimed very high; it was a very narrow corner of the 
world he imdertook to write about, but he set that before us 
jfuU of life and full of cheerfulness, and with its own beauty; 
a writer who has done this has succeeded." 

Of the "blond romance" group of female novelists, as one 
reviewer characterizes them,^^^ little need be said. For some 
years, their works were extremely popular, and several journals, 
especially the Lakeside Monthly and Appleton's Journal, ex- 
hausted their vocabulary in trying to find words to praise them 
sufficiently. The names of Louise Miihlbach, E. Marlitt (Eugenie 
John), and Elise Polko recur again and again in the seventies, 
in connection with reviews of book translations, or in transla- 
tions that appeared in the journals themselves. The reviewers 
generally state that these novels contain splendidly sketched 
■characters, are surpassed by nothing that ever appeared in the 



i"No. 1223. 
"s No. 1354. 
"« No. 1412. 
1" No. 1451. 

"SA*. Mo. 25: 504 (1870). 

[323] 



60 BULIiETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

field of fiction, and will be handed down to the ages as models, 
of their class. A few citations will illustrate the attitude usually- 
taken' by their admirers. 

"Since the days of the immortal Sir Walter Scott, and the 
advent of the Waverly novels, no writer of historical fiction 
has secured so high a niche in the temple of fame as has Louise- 
Miihlbach. Her dozen historical novels are read by legions on 
both continents, and are destined to go down to .future genera- 
tions side by side with the Waverly novels. "^^° Of Marlitt's 
Second Wife, the following is found: "We rarely encounter 
a novel that we can read with so much pleasure aiid can com- 
mend so unreservedly as this volume. It deserves to rank with 
the best work of modern continental novelists — even with that 
of Tourgenieff himself, whose books it somewhat resembles in 
tone and spirit. It is a striking psychological essay, a masterly 
study of character, and at the same time a vivid and fasci- 
nating picture of life"^^° 

In reading these expressions of opinion, one is involuntarily 
reminded of some of the characters in the novels reviewed. 
Either they are extremely good, absolutely flawless, or there 
is not a redeeming feature about them. As example of the latter 
attitude, the following can be quoted from a review of Miihl- 
bach 's works :^^^ 

"We shall not take the trouble to quote the titles of this in- 
finite series of books. To judge from the volumes which we have 
examined, they are a heap of rubbish. They are of a high sen- 
sational order ... As romances they are silly and melo- 
dramatic to the last degree. Regarded as histories, they are, 
to a great extent, dismal fabrications. . . . And yet these 
ridiculous stories, in which so many love-sighs, so many awful 
frowns, and a given number of ecstatic kisses, are mixed together 
in a sort of hash, seem to be widely read even among people who 
cannot be charged with a want of cultivation . . . It is a 
pity that the book market is not supplied with something better 



"» No. 1069. 

1=' No. 1410. 
^"^ No. 985. 



[324] 



HAERTEIi — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 61 

in the way of light reading than these ineffably stupid, fantastic, 
interminable books, in which the passion is torn to tatters, and 
historical personages exhibited in caricature." 

The characteristics of this period may be briefly summarized 
as follows: 

The comparatively slight attention paid by the journals to 
German literature from 1853 to 1868 did not mean that interest 
in it was dying out, — that the careful study made of the sub- 
ject in the fifth decade was the result of a fad. Various causes 
had contributed to a decrease in the number of articles; when, 
in the course of time, these were removed, the old interest re- 
appeared, though along new lines. The Classicists and Roman- 
ticists no longer predominate. Goethe, it is true, is again prom- 
inent, but does not overshadow all other German writers as he 
once did, while by far the greatest attention is paid to the 
novelists, as was natural in view of the development of liter- 
ature in Germany itself. 

In this connection, a peculiar fact is to be noted. It was not 
the political novelist of Germany, the man who undertook the 
task of presenting problems of social and political life and 
suggestions for their solution, who held the attention of the 
Americans, although our country was at that time face to face 
with the tremendous problems of the Period of Reconstruction 
following the close of the Civil War. This may be due to the 
fact that America had just had the horrors of internal strife 
brought home to it by a terrible object lesson. Moreover, the 
American undoubtedly turned from these problems, which were 
confronting him in daily life, to seek relief in the more restful 
portrayals of simple peasant life, as found in the works of Auer- 
bach and Renter. 

The ephemeral works of Muhlbach and Marlitt, of course, 
found numerous admirers among the American reading public, 
but there was no lack of more discriminating critics who did not 
fail to see their faults and warn their readers agaiast them. 



[325] 



62 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

INDIVIDUAL AUTHORS AND MOVEMENTS 

liESSING 

With the exception of the Democratic Review, which printed 
translations of Minria von Barnhelm and Emilia Galotti,^ the 
journals paid little attention to Lessing in the earlier years, 
of the period under discussion. With one exception,^ no critical 
articles appeared before the publication of Stahr's biography ia 
1866. 

The first exhaustive essay on the great German critic ap- 
peared in the National QvMrterly Review^ under the title Lessing 
and His Works. The real revival of interest in the almost for- 
gotten critic was, according to the Atlantic Monthly* due to a 
thorough discussion of the activity of Lessing in a review of 
Stahr's Lessing by James Russell Lowell.' Lowell sees in 
Lessing not only a tremendous intellect and marvelous acute- 
ness of perception, but also an unswerving adherence to the 
truth, steadfastness in misfortune, and sympathy towards his. 
fellow-man. After an introductory discussion of the "average 
German mind," which, claims Lowell, possesses an "inability 
or disinclination to see a thing as it really is, unless it be a mat- 
ter of science," and "finds its keenest pleasure in divining a 
profound significance in the most trifiing things," and attrib- 
uting to German literature a lack of grace and humor, the article 
continues : ' ' Our respect for what Lessing was, and for what he 
did, is profound. In the history of literature it would be hard 
to find a man so stalwart, so kindly, so sincere, so capable of 
great ideas, whether in their influence on the intellect or the life, 
so unswervingly true to the truth, so free from the common 
weaknesses of his class. Since Luther, Germany has given birth 



• See above, p. 18. 

2 No. 23. Lewes portrays Lessing as the one Gerraaii who has avoided the 
radical defects of German literature, namely : "want of purpose," "SohicSr- 
merei," "cant and affectation of aJl kinds," "pandering ... to morbid 
sensibility or irrational enthusiasm." 

' No. 955. 

<No. 992. 

|> No. 986. Lowell, born 1819 in Cambridge, Mass. Graduated from Harvard, 
1838. tMed 1891. Author. 

[326] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITEEATUEE IN AMEEICA 63 

to no such intellectual athlete, — to no son so German to the 
core. Greater poets she has had, but no greater writer, no 
nature more finely tempered. . . . The man Lessing, 
harassed and striving life-long, always poor and always helpful, 
with no patron but his own right-hand, the very shuttlecock of 
fortune, who saw ruin's plowshare drive through the hearth 
on which his first home-fire was hardly kindled, and who, 
through all, was faithful to himself, to his friend, to his duty, 
and to his ideal, is something more inspiring to us than the 
most glorious utterance of mere intellectual power. The fi^ire 
of Goethe is grand, it is rightfully pre-eminent; it has some- 
thing of the calm, and something of the coldness, of the im- 
mortals; but the Valhalla of German letters can show one form, 
in its simple manhood, statelier even than his." The greater 
portion of the essay is composed of a severe criticism of Stahr's 
biography, and a sketch of Lessing's life. 

The works of no other German author were received with 
such universal and unqualified praise as were those of the great 
critic. Nathan the Wise, translated by Ellen M. Frothingham, 
N. Y., 1868, was reviewed a number of times. The best discus- 
sion, which appeared in the North American Review,^ presents a 
rapid sketch of the activity of Lessing as the liberator of his 
countrymen in two respects. "The Germans owe an immense 
debt of gratitude to Lessing for their literary enfranchisement, 
no less than for their emancipation from theological traditions." 
The controversy which resulted in the writing of Nathan the 
Wise is recalled, and a good analysis of the drama is given, to- 
gether with a discussion of Miss Frothingham 's version. 

Laocoon, also in the Frothingham translation, appeared in ' 
1874. It had, up, to this time, been practically tmknown in 
America,' and was received by the journals with great enthu- 
siasm. One of the many reviews will serve to illustrate the 
opinions expressed. "By the nearly unanimous consent of two 
generations of critics, Lessing's 'Laocoon' takes rank as the best 
single essay on art to be found in any literature. It lays down 



"No. 1020. 
'No. 1408. 

[327] 



64 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

principles which subsequent criticism has often applied — which, 
in fact, have influenced to a greater or less degree all recent 
authoritative writers on art ; but it still retains all the freshness 
of the fountain-head, and will be found not less full of sug- 
gestive thoughts for students of our day than it was for those 
who read it fresh from Lessing's pen. In closeness of reasoning, 
keenness of penetration, lucidity of statement, and felicity of 
style, it is rivaled by no other of the great philosopher's writ- 
ings, and even those who dispute its definitions concede it a 
place among the masterpieces of German literature."^ 

No further articles appeared on Lessing during the years 
under discussion. Sime, Life of Lessing, Boston, 1877, was 
briefly reviewed, and opinions on the merit of the biography 
differed widely. But discussions confined themselves to the 
book in question, and did not extend to Lessing himself. 

Goethe." 

The discussions of Goethe have, in the first part of this period, 
practically the same characteristics as in the first half of the 
century.^" All reviewers are agreed that his art is unrivaled, 
and that his works are permeated with deep philosophy. His 
importance in the development of human thought is generally 
conceded. His understanding of human nature, his power of 
analysis, his ability to portray what he has seen with absolute 
objectivity and accuracy, and to exhibit the working of the 
human mind like a scientist describing an experiment, without 
passion and almost without personal interest, seem to raise him 
above the ranks of mortals. 

So much is recognized by all. But there is one point on which 
the critics are not agreed, and that is the moral influence of his 
life and philosophy. Until 1865, practically the whole Goethe 
discussion centers on the violation of accepted standards of mor- 
ality in his own career, and the effect that the reading of his 



»No. 1381. 

• Cf. White, Horatio S., Goethe in America In Goethe-Jahriuch, 5: 219. 

" See Goodniglit, p. 64 ff. 

[328] 



HAEETEL — GKRMAN LITEEATUEE IN AMERICA 65 

works may have on others. His opponents deliver bitter attacks 
on his relations to women, and the deteriorating influence of his 
writings on the religion and morals of his readers. His de- 
fenders try to pass over the question of his personal morality 
with a non-committal remark, or argue that he should be judged 
by his works, and not by his life. The argument is also made 
that, as a great genius differs from the ordinary man, he can 
not always be judged by the standards of every-day life. His 
works are an exact statement of truth; and truth, with what- 
ever it may deal, say his defenders, is a greater teacher of 
morals than' all preachers of sermons and givers of good counsel. 

The prominence of the moral question is well illustrated in 
the review of Hedge, Prose Writers in Germany, referred to 
above.^^ Peabody devotes almost the whole Goethe section of 
his review to a discussion of this phase. He agrees entirely 
with the opinion of Hedge, who was a warm admirer of the 
great poet. 

"We respect Goethe's ability," writes Peabody,^^ "yet he has 
exceedingly little power over our emotional nature. In read- 
ing him, we never find our critical judgment set aside by 
spontaneous admiration. And he seems to us rather a huge, 
complex, and many voiced or penned intellectual machine, than 
a man of like passions vtdth ourselves. He appears to have com- 
mitted moral suicide — ^to have torn out his heart in very boy- 
hood," or he could not have deserted Friedericke as he did, and 
later calmly discuss the incident in his autobiography. "Yet," 
— and this statement marks an important step forward in judg- 
ing Goethe by his works rather than by his life alone — "no man 
had a keener intellectual perception of the Eight than he, and 
we are inclined fully to accord with Mr. Hedge's estimate of his 
character and offices as a moral teacher. ' ' A long citation from 
Hedge follows, in which the critic outlines the difference between 
the moralist who depends for effect on an appeal to sentiment, 
and the man "who gives me light, who effects a permanent 
lodgment, in the mind, of some essential truth. The effective 



"See p. 13. 
"No. 188. 



5-H. [329] 



66 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

moralist is not the enthusiast, but the impartial and clear-seeing 
witness; not he who declaims most eloquently about the truth, 
but he who makes me see it, who gives me a clear intuition of 
a moral fact." 

Considered from this poiut of view, eontiaues Hedge, as quoted 
by the reviewer, Goethe is most truly a great moral teacher. 
He was not "overscrupulous in his way of life," but he was an 
indefatigable searcher after truth, "with whom to see was the 
first necessity of his nature; to state distinctly to himself and 
others what he saw, the next." Goethe's life was not blameless; 
"his wildest admirers have sought no place for him in the Chris- 
tian Calendar;" stiU, not every charge against him should be 
believed. However, — and this is the crux of the whole argument, 
— "it is not ... on the moral character of the man that 
any safe judgment as to the moral character of his writings can 
be based. ' ' 

Four works of and about Goethe were seriously discussed in 
the journals: Parke Godwin's edition of The Autobiography of 
Goethe; Truth and Poetry: From my Life, N. Y., 1846; reprints 
of Carlyle's translation of Wilhelm Meister's Apprentice- 
ship and Travels, Boston, 1851 and 1865; Lewes, Life of 
Goethe, Boston, 1856; and finally FoAist, principally the trans- 
lation by Bayard Taylor, published in 1871. Elective Affinities, 
which had been much read in the first half of the century, is 
discussed ia only one article ;^^ The Sorrows of Werther, which 
could once be found in every inn,^* is now classified with the 
"forgotten novels. "^° 

The principal characteristics touched on in the reviews of the 
Autobiography are Goethe's objectivity, which is felt to be 
almost a lack of sympathy, and his wonderful powers of anal- 
ysis. Some critics find in it a dangerous philosophy, lack of 
religious feeling, and a monumental selfishness.^" 



"No. 1633. 

» No. 658. 

"No. 867. 

"The most bitter arraignment was found in Amerinan Whig Review (No. 69). 
Goethe Is compared with Voltaire as follows : "Voltaire, the designer and 
father of reyolutions, the most terrible foe of superstition, the exemplar of 
liberty, advancing against all hut God and the laws. Goethe, the friend and ap- 

[330] 



HAJBETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 67 

The Southern Quarterly Eet;ieto^' published a twenty-six page 
discussion of the Autobiography, emphasizing the great value of 
such personal histories, especially if the hero is a Goethe. In 
conclusion, the reviewer touches on an accusation which was very 
frequently made, namely: — lack of sympathy. "Goethe has 
been' accused by many persons, and even by some German 
authors, of a certain coldness, a want of enthusiasm, an almost 
adamantine hardness of character, and we must candidly confess 
that, while perusing his Autobiography, the same idea has 
crossed our mind more than once. In every thing he says and 
does, he seems a little too calm, too cold, too professional. There 
is no want of kindness, no want of fervor; but there seems a 
want of that softness, that tenderness, which enters more or less 
into the composition of most of us. But let us ask ourselves 
whether it may not be that it is his very greatness, his complete- 
ness, which seems to remove him from us. He touches every- 
thing so artistically, analyzes so calmly the various elements of 
human character, dissects, if we may use the expression, so 
skillfully, the varied attributes which enter into the composition 
of the human mind, that he seems not so much one of us, as a 
being acting in another sphere, and acting, as it were, profes- 
sionally, — a being more to be admired than to be loved. ' ' 

This, however, is only the first impression. "After much 
consideration, much earnest study of his character, and after 
gaining, as we trust, a clearer insight into the man, we have 
learned confidingly to love as weU. as admire him ; and the more 



prover of despotism, the Inventor of new superstitions, more subtle and more 
heatJienish, the exemplar of a court-bred insolence advancing itself even In youth 
to 'do without God.'" The AutoUography is characterized as follows: "We 
find it, In the translation, overrun, nay, thoroughly inspired with a kind of ego- 
tism that would not, perhaps, have grown up elsewhere than In a petty German 
principality ; an egotism founded on the weals wonder of a circle of weakling 
scholars and esthetics. For a total absence of that charming element of auto- 
biographies, the loss of self in age, country, and pursuits, it seems to be without 
Its equal. For the art and elegance displayed in it we confess not the least re- 
spect. The world does not need to be informed that the author was IJie most 
Bkillful writer and one of the most powerful men of his time ; all that yields no 
comfort; the question is, what mischief is he able to execute with all this skill? 
how many waters can he make turhdd? how many springs of consolation can he 
dry up? In fine, we as much admire the skill as detest the spirit of this auto- 
biography." 
"No. 143. 

[331] 



68 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

we reflect upon these things, the more intimately we become ac- 
quainted with the great German poet, the more does a pleasant 
human sympathy establish itself between us, the more does our 
admiration warm and ripen into love. ' ' 

Another review^* is peculiarly interesting in that it presents 
the Goethe problem as it appeared to the critics of the time. In 
part, it is as follows : "In approaching a contemplation of this 
man, the two things that strike one are, first, the exceeding 
diversity of the opinions men, every way competent to judge, 
hold concerning him; and secondly, his singular impassiveness 
to the external influences of his age, and at the same time his 
singular fidelity to the deeper spirit of that age. 

"The critics, both learned and small, are sorely puzzled what 
to make of Goethe, either as an author or as a man. That he 
has talent of a very high kind none of them deny ; that he was 
able to influence his fellow-men in a way that few ever have 
done, is a fact of history which they are as little disposed to deny- 
But what troubles them is, to assign him his true place in the 
literary Olympus, — ^to measure the height of his throne, and to 
lay down the metes and bounds of his rightful jurisdiction. 
.Was he a god, a demi-god, or only a well-dressed and specious- 
looking devil? Was he a poet in the true sense? Were his 
conceptions of art of the loftiest kind? Had he any meaning 
in those clear yet enigmatical — those transparent but most pro- 
found fifty volumes of his? And above all, what manner of man 
was he — a good man or a bad? — a Christian, or only a gigantic 
Heathen? Was he sensualist or pantheist, or atheist, or nothing 
at all? — ^behind his age or in advance of it? — ^the most immov- 
able of conservatives or the deepest of radicals? — one who lived 
exclusively for his own selfish glory, or who had some touches 
of humanity in him? Was that majestic calmness the calmness 
of the dead marble statue, or of the serene sunny sky which 
embraces all in its warm bosom? And finally, what effect is 
the Goethean' literature yet to have on the destiny of mankind or 
the world? 



"Nob. 22, 87. 

[332] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITKBATURE IN AMERICA 69 

"These are the questions which the critics to whom we have 
referred answer so variously. They have fought battles over his 
remains, with the vigor and ferocity of religious fanatics. ' ' 

The reviewer then calls attention to the calmness with which 
the poet viewed all the tumultuous scenes that occurred during 
his life, and to the large number of great men whom he knew 
personally or by reputation, and expresses surprise that there 
are so few references to all these thiugs in his writings. 

"A character so singular in its position, and so variously 
judged of, is worthy of our study." Emerson is said to have 
spoken of Goethe as the "Writer;" the more correct view is 
that he was "The Artist, of His Age." Under this aspect, "the 
contradictions of his career become plain; the riddles of his 
works are solved; the peculiar characteristics of his conduct as 
a man are justified. . . . He saw in the issues and tend- 
encies of art, a universality and grandeur of development, which 
no man before him had ever seen so clearly, and no contemporary 
has so successfully embodied or expressed. ' ' 

The first instalment of this article concludes with an attempt 
to define art, and advises the Americans to learn what it is by 
a perusal of Goethe. The second instalment gives an outline of 
the autobiography. 

The hundredth anniversary of Goethe's birth attracted no 
especial attention in the American journals. Only one essay, 
which was twice reprinted from the Edinburgh Beview,^^ is 
directly attributable to it. It discusses Goethe 's life, philosophy, 
and influence in an unfavorable, though judicial tone. 

Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and Travels, Boston, 1851, 
called forth a greater conflict of opinions than did the Auto- 
iiography. The Southern Quarterly 'Beview'^° gives the book en- 
thusiastic praise, and advises the reader to pore over it. The 
best illustration of the attitude of the favorable reviewers is 
found in Graham's Illustrated Magazine.^^ In part, the review 
is as follows : " It is well known that this novel was the product 



"Nos. 263, 324. 
'» No. 426. 
» No. 366. 



[333] 



70 BULLETIN or THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

of ten years of creative labor; that in it, Goethe gives us the 
result of his experience, and his philosophy of life; and that, 
in its reach of observation and characterization, it is unequalled 
by any other novel in the world. There are coarse incidents 
and characters virhieh remind us that the genius of Goethe in- 
cluded that of Fielding; and there are others which seem to 
prove as clearly that the loftiest idealism and the most mystical 
religious sentiment were equally within the grasp of his im- 
agination. ... A work so essentially and vitally compre- 
hensive, representing so large an amount of thought and ob- 
servation, and so provokingly true to the laws which regulate 
actual life, is at first distasteful to the sensitive reader from 
its seeming hearblessness ; and we have known enthusiastic 
young men who could not read the first volume without indulg- 
ing in a little cursing and swearing. In truth, the work is so 
laden and overladen with thought, so replete with a wisdom 
which stimulates the mind by arousing its opposition, and the 
whole intent of the author is so rarely perceived on the first 
perusal, that it has to be read many times to be thoroughly 
appreciated. ' ' 

The opposite view is held by the Southern Literary Messenger,^ 
which devotes twelve pages to a warning against the iniquitous 
influence of Wilhehn Meister. After giving an outline of the 
philosophical system of Descartes, and exposing the errors of 
Spinoza, it analyzes the novel, coming to the following bitter 
conclusion: "To those who can see it in any other light than 
as a production of the highest talent prostituted to the narra- 
tion of lascivious scenes and stories, of exquisite purity of style 
expended in licentious descriptions, of marvelous gifts of 
poetry and song, deliberately employed in undermining aU that 
is honorable or holy amongst men — to such its frequent perusal 
may afford much pleasure, and its patient examination develop 
earnest features of beauty. To us it does not. ' ' A true appre- 
ciation of Meister was not evident until Carlyle's version was 
again reprinted in 1865. 

There were several reviews of Goethe literature in the foUow- 



" No. 424. 

[334] 



HAERTEIi GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 71 

ing years, but nothing of importance until an American reprint 
of Lewes, Life of Goethe, Boston, 1856, revived the discussion 
of Goethe's morals. The sympathetic attitude of Lewes was a 
challenge which could not he ignored, and a number of reviewers 
repeat the warnings which had been called forth by the pre- 
ceding books. Thomas B. Holeombe finds much exquisite poetry 
and deep insight into character in Goethe's writings,^^ "but the 
theology and morality, insinuated rather than taught, seemed 
to our old-fashioned notions, of a very dubious description. The 
general impression left by his writings . . . was unfavor- 
able to religion and virtue, as these words were understood by 
Milton or Burke, Addison or Johnson." Two charges are pre- 
ferred. The "poison of pantheistic infidelity is diffused through 
his works, dissolved in a menstruum of intoxicating poetry and 
attractive fiction, and his views of life are material and sensu- 
ous. ' ' 

The most careful arraignment of Goethe was reprinted from 
the Edinburgh Review.'^ The reviewer can not agree with 
Lewes' estimate of the man, and proposes "to show how and 
wherein so great a poet as Goethe fell short of the proportion 
of truest greatness." To do this, it is necessary to "try him 
first by his actions, and next by the tendency of his writings; 
though indeed these are but different expressions of the same 
character and sentiments, and leave on our mind the same 
sense of mingled admiration and disappointment." 

For the first count of the indictment, three points are selected, 
which can be explained by only one hypothesis, namely, a 
"systematic preference of his own pleasure, convenience, and 
ease to the most sacred interests and strongest claims of others." 
These points are the love for Friederike, his betrayal of the 
friendship of Kestner, and his position during the War of Lib- 
eration. His action in all these affairs was due, not to a con- 
scious violation of his own sense of right, but to "a defective 
sense of moral obligation." 

The most important charge against the tendency of his writ- 
ings is that they are negative. No practical solutions are sug- 



»No. 69T. 
«No. 725. 

[335] 



72 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

gested. The truth is presented with all its serious problems, 
but more through a feeling of curiosity than through a real de- 
sire to help. A man of Goethe's position and ability should 
have done more. "With his wonderful insight, and his entire 
impartiality, he might have shown us what of the current moral- 
ity was founded on prejudice and what on reason; while dis- 
persing the mists and shadows of mere conventional restrictions 
or unreasoning asceticism, he might have brought out in full 
relief those immutable principles which will bear the test of the 
severest scrutiny, and upon which the happiness of the human 
race mainly depends." 

The favorable reviews, which are about equal in number to 
those dissenting from the standpoint of Lewes, present nothing 
which had not been said before ia connection with the Auto- 
biography and Wilhelm Mei^er, and need, therefore, not be 
discussed in detail. They attempt to excuse Groethe's failings 
on the plea that he is an artist, and so is exempt from the con- 
trol of ordinary conventions, or wish to exclude his private life 
from the Goethe question altogether. 

A different spirit enters into the discussions at about the 
middle of the seventh decade. Goethe's works are more gener- 
ally read and correspondingly better judged; the violent at- 
tacks cease, and the tone of bitterness is replaced by calm, un- 
prejudiced judgment. E. Caro, La philosophie de Goethe, Paris, 
1866, a work which, a few years before, would have precipi- 
tated a hot dispute, is subjected to a dispassionate criticism, in 
which exception is taken to the claim that Goethe was a Spino- 
zist, and an attempt is made, in two articles reprinted from 
English sources, to prove that he is the highest type of an 
eclectic.^'' 



" Nog. 964, 065. This Is very nearly the same point of view as had been taken 
in, an article entitled CtUm/pses of Goethe, reprinted from an English journal some 
years before. (No. 880.) In this article, Spinoza's influence is emphasized, but 
not made suweme. Incidentally, the author refers to the charge of coldness. It 
Is not due, he says, to lack of sympathy, but rather to his pantheistic philosophy, 
which regarded all manifestations of nature, whether great or small, as traits of 
divinity, and therefore equally worthy of thought. "Loolking at life from this 
point of view, — one which einabled him to reconcile all inconsistencies which, ap- 
parent to all others, seemed to him but the lights and shadovra of a general 
unity,— we find him studying nature and life solely for Che purposes to which 
they might be turned as objects of art and science." 

[336] 



HAERTED — GERMAN LITEEATUEE IN AMEEICA 73 

A new edition of Carlyle's translation of Wilhelm Meister, 
Boston, 1865, was reviewed by H. James, Jr.^" This discussion, 
together with the articles just mentioned, well illustrates the 
change in the attitude towards Groethe. Instead of warnings 
agaiust his evil influence, we now find earnest recommendations 
to all thoughtful persons to read his works. 

"We hope this republication," writes James, "may help to 
discredit the very general impression that Wilhelm Meister be- 
longs to the great class of unreadables. The sooner this im- 
pression is effaced, the better for those who labor under it. To 
read Wilhelm Meister for the first time is an enviable and almost 
a unique sensation. Few other books, to use an expression 
which Goethe's admirers will understand, so steadily and grad- 
ually dawn upon the intelligence. In few other works is so pro- 
found a meaning enveloped in so common a form. 

"Of plot there is in this book properly none. "We have 
Goethe's own assertion that the work contains no central point. 
It contains, however, a central figure, that of the hero. By 
Mm, through him, the tale is unfolded. It consists of the vari- 
ous adventures of a burgher youth, who sets out on his journey 
through life in quest, to speak generally, of happiness, — ^that 
happiness which, as he is never weary of repeating, can be found 
only in the subject's perfect harmony with himself. This is cer- 
tainly a noble idea. Whatever pernicious conclusions may be be- 
gotten upon it, let us freely admit that, at the outset, in its vir- 
ginity, it is beautiful." 

The characters represent life itself, instead of being "photo- 
graphic heroes and heroines." "The beariug of Wilhelm 
Meister is eminently practical. It might almost be called a 
treatise on moral economy, — a work intended to show how the 
experience of life may least be wasted, and best be turned to 
account. This fact gives it a seriousness which is almost sub- 
lime. To Goethe, nothing was vague, nothing empty, nothing 
trivial, — we had almost said, nothing false. . . . We would 
therefore explicitly recommend its perusal to all such persons, 
especially young persons, as feel that it behooves them to attach 



*> No. 943. 

[337] 



74 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

a meaning to life. Even if it settles nothing in their minds, it 
will be a most valuable experience to have read it. It is worth 
reading, if only to differ with it. If it is a priceless book to 
love, it is almost as important a one to hate; and whether there 
is more in it of truth or of error, it is at all events great." 

The articles that appeared between this discussion and the 
reviews occasioned by the Taylor translation of FoMst can be 
passed over without special mention, as they show nothing new 
in the attitude towards Goethe. Attention should, however, be 
called to an article by Prof. "W. H. Wynn, which appeared in 
the New EnglanderJ" In 1863, this journal could not print a 
commendation of Faust without appending a foot-note warn- 
ing against the fallacy of the philosophy expressed in the 
drama. ^* Ten years later, the same journal publishes this 
eulogy of Goethe, "the poet of mankind, rather than of a partic- 
ular people." 

Of all the works of Goethe, none was of greater interest to 
Americans than Faust. Occasional mention was made of it ia 
the sixth and seventh decades, iacluding a long article by Henri 
de Coissy, Goethe's Faust, a Trihute,^^ the character of which 
is sufficiently indicated by the title. In 1863, the Brooks ver- 
sion was made the subject of a careful review by Mrs. G. B. 
Corson.^" As this article shows an insight into the meaning of 
the drama which was found by the writer in no other contri- 
bution to the journals before this time, it deserves special men- 
tion. Mrs. Corson writes in part: 

' ' In Faust, as handled by Goethe, we see man; — man striving 
upwards in spite of the manifold fetters that chain him to the 
earth. Vanity, ambition, innumerable errors through which he 
must wade to arrive at truth, necessarily mislead him in the 
labyrinths of this life. His whole existence is spent in search- 
ing for the right path, and he reaches old age, to die in sight 
of the cherished object of his life-long pursuit." 

The characterization of Margaret is especially interesting. 



" No. 1360. 

»* See below, p. 75. 
" No. 447. 
» No. 898. 



[838] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 75 

One would feel little sympathy with Faust, thinks Mrs. Corson, 
if Margaret were absolutely blameless. "But we are told that 
she was vain; that in secret she had already murmured over 
the domestic duties that had made her hands rough and con- 
fined her to humble work. Martha was her friend before she 
met Faust. It is true that her sense of propriety revolted at 
the audacious insolence of the seducer's first addresses, and she 
answered him accordingly. But we are told also that she cast a 
furtive glance at the comely adventurer, and thought him hand- 
some and of good station. Thus does her ill-guarded innocence 
afford many assailable points to her adversary, and we may 
almost say that she met him half way." 

This is also the first article of this period which attempts an in- 
telligent analysis of Part II. The marsh which Faust wishes 
to drain is a symbol of the "ignorance, prejudice, superstition, 
oppression, that lies in the way of progress, and generates those 
flitting will-o'-the-wisps which dazzle only to mislead," but 
which is gradually yielding to the efforts of succeeding genera- 
tions. 

The effect of this discriminating article is largely undone by 
the editor, who, as he does not entirely agree with his contrib- 
utor, adds a foot-note, in which he admits the truth of much 
that has been written, but is compelled to warn against the 
deadly fallacy of Faust's philosophy. Still, it is an encourag- 
ing sign of a coming true appreciation of the value of Goethe's 
work that such a journal as the New 'Englander, which is religious 
in tone, ventures to print an article that would have been rank 
heresy a few years before. 

Universal interest in FoMst was aroused by Bayard Taylor's 
masterly translation. The outlines and discussions of the 
drama, although almost without exception favorable, show no 
advance over the article by Mrs. Corson, and need not be en- 
tered into here. Possibly the best criticism is that by Franklin 
Carter,^^ who, m a group review of Faust literature, discusses 
thoroughly a number of critical works on the drama, showing 
throughout a sympathetic understanding of Goethe.^^ 



» See p. 58, note 109. 
^ No. 1746. 

[339] 



76 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

The Taylor translation of Faust was the last important piece 
of Goethe literature published in America during the period 
under discussion, with the exception of Boyesen, Goethe and 
Schiller, N. Y., 1879. However, the poet is not forgotten, as 
the more important German publications were read with great 
interest. Besides reviews of these works, there were several 
articles which testify to an interest in the personality of Goethe, 
such as Autumn Days in Weimar, by Bayard Taylor ;=^ The 
GoSthe House at Fratikfori, by A. S. Gibbs;^* and Weimar 
under Schiller and Goethe, by H. Schutz Wilson.^^ 



SCHILLER 

The attention paid to Schiller by the American journals of the 
period under discussion is surprisingly slight. With the ex- 
ception of a few critical and biographical articles, which will 
be discussed below, his name rarely appears excepting in con- 
nection with translations of ballads and lyrics.^" This apparent 
lack of interest may be largely explained by the absence of any 
pronounced difference in opinion concerning him and his works ; 
whenever they were discussed, they were liberally praised. In 
the case of such authors as Goethe and Heine, almost each arti- 
cle was a challenge to some one who held radically different 
views, and hastened to reply. No such reason existed in the 
case of Schiller, and the number of articles is correspondingly 
small. 

In 1846 an article was reprinted from an English review^' 
under the title, Life and Writings of Schiller, which, after an 
introduction defending German literature against the charges 
brought against it by its opponents, presents Schiller as "a 
writer who disputes with Goethe himself the throne of German 



»No. 1450. See p. 49, note 62. 

s* No. 1493. 

'» No. 1607. 

"There were, of course, numerous references to Mm in connection with Goethe, 
and In general discussions of German literature. As these treat SchlUer only aa 
a subject of secondary interest, they can not be regarded as showing special inter- 
est in him. 

" No. 28. 

[340] 



HAERTBL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 77 

imagination, but whose imaginative writings, with little more 
than one early well-known exception, are conducive to pure 
amusement or elevated instruction." A biographical sketch is 
given, and the Rohiers, Don Carlos, and Wallenstein are dis- 
cussed as representative works. The dramas produced after 
1800 are merely mentioned iu the critical portion of the article, 
but are represented in the translations, which are taken from 
Don Carlos, Mary Stuart, The Maid of Orleans, and William 
Tell. 

During the sixth decade mention of Schiller is confined to 
short reviews of translations, and to a few brief biographical 
sketches. The numerous celebrations of the hundredth anniversary 
of the poet 's birth might be expected to have brought his name 
prominently before the American public. However, no such effect 
is noticeable in the journals. Besides a few brief descriptions of 
the festivities in Europe, only one long article which may be at- 
tributed to the anniversary was found, the address by W. H. 
Furness, referred to above.^* The speaker dwells especially on 
Schiller's earnestness of purpose. "In sincerity, in earnestness 
of meaning, in truthfulness, Schiller is second to none." No 
attempt at a critical analysis is made.^" 

The first thorough discussion of Schiller found in the years 
following the centennial appeared in 1863.*" The reviewer be- 
gins with a comparison with Goethe. He writes in part: "What 
Shakespeare is in this country and in England, Schiller is in 
Germany. He is undoubtedly more popular among his country- 
men than Goethe. Indeed, he is more read, if not more prized, 
everywhere. There is more human sympathy in his writings 
than in those of his illustrious fellow-countryman and friend, 
although the latter 's are more artistic and more beautiful as 
creations than the former. ... In this country, as well as 
in Germany, his name is invested with a certain degree of sacred- 
ness. ' ' 



»« See p. 28. 

=» Tliis silence in the journals is in marked contrast to the active interest which 
BUwood C. Parry takes for granted in America in the years immediately following 
the centennial. Cf. German American Annals, new series, 3: 366. 

"No. 896. 



[341] 



78 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

As illustrative of the eritieism of individual dramas, the fol- 
lowing can be quoted from the same article. 

"Court Intrigue and Love, Don Carlos, and The Bobbers 
were highly successful. Court Intrigue and Love is marked 
by the general characteristics of the Bobbers, so far as design 
and tendency are concerned. Rank and artificial civilization 
are attacked as fiercely in one as in' the other; while humility of 
station and simplicity of manners are made the nurses of every 
virtue. There are no baser villains in any rank of life than Bok, 
[sic] Kalb, and Wurm ; indeed, only those who entertain a very 
low opinion of human nature, would be willing to admit that 
any such exist at all in civilized life. But assuming that they 
are caricatures, as many respectable critics maintain, there is 
still sufficient in the piece to indicate the genius of the author." 

As in other articles, the later dramas are almost ignored. 
"By far the most important part of the poet's life may be said 
to close at his marriage and his appointment to the professor- 
ship of history at Jena. . . . Schiller himself always re- 
garded Wallenstein as his greatest work. Artistically consid- 
ered, it is certainly his chef d'oeuvre; but it is equally certain 
that the production which exhibits most genius is the Bobbers." 

Schiller as an idealist is the theme of a portion of Links in 
Oermam, Literature, reprinted from Tinsley 's Magazine.*^ ' ' Schil- 
ler 's endeavor to avoid all that is common and mean led him 
to the opposite extreme of ideal abstraction. His views of 
human life were lofty, but not comprehensive. If he did not 
despise, he neglected to study many common lowly realities. 
His poetry is therefore the antithesis of such poetry as was 
written by our English realist, George Ctabbe. . . . Schiller 
looked around him, but more frequently upwards and onwards, 
as we see him in one of his portraits. He despised, or he de- 
fied, low realities, and boldly uttered his belief that, after the 
failures of which history is the record, men shall enjoy, first 
moral, then political and social freedom." 

Another article in the same year, twice reprinted from an 
English review, discusses Schiller as one of "A Century of 

" No. 1355. 

[342] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 79 

Great Poets. "^^ The opening paragraphs are devoted to a dis- 
cussion of the friendship between Goethe and Schiller. In a 
comparison of the two, Schiller is made decidedly secondary. 
"Of the two, Goethe was so much the more remarkable that he 
can be considered and treated of alone, but of Schiller we can 
scarcely speak without bringing in the name of his greater, 
more splendid, and less lovable coadjutor. . . . The asso- 
ciation, however, of these two great German minds does some 
injustice to the lesser greatness. We instinctively begin our 
estimate of Schiller by the profession that he has produced no 
Faust — a confession which is perfectly true, but highly un- 
necessary in respect to any other poet." 

After this introduction, a comparison of the two poets is es- 
sential. ' ' Schiller has nothing in him of the demigod ; he stands 
(firm upon mortal soil, where the motives, and wishes, and as- 
pirations of common humanity have their full power. Even the 
visionary part of him is all human, Christian, natural; and 
when he touches upon the borders of the supernatural, as in 
those miraculous circumstances which surround his Maid of 
Orleans, it is still pure humanity and no fantastic archdemoniac 
inspiration which moves him. . . . Schiller stands upon no 
smiling ^ grand elevation of superiority; he stands among the 
men and women whom he pictures, sympathizing with them, 
sometimes regarding them with that beautiful enthusiasm of 
the maker for the thing created, by which the poet abdicates 
his own sovereignty, and represents himself to himself as the 
mere portrait-painter of something God — not he — has made." 
In all his principal characters, he eliminates his own personality. 
"Schiller paints humankind without reference to himself, as 
Shakespeare did, throwing himself into characters different 
from his own, in which he can imagine a fashion of 'being per- 
haps greater than his own; whereas Goethe paints always a 
certain reflection of himself pre-eminent, and humankind only 
in relation to and contrast with that self somewhat discredited 
and insignificant in comparison." 

The article concludes with a biographical sketch and a dis- 



" Nob. 1331, 1356. 

[343] 



80 BULLETIN OF TEE UNIVEBSITY OP WISCONSIN 

cussiou of his individual works. The Bobiers is very fully 
analyzed; Court Intrigue and Love somewhat less, Dati Carlos 
very briefly. Wallenstein is emphasized, while The Maid of Orleans 
is given a fair amount of space. Tell is passed over with the 
remark that, while it is "a fine, animated, and picturesque 
production, full of life and action, and with many passages of 
great poetical merit, ... it fails in character, there being 
too much action and variety of scene for any consistent study 
of individual mind or heart." 

It wiU be seen, from the articles just discussed, that the favor- 
ite method of approaching Schiller was by a comparison, or 
rather contrast with Goethe. The latter is almost superhuman 
in holding aloof from the great mass of humanity; the former 
is full of sympathy and fellow-feeling; Goethe is the sharp 
observer, who analyzes everything within his ken and paints 
an accurate portrait of what he has found, while SehiUer is an 
idealist, who describes conditions, not as they are, but as he be- 
lieves they will be in some happier period of the world's history; 
Goethe always introduces himself as the principal hero, while 
Schiller suppresses his personality, never thrusting himself 
on the reader. In regard to their relative importance, Goethe 
is considered the stronger personality, while Schiller is reduced 
almost to the rank of a dependent. It is also worthy of note 
that the dramas especially discussed are those of his youth and 
Wallenstein, while those written in the last five years of his. 
life are always passed over with a few words. 

THE EOMANTIC SCHOOL 

The attitude of the American critics to the individual Ger- 
man romanticists was, as a rule, a cordial one ; this feeling, how- 
ever, did not extend to the Romantic School as a whole. It was 
apparently impossible for the average American to sympathize 
with a movement which was so far removed from all practical 
things, "never based on a natural foundation."*^ The usual 
attitude, somewhat exaggerated, is represented in' a long dis- 



" No. 641. 

[344] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 81 

cussion of Haym, Die Bomantische Schule.*^ In the opening 
paragraphs of the review, Heine's position towards the Romantic 
School is outlined as follows. The movement is divided into 
two sections. Novalis, the "embodiment of 'magic idealism' — 
a kind of hyper-mysticism based on Schelling's philosophy of 
the absolute, in which thoughts are confounded with things, and 
all natural phenomena reduced to symbols of ideas, ' ' represents 
one side; E. Th. A. Hoffmann and his associates, — "common 
conjurors, (who) resembled the Arabian sorcerers, who, with 
all their supematuralism, never lose their hold on terrestrial 
realities, control the forces of the physical world, and at will 
animate stones or petrify life," represent the second. The two 
have a common basis. "The poetic effusions, in both cases, were 
the efflux and expression of a diseased imagination; just as the 
pearl is at once the symptom and the result of a morbid condi- 
tion of the poor, suffering oyster." The study of Romanticism 
is a subject for the pathologist rather than for the literary 
critic. 

The reviewer, on the whole, agrees with the attitude of Heine 
as outlined. The Romantic School, although it resulted in much 
that is commendable, "was the product of a morbid and perverse 
spirit, in conflict with every healthy, progressive tendency of 
the age, and fully deserving the severity of Heine's sentence. 
. . . The disease of Romanticism consisted in excessive sub- 
jectiveness, intense egoism, and hyperidealism. Even the 
sweetest poems and most charming romances of this school are 
tainted by the infection, and betray their origin as products of 
an imagination that has outgrown its normal and healthy rela- 
tions to the other faculties, and thereby destroyed all intellectual 
equilibrium and symmetry. They are like a pate de foie gras, 
which is indeed a rare and dainty dish, but always presupposes 
a sick goose." 

After this condemnation of the school as a whole, the more 
prominent authors are discussed individually. Jean Paul was 
saved by his sense of humor; in Holderlin, on the contrary, 
"all the demons of hypochondria took up their permanent 



«No. 1305. 

6— H. [345] 



82 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

abode." Novalis was, according to Schleiermacher, "the divine 
youth, too early fallen asleep, whose spirit transformed every- 
thing that it touched into poetry, and who unfolded in Die Lehr- 
linge zu 8ms and Eeinrich von Ofterdingen the metaphysics of 
Romanticism." Fr. Schlegel's Lucinde is "only a too faithful 
and undisguised exemplification of those sophistries and casu- 
istries of the imagination and the passions, which constituted 
the so-called Kunstlermoral, in opposition to the 'decencies of 
our common prosaic life,' and which Heine [sic] had already 
glorified in his Ardinghello, and Tieck himself had preached 
through the mouth of Florestan in his Franz S^ternbald." 

In conclusion, the beneficent effects of Romanticism on the 
fine arts, — music, architecture, sculpture, jand paintiug — are 
discussed. 

By far the most scholarly treatment of the Romantic School 
is embraced in a series of three articles by Hjalmar H. Boyesen in 
the Atlantic Monthly.*^ The first. Social Aspects of the Bomamtic 
Schoal,^^ opens with a discussion of the deterioration, under 
the leadership of'Nicolai, of Lessing's endeavors in the cause of 
"enlightenment." It characterizes the Romantic School as a 
deliberate attempt to break away from all fetters that limited 
the free development of individuality; the restrictions placed 
by society on the relations of the sexes were especially attacked. 
The association of Friedrich Schlegel with Dorothea Veit, as 
represented in Lucinde, and the more innocent friendship be- 
tween Schleiermacher and Henrietta Herz are cited as practical 
illustrations of their theories. The second essay, Novalis and 
the Blue Flower," treats Novalis, and especially Eeinrich von 
Ofterdingen, as the most complete interpretation of Romanti- 
cism. The third. Literary Aspects of the Romantic School,*^ 
discusses individual authors. Tieck may be called "a kind of 
Goethe in miniature;" not because he followed ia Goethe's foot- 
steps, but because he fulfilled in a different sphere a similar 
mission. He stands "in the Romantic camp as the fa/iile prin- 



« See above, p. 41. 
"No. 1456. 
"No. 1458. 
" No. 1507. 

[346] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 83 

oeps, as Goethe did among the classicists." A thorough charac- 
terization of his writings follows. Wackenroder gave "the first 
impetus to that extravagant Madonna worship which, in con- 
nection with his medieval yearnings, at last assumed the phase 
of ' artistic Catholicism, ' and ended with sending more than half 
of the prominent Romanticists to the bosom of the 'only saving 
church'." Schleiermacher "stands at the door of a temple of 
wondrous beauty ; he opens the door ; a solemn, sacred symphony 
fills the air with sweet, soul-stirring sound; a curtain is drawn 
aside, and behold, the old Sphiax. The riddle is still unsolved. ' ' 

A late edition of Der gestiefelte Kater, Stuttgart, 1845, was 
reviewed*" with translations of selected passages. The estima- 
tion of the author is of interest: "Ludwig Tieck, the rival of the 
celebrated Goethe, as a critic, and, as is admitted on all hands, 
one of the finest minds and rarest scholars that his country, so 
fruitful in genius, has produced. ' ' Several translations from 
Tieck appeared, and two critical articles.^" Both of these repre- 
sent the Romanticists as the outgrowth of the political troubles 
of the latter part of the eighteenth century, and as opponents 
of the Classical school, with Tieck as their leader. The latter 's 
abandonment of the Romantic School is noted in the announce- 
ment of his death, referred to in a previous chapter.^^ 

The only good critical article on Novalis is the one by Prof. 
Boyesen already discussed.^^ A number of translations from his 
works, principally short poems, appeared from time to time in 
the journals. Among these are the following: Christiaftity, or 
Europe, by Rev. John Dalton;'^ three Hymns to the Night, 
prefaced by the extravagant remark: "One of the purest, 
freshest, most beautiful spirits that ever came out to enshrine 
itself in the flesh, in that great German land of beautiful spirits, 
was their Friedrich von Hardenberg, or, as he is more generally 
called, Novalis ; ' '°* and Spiritual Songs, translated by Geo. Mac- 
Donald.^'' 



« No. 60. 
» Nos. 580, 024. 
=' See above, p. 20. 
"^ See above, p. 82. 
«"No. 186. 
"No. 18T. 
«No. 1371. 

[347] 



84 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

An outline of Bichendorff, Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts,. 
with an eulogistic introduction, was contributed by Earle 
Bertie,^* while the Leland translation, Memoirs of a Good-for- 
Naught, N. Y., 1866, suggests the remark that, while it might 
be a wonderful romance iu German, "its poverty of wit and 
feeling and imagination is apparent when it is translated intO' 
pitiless English. "^^ B. Th. A. HoSmann, Die Doppelgdnger was 
translated under the title A Chapter of Errors.^^ Fouque is rep- 
resented by a number of translations, but not reviewed. 

The great popularity of Zschokke, which is shown by Hoskins^' 
to have prevailed in the first half of the century, declined rap- 
idly after 1850. In 1846 a short biographical sketch was twice 
reprinted from an English review,^" and Tales from the Ger- 
man of Heinrich Zschokke, N. Y., 1846, were occasionally re- 
viewed. One critic says: "As a writer of tales no author- 
pleases us so well as Zschokke. There is about his stories a 
naturabiess of incident and character that charms us beyond 
measure. We never read one of them that we do not feel con- 
scious of being elevated by it to a higher and deeper love of 
humanity and truth. "^^ Other brief reviews and several trans- 
lations appeared from time to time, but the once venerated story- 
teller is practically forgotten after 1860. 

By far the most popular of all members of the Romantic 
School was Richter, "the greatest German humorist.""^ A num- 
ber of his short stories were translated, and many collections of 
quotations appeared imder the title of Aphorisms, Detached 
Thoughts, Pearls, and Brilliamts. His works were also liberally 
reviewed. 

Walt and Vult, or the Twins, translated from the Flegeljahre,. 
Boston, 1846, was frequently reviewed. One critic finds Richter 
"a most difficult and complicated theme" on account of his 



"No. 1030. 

■^' No. 945. 

»» No. 494. 

™ See above, p. 20, note 33. 

» Nos. 26, 49. 

« No. 43. 

»» Bayard Taylor. No. 842. 



[348] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 85 

■"complexity and perplexity," due to the number of "collateral 
thoughts" with -which his main theme is oppressed."^ Another 
is impressed by his didactic purpose."* 

In 1847 a long group review of three Richter books was re- 
printed from an English journal.''^ It is a sympathetic dis- 
cussion of his works, appreciative of the vagaries of his fancy 
and the wittiness of his sarcasm, but regrets that at times his 
humor is a trifle broad for an English audience. 

For a number of years, nothing of importance appeared, untU 
W. R. Alger,"" in 1863, published a discussion of Tiian, trans- 
lated by Brooks, Boston, 1862." 

Richter, observes Alger, is becoming more popular, although 
the "growing appreciation has been mostly limited to that small 
class of literary students who, combining insight with catholicity, 
are patient of difficulties and tolerant of faults when these are 
'but the investiture and accompaniment of rare merits." His 
faults, while they make it more difficult to understand him, are, 
after all, good ones: "extraordinary fertility," "half-chaotic ex- 
uberance," "transcendent richness and energy of . . . gen- 
ius." His works combine wealth of material, drawn from every 
conceivable source; wisdom in estimating the value of such ma- 
terial; health, in that the work strengthens and cheers the 
reader; skill in setting his thoughts in grace and beauty, in 
presenting his material in forms that delight the reader. In 
a.ddition to these attributes common to all great writers, Richter 
lias an imaffected, vigorous character, which bore him through 
many trials; love of nature; and a "boundless, yearning love 
of humanity," which manifests itself in sympathy for all suf- 
ferers, and in "hyperborean, biting frosts and stings" for their 
oppressors. 

His most distinctive trait, however, according to Alger, is his 
■"unrivalled combination of serious earnestness and overpower- 
ing pathos with imaginative humor and comicality. He is at the 



«'No. 44. 
"'No. SB. 
" No. 101. 

"" See above, p. 32, note 28. 
«' No. 900. 



[349] 



86 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

sake time a grave student and a satirist; a jocose philosopher 
and a devout humorist. He is as much at home in the sublime 
as in the ridiculous. He laughs and weeps, loves and adores,, 
with the same rhapsodic sincerity. He is a three-headed, three- 
hearted giant, equipped with an equal perception of the droll 
and the dread, an equal feeling of the tender and the absurd,, 
vibrating swiftly through all that lies between the extremes." 

Considered purely from the artistic point of view, he is limited.. 
"He has a gigantic creative power combined vdth a diminutive 
shaping power. ' ' This, however, applies only to his works when 
considered as a whole, for it is "often exact and faultless in 
details ; " as a result, there are numerous maxims and incidental 
reflections. His moral influence, both the conscious teaching 
and the unconscious suggestion, is good, with the exception of 
occasional "mawkish and sickly" passages, the result of toa 
tender feelings. 

HEINE 

In view of the fact that the members of Yoimg Germany were 
at their strongest when our period opens, an active interest in 
them might be expected. This, however, is not the case. Na 
article devoted exclusively to this school was found, and inci 
dental references to it are almost invariably in an unfavorablt 
tone. This is best illustrated in the introduction to an essay 
on Heine by W. W. Hurlbut.^* After referring to the confusion 
resulting from the revolution of 1830, and the decline of liter- 
ature dating from the death of Goethe at about the same time, 
the Avriter divides contemporaneous German literature into three 
classes: "Young Germany with sarcasm and gay raillery," 
whose members were "very silly" and "whose productions wert 
mostly of an effervescent nature;" the Rehabilitationists with 
"sound of drum and blowing of trumpets "under the leadership 
of Herwegh, and "that nobler band, who, neither trampling on 
the Past, nor scorning the Present, point to the Germany of the 
Future with genuine earnestness and hope," and who find their 
best representative in Freiligrath. 

«» No. S40. 

[350] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 87 

With, these three schools, continues Hurlbut, the name of 
Heine is connected. "Heine was the model, after whose perfec- 
tion the persifleurs of Young Germany toiled in vain. He was a 
chief support of the fierce satirists of Halle; and in his last 
collection of poems ... he came as near serious patriotic en- 
thusiasm as was possible to his character. ' ' 

The followiag discussion of Heine represents the attitude 
which was held, witli comparatively slight variations, by the 
critics throughout the period. The Beisebilder and Das Buck 
der Lieder are almost invariably praised as the products of a 
true poetic spirit, while his political writings are criticized for 
tlieir bitter personalities. His private life is, of course, unani- 
mously condemned. Later articles make sympathetic reference 
to his long and painful illness. Hurlbut says in part : 

"The most important of Heine's works, that on which . . . 
his fame must eventually rest, was also the first work of any 
consequence that he published. The Beisebilder is a collection of 
pictures drawn from the experiences and observations of the 
poet during his travels. Few works of the kind have even at- 
tained a success at once so immediate, so extensive, and so last- 
ing as this charming book. To all readers of German in France, 
England, and America, its name, at least, is familiar; and it 
holds a high place among the literary favorites of all who are 
acquainted with it on more intimate terms. . . . Entire inde- 
pendence and freshness of thought and feeling, and the true 
poetic power of description and representation, these two seals 
of genius, are stamped upon the greater part of this book. A 
certain careless audacity, which, ia his later and more evil days, 
Heine affected to a painful extent, is the very spirit of his move- 
ments in these travels. We know few books of the kind so thor- 
oughly 'cleared of cant'." An outline of the Beisebilder, with 
copious extracts in translation, follows. 

De I'Allemagne is characterized as a "systematic attempt to 
discredit those authors and those opinions which he regarded as 
obstacles in the way of the great terrestrial kingdom that the 
propagandists wished to establish. Old German feeling. Roman- 
ticism, Anglicism, pietism, are riddled by his piercing arrows. 

[351] 



88 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

To call the book a literary history is absurd. The respectability 
of Gerviaus and the religious enthusiasm of Horn refuse to oc- 
cupy the same shelf with the diablerie, the raillery, the invective 
of this Parthian critic. But we have rarely met a more bril- 
liant specimen of the 'Free Companion' in literature, than Heine 
as he appears in this ease, sweeping remorselessly down upon 
Tieck, Schlegel, and their brethren, dealing fatal side thrusts at 
the solemn philosophers, riding full tilt against even the divine 
Goethe himself, and barely dropping his lance in time to avoid 
the crime of sacrilege." 

Atta Troll, and Deuischlwnd, ein Wintermdrchen are con- 
demned, because satire, dealing entirely with evil, and being 
purely negative, has no place in modern literature. But the 
Buch der Lieder and Neue Oedichte deserve the highest praise; 
only occasionally are they marred by Heine 's characteristic skep- 
ticism. A number of poems are quoted to illustrate the ex- 
quisite lyric qualities. 

With all his poetic gifts, there was a fatal element in' Heine's 
character, the lack of the "resolute hewrt of a man who knew 
what he would hwve;" there was no "resolute, determined ad- 
herence to a great and noble purpose." For this reason he sac- 
rificed forever his own peace and power and renown. 

Some years later, after the revolution of 1848 had bad its in- 
fluence on' political thought, and after his illness had attracted 
the attention of the literary world to the sick-room in Paris, the 
Eclectic Magazine reprinted from an English review** an article 
which claims that Heine, as a political writer, had lost caste 
since the revolution, but that his poems, as "chips from the old 
block of the German 'Volkslied'," were destined to hold per- 
manent place in literature. Littell's Living' Age, in a review of 
Leland's translation of Pictures of Travel, reprinted from the 
Ecoviomist,'"' characterizes him as a poet of wonderful powers, 
•with all of a poet's qualities and faculties. These gifts, how- 
ever, are spoiled by impiety and lack of reverence. The re- 
viewer thinks it impossible to translate his works, and hopes 



»» No. 429. 
" No. 623. 



[352] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 89 

Leland will not waste any more time in his thankless task. 
Knickerbocker, on the contrary, finds this number of the trans- 
lations all too small, and prints several extracts from it.''^ 

In the following year, an essay by George Eliot, entitled 
German Wit: Heinrich Heiwe, was twice reprinted." The author 
represents Heine as the great German humorist, for whom the 
world has hitherto waited in vain, defends him against all 
charges of imfaimess and unjustifiable bitterness in his polit- 
ical writings, even condoning the attack on Borne after the 
latter 's death. The opposite point of view is represented ia a 
savage attack on Heiae's personality,'^ the writer of which can 
not find one redeeming feature in his life or character. In part, 
the estimate is as f oUows : 

"Whatever claims his poetry may assert on the admiration of 
the world, his personal character can never be arrayed in at- 
tractive colors. This is attempted in the volume before us,'* but 
without success. "We would not judge the susceptible nature of 
the poet by any harsh, Puritanic standard. "We would not seek 
to bind the impulses of his wild and wayward genius by artifi- 
cial rules. But, compared with any true fdeal of humanity, 
Heine was not a man to command approval or love. The scoff- 
ing element in his nature was predominant over the suggestions 
of truth. Devoted to the worship of beauty, his life-plan left 
no place for the pursuit of good. He seems never to have recog- 
nized the presence of an ethical principle in the constitution of 
man. The voice of duty was never heard amidst the seductive 
melodies of his song. He was possessed, like many other men of 
genius, with a gigantic selfishness, but this was not tempered, 
as is often the case, by the innate kindness which, in some 
sense, supplies the want of conscience. Unscrupulous in the ex- 
ercise of his wit, he made fewer friends than admirers, and his 
enemies were more than either. No one can say that he did not 
deserve his fate. His personality was one from which the heart 



" No. 618. 

"Nos. 660, 676. 

" No. 695. 

" Melssner, Alfred, Heinrich Heine. 



[353] 



90 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVBBSITY OF WISCONSIN 

shrinks; his life, though, impassioned, was grim and unloving; 
his death was lonely, without faith and without hope; his 
genius will consecrate his memory, but can never redeem his 
character. ' ' 

The well-known article of Matthew Arnold, originally pub- 
lished in the Cornhill Magazine, was re^ivirited in Littell's Livinff 
AgeP Here Heiae is considered "the most important German 
successor and contintiator of Goethe in Goethe's most important 
line of activity — a soldier in the war of liberation of humanity." 
The maia current of Goethe's exertions flows in Heine's work; 
both fought the battle against Philistinism. It was a noble fight, 
but, nevertheless, Arnold is forced to conclude: "And what 
have we got from Heiae ? A half -result, for want of moral bal- 
ance, of nobleness of soul and character. ' ' 

E. I. Sears^^ looks on the appearance of the Beisebilder as the 
beginning of a new era in German literature. No other de- 
scriptions of travel can compare with these in their lifelike 
character. But the praise bestowed on them is not without qual- 
ification. Brilliant and widely read they may be; but "it is 
the boldness and severity with which he attaclts friend and foe 
alike that have contributed most to render the book famous, 
although there are many of those attacks which show that, if 
he was not utterly insensible to kindness, he had certainly but 
little gratitude; for he does not spare even his own teachers, 
those who not only gave him all the aid in their power to attain 
the success for which he was ambitious, but also exercised the 
influence of their friends in his behalf." 

There is indeed much in Heine that must be condemned, con- 
tinues the reviewer, but time is softening the verdict .of the lit- 
erary world. His disappointments in his earlier years, the po- 
■sition of the Jew m political and social life, and, above all, his 
ill-health, serve to explain, if not to justify, his bitterness and 
invective. And, despite all his faults, his genius can not be 
denied. "As a man, his faults are indeed many and grave; but 
as a poet he is undoubtedly the best that Germany has produced 



" No. 894. 

™ No. 956. For Sears, see above, p. 27, note 10. 



[354] 



HAEETEL GEBMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 91 

•since Goethe's time; and what other country has produced his 
■equal during the same period ? ' ' 

Several other good criticisms of Heine appeared in the jour- 
nals during the rest of the period under discussion, but the atti- 
tude remains practically the same as in the article just dis- 
cussed. His tragic death removed much of the harshness from the 
criticism of his opponents, and, as time went on, the memory of 
"the irregularities in his life faded away. Beiseiilder and Das 
Buck der Lieder are recognized as poetic products of the high- 
est order. His mistakes in life are attributed to various causes, 
and are being judged with increasing charity.'^ The summary of 
his works by A. Parker is fairly representative. He says in the 
conclusion of his article on Heine :''* 

"A negative judgment is not enough for a final estimate of 
Heinrich Heine. Much of his service to literature' and to man- 
kind was of a very positive character. As a man of letters, he 
created a prose style unequalled in clearness and brilliancy by 
anything previously known in German literature — Goethe's prose 
is ponderous in comparison — and its influence will be felt long 
after certain mannerisms have passed into oblivion. His wit is 
destined to immortality by reason of the serious purpose that 
underlies it. It has a spontaneity which no wit exercised merely 
for its own ends can ever have. Those who call Heine frivolous 
and a mocker, simply because he can jest at serious things, can 
only know him very superficially or else must be ignorant of the 
real part which humor has to play in the world. Perhaps there 
never was a writer who shook himself so free of all convention- 
alities of style. His very mannerisms — and his writings aboimd 
in them — have a spontaneity about them, and only become af- 
fectations in the innumerable imitations which cluster around all 
his literary productions. This is his service to literature ; his serv- 
ice to posterity was as great. He did some goodly service in the 
'War of liberation of humanity,' if in no other way, by setting 



" Cf. No. 1S78. where Kate Hillard attributes his bitterness to a nervous dis- 
ease that afflicted him from Ms earliest childhood, and eventually resulted in the 
Illness that caused his death. 

'•No. 1789. 



[355] 



92 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

the example of a man who could speak unflinchingly for prin- 
ciples at a time when such utterance was not easy. ' ' 



CONCLUSION 

The results of this investigation of the attitude of the American, 
journals towards German literature from 1846 to 1880 may be 
briefly summarized as follows: 

The conflict of opinions as to the possibility or advisability of 
admitting German literature into America on a par with other 
literatures came to a close at about the middle of the century.. 
The inclination of the Germans to indulge in philosophic specu- 
lations that were considered either as incomprehensible or as. 
leading to moral and religious heterodoxy was found to be less- 
great than at first apprehended. The impression of apparently 
unintelligible, wearisome details of characterization and of dull,, 
prosy style, which many American students had gained, was at- 
tributed to a lack of knowledge of the language on the part of 
the reader, or to unsatisfactory translations, rather than to faults: 
inherent in the original, and disappeared on a more intelligent 
study. The conviction gained ground that the authors of Ger- 
many, possibly more than those of any other foreign country, 
could teach the Americans much that was not only intrinsically 
valuable, but that would be of great benefit in helping build up- 
the newly developing native literature. As it would be folly for 
a young nation to close its ears to the teachings of an older 
people, it was the duty of American scholars to assist in gaining 
access to the great storehouse of knowledge and inspira'cion 
which was at their doors. 

Goethe was better understood as the years passed ; much of what 
had seemed to be immoral and anti-religious in his writings was. 
found to be a doctrine of higher liberty for all mankind. Parke 
Godwin's edition oi Dichtung imcZ Wa/i.r/ieit, Carlyle 's version of 
Wilhelm Meister, and the various versions of Faust were studied, 
and led to an ever increasing interest in the life and works of 
their author. Schiller, on the contrary, whose best known drama 

[356] 



HAEBTBL GERMAN DITBKATURE IN AMERICA 93 

lias for its theme the struggle for political liberty, and the cen- 
tenary of whose birth aroused great enthusiasm in his native 
country, was strangely neglected by the American journals. 

Interest in individual members of the Eomantic School was 
marked during the earlier years covered by this investigation, but 
disappeared almost entirely before the close of the period. The 
little attention paid to the poets of the "War of Liberation is as 
difficult to account for as is the neglect of Wilhelm Tell. Of 
Young Germany, Heine is the only prominent author. The atti- 
tude towards him is practically the same as that towards Goethe 
in the first part of the century. His literary ability is undis- 
puted; his moral tone, which had at first been severely con- 
demned, finding scarcely a single champion, is receiving milder 
judgment. 

There is, throughout the period, a warm undercurrent of feel- 
ing for the lyric poets of Germany, of whom Uhland is considered 
the best exponent. This feeling shows itself on the surface only 
occasionally in discussions, but its existence is always evidenced 
by the appearance of translations. 

In the last decade of the period, the great production of novels 
absorbed the interest in German literature to such a degree that 
almost all other authors excepting Goethe were practically ex- 
cluded. Opinions naturally varied at first, but finally it was 
generally conceded that the realistic portrayals of every-day 
life and the minute soul-analysis, as well as the fearless discus- 
sions of political and social problems, were worthy of attention. 
The judgment of the journals was, on the whole, good. For, 
while considerable attention was paid to the ephemeral novel, 
most of the serious discussion is directed to such authors as Auer- 
bach, Spielhagen, Freytag, and Renter. However, we must not 
overlook the fact that no mention is made of the most artistic 
spirits, such as Storm and Keller, whose works were also slow in 
gaining recognition in Germany. 

The drama — now considered artistically the greatest of the pro- 
ductions of the second and third quarters of the nineteenth cen- 
tury — is practically unknown to American periodicals. Grillpar- 
zer, Ludwig, and more especially Hebbel, were treated with too 

[357] 



94 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

mucli iadifference and disdaia in their native land to find much, 
consideration m any foreign country. 

A general characteristic of all the discussions is the emphasis 
laid on the ethical side of German literary productions as opposed 
to the esthetic. To be sure, we often meet in the journals warm 
praise of the artistic elements, but there is an almost total lack of 
incisive criticism from this poiat of view. The subjects that at- 
tract the American critic are of another kind. The moral char- 
acter of the author and of the incidents portrayed, the question 
whether the philosophy iaspiring the production is a healthy one,, 
and the effect that the study of the work will have on the miad 
of the reader,— in other words, the good that is to be gained 
from the knowledge of the literature — ^these are the matters of 
prime importance. 

Examination of the most important journals of the last twO' 
decades of the nineteenth century shows that the number of ref- 
erences in periodicals of a more general character decreases 
slightly. This, however, can not be taken as indicating dimin- 
ished interest in German literature. Until the eighth decade, 
literary critics were confined almost entirely to the general mag- 
azines for the publication of their articles. After 1880, specific- 
ally literary journals were founded. Moreover, in the latter part 
of the century, German literature was studied to such an extent 
in America that book publications on the subject began to appear. 
Reference to a number of these has already been made.'^ In the 
succeeding years, additions were made to this list. While, there- 
fore, a study of the journals for the first eight decades of the 
nineteenth century presents a comprehensive view of the attitude 
of the American critics to German literature during that time, 
these book publications, as well as the literary periodicals, must 
be taken as the basis of a history of literary criticism in the 
closing decades of the century. 



' See above, p. 37. 



[358] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 95 

LIST A 

Chronological List op References 

In: the preparation of this bibliography, only those titles were 
iaeluded which bear directly on German literature ia its narrower 
sense. Articles dealing with theology and history were excluded, 
as w;ere also announcements of books which contain no expression 
of opinion', and brief personal notes which do not assist in giving 
an insight into the attitude towards the subject of the item. The 
writer felt that these could safely be omitted, as the value of such 
notices is only to testify to an interest in German literature, with- 
out indicating the trend of that interest. While this is important 
in dealing with the earlier part of the century, the number of 
references which remain after eliminating these short notes is 
abundant testimony to the fact that such interest was very strong 
in the second half of the century, and their insertion would only 
needlessly increase the length of the list. 

For the sake of brevity and convenience in reference, no at- 
tempt has been made to reproduce the exact titles of books as 
found in the journals, only so much being given as is necessary 
to identify the title of the work discussed. In cases where a 
large number of unimportant book-titles are gathered into one 
group review, and only a few words are devoted to each book, 
the general heading alone is given. The attempt has been made 
to give a very brief characterization of all articles of importance. 
In the case of each article which has been discussed in the his- 
torical portion of the dissertation, reference is made to the page 
on which it is considered. The German titles of translations have 
been added in a few instances, but no attempt has been made to 
carry this out systematically. The length of translations of 
well-know selections has not been indicated, as they naturally 
coincide with the German originals in this respect. 

In searching for material, the tables of contents were depended 
on whenever they seemed reliable. "When such was not the case, 
the volume was examined page by page. Thus it may be assumed 

[359] 



96 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

that every item of importance was fouiid, although presumably- 
small notices and translations of short poems were overlooked 
in some cases. 

The arrangement of the journals in' each year is alphabetic, 
while the individual references are arranged according to the vol- 
ume and page of the joumal."^ 

1846. 
American Whig Review. 

1. Ill: 159. — SchiUer, The Yastness of the Universe. [Die Qrosse 
der WeW]. Tr. by Nosmetlpsi. 

2. Ill: 224. — Gatrlyle, Life of Schiller. Rev. (1 col.) 

3. Ill: 319. — The Attraction of Sympathy, or Law of Love. A free 
version of Schiller, Pantasie an Laura. By Nosmetlpsi. 

4. Ill: 673. — Feuerbach, Bemarkaile Criminal Tales. Tr. ty Lady 
Duff Gordon. Rev. (25 11.) 

5. IV: 119. — Lyser, Julietta, or the Beautiful Head. Tr. by Mrs. 
St. Simon. (12 pp.J 

6. IV: 542. — Schlegel, Philosophy of History. Tr. iy Robertson. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

7. IV: 580. — In rev. of Longfellow, Poets and Poetry of Europe, 
a disc, of Germ. lit. with specimens. 

Christian Examiner. 

8. XL: 267. — RUckert, A Parable. Tr. by C. T- B[ rooks]. 

9. XL: 269.— Btfcfcert, The Tree of Life. Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

10. XL: 2Q9.—Richter, Walt and Tult. Tr. Rev. by H. (1 p.) 

11. XLI: 300.— Halm, Oriselda. Tr. by Q. E. D. Rev. (1 p.) 

12. XLI: 302. — Fichte, Memoirs. By William Smith. Rev. (30 11.) 

13. XLI: 457. — Oehlenschlager, Correggio; Cfrillparser, Sappho. Tr. 
by Mrs. Lee. Rev. (30 11.) 

Christian Parlor Magazine. 

14. Ill: ni.— Schiller. (2 pp.) 

15. Ill: 181 — Krummacher, Repentance. Tr. by Mrs. St. Simon. 

(1 p.) 

16. Ill: 182. — Jung-Stilling, Poor Florence. Tr. by Mrs. St. Simon. 

Democratic Review. 

17. XVIII: 270.— An Epigram of Hardenberg. (1 col.) 

18. XVIII: 353, 449. — Johanna Schopenhauer, The Favorite. Tr. 

19. XIX: 55. — Some Translations from Vhlarud. By William Allen 
Butler. (8 ballads.) 



> The references to Nation and Every Saturday are taken from lists prepared 
by Miss Cora B. Blssell. 

[360] 



HAERTBIj — GERMAN TjITERATUEE IN AMERICA 97 

20. XIX: lOe.—aiuck in Paris. Tr. from the German by M. H. 

(7 pp.) 

21. XIX: 193, 2SS.— Haydn's Apprenticeship. Tr. from the Ger- 
man by M. H. (10 pp.) 

22. XIX: 443. — Goethe, AutoUog. Ed. iy Parke Godwin. Rev. 
[Sympathetic. For continuation, see No. 87. See p. 68.] (12 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

23. VII: 125. — Lessing. By G. H. Lewes. Repr. from Edinb. Rev./^ 
[Appreciative. Condemns rest of German lit. as lacking in purpose. 
See p. 62.] (11 pp.) 

24. VII: 5&i.—SaUet, The Rose's Funeral Tr. by John Oxenford. 

(1 P-) 

25. VIII: ISS.—Robell, The Tree and the Spring. Tr. 

26. VIII: 299. — The AutoUog. of Zschohke. Repr. from Chamber's 
Edinb. Jo. (8 pp.) 

27. VIII: 431. — Detached Thoughts from Richter. (1 p.) 

28. VIII: 433. — Life and Writings of Schiller. Repr. from Sharpens 
London Mag. [Appreciative. See p. 76.] (12 pp.) 

29. VIII: iiS.—Leibnis. Repr. from No. Brit. Rev. (11 pp.) 

30. VIII: 571. — Detached Thoughts from Richter. (15 11.) 

31. IX: 281.— Korner, To Night. Tr. by M. T. 

GoDET's Magazine. 

32. XXXII: 92. — Gome, Come Away! Song, with music, adapted 
from the German by W. E. Hlckson. (1 p.) 

33. XXXII: 12T. —Uhland, The Three Songs. Tr. by C. B. Cranch. 

34. XXXII: 193. — Goethe, Margaret's Song. Tr. by Ernest Helfen- 
stein. 

35. XXXII: 246. — Gellert, Good Advice. On Marriage. Tr. by 
J. T. S. Sullivan. (26 11.) 

36. XXXII: 251. — Herder, The Choice of Flora. Tr. by C. 

37. XXXIII: 21.— Deceitful Blue. Tr. from the German by A. Flem- 
ing. [Poem.] (27 11.) 

38. XXXIII: 40. — Claudius, Fragments. Tr. by 0. 

39. XXXIII: 2SZ.— Herder. [Character sketch.] (1 p.) 

Geaham's Iixustbated Magazine. 

40. XXVIII: 284. — Fouque, Theodolf, the Icelander, and Aslauga's 
Knight. Tr. Rev. (20 11.) 

41. XXIX: 216. — The Rose of Jericho. Or the Young Painter. Tr. 
from the German by Mary E. Lee. (6 pp.) 

42. XXIX: 140. — Korner, Covenant Song on the Morning before the 
Battle of Danneberg. Tr. 

LiTTEii's Living Age. 

43. VIII : 343. — Tales from the German of Heinrich Zschokke. Rev. 
Repr. from Tribune. (15 11.) 

44. VIII: 628. — Walt and Tult, or the Twins. Tr. from the Flegel- 
jahre of Jean Paul. Rev. Repr. from Tribune. (2 pp.) 

45. IX: 104. — Feuerbach, Remarkable Criminal Tales. Rev. Repr. 
from N. Y. Evening Post. (20 11.) 

7— H. [361] 



98 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

46. IX: 267.— Krummacher, The Shells. Tr. 

47. IX: 343. — Lessing, Merops. Tr. 

48. IX: 360. — The OlA Player. Imitated from Anastasius Grun by 
A. Lodge. Repr. from Blackwood's Mag. [Poem.] (68 11.) 

49. IX: 361.— Stale as No. 26. 

50. X: 393. — Leilniz. Repr. from Edinh. Rev. (8 pp.) 

Methodist Quabteelt Review. 

51. VI: 155.— Carlyle, Life of Schiller. Rev. (15 11.) 

New Yobk Illtjstkated Magazine. 

52. II: 64. — Fouque, Theodolf the Icelander, and Aslauga's Knight, 
Tr. Rev. (6 11.) 

53. II: 92. — Arndt, Klaus Avenstaken. A Legend of the old Sea 
Kings. Tr. (12 pp.) 

54. II: 492. — Goethe, AutoMog. Rd. tu Parke ^Godwin. Rev. 

(20 11.) 

Southern Literaey Messengee. 

55. XII: \l.—Tromlitz, The Death Knell. Tr. by Mary E. Lee. 

(7 pp.) 

56. XII: 63. — Walt und Yult, or the Twins. Tr. from the Flegel- 
jahre of Jean Paul. Rev. (10 11.) 

57. XII: 158. — Korner, The Rock of Hans Heiling. Tr. (6 pp.) 

58. XII: 488 seq. — Aa/ron's Rod, or the Young Jewess. Tr from 
the German by Mary E. Lee. (3 inst.) 

59. XII: 616 seq. — Hanke, The Balsam. Tr. by Mary E. Lee. 

(3 inst.) 

Southern Quaeterlt Review. 

60. IX: 237. — Tieck, Der gestiefelte Kater. Rev. by L. [Favor- 
able. See pp. 20, 83.] (6 pp.) 

61. IX: 282.— Carlyle, Schiller. Rev. (20 11.) 

62. X: 253. — Fichte. (1 p.) 

1847 
American Liteeaet Magazine. 

63. I: 20. — Uhtand, The Lost Church. Tr. by L. F. Robinson. 

American Whig Review. 

64. V: 122. — Goethe, The Happy Pair. Tr. 

65. "V: 122.— Vhland, The Castle iy the Shore. Tr. by William 
Barber. 

66. V: 190. — The Meeting of Siegfried and Chriemhilt. Tr. from 
the Third Adventure of the Niielungen Lied, by Carl Benson, 

67. V: 214. — Schiller, The Revolt of the Netherlands. Tr. ty Mm- 
rison. Rev. n col ) 

[362] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 99 



68. V: Z21.— Schiller, The Thirty Years' War. Tr. hy Morrison. 
Rev. (1 p.) 

69. V: 539. — Goethe, AutoMog. Ed. by Parke Oodwin. Rev. [See 
p. 66, note 16.] (1 p.) 

70. V: 583. — Fouque, The Unknown Old Man in the Mountains. 
Tr. by Saml. Spring. 

71. VI: 165. — Heine. A "Gossiping Letter" from "a new Contribu- 
tor." (8 pp.) 

72. VI: 497. — A German View of EngUsh Criticism. By Theodore 
A. Tellkampf. (7 pp.) 

Christian Examinee. 

73. XLII: 252. — In art., Poetry and Imagination, disc, of Schiller, 
Homage of the Arts, etc. Tr. by Brooks. (15 11.) 

Chkistian Parloe Magazine. 

74. IV: lis.— Auerbach, The Hostile Brothers. Tr. by Mrs. St. 
Simon. 

75. IV: 124. — Benevolence. From the German. Tr. by Mrs. St. 
Simon. (1 p.) 

76. IV: 125. — Krummacher, The BUossoming Vine. Tr. by Mrs. St. 
Simon. (1 p.) 

Columbian Ladies' and Gentlemen's Magazine. 

77. VII: 229. Friedrich Schiller. By John Inman. ["With frontis- 
piece engraving by A. L. Dick, from painting by S. Carse.] (2 pp.) 

The Daguerreotype. 

78. I: 35.. — In Lit. of France and Germany, disc, of a no. of con- 
temp. German works. (1 p.) 

79. I: 145. — Hahn-Hahn, Sibyl, an Autobiog. Tr. from Blatter fur 
literarische Vnteriialtung. (4 pp.) 

80. I: 211. — Hoffmann and Fantastic Lit. Repr. from Athenaeum. 

(5 pp.) 

81. I: 233. — Gerstdcker, Wanderings and Fortunes of some German 
Emigrants. Rev. Repr. from Athenaeum. (5 pp.) 

82. I: 329. — The Tortured Boor. From the German. By David 
Vedder. Poem. (63 11.) 

83. I: 472. — Foreign Lit. Repr. from Westm. Rev. (2 pp.) 

84. I: 528. — Gerstacker. Der Deutschen Auswanderer Fahrten una 
Schicksale. Rev. Tr. from Blatter fur literarische Vnterhaltung. 

(2 pp.) 

85. I: 530. — Zschokke. [Biog.] (1 p.) 

86. I: 572. — St. Roche: A Romance from the German. Ed. by 
Morier. Rev. (1 col.) 

Democratic Review. 

87. XX: 14.— Continuation of No. 22. (8 pp.) 

88. XX: 36. — Don Giovanni. Tr. from the German by Mrs. v. Has- 
sel. (8 pp.) 

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100 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

89. XX: 189.— ScMller, Revolt of the Netherlands. Tr. Dy Morri- 
son. Rev. (10 11.) 

90. XXI: 166. — W. Miiller, Achelous and the Sea. Tr. by John T. 
Adams. 

91. XXI: 283.— Goethe, AutoUog. Ed. by Parke Godmn. Rev. 
1 (6 11.) 

92. XXI: 313. — Heine, The Dream. Tr. by Joshua G. Brinckle. 

Eclectic Magazine. 

93. X: 19. — Herder, The German Poet. Repr. from For. Quart. Rev. 
[Sympatlietic biog.] (14 pp.) 

94. X: 143. — The Poet Freiligrath. [Personal note.] (20 11.) 

95. X: 245. — The Poet Freiligrath in England. By William Howitt. 
Repr. from People's Jo. (4 pp.) 

96. X: 349. — Impressions of a German in France. Rev. of Gutz- 
Tcow, Brief e aus Paris; Pariser EindrucTce. Repr. from Westm. and 
For. Quart. Rev. (7 pp.) 

97. X: 357. — Joan of Arc — Schiller's Drama. [Historical sketch; 
outline of the drama.] (19 pp.) 

98. XI: 65. — Richter's Plan of Self-Education. Repr. from Monthly 
Prize Essays. (1 col.) 

99. XI: 172. — In art.. Recent Lit. of France and Germany, disc, of 
Auerhach, Schrift und VolTc, and 5 other contemp. works. Repr. from 
Westm,. and For. Quart. Rev. (2 pp.) 

100. XI: 208. — Richter. Repr. from Chamier's EdinJ). Jo. (5 pp.) 

101. XII: 306. — Richter. Repr. from English Rev. [Sympathetic 
crit] (14 pp.) 

102. XII: 428. — Voss, Love at First Sight. Tr. by David Vedder. 
Repr. from Tait's Mag. (1 col.) 

Godey's Magazine. 

103. XXXIV: 53. — Grillparzer, Sappho; OehlenschMger, Goreggio. 
Tr. Rev. (12 11.) 

Graham's Illustrated Magazine. 

104. XXXI: 156. — Goethe, AutoMog. Ed. ty Parke Godwin. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

Literary World. 

105. I: 202.— Mackie, Life of Leibniz. Rev. (1 p.) 

106. I: 296.— Goethe, AutoUog. Ed. hy Parke Godwin. Rev. (2 col.) 

107. I: 387. — Walt and Tult, or the Twins. Tr. from the FlegeX- 
jahre of Richter. Rev. (2 pp.) 

108. I: 567. — Goethe, AutoUog. Ed. ly Parke Godwin. Rev. (1 col.) 

109. II: 89. — The Child Goethe a Smasher. Extract from AutoMog. 

: (1 col.) 

50.— Richter. [Personal Note.] (1 col.) 

149. — Goethe, AutoMog. Ed. ly Parke Godwin. Rev. (2 pp.) 
283. — Mackie, Life of Leibniz. Rev. (30 11.) 

374. — Schlegel, The Philosophy of Life. Rev. (2 pp.) 

506, 534.— GoefTie, Clavigo. Tr. 

[364] 



110. 


II: 


111. 


II: 


112. 


II 


113. 


II; 


114. 


11: 



HAERTEL — GEEMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 101 



Littell's Living Age. 

115. XII: 38. — Matthisson, Evening Landscape. Tr. Repr. from 
Tait's Mag. 

116. XII: 22i.— Schiller, The Parting of the Earth. Tr. by Lord 
Nugent. Repr. from Bentley's Miscellany. 

117. XII: 598.— Same as No. 95. 

118. XIII: 5. — Hauft, Books and the Beading PubUc. Tr. Repr. 
from Sharpe's Mag. (5 pp.) 

119. XIII: 362. — An Adventure in the Apenines. Tr. from the 
German. Repr. from Eraser's Mag. (5 pp.) 

120. XIII: 431. — Aphorisms from Richter. (1 col.) 

121. XIII: 497. — Madame Schopenhauer's Youthful Life and Pic- 
tures of Travel. Repr. from Spectator. (2 pp.) 

122. XIII: 568. — Goethe. AutoMog. Ed. by Parke Godwin. Rev. 
Repr. from N. Y. Express. (1 p.) 

123. XIII: 592. — The Last Supper of Leonardo da Vinci. Tr. from 
the German. Repr. from Sharpe's Mag. [Short story.] (8 pp.) 

124. XIII: 6ie.—Langbein, Woman's Will; or, The New Palfry. 
Tr. Repr. from Sharpe's Mag. (1 p.) 

125. XIV: 33. — Fouque, A Night in the Forest. Tr. Repr. from 
Sharpe's Mag. (5 pp.) 

126. XIV: 180. — Korner, Emigrant's Song. Tr. 

127. XIV: 192. — Lessing, The Present of the Fairies. Tr. 

128. XIV: 208.— Lessing, The Fable of the Ostrich. Tr. 

129. XIV: 413. — Varnhagen von Ense, Autobiog. Rev. Repr. from 
Spectator. (3 pp.) 

130. XIV: 472. — Fouque, The Shepherd of the Oiant Mountains^ 
I'r. Repr. from Sharpe's Mag. 

13;l. XIV: 577. — German Lady Novelists. [Rev. of 8 works hy 
Hahn-Hahn.] Repr. from No. British Rev. (8 pp.) 

132. XV: 65. — The Martyred Templar. Altered from the German 
of Spindler. Repr. from Sharpe's Mag. (7 pp.> 

Massachusetts Quakteelt Review. 

133. I: 12Z.~Fichte, The Present Age. Rev. (20 11.) 

Methodist 'Quarterly Review. 

134. VII: 322. — Schiller, The Thirty Years' War. Tr. by Morrison. 
Rev. (8 11.) 

North American Review. 

135. LXIV: 423. — Brooks, Schiller's Homage of the Arts, etc. Rev. 

(3 pp.) 

Sartain's Union Magazine. 

136. I: 127.— Goethe. By the editor. [Mrs. C. M. Kirkland.] (3 pp.) 

137. I: 162. — The Marguerites. From the German. By Mrs. E. 
Little. [Short story.] (3 pp.) 

138. I: 168. — Goethe's Education. By the editor. [Mrs. C. M. 
Kirkland.] (2 pp.) 

[36^] 



102 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

I 
SOTJTHEEN LiITEBAEY BIeSSENGER. 

139. XIII: 209.— Vniand, The Lost Church. Tr. by C. C. L. 

140. XIII: 215.— Herder, Echo. Tr. by C. C. L. 

141. XIII: 629.— Schiller, The Infanticide. Tr. by J. G. Holland. 

SOtTTHEBN QUABTERLT REVIEW. 

142. XI: 90.—Thimm, The Lit. of Germany. Ed. by Earn. Rev. 
[Thlmm's work condemned.] (16 pp.) 

143. XI: 441. — Ooethe, Autohiog. Ed. by Parke Godwin. Rev. 
[Sympathetic analysis. See p. 67.] (26 pp.) 

1848 
American Whig Review. 

144. VII: 134. — Vhland. [Eulogy, with numerous trans.] By 
W. B. (9 pp.) 

Christian Examiner. 

145. XLIV: 263. — Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. by 
W. H. F [urness.] [Sympathetic] (11 pp.) 

146. XLV: 306. — Baroness Knorring, The Peasant and his Land- 
lord. Tr. by Mary Howitt. Rev. (20 11.) 

Daguebbeottpe. 

147. II: 188. — Schiller's Use of Bodily Suffering. Extract from 
Letters by W. von Humboldt. (30 11.) 

Democratic Review. 

148. XXII: 59 seq. — Moses Mendelssohn, Phaedon, or the Immortal- 
ity of the Soul. Tr. (3 inst.) 

149. XXII: 95. — SchXegel, The Philosophy of Life and of Language. 
Rev. (4 11.) 

150. XXII: 192. — Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. (1 p.) 

151. XXII: iZt. — Schiller, The Diver. Tr. 

152. XXII: 511 seq. — Lessing, Emilia Galotti. Tr. (5 inst.) 

153. XXII: 575. — Ger stacker. Wanderings and Eortunes of some 
German Emigrants. Tr. by Black. Rev. (16 11.) 

154. XXIII: 91. — Baroness Knorring, The Peasant and his Land- 
lord. Tr. by Mary Howitt. Rev. (4 11.) 

155. XXIII: 259 seq. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. [Stee p. 
17.] (4 inst.) 

Ecr.ECTic Magazine. 

156. XIV: 1. — Female Characters of Goethe and Shakespeare. 
Repr. from No. Brit. Rev. [Critical; sympathetic] (18 pp.) 

157. XIV: 416. — Zschokke, It is Possible. Or, the Value of Self- 
Dependence. Tr. Repr. from People's Jo. 

158. XIV: 568.— Schiller, The Maiden from Afar. Tr. 

159. XV: 66. — Death of Zschokke. Repr. from Morning Chronicle. 

(1 col.) 

160. XV: 305. — FicMe's Lectures. (1 col.) 

161. XV: 306. — Vilmar, Gesch. der deut. Nattionallit. Rev. Repr. 
from Brit. Quart. Rev. [Sympathetic outline.] (16 pp.) 

[366] 



HAERTED — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 103 



GoDEY's Magazine. 

162. XXXVIII: i21.— Heine, Spring. Tr. 

163. XXXIX: SO.— Schiller, To the Muse. Tr. 

Gbaham's Illttsibaikd Magazine. 

164. XXXIII: 111. — Eorner's Sister. By Elizabeth J. Eames. [Po- 
etic eulogy.] (1 p.) 

HoLOEN's Dollar Magazine. 

165. I: 2. — Richter, Death and Immortality. Tr. 

166. I: 21.— The Ideal. Tr. from the German. [Poem.] (32 11.) 

167. I: 116. — The Meeting. After the manner of Ludwig Uhland. 

(32 11.) 

168. I: 121. — Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. (20 11.) 

169. I: 176. — Cologne. From the German. [Poem.] (1 p.) 
170". I: 376. — Gerstdclcer, The Wanderings and Fortunes of some 

■German Emigrants. Tr. iy David BlacTc. Rev. (1 p.) 

171. II: ids.— The Wave. From the German. By C. T. H. P. 
IPoem.] (28 11.) 

172. II: 499. — Goethe, Autohiog. Ed. by Parke Godwin. Rev. (1 p.) 

Knickeebookeb. 

173. XXXII: 110.— Vhland, The Pilgrim. Tr. by Charles Edward 
Anthon. 

LiiTEBABT World. New York. 

174. II: 558. — Schiller's Opinion of Goethe. Extract from Corre- 
spondence of Korner. (25 11.) 

175. II: 625. — Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. (4 pp.) 

176. Ill: 208. — Zschokke. Selection from Switzerland in 18^7. 

(2 pp.) 

177. Ill: 291. — GerstacJcer, Wanderings and Fortunes of some Ger- 
m,an Emigrants. Tr. by Black. Rev. (1 col.) 

178. Ill: 305. — Same as above. Rev. with extracts. (2 pp.) 

179. Ill: 402. — Halm, The Son of the Wilderness. Tr. by Anthon. 
Rev. (2 pp.) 

180. Ill: 405. — Baroness Knorring, The Peasant and his Landlord. 
Tr. by Mary Howitt. Rev. (3 pp.) 

181. Ill: 523. — Essays from the German of Herder. Tr. by Major 
Joseph E. Eaton. On Sleep, The Creation of the Turtle-Dove, The 
Da%on, Night and Day. (1 p.) 

182. Ill: 747. — Quaint Stories for Children. Selected from the 
German by Mrs. Dana. Rev. (1 p.) 

liiTTEix's Living Age. 

183. XVIII: 60. — Schiller, The Invincible Armada. Tr. by a British 
Officer. 

184. XVIII: 178. — Princess AmaUe of Saxony, Six Dramas Illustra- 
iive of German Life. Tr. by Mrs. Jameson. Rev. Repr. from 
Examiner. (1 col.) 

185. XVIII: 207. — Gerstacker, Fortunes of some German Emigrants. 
Tr. by Black. Rev. Repr. from Spectator. (3 pp.) 



[367] 



104 BULLETIN OF THE UNIvEESITY OF WISCONSIN 



Nineteenth Ce:n-tuey. Philadelphia. 

186. I: 271. — Hard&nberg, Christianity, or Europe. Tr. by Rev. 
John Dalton. 

187. I: 355. — Friedrich von Hardenberg. [Laudatory editorial, with, 
trans, of 3 Hymns to Nigfit.] (5 pp.) 

i 
North Ambeican Review. 

188. LXVII: 464. — Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. by 
A. P. Peabody. [See pp. 13, 65.] (21 pp.) 

Sabt'ain's Union Magazine. 

189. II: iO.—Borne's Letters. , By William Cullen Bryant. (3 pp.)' 
'"^ 190. II: 287. — Carove, The Story without an End. Tr. by Austin. 

' Rev. (8 11.) 

191. Ill: 142. — Gabriel Grimm, The Legend of NotMmrga. Tr. by 
Mrs. E. Little. (1 p.) 

192. Ill: 252. — The Dying Rose. From the German. By Mrs. 
Elizabeth J. Eames. (32 11.) 

193. Ill: 216.— Schiller, The Ring of Polycrates. Tr. by. Mrs. B. 
Little. 

SOUTHEBN LiTEEART ]VtESSENGBR. 

184. XIV: i20.— Goethe, The Wanderer. Tr. by C. L. L. 



1849 
American Whig Review. 

195. IX: 265.— Aueriach, A Battle for Life or Death. Tr. by Mrs. 
St. Simon. 

196. X: 361. — Freiligrath. By W[illiam] B[arber]. (12 pp.) 

Christian EJxaminer. 

197. XLVI: 268. — Religious Poetry of Modern Germany. Refer.: 
Novalis, Schriften, ed. by TiecTc and ScMegel; FouquS, Gedichte, and 
three collections of religious songs. By W. H. H. [Sympathetic] 

(14 pp.) 

Christian Parlor Magazine. 

198. V: 341.— Corner, The Harp. Tr. 

199. VI: 2^i.— Reverses of Royalty. From the German by W. A. G. 

(4 pp.) 
Democratic Review. 

200. XXIV: 66. — Goethe, Alexis and Dora. Tr. 

201. XXIV: 44. — Some Characteristics of the Germans and their Lit. 

(5 pp.) 
[368] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 105' 

202. XXIV: 176 seq. — Leasing, Minna von Barnhelm. Tr. (6 inst.) 

203. XXIV: i28.—Brentamo, The three Nuts. Tr. by Mrs. St. Simon.. 

204. XXIV: 460 seq— Goethe, Iphigenia, Acts I,II, HI, till 1. 1210 
Tr. (3 inst.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

205. XVI: 188. — Alexander von Auersierg, The Last Poet. Tr. Repr. 
from Hogg's Weelcly Instructor. (1 p.) 

206. XVI: 460. — Eckermann, G-espriiche mit Goethe. Rev. Repr. from. 
Westm. and For. Quart. Rev. (9 pp.) 

207. XVII: 245.— Wot;aZis, The Return of Spring. Tr. Repr. from 
Bentley's Miscellany. 

208. XVIII: 105.— Soiling, The Winding Sheet. Tr. Repr. from 
Bentley's Miscellany. 

209. XVIII: lid.— Soiling, Night. Tr. by Eta. [Poem.] (24 11.) 

GoDET's Magazine. 

210. XXXVIII: 421.— Heme, Spring. Tr. 

211. XXXIX: 30.— Schiller, To the Muse. Tr. 

Knickeebockek. 

212. XXXIII: m.—KUmer Schmidt, Love for Love. Tr. by "W. P. P. 

213. XXXIII: 296. — Woman. From the German. [Poem.] (4 11.) 

214. XXXIII: 516. — Belschazzar: A Poem. By Frederick Green© 
Games. [An evident adaptation from Heine, though not credited.] 

215. XXXIV: 392.— Lines to Ferdinand Freiligrath. By Mary E. 
Howitt (2 pp. J 

LiTERAET WOELD. NEW YOBK. 

216. IV: ISO.-Richter. Extract. Tr. by De Quincy. (8 11.) 

217. IV: 130. — Poem. From the German. Tr. by Olearius. (4 11.) 

218. IV: 297. — Sallet, The Falling Star. Tr. by "W. B. (12 11.) 
^ 219. IV: 314. — Schlegel. Works tr. iy Millington. Rev. (1 col.) 

220. IV: 511. — Quotation from Jean Paul. (4 11.) 

221. V: 83. — Aphorisms from Jean Paul. (1 col.) 

222. V: 201.— Simrock, The Death of Poesy. Tr. 

223. V: 227. — Simrock, The Waker. Tr. by W. A. B. 

224. V: 275. — Heine, An Autumnal Memento; An Unspoken Bene- 
diction. Tr. by W. B. 

225. V: 349. — Goethe, The Song of the Angels. [From Faust.'] 
Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

226. V: 473. — The German Watch Song. Tr. (1 col.) 

227. V: 485.— OZoMditts, The Hen. Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

228. V: 511.—Hauff, The Caravan. Tr. ty Quackenhos. Rev. (6 U.) 

229. V: 557.— Platen, Venice. Tr. by G. T. B[rooks]. 

LiTTELL's Living Age. 

230. XX: 515. — Selection from Fouque (20 11.) 

231. XXI: 262. — Selection from Lessing. (10 11.) 

232. XXII: 102.— Home Sickness. From the German. Repr. from 
Fraser's Mag. [Poem.] (24 11.) 

[369] 



106 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEESITY OF WISCONSIN 

233. XXII: 335.— Repr. of No. 218. 

234. XXIII: 124. — Fouqu6, The Elfin Bride. Tr. Repr. from Dublin, 
University Mag. 

235. XXIII: 250. — German Travellers on North America. Refer. 
Naumann, Noridam^erika; Ziegler, Shizzen einer Reise durch Nord- 
ameriJca und Westindien. (1 p.) 

236. XXIII: 389.— In review of Longfellow, disc, of Richter. (1 col.) 

Massachusetts Quaeteelt Review. 

237. II: 268. — Bechstein, Deutsches Marcheniuch. Rev. (3 pp.) 

Methodist Qtjaetbkly Review. 

238. IX: 145.— iJicftte?-, Levana. Rev. (1 p.) 

Nineteenth Centuet. Philadeij>hia. 

239. Ill: 211. — Trans, from Jean Paul. By Rev. Henry Reeve. 
Habitual Cheerfulness ; The New Year's Night of an Unhappy Man; 
The Origin of Dreams. (5 pp.) 

North American Review. 

240. LXIX: 216.— Heinrich Heine. By W. W. Hurlbut. [See pp. 21, 
86.] (34 pp.) 

SOUTHEEN LiITEEART MESSENGER. 

241. XV: 68. — Klopstock, Hermann, by the bards Werdomar, Ker- 
ding and Darmond. Tr. by C. L, Loos. 

242. XV: 109. — Schiller — Korner Correspondence. Pt. 1, 178^-1788. 
Tr. by Brownell. Rev. (2 pp.) 

243. XV: lil.—Uhland, The Castle by the Sea. Tr. by C. C. L. 

244. XV: 158.^acoBi, Song. Tr. 

245. XV: 684. — Recollections of Weimar, the native place of Goethe. 
From the unpublished Journal of Therese. Tr. by Marie. (2 pp.) 

246. XV: 697. —Schiller, The Ideals. Tr. 

247. XV: 726.—Matthisson, Song. Tr. by P.H. H. 

1850 
Amebican "Whig Review. 

248. XII: 470. — Goethe, Dedication of Faust. Tr. by P. 

Christian Examiner. 

249. XLVIII: 53.— Humboldt, Cosmos. Tr. by Otte. Rev. by J. L. 

(36 pp.) 

250. XLVIII: 225.—Stolberg, Song of Praise; BUckert, A Gazelle. 
Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

251. XLVIII: 423. — In art. on Modern Ecclesiastical Hist., disc, of 
Herder, Schiller, Goethe, Schleiermacher, Hegel. 

252. XLVIII: 507. — Schiller, Song of the Bell. Tr. by Furness, 
etc. Rev. (30 11.) 

[370] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 107 



Democratic Review. 

253. XXVII: 132. — Goethe, Answer for a Covipany at C'onversa- 
Hon Cards. Tr. by S. E. B. (1 p.) 

254. XXVII: 146.— Goethe, The Loved One Far Away Tr. by S. 

255. XXVII: 2Sl.—8tifter, The Condor. Tr. (13 pp.) 

256. XXVII: 416.— Smets, The Lost Standard. [Poem] Tr. 

Eclectic Magazine. 

257. XIX: 25Z.— Schiller, Hope. Tr. 

258. XIX: 323. — Riickert, Boyhood's Early Day. Tr. by Louisa 
Stuart Costello. Repr. from New Monthly Mag. 

259. XX: 12Z.—Ruclcert, Air Song. Tr. by Louisa Stuart Costello. 
Repr. from New Monthly Mag. 

260. XX: 223. — Soiling, Morning in Spring. Tr. Repr. from Bent- 
ley's Miscellany. 

261. XX: 336.— iStJcfceri, The Cradle Song. Tr. by Louisa Stuart 
Costello. Repr from New Monthly Mag. 

262. XXI: 98.^ — Genius and Influence of Goethe. Repr. from Edinb. 
Mev. By H. Merlvale. [See p. 69.] (18 pp.) 

263. XXI : 2Z1.— Schiller, The Partition of the Earth. Tr. Repr. from 
Sharpens Mag. 

GoDEY's Magazine. 

264. XL: 200 seq. — The Nibelungen. By Prof. Charles E. Blum- 
•rinthal. (4 inst.) 

Graham's Illustrated Magazine. 

265. XXXVI: 266. — German Poets. By Mrs. E. J. Eames. [Lines 
"to Goethe, Schiller, Richter, Korner.] (1 p.) 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

266. I: 81. — The German Meistersingers. Hans Sachs. Repr. from 
Dublin University Mag. (2 pp.) 

267. I: 87. — Soiling, Morning in Spring. Tr. by Eta. 

268. I: 529. — The Mysterious Compact. A free trans, from the Ger- 
man. (18 pp.) 

269. I: 715. — Goethe, Autobiog. Ed., by Parlce Godwin. Rev. (30 11.) 

270. II: 41. — ZschokTce, A Night of Terror in a Polish Inn. Tr. 
Hepr. from Tait's Mag. 

271. II: 3ZS.— The Gipsy in the Thorn-Bush. From the German. 
[Fairy tale.] (2 pp.) 

272. II: 346. — The Woodstream. A fragment from the German. 
TFairy tale.] (2 pp.) 

HoLDEN's Dollar Magazine. 

273. V: 237. — The Origin of the Harp. From the German. [Poem.] 

(1 P-) 



[371] 



108 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



Inteenational Monthly Magazine. 

274. I: 3S.—Richter, A Summer Night. Tr. by Longfellow. (1 p.) 

275. I: 39. — Goethe-Schiller Correspondence. [News item.] (30 11.) 

276. I: 194. — Goethe, AutoUog. Ed. hy Parke Godwin. Rev, 

(25 11.) 

277. I: Z20. -^Institute of Goethe founded. [News Item.] (20 11.) 

278. I: 471. — Goethe-Schiller Correspondence. [News item.] (1511.) 

279. I: 472. — Original Dr. Faustus puhUshed in Leipzig. [News 
item.] (25 11.) 

280. I: 477. — Schiller's Anthology for 1772 republished. [News- 
item.] (12 11.) 

281. I: 478. — The Berder-Goethe Weimar Festival. [News item.] 

(1 col.) 

282. I: 478. — Death of Lenau. [News item.] (15 11.) 

283. I: 593. — Lenau, Solitude. Tr. Rep. from Leader. 

284. II: 15. — A Visit to Heine. Tr. from Deutsche Zeitung aus 
Bohmen. (2 pp.) 

285. 11: 23. — Goethe, Iphigenia. Tr. ly Adler. Rev. (20 11.) 

286. II: 174. — Gutekow, Ritter vom Geiste. Rev. (25 11.) 

287. II: 175. — SimrocTc, German Popular Songs. Rev. (1 col.) 

288. II: 177. — Auerbach, Deutsche Amende. Rev. (10 11.) 

289. II: 177. — Ba/ron Sternberg, The German Gil Bias. Rev. (Icol.) 

Knickeebockbb. 

290. XXXV: 13. — Freiligrath, The Spectre Caravan. Tr. by James- 
Clarence Mangan. Repr. from German Anthology. 

291. XXXV: 413.— Z-oue, a Child. Tr. by L. A. Rosenmiller, M. D. 
[Poem.] (36 11.) 

292. XXXV: 442. — Wilhelm Milller, The SunJcen City. Tr. Repr. 
from Mangan's Anthology. 

293. XXXV: i85.— Schiller, The Ideal. Tr. by N. 

LiTEKAKT World. New York. 

294. VI: S7.—RUchert, The Ashes Hour Glass. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. 

295. VI: 37. — From RiicTcert's Quatrains. Nos. 51, 15, 71. 

296. VI: i9.—Uhland, The Knight of St. George. Tr. by "W. A. B. 

297. VI: 8i.—Kerner, The Alpine Horn. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

298. VI: 132. — Luther's Hymn on the two monks burned at Brus- 
sels, 1523. Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

299. VI: 193.— Kerner, Solace. Tr. 

300. VI: 193, — From Rilckerfs Quatrains. First Hundred. Nos. 
38. 42, 44, 45, 57, 58. 

301. VI: 197. — Eckermanns Gesprdche mit Goethe. Vol. 3. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

302. VI: 327. — Langbein, The Patient Healed Against his Will. Tr. 
by C. T. B [rooks]. 

303. VI: 351. — Naples. Midnight and Morning. From an unpub- 
lished tr. of Jean Paul's Titan. By C. T. B[rooks]. 

304. VI: 421. — The Fox and the Bear. From the German. By 
C. T. B [rooks]. 

305. VI: 421. — Rilckert, Sonnet. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 



[372] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 109 

306. VI: 495. — The Spring. From tlie German. By G. M. R. 
tPoem.] (1 col.) 

307. VI: 495.— Hide and Seek. From the Saxon Dialect. Tr. by 
G. M. R. [Poem.] (20 ll.J 

308. VI: 517. — Wilhelm Miiller, Alexander Ypsilanti. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. 

309. VI: 534. — Goethe's Hermann und Dorothea. (1 p.) 

310. VII: 53. — Auerhach, The Professor's Lady. Tr. iy Mrs. Houxltt. 
Rev. (10 11.) 

311. VII: 132. — Goethe, AutoMog. Ed. iy Parke Godwin; the same. 
Tr. hy Oxenford. Rev. (1 p.) 

312. VII: 2,h^.—Vhland, The Minstrel's Curse. Tr. by William 
Allen Butler. Repr. from Democratic Rev. 

313. VII: 314.— Same as above. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

314. VII: iZ\.— Goethe, Jphigenia, Act III, sc. 2. Tr. by Prof. 
Adler. 

315. VII: i32.— The Daughter of Jean Paul. Extract from Ger- 
mania, its Courts^ Gamps, and People. (1 col.) 

316. VII: 459. — Arndt, Song for the Festival of all Germans. Tr. 
by C. T. B [rooks]. 

317. VII: Am.— Heine, Child's Play. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

318. VII: 482. — Schmidt (of Lilieck), Stranger's Evening Song. Tr. 
"by C. T. B [rooks] to supply the 4 stanzas missing In Mrs. Heman's 
version. 

Liittell's Living Age. 

319. XXIV: 28.—Freiherr v. Gaudy, The Beggar of the Pont Neuf. 
"Tr. Repr. from Ainsworth's Mag. [Poem.] (1 col.) 

320. XXV: 36.— Same as No. 227. 

321. XXV: 67. — Tieck's Idhrary. Repr. from Tribune. [Note.] 

(20 11.) 

322. XXVI: 270. — Zschokke, Phantasies of Walpurgis Night. Tr. 

323. XXVI: 282. — Goethe. Repr. from Eraser's Mag. [Memorial 
verses.] (1 col.) 

324. XXVI: 365.— Same as No. 262. 

325. XXVI: 529. — The Mysterious Compact. A free trans, from the 
■German. (15 pp.) 

326. XXVII: 143. — Goethe Foundation. Repr. from Commercial. 
fNote.] (1 col.) 

327. XXVII: 191.— The Illustrated Book of Song for Children. 
[For the greater part trans, from' the German.] Rev. Repr. from 
Spectator. (15 11.) 

328. XXVII: 413. — Hartmann, The Broken Cru^iMe. Tr. by James 
Vf. Alexander. Repr. from the Kirchenfreund. [Poem.] (78 11.) 

Massachusetts Quarterly Review. 

329. Ill: 183. — Specimens of German Lyrics. Rev. of Wilhelmi, 
Die Lyrik der Deutschen. [With numerous trans.] (8 pp.) 

Saetain's Union Magazine. 

330. VI: 12.— Schiller, Song of the Bell. Tr. by Furness. [Illus- 
trated.] ^ 

331. VII: 1%%.— Loves of Goethe. By Talvl (12 pp.) ~" 

332. VII: 190. — Auerlach, The Professor's Lady. Tr. hy Howitt. 
Rev. (4 11.) 

333. VII: 23Q.—Deathhed of Schiller. By Sara H. Browne. (2 pp.) - 

[373] ,, , ) 

(i ■ I ■',','■' ■ ,1 - 



/// 



, V / 



110 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



SOUTHEKN LlTERAKY MESSBNGEB. 

334. XVI: 211.— Tieck, The Brothers. Tr. (4 pp-V 

335. XVI: 230.— SoMfir. From the German of Geibel, by "W. R. G-.. 

336. XVI: 455. — Life of Jean Paul Richter. Tr. by Lee. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

337. XVI: 509. — Herder, Don Alonzo Peres Ousmann der Qetreue, 
Original with trans, by J. J. S. 

338. XVI: 621.— Fougue, The Gallows Man. Tr. (8 pp.) 

Southern Quaeteely Review. 

339. XVIII: 271. — Auerlach, The Professor's Lady. Tr. by Mrs.. 
Howitt. Rev. (10 11.) 

340. XVIII: 539.— Life of Jean Paul Richter. Tr. by Lee. Rev.. 

(20 11.) 

1851 
American Whig Review. 

^ 341. XIII: n.—Lessing's Laocoon. By J. D. W. (10 pp.> 

342. XIII: 447. — Uhland, Grossing the Ferry. Tr. by S. N. N. 

343. XIII: Hi.— Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Hayward. Rev. (25 11.) 

344. XIII: 501; XIV: 17. — The Rival Painters. Prom the German.. 

Christian Examiner. 

345. L: 47. — Rilckert, The Last of the "Strung Pearls." Tr. by 
C. T. B [rooks]. 

346. L: 48. — Zschokke, Longing after the Contemplation of the In- 
visible. A Psalm. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

347. L: 359. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Hayward. Rev. (6 11.) 

348. L: 515. — Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. Rev. (20 11.). 

349. LI: 435.— The Poet Rilckert. [Biog. with trans.] By N. L. F. 

(11 pp.). 

Democratic Review. 

350. XXVIII : 186.— Goetfte, FoMSt. Tr. by Hayward. Rev. (6 ll.> 

351. XXVIII:' i79.— Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. by Carlyle. Rev. 

(10 11.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

352. XXII: 240. — The Story of Maria Forster. An Incident in. the 
Life of Jean Paul. Repr. from Sharpe's Mag. (6 pp.) 

353. XXII: 315. — The Lay of the Nibelungen. Repr. from Black- 
wood's Mag. (13 pp.) 

354. XXII: 3ii.— Illness of Heine. [News note.] (1 col.) 

355. XXII: 539.— GoetTie, I think of Thee. Tr. Repr. from Fraser's 



356. XXII: 546. — Goethe and Schiller. Repr. from GaUgnani. 
[News note.] (15 11.) 

357. XXIII: m.—Eichendorff, The Argosy of Life. Tr. 

[374] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 111 

358. XXIII: 454. — Conversations of Ooethe with Eckermann ana 
Sorel. Tr. by Oxenford. Rev. Repr. from Dublin University Mag. 

(15 pp.) 

359. XXIV: Ii5.—Hauff, Werke. Rev. Repr. from British Quart. 
Rev. (11 pp.) 

360. XXIV: 461. — The Lyre and Sword, or the Works of Earner. 
Repr. from Dublin University Mag. [Sympathetic] (12 pp.) 

Gk)DET's Magazine. 

361. XLIII: 211.— Uhland, The Serenade. Tr. 

362. XLIII: 267.— Schiller. By Miss Harriette J. Meek. [Biog.] 

(3 pp.) 

Gbaham's Illustrated Magazine. 

363. XXXVIII: US.— Ooethe, Faust. Tr. by Hayward. Rev. (1 p.) 

364. XXXVIII: 344. — Goethe, Iphigenia in Tauris. Tr. by Adler. 
Rev. (20 11.) 

365. XXXVIII: 450. — Bastian. From the German. (7 pp.) 

366. XXXVIII: iG^.-Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. by Gartyle. 
Rev. [See p. 69.] (2 col.) 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

367. II: 565. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Hayward. Rev. (1 col.) 

368. Ill: 689. — Lewald. The Captain's Self-Devotion. Tr. (3 pp.) 

369. Ill: 691.— The Eagle and the Swan. Tr. [Poem.] (40 11.) 

370. Ill : 742.— The Story of Reynard the Fox. [Outline, with illus- 
trations.] (11 pp.) 

Holden's Dollar Magazine. 

371. VII: 185. — Watchman's Song. Tr. from the Mildheim Song 
Book. By C. T. B [rooks]. (1 p.) 

372. VII: 220. — Freiligrath, The German Flag. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. 

373. VIII: 13.— Uhland, The Roe. Tr. hy Emily Herrmann. 

374. VIII: 82.— Uhland, The Knight of St. George. Tr. by W. A. 
B[utler]. 

375. VIII: 151.— Same as No. 407. 

376. VIII: 21i.—(Kortum), The Jobsiad, Ch. XIV. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks] . 

INTEKNATIONAL MONTHLY MaGAZJNE. 

299. — HebbeJ. Herodes und Mariamne. Rev. (1 p.) 

300. — German 'Novels. [Announcement of nine new novels.J 

(1 col.) 
301. — Zschokke's Correspondence. Ed. by Genthe. Rev. 

(25 11.) 
302. — Hoffman, Goethes Dichterwert. Rev. (25 11.) 

502.— Hahn-Hahn. [News item.] (25 11.) 

312. — Plonnie-s, Neue Gedichte, Oskar und Gianetta; Mayem, 
Monatsmdrchen. Rev. (20 11.) 

383. II: 313. — Wagner, Das Eunstwerk der Zukunft. Rev. (1 col.) 

[375] 



377. 


II: 


378. 


II: 


379. 


II: 


380. 


II: 


381. 


11: 


382. 


II: 



112 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

384. II: as.— More New Oerman Novels. [Announcement of 3 new 
novels.] (1 col.) 

385. II: 461. — Goethe's Opinion of Byron, Scott, and Carlyle. (1 p.) 

386. Ill: 27. — The Latest German Novels. [Announcement of 11 
new novels.] (1 col.) 

387. Ill: 165. — Bodenstedt, Tausend und ein Tag im. Orient. Rev. 

(1 col.) 
338. Ill: 166.— Mr. Schmidt and the Qrenzl>oten. [News item.] 

(1 p.) 

389. Ill: 167. — Eieling, Zahme Geschichten aus loilder Zeit. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

390. Ill: 457. — Jeanne Marie, and Lyrical Poetry in Germany. Tr. 
from Die Grenzboten. (1 p.) 

391. Ill: 458. — Morikofer, KlopstocTc in Zurich. Rev. (1 col.) 

392. Ill: itS.—'Wackernagel, A Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (25 IL) 

393. Ill: 461.— JSo6ert Prolss, The Right of Love. Rev. (15 11.) 

394. IV: 403.— The Mag. Lit. of Germany. (30 11.) 

395. IV: 403.— German Poets. (25 11.) 

396. IV: 403.— Prwte, Das Engelchen. Rev. (10 11.) 

397. IV: 405.— Aueriach, Deutsche Abende. Rev. (10 11.) 

398. IV: 551. — Immermann, Theaterbriefe. Rev. (30 11.) 

399. IV: 6U.— Spinoza. (25 11.) 

400. IV: 694. — Schiifer, Life of Goethe; Correspondence with Madame 

von Stein, III. Rev. (25 11.) 

Knickerbookee. 

401. XXXVII: Zhl.— Schiller's Song of the Bell. Tr. by Furness, 
etc. Rev. (5 pp.) 

I 
LiTEBAET World. New Yoek. 

402. VIII: 2. — Goethe, Iphigenia in Tauris. Tr. by Adler. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

403. VIII: 50.— Aloys Schreiber, Man. Tr. by G. J. A[dler]. 

404. VIII: 309 seq. — Jean Paul, On the Ludicrous. Tr. by Adler. 

(3 Inst.) 

405. VIII: 356.-006*786, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

406. IX: l.—Schiller, Mary Stuart, Act II, sc. 8. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. 

407. IX: 70. — Harro Earring, A Vision. Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

408. IX: 88. — RiicTcert, The Drum. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

409. IX: llO.—Maltitz, The Kangaroo. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

410. IX: no.— Geibel, I and Thou. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

411. IX: 281, 448. — Translations from the Jobsiad. By C. T. Brooks. 

412. IX: 468. — Ghamisso, The Old Washerwoman. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. 

Littell's Living Age. 

413. XXVIII: 151.— Same as No. 352. 

414. XXVIII: 409. — Extract frovi Eckermann's Introductory Account 
of Himself. (1 col.) 

415. XXVIII: 452.— Quotation from RicMer. (6 11.) 

416. XXVIII: 615. — Eckermann, Conversations with Goethe. Rev. 
"Repr. from New Monthly Mag. (3 pp.) 

[376] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 113 

417. XXX: 193.— FJcftte. Repr. from Chambers Papers for tTie 
People. (16 pp.) 

418. XXXI: 28. — Bodenstedt, Thousand and One Days in the Ori- 
ent. Tr. hy Waddington. Rev. Repr. from Spectator. (2 pp.) 

Monthly Litebar* Miscellany. 

419. IV: 125.— Same as No. 387. 



Saktain's Union Magazine. y<i'^' uo'^-'^ 

(1 C( 



420. VIII: Z12.—Weissftog, The Aspen Tree. Tr. (1 col.) 

^2A. IX: 35. — Zschokke, The Broken Pitcher. Tr. ■ y;. 



V^ 



Southern Literary Messengee. . , 

422. XVII: 99. — Rules of Living. Maxims from Platen. (4 pp.) 

423. XVII: Z92.— Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. hy Carlyle. Rev. 

(25 U.) 

424. XVII: 431. — Same as above. Rev. [Condemnatory. See pp. 19, 
70.] (12 pp.) 

425. XVII: 472. — Theodore Korner. By Henry T. Tuckermann. 
[Blog.] (7 pp.) 

Southern Quarterly Review. 

426. XX: i^-i.— Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. by Carlyle. Rev. 

(2 pp.) 

1852 
American Whig Review. 

427. XV: 36. — A Legend of the Cathedral at Cologne. From the 
German. (8 pp.) 

Christian Examiner. 

428. LIII: 66. — Schleiermacher. By. H. D. (27 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

429. XXVI: ^Sl.— Heine, his Works and M^ Times. Repr. from 
Tait's Mag. [Sympathetic hiog.] (11 PP-) 

430. XXVII: 430. — Toss, Louise. Tr. Rev. Repr. from Critic. 

(15 11.) 

431. XXVII: 460. — Goethe as a Man of Science. Repr. from Westm. 
Rev. (15 PP-) 

GoDEY's Magazine. 

432. XLIV: 19.— Schiller, Vicissitudes of Fortune. (6 pp.) 

433. XLIV: 80. — Individual and Universal Action. From the Ger- 
man. [Poem.] (28 11.) 

434. XLV: 183. — Recollections from an odd chapter from a Ger- 
man novel, read many years ago. By M. B. W. H. [Poem.] (78 11.) 



8— H. [STY] 



114 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEESITY OF WISCONSIN 



Geaham's IlI/Tjsteated Magazine. 

435. XL: 97.— A Story for Christmas. From tlie German. (8 pp.) 

436. XL: ZiZ.—The Lost Song. From the German. [Poem.] (56 11.) 

Haepbe's Monthly Magazine. 

437. IV: 427. — Carolina von Gohren (iFrau von ZoUner), Ottomar, 
Victor, and Thora; Qlieder einer Kette. Rev. (20 11.) 

438. IV: 427. — Heine, Romanzero. Rev. (11 H-) 

439. IV: 428.— Schillerfest. [News item.] (20 ll.> 

Knickesbookee. 

440. XXXIX: 326.— Heine, A Mountain Idyl. Tr. by Edward WIU- 
ett. 

441. XXXIX: Z51.—Eerner, St. Regiswind of Laufen. Tr. by L. C. 
[Poem.] 

442. XXXIX: 400, 524. — Some German Songs. By Donald Macleod. 
Macleod, First Words; Heine, A Memory; Theodore Mayer Merrian, 1 
went into the Battle with my Friend most Dearly Tried; Krummacher, 
Death and the Christian; Kerner, The Richest hand; Vhlantd, The 
Mower-Maiden. 

443. XXXIX: 535. — Kerner, The Fiddler at Qmilnd. [Poem.] Tr. 

444. XL: 42. — Heine, The Lorelei; XJhland, Durand, Mother and 
Child. Tr. 

445. XL: 44. — A. W. Schlegel, John the Baptist in the Wilderness- 
Tr. by L. C. [Poem.] (14 11.) 

446. XL: 112. — The Renegade. Tr. from the German by Horace 
Rubier. [Poem.] (52 11.) 

447. XL: 132. — Goethe's Faust. A Tribute. By Henri de Coissy. 

(9 pp.) 

448. XL: 195. — Eichendorff, The Watch Tower. Tr. by a German 
Student. 

449. XL: 222. — Continuation of No. 442. Uhland, The Departure/ 
SimrocTc, The Leap Into Heaven. Tr. 

450. XL: 418.— Continuation of No. 442. Vhland, The Castle hy 
the Sea; The Black Knight. Tr. 

LiTEBAET World. New Yoek. 

451. X: 10.— RUckert, The Artist and his PuMic. Tr. by C. T. 
B[ rooks]. 

452. X: lO&.—Kopisch, Biliicher at the Rhine. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks], 

453. X: 123.— GeHert, The Patient. Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. 

454. X: 226. — Eckermann's Conversations with Goethe. Tr. t>y Ful- 
ler. Rev. (12 11.) 

455. X: 248. — RUckert, The Cossack's Winter-Song. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. 

456. X: 251. — The Better Land. On the Death of a Beloved Wife. 
Tr. by C T. B [rooks]. Repr. from Christian EnqvArer. 

457. XI: 83, \(i2.— German Lit. and Art. By J. H. Refer: Sonder- 
land, Bilder und Randzeichnungen. 

458. XI: 106. — HoTty. Country-Life. Tr. Repr. from Fraser's Mag. 

459. XI: 243, 218.— German Lit.: Uhland. By J. H. [With trans. J 

460. XI: 331.— Julius Mosen, Hofer's Death. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks3. 



[378] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 115 



LiTTELL's Living Age. 

461. XXXIII: le.—Wilhelm Miiller, Tineta. Tr. Repr. from AT. Y. 
Evening Post. 

462. XXXIII: 543. — Eerner, The Parting. Tr. Repr. from Frasers 



463. XXXIV: 157.— (BHTfrer)., TTie Brave 'Man. Tr. (Repr. from 
DuMin University Mag. 

464. XXXV: 601.— Om« of the Tavern. Tr. IBedenkUclikeiten.] 

National Magazine. 

465. I: 158. — Jean Paul Richter. (2 pp.) 

466. I: 224. — Luther, Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott. Tr. 

467. I: 274. — The Origin of the Moss-Rose. [Poem.] Tr. (1 col.) 

468. I: 275. — Anastasius Griln, The Return of the Sennerin. Tr. 

469. I: 339. — The Struggle of Genius with Pain. Selection from 
Carlyle, Life of Schiller. (1 p.) 

470. I: 468. — Schiller and Goethe in Relation to Christianity. Se- 
lection from HagenlDach, Ecclesiastical History of the 18th and 19th 
Centuries. (2 pp.) 

471. I: 470, 536. — Detached Thoughts from Richter. (4 pp.) 

472. I: 553. — A Christinas Carol. From the German Festkalender. 

(1 p.) 

NOETON'S LiTEEABT GAZETTE. 

473. II: 89. — ZschoJcTce, Journal of a Poor Vicor. Tr. Rev. (8 11.)- 

474. Ill: 20. — Furness, Gems of German Verse. Rev. (15 11.) 

475. Ill: 101. — Brooks, German Lyrics. Rev. (15 11.) 

476. Ill : 179. — G. Nieritz, The Little Drummer. Tr. by Mrs. Gonant.. 
Rev. (10 11. > 

Sartain's Union MI.vgazine or Litebatube and Abt. ' '' 

477. JC: eS.—Vhland, The Minstrel's Curse. Tr. by W. H. Fur- 
ness, D. D. \ 1 , 

478. X: 225 ,^ZOi.— August Schrader, The Gray Lady. Tr. by Flor- 
ence Arden. •v "" . 4; '- 

479. X: 240. — Vhland, The Blind King. Tr. by Edward Roth. 

480. XI: 58. — A Wreath of German Ballads. By Charles G. Ice- 
land. Das HildebrandsUed ; Schlippenlach, Far from Home; Die 
Nonne [with music] ; Ghimmt a Togerl geflogen; For fifteen Pence; 
Heinz von Stein; SchlippentacK, A Shilling and a Farthing [with 
music] ; Bavarian Beggar's Song; Grad' aus dem Wirtshaus; Ich nehm 
mein Glaschen in die Hand; German Student Song [with music]; 
Where would I 6e; The Gardener and the Weed; Hunter's Song; Ei- 
chendorff, The Broken Ring [with music] ; Forest Love [with music]. 

481. XI: 97. — Recent German Lit. By Charles G. Leland. (1 p.) 

482. XI: 124. — WaJther von der Yogelweide, To his Mistress. Tr- 
by Henry B. Hirst. (40 11.) 

483. XI: 139. — Schiller, Pegasus under the Yoke. Tr. by Edward 
Roth. 

484. XI: 193. — Recent German Lit. By Charles G. Leland. (1 p.) 

[379] 

)! r '•'- '■■ ■' 



116 BXJLLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Southern Litekaey Messenger. 

485. XVIII: 288. — The Spirit of my Dreams. From the German by 
Azlm. [Poem.] (32 II.) 

486. XVIII: 352.— <?oe«7ie, The Erl-King; The Fisher. Tr. by L. 
I. L. 

487. XVIII: 639. — Temme, Anna Hammer. Tr. hy Q-uernney. Rev. 

(10 11.) 

Southwestern Monthly. 

488. II: 347. — The Red Mantle. A Tale from the German. (6 pp.) 

To-Day. 

489. I: 28. — Goethe, Correspondence with Madame von Stein. An- 
nounced. (1 col.) 

490. I: 35. — Zschokke, The Hole in the SXeeve. Tr. (1 col.) 

491. I: 131, 156. — Mountain Music. A Danish Story. Tr. from the 
German. 

492. I: 225. — Schiller's House in Weimar. (2 pp.) 

493. I; Z12.—Eichendorfl', The Captive. Tr. by W. H. (72 11.) 

494. I: 321 seq. — E, Th. A. Hoffmann, A Chapter of Errors. Tr. 
IDie Doppelganger.'] (5 inst.) 

495. I: 401. — Jdger, Flax Lenchen. Tr. (3 pp.) 

496. I: 410. — New German Works on America. Refer: Baumtach, 
Letters from a Hom,e in the United States; Kisslin, Sketches of the 
Vnited States. (1 col.) 

497. II: 10. — Bettina von Arnim, The Book belongs to the King. 
Rev. (15 11.) 

498. II: 25 seq. — Uhland, Count Everhard the Mourner. Tr. by C. 

(4 Inst.) 

499. II: 121. Quotation from Goethe. (1 col.) 

500. II: 149. — Wilhelm Milller, Vineta. Tr. by Beach-bird. 

501. II: 187. — Spindler, All Soul's Day. Tr. 

502. II: 279.—Engel, Tact. Tr. 

503. II: zn.—Giitzkow. [News Item.] (1 col.) 



18,53 
Christian Examiner. 

504. LV: 23]. — German Lyrics. Refer.: Brooks, German Lyrics. 
[With specimens.] By N. L. Frothingham. (13 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

505. XXVIII: ZXZ.—Schiller. Repr. from Biographical Mag. 

(14 pp.) 

506. XXVIII: hlG.—Gervinus. [News note.] (15 11.) 

507. XXVIII: 516.—Gutzkow, Auerbach. [News note.] (30 11.) 

[380] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 117 

508. XXIX: 531.— OM German Story Books. Repr. from Brit. 
Quart. Rev. (12 pp.) 

509. XXIX: 5%8.— Death of TiecJc. [News note.] (30 II.) 

510. XXX: 265. — The Countess Hahn-Hahn. Repr. from Dublin 
University Mag. (7 pp.) 

GoDEY's Magazine. 

511. XLVI: iSl .—Richter, The Moon. Tr. (3 pp.) 

512. XLVII: 12?,.— Vhland, The Chapel. Tr. by Ellen Warburton. 

Habpee's Monthly Magazine. 

513. VI: 344. — Captain Bart and the Sea Fox. Tr. from the Ger- 
man by E. Robinson. (3 pp.) 

514. VI: IIG.—Auerbach. [News item.] (15 11.) 

515. VII: 426.^Broofcs, German Lyrics. Rev. (25 11.) 

516. VII: i26.—Zschoklce, The Rum Plague. Tr. Rev. (5 11.) 

517. VII: 570. — Gerstacker, Journeys aroun/3, the World. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

518. VII: 572. — Heinrich Heine. Tr. from Berliner Magazin filr die 
Lit. des Auslandes. (1 col.) 

Knickeebockeb. 

519. XL.I: 127. — Uhland, Death Sounds. Tr. by Donald MacLeod. 

520. XLI: 245. — A Fragment. From the German. By Donald Mac- 
Leod. (16 11.) 

521. XLI: ZiO.—Geibel, Silent Love. Tr. 

522. XLII: 6.—Freiligratli, The Rose. Tr. by L. C. 

523. XLII: 359. — Gleim, Cradle Song. Tr. 

524. XLII: 373.— r/ie Last Song. From the German. 

LiTEEAKY Gem. 

525. I: 8, 56. — The Mysterious Compact. From the German. 

526. I: 170.— Same as No. 352. 

Literary Wokid. New York. 

i 

527. XII: 189. — Anastasius Griin, The Buckskin Breeches. Tr. by 
J. H. 

528. XII: 203. — The Court Minstrelsy of the German Middle Ages. 
By J. H. (2 pp.) 

529. XII: 210. — Novalis, Henry of Ofterdingen. Tr. by Moore. 
Rev. (4 11.) 

530. XII: 355.— Broofcs, German Lyrics. Announced. [With trans- 
lation of Uhland, The Passage.l (1 col.) 

531. XII: 460. — Death of Tieck. [News item.] (1 col.) 

532. XII: 494. — Brooks. German Lyrics. Rev. <2 pp.) 

533. XIII: 21i.— Anastasius Griin, The Land of Liberty. Tr. by 
C. T. B [rooks]. 

534. XIII: 313. — Thackeray, The Sorrows of Werther. 

535. XIII: 314. — Geibel, Evening in Venice. Tr. by W. W. C. 

[381] 



118 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



LffTTELL's Living Age. 

536. XXXVI: lOi.—Saupe, Die ScMller-Goetheschen Xemen. Rev. 
Repr. from Spectator. (1 col.) 

537. XXXVil: 280.—O-erhard.t, VUristiam Trust. Tr. (33 Ik) 

538. XXXVI: G05.— Shakespeare and Goethe. By D. Masson. Repr. 
from Brit. Quart. Rev. (12 pp.) 

539. XXXVII: 22%.—Meinhold, A Royal Whim. Tr. Repr. from 
2few Monthly Mag. 

540. XXXVII: 631.— Goethe, Faust. Ed. iy Lebahn. Rev. Repr. 
from Spectator. (1 col.) 

541. XXXVII: 766. — Lmdwig Tieck. Repr. from Athenaeum. [See 
p. 20.] (2 pp.) 

542. XXXVIII: 2. — The Angel of Patience. A free paraphrase from 
the German. Repr. from National Era. [Poem.] (24 11.) 

543. XXXVIII: 31, 97. — Gutzkow, The Prince of Madagascar. Tr. 

544. XXXVIII: 123. — Bowring, The Poems of Goethe. Rev. Repr. 
from Examiner. (2 pp.) 

545. XXXVIII: 203. — Goethe's Opinion of the World, etc. Tr. hy 
WencTcstern. Rev. Repr. from Spectator. (15 11.) 

546. XXXVIII: i28.—Johann Martin Miller, The Contented Man. 
IWas frag' ich viel nach Geld und Gutfi Tr. 

547. XXXIX: 6i2.— Thackeray, The Sorrows of Werther. 



Methodist Quaeteelt Review. 

548. XIII: 596. — Gerstcicker, Journey around the World. Rev. (15 11.) 

National Magazine. 

549. II: 239.—Ruekert. The Dying Flower. Tr. by G. M. Steele. 

550. II: 453.— T/te Return Home. From the German. Tr. by C. T. 
B [rooks]. (40 11.) 

551. II: 498. — Lichtwer, The Roes. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. (1 col.) 

552. II: 516.— Starke, My First Visit to Court. Tr. (6 pp.) 

553. Ill: 262. — Richter, The Vision of a Godless World. Tr. (2 pp.) 

554. Ill: 466. — KrummacUer, The Old Man and the Youth. Fable. 

(1 col.) 

New Yoek Quaeterly. 

555. I: 109, 200. — Goethe's Maxims and Reflections. [200 aphor- 
isms.] 

556. I: 416. — Goethe, The Easter Hymn. [From Faust.'\ 

Putnam's Magazine. 

557. I: 109. — Under heading, French and German Books. [Brief 
notices of contemp. publications.] (3 pp.) 

558. I: 235. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] dp.) 

559. I: 346. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

[382] 



HAERTELi GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA; 119 

560. I: 467. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (1 col.) 

561. I: 586. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

562. I: 695. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

563. II: 110. — Ldt. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

564. II: 226. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

565. II: 341. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (1 p.) 

566. II: 448. — Brooks, German Lyrics. Rev. (1 col.) 

567. II: 455. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

568. II: 568. — Lit. of Germany. [Brief notices of contemp. publica- 
tions.] (2 pp.) 

Southern Litebaet Messengeb. 

569. XIX: 613. — Lines from the German. (24 11.) 

SOUTHEEN QTJABTEELY REVIEW. 

570. XXIV: 541. — Brooks, German Lyrics. Rev. (10 11.) 

Westeen Liteeabt Magazine. 

571. I: 71. — Gessner, The Sun and the Moon. Tr. by Melanie. 

(1 p.) 

572. I: 113. — Herder, The Lily and the Rose. Tr. by Melanie. 

(2 pp.) 

573. I: 143. — Bichter, The Doubly Sacred Oath of Reformation- 
Tr. by Melanie. 

574. I: 212. — Serder, The Grown of Age. Tr. by Melanie. 

575. I: 213. — Hebel, One or the Other. Tr. by Melanie. 

576. I: 276. — Lehnert, The Secret Benefactor. Tr. by Melanie. 
T , : (3 pp.) 

1854 
Christian Examinee. 

577. L.VI: 308. — Sternberg, The Breughel Brothers. Tr. by Lodge. 
Rev. (1 p.) 

578. L.VII: eS.—Ruckert, From the Youth-Time. Tr. by M. L. F. 

579. LiVII: i%^.—Baskerville, The Poetry of Germcmy. Rev (2 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

580. XXXI: 51. — Ludwig Tieck. Repr. from Brit. Quart. Rev. 
tCritical.] (14 PP-) 

Godet's Magazine. 

581. XLIX: 525.— Porfco, The Playmates. Tr. (2 pp.) 

[383] 



120 BULLEriN OF THE UNIVBESITY OF WISCONSIN 



Habpeb's Monthly Magazine. 

582. VIII: 627. — Frozen and Thawed. Paraphrase of a story by Dr. 
Wildenhahn. (5 pp.) 

583. IX: 857. — Baskerville, German Poetry. Rev. (25 11.) 

Knickebbookee. 

( 

584. XLIV: 253.— Tieck, Evening Talk. Tr. 

LiTEBAEY Companion. 

585. I: 84, 97. — ZscJiokke, The Broken Pitcher. Tr. by C. C. Bom- 
baugh. 

586. I: ll&.^Heine, A Monarch is the Shepherfi, Boy. Tr. by 
J. M. B. 

LiTTELL's Living Age. 

587. XLI: 50. — Resolution. Prom the German. Repr. from British 
Jo. [Poem.] (24 11.) 

588. XLII: 339. — Flogel, OeschicUte der komischen Lit. Rev. with 
three English books, under the heading. Parody. Repr. from Wesim. 
Bev. (10 pp.) 

589. XLII: 481. — Mine! From a German air. Repr. from Cham- 
ber's Jo. (16 11.) 

590. XLIII: 334. — Ooethe and Werther. Tr. from Correspondence 
with Kestner. Repr. from Daily Adviser. (3 pp.) 

Meteopomtan. 

591. II: 180. — Adler, Handbook of German Lit. Rev. (8 11.) 

National Magazine. 

592. IV: 350. — Krummacher, Parables. (4 pp.) 

593. IV: 497. — German Trans, with Illustrations. Vhland, The 
Black Knight; The Castle ty the Sea; Many a Tear is in its Grave; 
The Song of the Silent Land. 

594. V: 357. — Schiller, Marriage. Selection from Die Glooke. 

(1 col.) 

595. V: 456. — Kinkel, Humanity. [Poem.] (32 11.) 

I 
Norton's Literaet Gazette. N. S. 

596. I: 79. — Adler, Handbook of German Lit. Rev. (20 11.) 

PtiTNAM's Magazine. 

597. Ill: 112.— Grimm, Household Stories. Tr. Rev. ' (25 11.) 

598. Ill: 342. — Arnim, Drei Mdrchen. Rev. (16 11.) 

599. Ill: 343. — Briefwechsel sw. Goethe und dem Staatsrat G. L. F. 
ScUulte. Rev. (8 11.) 

600. Ill: iSe.— Grimm, Deutsches Worterbuch. Rev. (15 11.) 

601. IV: 230. — Frauenstadt, Briefe iiber die Schopenhauersche Philo- 
sophie. Rev. (25 11.) 

602. IV: 562. — Baskerville, German Poetry. Rev. (25 11.) 



[384] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN A.MERICA 121 



SOUTHEBN L.ITEKAEY MESSENGEB. 

603. XX: 466. — Goethe, The Trial of the Fox. Selection from 
Reineke Fuchs. (3 pp.) 

604. XX: lO^.—Mugge, Afraja. Tr. by Morris. Rev. (10 11.) 

SOtTTHEBN Qd.\ETEBLY REVIEW. 

605. XXVI: 257. — Adler, Handbook of Qerman Lit. Rev. (20 11.) 

United States Magazine. 

606. I: 119. — Goethe aiid the Satanic Philosophy. Repr. from. 
National Intelligencer. (2 pp.) 

Westebn Liteeaby Messengee. 

607. XXII: 202. — Schiller's Son. Repr. from N. T. Evening Post. 
[News item.] (1 col.) 

1855 
Baixou's Dollab Monthly Magazine. 

608. I: 210. — Quotation from Goethe. (15 11.) 

609. I: 352. — Quotation from Schiller. (7 11.) 

610. I: 368. — Quotation from Goethe. (8 11.) 

611. II: 129. — Anecdote of Goethe. Repr. from Traveller. (15 11.) 

Democeatic Review. 

612. XXXV: 132. — Recollections of Weimar. (5 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

613. XXXVI: 1101.— Death and the Doctor. From the German. 
Repr. from Colburn's New Monthly Mag. (12 pp.) 

GoDEY's Magazine. 

614. L: 243. — Polko, The Convent of St. Lucia. Tr. (3 pp.) 

615. L.: 466. — Pearls from Jean Paul. (1 col.) 

616. LI: 34. — Schiller, To the Faithless. Tr. by Aumerle St. Claire. 

Haevaed Magazine. 

617. I: 192.—Vhland, The Goldsmith's Daughter. Tr. 

Knickeebocker. 

618. XLVI: 405. — Heine, Pictures of Travel. Tr. by Leland. 1st 
No. Rev. (3 pp.) 



[385] 



122 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



LiTTSax's Living Age. 

619. XLIV: 13. — HacKldnder, Der geheime Agent. Rev. Repr. 
from Blackwood's Mag. (10 pp.) 

620. XLIV: llZ.—Q-erstacker, Wild Sports in the Far West. Tr. 
hy Weir; Tales of the Desert and the Bush. Tr. Rev. Repr. from 
Spectator. (2 pp.) 

621. XLJIV: 548. — BasTcerville, The Poetry of G-ermany. Rot. 
Repr. from Literary Gazette. (1 P-) 

622. XLVI: 39.— A Yisit to the House of Goethe. Repr. from 2\rew 
Monthly Mag. (2 pp.) 

623. XLVII: 375. — Heine, Pictures of Travel. Tr. ly Leland. Rev. 
Repr. from Economist. (2 pp.) 

624. XLVII: 1^%.—Heyse, L'Arraihiata. Tr. Repr. from Chamber's 
Jo. 

Methodist Qij.\etebly Revievt. 

625. XV: 137. — Baskerville, Poetry of Germany. Rev. (15 11.) 

626. XV: 146. — Gorres, Gesammelte Werhe. Rev. (1 p.) 

627. XV: 481. — Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. (12 11.) 

628. XV: 484. — ZschokTce, Hist, of Switzerland. Tr. ty Shaw. Rev. 

(5 11.) 

National Magazine. 

629. VI: 122.— Pfitzer, Winter Scene in Poland. Tr. by C. T. 
B[rooks]. [Poem.] (18 11.) 

630. VI: 213. — Korner, Battle Hymn. Tr. 

631. VI: 557.— Sei(J?, Lord, Thou art Great! Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

632. VII: 74.— Toaner, Solace in God. Tr. (16 11.) 

New Englander. 

633. XIII: iSZ.— Hedge, Prose Writers of Germany. Rev. (12 11.) 

New Yoek Quaeteblt. 

634. IV: 170. — The German Language. [See p. 27.] (13 pp.) 

Noeton's Liteeaey Gazette. N. S. 

635. II: 153. — Eendrick, Echoes; or. Leisure Hours with the Ger- 
man Poets. Rev. (10 11.) 

636. II: 188. — Schulze, Faust in Leipzig. Kleine Ghronik von 
Auerbachs Keller. Rev. (2 col.) 

637. IT: 210. — Zschokke, The Hist, of Switzerland. Tr. ty Shaw. 
Rev. (2 col.) 

Panorama op Lite and Literatctee. 

638. I. 740. — Lyra Germanica. Tr. Tiy Winckwor'th. Rev. Repr. 
from The Press. [With specimens.] (3 pp.) 

639. I: 817. — Same as above. Rev. Repr. from Spectator. (1 col.) 



[386] 



HAEBTBL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 123 



Ptjtnja.m:'s Magazine. 

640. V: 221. — Nieritz, The Plum-Woman; The Bat-Catcher. Tr. by 
Mrs. Conant. Rev. (15 11.) 

641. VI: 221.— Kestner's Goethe and Werther. Rev. (13 II.) 

642. VI: 445. — Q-erstdcker, Nach Amerikal Rev. (15 11.) 

643. VI: 549. — Heine, Pictures of Travel. Tr. by Leland. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

644. VI: 550. — Kant, Critique of Pure Reason. Rev. (1 col.) 

Southern Litebart Messenger. 

645. XXI: ZSS.— Schiller, Der Besuch. Tr. by G. P. 

Western Literary Messenger. 

646. XXIII: 24. — EendricTc, Echoes; or, Leisure Hours with the 
'German Poets. Rev. [With specimens.] (1 p.) 

647. XXIII: 201. — Goethe and Werther. Refer.: Correspondence 
■with the Kestner Family. (2 pp.) 

648. XXIII: 224.— A Little German Story. dp.) 



1856 

Christian Es^miner. 

649. L,X: 317. — Washington and Goethe. By C. A. B. (9 pp.) 

Criterion. 

650. I: 99. — Kerner. Lyrische Gedichte; Das Bilderiuch aus meiner 
Knabenzeit. Erinnerungen aus den Jahren 1768-180^; Der letzte 
Bliltenstrauss. Rev. by J. W. (2 pp.) 

651. I: 109. — Personal Appearance of Goethe. Extract from Lewes, 
Memoirs. (30 11.) 

652. I: 164. — Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. (2 pp.) 

653. I: 211. — Bechstein. Deutsches Sagenbuch; Hub, Deutschlands 
IBaltaden- und Bomanzendichter. Rev. by J. W. (2 pp.) 

654. I: 265. — Deutsch-amerikanischer IMchterwaldi Rev. (25 IK.) 

655. I: 349.— GeifteZ, The Vayvod's Daughter. Tr. by W. W. Cald- 
well. (1 col.) 

656. I: 388, 404. — Freiligrath, Dichtung und Dichter. Rev. [With 
itrans.] (3 pp.) 

657. I: 392. — Horae Germanicae. Rev. [With trans.] (1 col.) 

Democratic Review. 

658. XXXVII: 157. — Lewes, Life a7id Works of Goethe. Rev. (3 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

659. XXXVII: 200. — Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. Repr. 
from Eraser's Mag. [Condemns Goethe's immorality; critical disc, 
of his works.] (7 pp.) 

660. XXXVII: 316. — German Wit: Heinrich Heine. By George Eliot. 
Repr. from Westm. Rev. [Biog.; Critical. See p. 89. Repr. in Eliot, 

s, N. Y. 1884, p. 65 ff.]. (12 pp.) 



[387] 



124 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Gkaham's Illustrated Magazine. 

661. XLVIII: 151.— Morike, Farewell. Tr. 

662. XLiVIlI: 305.— JKiifffife, The Breaking of the Dykes. Tr. hr 
B. Joy Morris. (14 pp.> 

663. XLVIII: 326.-^6^6, Epigram. Tr. (8 ll.> 

664. XLVIII: 369.— Lewes, The Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

665. XLVIII: 439. — Ooethe, His Life and Character. Based on 
Lewes, Life and. Works of Goethe. [Unsympathetic] (10 pp.) 

666. XLVIII: 453.— Uhland, Courting Rules. Tr. (8 II.) 

667. XLVIII: 513. — Zschokke, The Legend of the Dead Guest. Se- 
lection from Der Tote Gast. (4 pp.). 

668. XLVIII: 536.— German Fairy Tales. (2 pp.) 

669. XLIX: 228.— Tiecfc, The Seven Years' Race. Tr. (6 pp.) 

670. XLIX: 33S.—Fallersleben, Songs. Tr. by W. "W. CaldweU. 

(2 songs.) 

Knickekbockeb. 

671. XLVII: 187.—Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. (1 p.) 

LITTELL'S LrVIKG AOE. 

672. XLVIII: 91. — Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. Repr- 
from Spectator. (4 pp.) 

673. XLVIII: 148. — Same as above. Rev. Repr. from Eraser's Mag. 

(6 pp.) 

674. XLVIII: 240. — Goethe Learning to Dance. Extract from Lewes, 
Life and Works of Goethe. (2 pp.) 

675. XLVIII: A^l.— Heine, Pictures of Travel. Tr. by) Leland, 
Rev. Repr. from Athenaeum. (1 p.) 

676. XLVIII: 513.— Same as No. 660. 

677. XLIX: 178. — Death of Heinrich Heine. Repr. from Athenaeum. 

(1 col.) 

678. XLIX: 370. — Watch Cry. From a German Patois Song. 
Repr. from Household Words. (36 11.) 

679. XLIX: 483. — Hackldnder, Clara, or Slave Life in Europe. Free 
trans, of Europaisches Sklavenleben. Rev. Repr. from Literary Gar 
zette. (1 P-) 

680. L: 1. — Characteristics of Goethe. Repr. from 'National Re- 
view. [Sympathetic] (30 pp.> 

Nation VL Magazine. 

681. VIII: 253. — Theremin, The Awakening. Tr. (5 pp.) 

682. VIII: 4U.—Sallet. The Shooting Star. Tr. 

683. IX: 65.—PutUtz, The Poppy. Tr. (3 pp.) 

684. IX: 250. — Eichendorff, Sunday. Tr. 

North American Review. 

685. LXXXII: 564. — Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. by 
F. H. Hedge. (4 pp.) 

686. LXXXIII: 287.— Heine, LutSce. Rev. ly Cmtsse. de Bury. 



[388] 



(30 pp.) 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 125 



Panorama of Life and Litbbatuke. 

€87. 11: 332.— Same as No. 672. 

688. II: 457.— Same as No. 673. 

689. II: 467.— Same as No. 674. 

690. Ill: 48.— Same as No. 678. 

691. Ill: 48. — Professor Schlafhaute. By Charles Mackay. (1 col.) 

692. Ill: 569.— Same as No. 677. 

Putnam's Magazine. 

693. VII: 104. — Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. (1 p.) 

694. VII: 192. — Lewes, Life and Works of Qoethe. Rev. by Parke 
Godwin. [See Goethe Jahrhuch, 5: 233.] (11 pp.) 

695. VIII: 517. — The Last Years of Heinrich Heine. [See p. 89]. 

(10 pp.) 

SOUTHEBN LiTEKABT MESSENGER. 

696. XXII: 160.— Lewes, Life and Works of Goethe. Rev. (20 11.) 

697. XXII: 180. — Moral Tendencies of Goethe's Writings. By 
Thomas B. Holcombe. [Bitter condemnation. See p. 71.] (8 pp.) 

United States Magazine. 

698. II: 265, 282. — StoUe, Courtship under Difficulties. Tr. 

699. Ill: 207. — Lessing, A Nice Point. Tr. lAuf Trill und Trait]. 

700. Ill: 524.- Schiller, The Source of Youth. Tr. 



1857 
Atlantic Monthly. 

701. I: 255. — Hul). Die deutsche komische und humoristische Dioh- 
tung. Rev. (1 col.) 

702. I: 255. — Ludung, Die Heiteretei und ihr Widerspiel. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

Christian Examinee. 

703. LXIII: 1. — Brook's FoMSt. Refer.: Trans, ty Brooks; JBar- 
tung. Ungelehrte Erklarungen; Diintzer, Faust. [Critical analysis of 
pts. 1 and 2.] (18 pp.) 

704. LXIV: iQT.^Freytag, Soil und Haben. Tr. Tiy L. C. O. Rev. 

(1 p.) 
EcuECTic Magazine. 

705. XL: 475. — Perthes, The Publisher, and Literary Germany^ 
Repr. from Titan. (12 pp.) 

706. XLI: 269. — German Love. Rev. of Deutsche Liehe. Aus den 
Pamieren eines Frem.dlings. Repr. from Fraser's Mag. (4 pp.) 

707. XLI: 5ie.—Zschokke, The Walpurgis Night. Tr. Repr. from 
Titan. 



[389] 



(20 11.) 


story.J 


(6 pp.) 


(14 11.) 


(2 pp.) 


Extract 


(2 pp.) 


(56 11.) 


(56 11.) 


(1 p.) 


(3 pp.> 


(36 ll.> 


Tr. by 


(16 11. > 



126 BULLRTIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



GoDBT's Magazine. 

708. LrlV: 16. — Richter, The New Year's Night of an Unhappy 
Man. Tr. 

GbAHAM'S IlitJSTBATED MAGAZINE. 

709. L: 39. — Bememirance. From the German. 

710. L.: 299. — Louise Brachmann, Impossiiility'. [Short 

711. L: ZZ6.— Platen, Charles V. before St. Just. Tr. 

712. LI: 29.— The Year. Tr. [Fairy tale.] 

713. L.I: 23S. —Plettenhaus, A Sketch of German lAfe. 
from Journal of a Poor Young Lady. 

Haevaed Magazine. 

714. Ill: 155.— Schiller, The Knight. Tr. 

715. Ill: 195. — The Golden Ladder. Tr. [Poem.] 

716. Ill: 260.— MoriJce, The Spirits at Mummelsee. Tr. 

Knickeebockee. 

717. XL.IX: 237. — The Soldier's Burial. From the German. 

718. XLIX: 548.— Scfc»ai6, Life. Tr. by Delle. [Poem.] 

719. L: 477. — The Jew and the Poet. From the German. 
Horace Rublee. [Poem.] 

Littell's Living Age. 

720l LII: 31. — Memoirs of Friedrich Perthes. Rev. IRepr. itnoia 
Fraser's Mag. (11 pp.) 

721. LII: 224. — Goethe's Correspondence. Repr. from Athenaeum.. 

(1 col.) 

722. LIV: 51.— Same as No. 706. (3 pp.) 

723. LIV: 59. — Auerbach, Little Barefoot. IBarfUssele.] Rev. 
Repr. from Literary Gazette. (2 pp.) 

724. LIV: 119. — Herder's Remains. [Rev. of Aus Herders Nafih- 
lass.'] Repr. from Literary Gazette. (4 pp.) 

725. LIV: 769.— Goethe. Repr. from Edinl. ' Rev. [Unsympathetic. 
See p. 71.] (20 pp.> 

726. LV: 381. — German Lit. [Group rev. of a large number of con- 
temp, works, principally scientific] Repr. from Saturday Rev. 

(2 pp.) 

727. LV: 736. — Religious Novels in Germany. [Rev. of "Wilder- 
muth, Tagetuch eines armen Frauleins; Bilder und GescMchten ohs 
Schwaben.'] Repr. from Saturday Rev. (4 pp.) 

Mrs. Stephen's Illttsteated New Monthly. 

728. U: IdQ.-Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Brooks. Rev. (1 col.) 

National Magazine. 

729. X: 66. — Zschokke, The Vicar's Story. Tr. by "W. H. Furness. 
Repr. from Titan. 

[390] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 127 

730. X: 137. — Answering a Fool according to Ms Folly. From tlie 
German. (2 pp.^ 

731. X: 237. — The Bottle Imp; or, the Root of all Evil. From the 
German. (8 pp.) 

NOBTH AmEEICAN REVIEW. 

732. LXXXIV: 291.— Bodenstedt, Mirza Schaffi; Tausend und ein 
Tag im Orient; Lieder des Mirza Schaffl. Rev. by W. R. Alger. [Out- 
line. See p. 32.] (20 pp.) 

733. LXXXIV: 311. — English Influence on Q-erman Lit. Refer,: 
Gervinus, Menzel, Vilmar. By J. G. Angell. [Historical sketch.] 

(22 pp.) 

PANOBAMli OF LlEE AND LlTERATtlKE. 

734. V: 300.— Same as No. 706. 

735. V: 304.— Same as No. 723. 

736. V: 325.— Same as No. 724. 

RussEix's Magazine. 

737. I: 93. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. ly Brooks. Rev. (1 col.) 

South fiEN Literabt Messenger. 

738. XXIV: 160. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. iy Brooks. Rev. (12 11.) 

United States Magazine. 

739. IV: 8S.— Goethe, The Sun. Tr. by Shelley. [The opening 
lines of Prolog im Himmel, of Faust.] 

740. V: 490. — Fouqud, Undine. [Letter by "Cutis," N. Y., in praise 
of the story.] (1 p.) 

1858 

Atlantic Monthly. 

741 I- 384 — Heller, Der Beichspostreiter in Ludwigshurg. Rev. 

(2 p.) 

742. I- 395. — The Busts of Goethe and Schiller. [Eulogistic poem.] 

C3 pp.) 

743. II: 14. — Leibniz. (19 PP-) 

744. II- 551 — The German Popular Legend of Dr. Faustus. 

(16 pp.) 

Ballou's Dollar Monthly Magazine. 

745. VII: 228.— Vhlund, The Castle ty the Sea. Tr. by Joel Ben- 
ton. 

Democratic Revievt. 

746. XLI: 312.— Goethe, The Erl-King. Tr. by Joel Benton. 

[391] 



128 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



EcMicmc Magazine. 

747. XLV: 1. — Hegel, Philosophy of Hist. Repr. from National Bev. 

(15 pp.) 

748. XLV: lll.—Bedwitz, The Lady Agnes. Tr. Repr. from Dub- 
lip University Mag. (3 pp.) 

Graham's Illustrated Magazine. 

749. LII: 120. — Heine, Three Lyrics. Tr. by Leland. 

750. LII: ^n^.—Freytag, Debit ana Credit. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

Habpbb's Monthly Magazine. 

751. XVI: i03.—Freytag, Debit and Credit. Tr. Rev. (17 U.) 

Harvard Magazine. 

752. IV: 49.—Lessing. (8 pp.) 

Knickeebockeb. 

753. LI: 72. — Lenau, Autumn Song. Tr. by Augustus B. Knowlton. 

754. LI: 490. — The End of Autumn. Tr. by Augustus B. Knowlton. 

(28 11.) 

LiTTELL's Living Age. 

755. LVII: 305. — Lachmann and Haupt, Des Minnesangs Fruhling. 
Rev. Repr. from Saturday Rev. (4 pp.) 

756. LVII: 399. — SchenJcendorf, Freiheit, die ich meine. Tr. Repr. 
from Dublin University Mag. 

757. LVII: 631. — A Struggle for Life and Recognition. A Sketch of 
Literary Hist. [Blog. of Rlchter.] Repr. from Chamber's Jo. (3 pp.) 

758. LVII: 817. — Burger and his Translators. By "W. D. W. Repr. 
from Fraser's Mag. (5 pp.) 

759. LVIII: 332. — Oeibel, Despondency. Tr. Repr. from Literary 
Gazette. 

760. LVIII: 3Z2.— Lenau, The Three Horsemen. Tr. 

761. LVIII: 332. — Redwitz, As Sunk in Thought through Meads 1 
Strayed. Tr. [Poem.] (12 11.) 

762. LVIII: 767. — HackUinder, Der Augenblick des Glilckes. Rev. 
Repr. from Titan. (8 pp.) 

763. LVIII: 949. — Literary Life in Germany. Rev. of Madame L. 
Davesies de Pontes, Poets and Poetry of Germany. Repr. from Cham- 
ber's Jo. (4 pp.) 

764. LVIII: 962.—Anastasius Grim, The Last Poet. Tr. Repr. 
from Providence Jo. 

765. LIX: 960. — Travesty of Arndt, Was ist des Deutschen Vater- 
land? 

Methodist Quabtebly Review. 

766. XVIII : ZZl.—Freytag, Debit and Credit. Tr. by L. C. C. Rev. 

(15 11.) 

[392] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 129 



NOBTH AMEBICAN REVIEW. 

767. LXXXVI: 5SS.—Freytag, Debit and Credit. Tr. by L. C. C 
Rev. by A. P. Peabody. [See p. 33.] (1 p.) 

Russell's Magazine. 

768. Ill: 85.—Freytttg, Debit an,d Credit. Tr. by L. C. C. Rev. 

(3 pp.) 

SOUTHEKN LiTEEABY MeSSENOEB. 

769. XXVII: 235. — OriXlparzer, Sappho. Tr. by Middleton. Rev. 

(1 col.) 



1859 
Ballou's Dollab Monthly Magazine. 

770. IX: ei.^Fisner's Song. From the German. (12 11.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

771. XLVI: 211. — Hymns from the Land of Luther, Or, Lyra Q-er- 
manica. Repr. from Dublin University Mag. (8 pp.) 

772. XLVI: 369. — Legend of the Fatal Ring. A German Story. 
Repr. from Dublin University Mag. (8 pp.) 

773. XL.VII: 231. — Ludwig, Between Heaven and Earth. Rev. Repr. 
from Titan. (13 pp.) 

774. XLVII: 289.^Tfte Court of Weimar and its Celebrities. Repr. 
from Westm. Rev. [Historical sketch.] (16 pp.) 

775. XLVIII: 1&2.—The Poems of Freiligrath. Repr. from London 
Rev. (13 pp.) 

Habpee's Monthly Magazine. 

776. XVIII: 105.— Goethe, The Happy Pair. Tr. by Aytoun. 

Haevabd Magazine. 

777. VI: 78. — Platen, The Grave in the Busento. Tr. 

Hesperian. 

778. Ill: 329. — The Beauty of a Blush. An Incident In the life of 
Goethe. (10 11.) 

Htjtching's Califoenia Magazine. 

779. Ill: 323. — Goethe, Mignon. Tr. by J. D. Strong. 

780. Ill: 505. — Goethe, The Erl-King. Tr. by Prof. John Cochran. 



9-H. [393] 



130 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



Littell's Living Age. 

781. LXI: 181. — Aytoun and Martin, Poems and Ballads of Ooethe. 
Rev. Repr. from Press. (6 pp.) 

782. LXI: 277.— Same as No. 773. 

783. LXI: 111.— Jean Paul Friedrich RicMer. [Biog. with plate.] 
Repr. from Portrait Gallery. (6 pp.) 

784. LXI: 778.— Same as No. 774. 

785. LXII: Z2Z. —Klopstock. [Biog. with plate.] Repr. from Por- 
trait Gallery. (3 pp.) 

786. LXIII: 52.— Pfeffel, Gradation. [Poem.] (24 U.) 

Russell's Magazike. 

787. IV: iSl.— Goethe's Faust. [Analysis of the drama.] (16 pp.) 

788. IV: 510; V: 50.— fPlonniesJ, The Princess Use. Tr. 

789. V: 93. — Lambert, Poems and Trans, from, the German. Rev. 

(1 P-) 

790. VI: 108.— Goethe, Joy. Tr. 

791. VI: 151. — Chamisso, Maternal Dream. Tr. 

792. VI: 229.— To Lucy. From the German. [Poem.] (12 11.) 

793. VI: 236. — Thoughts of Heaven. From the German. [Poem.] 

(20 IL) 

794. VI: 253.— Lines. From the German. (12 11.) 

795. VI: 308. — Schiller, Piccolomini, Act IV, scene 4. Tr. 



1860 

ATLiNTic Monthly. 

796. V: 126. — Goethe, Reynard the Fox. Tr. iy Arnold. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

797. V: 251. — Goethe's Correspondence loith a Child. Rev. (1 col.) 

Bennett's Dollar Monthly. 

798. I: 149. — Korner, Hans Heiling's RocTc. Tr. (7 pp.) 

799. I: 209.— The Fatal Triumph. Tr. hy Hugo Sehald. (4 pp.) 

800. I: 314. — Korner, The Harp. Tr. by Hugo Sebald. 

801. I: Z9i.— Almost a Nun. Tr. hy Hugo Sebald. (3 pp.) 

802. I: iSl. —Buried Alive. Tr. by Hugo Sebald. (11 pp.) 

Centttby. 

803. I: 9. — Hauif, The Giant of Reiffenstein. Tr. 

804. I: 202. — Letters of Alexander v. Humboldt to Varnhagen v. 
Ense. Tr. by Kapp. Rev. (2 pp.) 

805. I: 234. — Letter from Varnhagen v. Ense to E. G. Holland of 
New York. Tr. 

806. I: 241, 269. — Remembrances of Varnhagen v. Ense. 

807. I: 253 seq. — Hauff, Siiss, the Jew. Tr. (5 inst.) 

Christian Examinee. 

808. LXVIII: Zll.—Furness, Gems of German Verse. Rev. (1 p.) 

809. LXIX: 234. — German Hymns. [With specimens.] (24 pp.) 

810. LXIX: 4i02.— German Hymnology. [With specimens.] (13 pp.) 



[394] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 131 



The Dial. Cinoinnati. 

811. I: 169. — Rilckert, Devotion. Tr. 

812. I: 187. — Richter, Blossoms and Leaves. A Para/myth. 

813. I: 217. — Klinger, Satan and Faust. Tr. from Fcmst. (2 pp.) 

814. I: 401. — Schiller. [An address delivered Nov. 10, 1859, in the 
Academy of Music, Ptiiladelphia, on ttie occasion of the celebration of 
Schiller's birthday.] By W. H. Furness. (Sfee pp. 28, 77.) (12 pp.) 

815. I: ill. —Goethe, May-Song. Tr. by J. Benton. 

816. I: 646.— ScMKer, The Might of Woman. Tr. by C. T. Brooks. 

817. I: 660.— SScfcert, Three Glasses. Tr. by C. T. B [rooks]. (6 11.) 

818. I: 694.— iSiicfcert, Sensitiveness. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. 

(4 11.) 

819. I: liO.—Gleim, NoUlity. Tr. by C. T. B[rooks]. (4 11.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

820. XLIX: 53. — Aytoun and Martin, Poems and Ballads of Goethe. 
Rev. Repr. from Eraser's Mag. (6 pp.) 

Hl\BPER's Monthly Magazine. 

821. XX: 414. — Schiller. [Article suggested by centenary celebra- 
tion.] (2 pp.) 

822. XXI: 696. — Auerbach, The Barefooted Maiden. Tr. by Lee. 
Rev. (8 11.) 

Harvard Magazine. 

823. "VI: 191. — Eorner, Prayer before Battle. Tr. 

Hesperian. 

824. Ill: 502.— Goethe, Found. Tr. hy Rev. J. D. Strong. 

825. Ill: 563. — Waifs from the German. Tr. by J. P. Bowman. 
[The CaXm; The Wave's Complaint; Disenchanted.'] (1 p.) 

826. IV: 39. — Freiligrath. The Revenge of the Flowers. Tr. by 
Theodore H. Hittell. 

827. IV: 75. — Freiligrath, The Specter Caravan. Tr. by Theodore 
H. Hittell. 

828. IV: 197. — Waiting. After the German. By J F. Bowman. 
[Poem.] (1 P-) 

Knickerbocker. 

829. LV: 492.-70 Weimar. By B. G. Holland. [Poem.] (4 pp.) 

Littell's I/Iving Age. 

830. LXIV: 312. — Eorner. Farewell to Life. Tr. by Dr. Follen. 

831. LXVII: 17. — Freytag, Bilder aus der deutschen yergangenheit. 
Rev. Repr. from Athenaeum. (5 pp.) 

NliTIONAL QuABTERI.Y REVIEW. 

832. II: 164. — Gutzkow, Uriel Acosta. Tr. by M. M. Rev. [See 
p. 33.] (2 pp.) 

[395] 



132 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



New Englander. 

"833. XVIII: 549. — Goethe's Correspondence with a Child. Rev. 

(10 11.) 

834. XVIII: 839. — Letters of Alexander von Humboldt to Yarn- 

■hagen von Ense, 1827-58. Tr. by Kapp. Rev. (3 pp.) 

Russell's Magazine. 

S35. VI: 382. — Goethe's Correspondence with a Child. Rev. (1 p.) 

Southern Literary Messenger. 

836. XXX: 78.— <?oe«Ae, Reynard the iFox. Tr. by Arnold. Illus- 
trated by Kaulbach. Rev. (15 II.) 



1861 

Christian Examiner. 

837. LXX: Wl.—Lyra Germanica. Rev. (30 11.) 

838. KXX: i62.— Ida von Hahn-Hahn. dp.) 

839. LiXX: iZZ.—Lewald, Lake House. Tr. by Greene. Rev. (30 11.) 

840. LXXI: 151. — The Travels and Surprising Adventures of Baron 
Miinchhausen. Rev. (1 p.) 

841. LXXI: 264. — Stories of Peasant Life. Based on works of 
Jeremias Gotthelf. (13 pp.) 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

842. XXIV: 151. — In art. on The Franconian Switzerland, disc, of 
Miohter. (20 11.) 

Harvard Magazine. 
«43. VII: 248.— Heine, Vnder the Window. Tr. 

Hesperian. 

844. VI: iSO.—Vhland, The Minstrel's Curse. Tr. by Rev. J. D. 
Strong. 

845. VI: 523.— The Dream. Tr. from the German by Rev. J. D. 
Strong. [Poem.] (16 II.) 

Knickerbocker. 

846. LVII: 317.— iewaM, The Three Gypsies. Tr. 

LiTTELL's Living Age. 

847. LXVIII: 445. — Goethe and Mendelssohn. Repr. from Bentley's 
msc. (8 pp.) 

848. LXXI: 59. — Yarnhagen von Ense. [Biographical sketch under 
the heading The Salons of Yienna and Berlin.'] Repr. from Bentley's 
Misc. (8 pp.) 

849. LXXI: 194.— Y. Oerr, The Bells of Spire. Tr. by L. E. P. 
[Poem.] (32 U.) 

[396] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 133> 

f 

Methodist Quarterly Review. 

850. XXI: 403. — Schleiermacher, De Wette, and Harms. (20 pp-.> 

North American Review. 

851. XCII: 283.— Grimm, Tales. Tr. ty Felton. Rev. (8 11:)J 

Southern Literary Messenger. 

852. XXXII: 192. — Korner, The Minstrel's Fatherland. Tr. by Iria. 

853. XXXII: 307.— Same as above. Tr. by a Lady. 

854. XXXIII: 476. — Eobell, The Tree and the Stream. Tr. [Poem.] 

(20 11.) 

Tales of the Day. 

855. I: i50.— The Little Bread-Wasters. Adapted from the Ger- 
man by Hannah Clay. (3 pp.) 

1862 
Atlantic Monthly. 

856. IX: 430. — Hehel — The German Burns. By Bayard Taylor. 
[See p. 32.] (13 pp.> 

857. IX: 654. — Morikofer, Die schweizerisehe Lit. des ISten Jahr- 
Jiunderts. Rev. (1 P-) 

858. IX: 655. — Schaefer, Lit. Bilder. Rev. (1 p.> 

859. X: 422. — Euphorion. Poem by Bayard Taylor. (2 pp.)' 

Christian Examiner. 

860. LXXII: 109. — Passages from the Life of Schleiermacher.. 

(15 pp.) 

861. LXXII: 150.— GeiSeZ, Gedichte. Rev. (2 pp.) 

862. LXXII: 422. — Auerbach's Writings. [Sympathetic] (11 pp.) 

863. LXXIII : 137. — Duntzer and F. O. v. Herder, Ton und an Herder.. 
Rev. (3 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

864. LVII: 411.— Goethe. Repr. from The Book of Days. (2 pp.)- 

Hesperian. 

865. IX: i21.—'nhkind, The Poppy. Tr. by Rev. J. D. Strong. 

Littell's Living Age. 

866. LXXII: 208. — Tagehiicher von Yarnhagen von Ense. Rev. Repr. • 
from Saturday Rev. (3 pp.)' 

867. LXXIII: 23T.— Goethe, Werther. In art. on Forgotten Novels.. 

[397] 



134 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

Repr. from Dublin University Mag. (15 11.) 

868. LXXIII: 2%^.—Justinus Kerner. Repr. from Athenaeum. [No- 
tice of his death.] dp.) 

869. L.XXIV: 233; LXXV: 459.— A G-ermcm Pepys. Rev. of Ense, 
TagehiicJier. Repr. from Spectator. (8 pp.) 

870. LXXIV: 257. — Celebrated Literary Friendships. Goethe and 
Schiller; p. 260, Jean Paul. Repr. from Westm. Rev <4 pp.) 

National Quaeteex,y Review. 

871. IV: iS^.—Wieland. By E. I. Sears. [Biogr. Critical. See 
p. 27.] (19 pp.) 

872. V: 227. — The Works and Influence of Goethe. By E. I. Sears. 
[Critical; sympathetic] (22 pp.) 

New Exglander. 

873. XXI: i21 .—Schleiermacher as a Man. By Rev. W. L. Gage. 

(15 pp.) 

1863 
ATI ANTIC Monthly. 

874. XII: 5ZZ.—Richter, Levana. Tr. Rev. (3 pp.) 

Christian EIxaminee. 

875. LXXIV: 150.— Richter, Titan. Tr. hy Brooks. Rev. (3 pp.) 

876. LXXIV: ZIZ.— Benedict Spinoza. (24 pp.) 

877. bXXV: 203. — Zschokke's Religious Meditations. (9 pp.) 
«78. LXXV: 451 .—Richter, Levana. Tr. Rev. (30 11.) 

' Eclectic Magazine. 

879. LfVIII: 119. — Arndt and his Sacred Poetry. Repr. from Brit. 
Quart. [See p. 29.] (6 pp.) 

880. LVIII: 295. — Glimpses of Goethe: His Genius, his Theories, 
and Ms Works. Repr. from Dublin University Mag. [See p. 72, note 
25.] (9 pp.) 

(9 pp.) 

881. LVIII: 394. — Goethe's Opinion of the Beauty of a Blush. An 
anecdote. (15 U.) 

882. LX: 162. — Wickede, Ein deutsches Reiterleben. Rev. Repr. 
from Golburn's 'New Mo. (11 pp.) 

883. LX: i02.— Richter, Levana. Tr. Rev. (15 11.) 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

884. XXVI: 424.— Notice of the death of Uhland. (1 col.) 

885. XXVI: 564. — Uhland. Two four-line stanzas written just he- 
fore his death: Am Morgen des 27. Mai, 1861; Auf den Tod eines 
Kindes. [Originals with translations.] 

886. XXVI: 570. — Five epigrams from Lessing. 

[398] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 135 



Hesperian. 

S87. IX: 687. — The Peasant's Rule. Tr. from the German by J. D. 
S[trong]. [Poem.] (8 11.) 

888. X: 16. — Uhland, The Landlady's Daughter. Tr. by J. D. Strong. 

889. X: 108. — Alexander, Count of Wurttemherg, The Old Soldier. 
Tr. by J. D. Strong. [Poem.] (1 p.) 

890. X: 257. — Korner, The Minstrel's Fatherland. Tr. by J. D. 
Strong. 

Knickerbockeb. 

891. LXI: 310. — Germany and the Germans. (10 pp.) 

LiTTELL's Living Age. 

892. LXXVIII: WS.—Stahr, Lessing. Rev. Repr. from Saturday 
Rev. (3 pp.) 

893. LXXVIII: 522. — The Story of Schiller's Remains. By Andrew 
Hamilton. Repr. from MacMillan's Mag. (7 pp.) 

894. LXXIX: 51. — Heinrich Heine. By Matthew Arnold. Repr. 
from Gornhill Mag. [See pp. 30, 90.] (11 pp.) 

895. LXXIX: 534. — Goethe, Mein' Ruh ist hin. Tr. into French. 

N.YTiONAL Quarterly Review. 

896. VI: 207. — The Works and Influence of Schiller. [Sympathetic; 
critical. See pp. 28, 77.] (32 pp.) 

897. VII: Z^^.—Kortum, The Jolsiad. Tr. by Broohs. Rev. dp.) 

New Englander. 

898. XXII: 1.— Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Brooks. Rev. by Mrs. C B. 
Corson. [See pp. 28, 74.] (21 pp.) 

North American Review. 

£■99. XCVI: 2Si.—Richter. Titan. Tr. by Brooks. Rev. (8 11.) 

900. XCVII: 1. — Richter, Titan. Tr. by Brooks. Rev. by W. R. 
Alger. [Warm praise. See p. 85.] (35 pp.) 

Southern Literary Messenger. 

901. XXXVI: 333. — Wagner, Tannhauser. Rev. by Adj't Samuel D. 
Davis. (6 pp.) 



1864 

Boston Review. 

902. IV: e08.—Bulwer Lytton, Poems and Ballads of Schiller. Rev. 

(1 p.) 



[399] 



136 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Cheistian Examinee. 

903. LXXVI: 25.— Vhland. [Biog.] (15 PP-) 

904. LiXXVI: i6.— Arthur Sctiopenhauer. By F. H. Hedge. (34 pp.) 

905. LXXYI: 2&S.—'Freytag, Pictures of German Life. Za series. 
Tr. ty Mrs. Malcolm. Rev. (1 P-) 

906. LXXVII : 136.— Siorm, Immensee. Tr. by CUirk; Esche, Qranw- 
mother ana Granddaughter. Tr. by Carson. Rev. (1 P-) 

907. LXXVII: 140. — Gervinus, Shakespeare Commentaries. Tr. iv 
Burnett. Rev. .(1 P-) 

908. LXXVII: 232. — The Brothers Grimm. Based on translations or 
Household Stories and Fairy Tales. (8 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

909. LXII: 12i.—Richter, The Campaner Tal. Rev. (20 11.) 

Harvard Magazine. 

910. X: 216. — Earner, The Oak. Tr. 

LiTTELL's Living Age. 

911. LXXX: 28.— Jeremjas Gotthelf. Repr. from Brit. Quart. Rev. 
[Sympathetic; critical.] (10 pp.) 

912. LXXX: 530. — Gerhardt, Warum solW ich mich derm grdment 
Tr. by N. L. Frothingham. 

913. LXXXII: 531. — Ludwig Vhland. Repr. from Quart. Rev. 
[Biog.; critical. See p. 30.] (15 pp.) 

Methodist Quabteelt Review. 

914. XXIV: 242. — Schiller. Tr. from Revue chretienne. [Critical; 
favorable.] (15 pp.) 

915. XXIV: 619. — The Niielungenlied. [Inaccurate.] (22 pp.) 

National Quarterlt Review. 

916. VIII: 287. — Klopstock as a Lyric and Epic Poet. By E. I. 
Sears. [Critical; sympathetic. See p. 27.] (28 pp.) 

917. IX: 112. — Leibniz as a Philosopher and Discoverer. By E. I. 
Sears. (24 pp.) 

918. IX: 194.— PoZfco, Musical Sketches. Tr. by Fuller. Rev. 

(12 11.) 

919. IX: 3Z2.— Spinoza and his Philosophy. By B. I. Sears. (16 pp.) 

920. IX: 384.— Lee, Life of Richter. Rev. (2 pp.) 

921. X: 201. — Wildermuth, A Queen; a Story for Girls. Tr. bv 
Cooke. Rev. (25 II.) 

North American Review. 

922. XCIX: 5^1.— Richter, The Campaner Tal. Rev. by C. T. Brooks. 

(5 pp.) 
[400] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 137 



Northern Monthly. Portland. 

923. I: 2i9.— Wolfgang Miihler, The Sweetest Death. Tr. [Poem.] 

(24 11.) 

Southern Review. 

924. Ill: 75. — German Romance. Refer.: Tieck, Die Elfenj Das 
RotMppchen; Inter Fructus FoUas. By C. W. Hutson. [Disc, ol 
Romanticism.] (24 pp.) 

1865 

Atlantic Monthly. 

925. XV: 379. — Collection de Tries. German Series, Vols. I-IX. 
[10 German works in trans.] Rev. (1 col.) 

926. XV: 380. — Reynard the Fox. From the Low German Original 
of the 15th Century. Rev. (1 col.) 

Catholic World. 

927. I: 142. — Fouque, Undine; Theodolf, the Icelander. Tr. Rev. 

(1 P) 

Christian Examinee. 

928. LXXVIII: til.— Goethe, Faust, pt. II. Tr. t>y Anster. Rev. 

(3 pp.) 

929. LXXVIII: 308.— Stifter, Der Nachsommer. Rev. (2 pp.) 

930. LXXIX: 143. — Mayer, Beitrdge zur Feststellung, Yeriesserung 
und Verwahrung des SchiUerschen Textes. Rev. (3 pp.) 

Eclectic Maoazinb. 

931. LXIV: 97. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. l)y Anster. Rev. Repr. from 
Duilin University Mag. (5 pp.) 

932. LXIV: 52Z.— Goethe. The Croakers. Tr. by Hedge. 

Hours at Home. 

933. I: 145. — A Visit to Goethe in Weimar. (7 pp.) 

Knickerbocker. 

934. LXVI: 150, 315. — Kotsebue, Ildegerte, Warrior Queen of Nor- 
way. Tr. 

Littell's Living Age. 

935. LXXXIV: 381. — Hymns from the German. Tr. by N. L. Froth- 
Ingham. Luther, Aus tiefer Not schreV ich su dir; Keymann, Meinen 
Jesum lass ich nicht. 

Methodist Quarterly Review. 

936. XXV: 29, 186. — German Materialism — The Naturalistic School. 
Tr. from Revue de deux m,ondes. 



[401] 



138 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



Nation. 

937. I: AlO.—Richter, Hesperus. Tr. iy Brooks. Rev. (1 p.) 

938. I: 50i.—MUgge, Afraja. Tr. by Morris. Rev. (1 col.) 

939. I: 53Z.— Grimm, Michael Angelo. Tr.iy Bunnett. Rev. (3 col.) 

National Quakteely Review. 

940. XI: 27. — Wallenstein. By J. T. Morse, Jr. [Historical sketch, 
with refer, to Schiller.] (24 pp.) 

941. XI- 228. — Humboldt as a Comparative Philologtst. By J. G. 
Adler. (23 pp.) 

Noeth Ameeican Review. 

942. C: 390. — Jacob Grimm. By J. G. Adler. (33 pp.) 

943. CI: 281. — Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. Tr. by Carlyle. Rev. by 
H. James, Jr. [See p. 73.] (4 pp.) 

1866 
Atlantic Monthly. 

944. XVIII: 33. — Friedrich Riichert. By Bayard Taylor. [See p. 
31.] (7 pp.) 

945. XVIII: 2^^.—Eicnendorff, Memoirs of a Good-for-U aught. Tr. 
by Leland. Rev. (1 col.) 

ChbistIan Examinee. 

946. LXXX: 1S6.— The Secret of Hegel. By C. C. Everett. (12 pp.) 

947. LXXXI: W.—Fichte. By C. T. B. Mills. (22 pp.) 

948. LXXXI: iS.—Rilckert. By H. J. Warner. (14 pp.) 

Godey's Magazine. 

949. LXXII: 1^1.— Loving Eyes. From the German. By T. W. 
Johnson. [Poem.] (24 11.) 

HotTES AT Home. 

950. II: 196. — Grimm, Michael Angela. Tr. by Bunnett. Rev. by 
B. Lillell. (20 11.) 

951. II: 506.— (ScTiiJZer. By J. Dickson Bruns. [Poem.] (2 pp.) 

952. Ill: 553. — The German Burns. By Henry Harbaugh. [Hebel.] 

(9 pp.) 

LiTTBLL's Living Age. 

953. LXXXIX: 886. — Literary Matters in Germany. Foreign cor- 
respondence of the Transcript. By Agindos. (2 pp.) 

Nation. 

954. II: 660. — Freytag, The Lost Manuscript. Rev. (1 p.) 

[402] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 139 



l^ 



N.vTiONAL Quarterly Review. 

955. XII: 305. — Lessing and his Works. [Critical; sympathetic] 

(33 pp.) 

956. XIII: 5<).— Heine and Ms Works. By E. I. Sears. [Critical. 
See pp. 30, 90.] (20 pp.) 

North American Review. 

957. CII: 26i.— Hegel. By H. James. (11 pp.) U 

1867 
Atlantic Monthly. 

958. XIX: 378. — 8tahr, Lessing. Tr. iy Evans. Rev. (2 pp.) 

Catholic World. 

959. IV: 575. — MiihUiach, Frederick the Great. Tr. by Coleman. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

960. V: 2S5.—Miihl'bach, Novels. Rev. (2 pp.) 

Christian Examiner. 

961. LXXXII: 15. — Recent German Lit. Auerbach. By H. J. 
Warner. (20 pp.) ^ 

962. LXXXII: IQl.—Lessing. By F. Tiffany. (25 pp.) 

Congregational Review. [Boston Review.] 

963. VII: iQS.—Stahr, Lessing. Tr. by Evans. Rev. (8 11.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

964. LXVIII: 712. — Garo, La philosophie de Goethe. Rev. Repr. 
from Saturday Rev. [See p. 72.] (5 pp.) 

965. LXIX: 693. — Same as above. Rev. by Edw. Dowden. Repr. 
from Continental Rev. [See p. 72.] (8 pp.) 

966. LXIX: IIZ.— Hegel. Repr. from MacMillan's Mag. (9 pp.) 

Every Saturday. 

967. Ill: 426, 467. — ^Extracts from Schiicking, Frau von Bernard's 
Valet. 

Godey's Magazine. 

968. LXXIV: H^.— Goethe. The Violet. Tr. by E. K. G. 

969. LXXIV: 526.— Schenkendorf, The Gardener. Tr. by B. K. G. 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

970. XXXV: 702. — GottschaJl. The Forest Fine. [Die Waldbusse.'i 
Tr. 

[403] 



140 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



HouKs AT Home. 

971. IV: 572.—Muhliach, Joseph II. and his Court, tr. by Ghan- 
dron: Berlin and Sans Souci. Tr. ly Coleman. Rev. by J. M. Sherwood. 

(30 11.) 

972. V: SSZ.—Muhl'bach, Henry VIII, an4 Catharine Parr; Louise 
of Prussia and her Times. Tr. Rev. by J. M. Sherwood. (20 11.) 

Littell's Living Age. 

973. XCIII: 311. — Lessing. Extract from No. 986. 

Nation. 

974. IV: 104. — Beuter, Dorchlauchting ; Freytag, MittelaUer. Rev. 

(15 II.) 

975. IV: 309. — Spielhagen, In Reih' und died; Uhland, Klopstocle'8 
Brief e. Rev. (20 11.) 

976. IV: SlS.Schefer, The Artist's Married Life. Tr. ly Mrs. Stod- 
dard. Rev. (30 11.) 

977. IV: 469. — Auerlach, Deutsche Amende. Rev. (10 11.) 

978. V: 25.— AwerBfficTi, On the Heights. Tr. ly BunnStt. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

979. V: 105.— Renter's Dialect. (40 11.) 

980. V: 128. — Renter, In the Year '13. Tr. iy Lewes. Rev. (1 col.) 

981. V: 432. — Orimm, Vniiderwindliche Machte. Rev. (1 p.) 

982. V: i33.—Fougue, Theodolf, the Icelander. Tr. Rev. (20 11.) 

Namonal Quaeterlt Review. 

983. XV: 113. — Fichte and his Philosophy. By A. B. Kroeger. 

(41 pp.) 

984. XVI: 136. — Mediaeval German Lit. Eschentiach. (24 pp.) 

New Englandee. 

985. XXVI : 788.— Jkfrs. MiihWach. [Condemnatory editorial. See p. 
60.] (1 p.) 

North American Review. 

y/ 986. CIV: 541. — Lessing. Refer.: Stahr, Lessing. By J. R. Lowell. 
*^ [See pp. 28, 62.] (44 pp.) 

Northern Monthly. Newark. 

987. I: HI.— Schiller, The Diver. Tr. by R. W. "Weeks. 

Public Spirit. 

988. II: S6.—MUhlbach, Marie Antoinette and her son. Tr. Rev. 

(10 11.) 
Radical. 

989. II: 170, 543. — Spinoza's Doctrine. By W. A. Cram 

990. II: 273, 332.— Goeifte, Werke. Rev. by A. E. Kroeger. 

991. Ill: 262.— Dulk, Jesus der Christ. Rev. by E. P. Evans. (6 pp.) 



[404] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 141 

1868 
Atlantic Monthly. 

992. XXI: 2&0.—Lessing, Nathan the Wise. Tr. hy Ellen M. Froth- 
ingham. Rev. (2 PP-) 

Catholic Wokld. 

993. VI: llS.—Muhlbach, NoveU. Rev. (2 pp.) 

994. VII: 2Si.—AuerT)ach, On the Heights. Rev. (1 col.) 

995. VIII: lid.— Milhlhach, Goethe and Schdller. Tr. t>y Coleman. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

Christian Examinee. 

996. LXXXIV: 239. — Lessing, Nathan the Wise. Tr. 6a/ EMen M. 
Frothingham. Rev. by E. C. T. (3 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

997. LXXI: 1285.— AMer&ac?i, On the Heights. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

EVEBT SATURDAT. 

998. VI: iZl.— Goethe and Meyerbeer. (1 p.) 

' HouES AT Home. 

999. VI: 383. — MUhlbach, Napoleon and the Queen of Prussia. Tr. 
Rev. by James M. Sherwood. (15 U.) 

1000. VI: 421. — Riickert, Bethlehem and Golgotha. Tr. by T. C. 
Porter. 

1001. VI: il9.— Lessing. Nathan the Wise. Tr. by Ellen M. Froth- 
ingham. Rev. by James M. Sherwood. (10 11.) 

1002. VII: 162. — RUcTcert, The Prince of Peace. Tr. 

1003. VII: 189.— Auerbach, On the Heights. Tr. by BunnStt. Rev. 
by James M. Sherwood. (1 p.? 

1004. VII: 329. — Matthias Claudius, The WandsbecJcer Bothe. Tr. 
by Henry Harbaugh. (9 pp.) 

1005. VII: 505. — Riickert, the Orientalist. (5 pp.) 

1006. VIII: WO.—Dingelstedt, The Amazon. Tr. by Hart. Rev. by 
James M. Sherwood. (4 11.^ 

Lippincott's Magazine. 



Littell's Living Age. 

1007. I: 675.— Marlitt, The Old Mamselle's Secret. Tr. by Mrs. Wit- 
ter. Rev. (1 col.) 

1008. XCVII: 386.—Lampertus, A German Trust Song. Tr. 

1009. XCIX: 490 seq. — Auerbach, Country House on the Rhine. Tr. 
from Die Presse. (31 Inst.) 

[405] 



142 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Nation. 

1010. VI: 12. — Lessing, Nathan the Wise. Tr. by Ellen M. Froth- 
ingham. Rev. (1 P-) 

1011. VI: i55.—Marlitt, The Old Mamselle's Secret. Tr. by Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (1 col.) 

1012. VII: 355. — Marlitt, Gold Elsie. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. Rev. 

(30 II.) 

1013. VII: 39S.—Dingelstedt, The Amazon. Tr. by Hart. Rev. 

(15 U.) 

National Quarterly Review. 

1014. XVIII: lOS.— Hegel. (28 pp.) 

New Englander. 

1015. XXVII: 203.— Lessing, Nathan the Wise. Tr. by Ellen M. 
Frothingham. Rev. (3 pp.) 

1016. XXVII: ilZ.—Reuter, In the Year '13. Tr. by Lewes. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

1017. XXVII: ilZ.—Fichte, Science of Knowledge. Tr. by Kroeger. 
Rev. (2 pp.) 

North American Review. 

1018. CVI: iil.— Hegel. By J. E. Cabot. (36 pp.) 

1019. CVI: 640. — Goethe's Mode of Acquiring Classical Knowledge. 
In art. Shakespeare once More. By J. R. Lowell. (2 pp.) 

1020. CVI: 704. — Lessing, Nathan the Wise. Tr. by Ellen M. Froth- 
gingham. Rev. [See p. 63.] (7 pp.) 
•^ 1021. CVI: IZl.—^Fichte, Science of Knowledge. Rev. (5 pp.) 

Norti-iebn Monthly. Newark. 

1022. II: 20%.— Grimm's Goblins. Rev. (1 p.) 

1023. II: 206. — Miihlbach, Marie Antoinette and her Son; Frederick 
the Great. Rev. (1 p.) 

1024. II: 321.— Princess Use. Tr. by Harriet C. Sterling. (12 pp.) 

1025. Ill: 2i0.— Marlitt, The Old Mamselle's Secret. Tr. by Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (1 col.) 

Putnam's Magazine. 

1026. XI: 128.— Miihlbach, Novels. Rev. (15 11.) 

1027. XII: 378. — Lessing, Nathan the Wise. Tr. by Ellen M. Froth- 
ingham. Rev. (3 pp.) 

1028. XII: 63i.—Dingelstedt, The Amazon. Tr. by Hart. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

New Eclectic. [Southern Magazine.] 

1029. II: lOA.—Auerbach, On the Heights. Tr. by Bunndtt. Rev 
Repr. from Round Table. (1 p.) 

1030. Ill: 1. — Eichendorff, Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts. Rev. 
by Earle Bertie. Repr. from Home Monthly. (20 pp.) 



[406] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 



143 



Southern Review. 
1031. IV: iZi.— Platen's Poems. 



(32 pp.) 



1032. 


I: 


1033. 


I: 


1034. 


II: 


1035. 


II: 


1036. 


II: 


1037. 


II: 


1038. 


II: 



1869 

Appleton's Journal. 

442. — Outmkow. [News note.] (5 U.) 

455, 557. — Richter, Brilliants. (1 col. J 

103. — Giuseppi Dolsi. Prom the German. (1 p.) 

267. — Ochardson's "Challenge." From the German. (2 pp.) 

322.— PolJco, A Duet. Tr. (3 pp.) 

488. — Pollco, A Cypress Twig. Tr. (5 pp.) 

581. — Don Pedro's Story. From the German. (2 pp.) 

Atlantic Monthly. 



1039. XXIII: 762. — Aueriach, Edelweiss. Tr. iy Ellen M. Froth- 
ingham. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1040. XXIV: 442. — German Songs, and a few other matters. By 
"Walter Mitchell. [See p. 42.] (9 pp.) 

Baptist Quarterly. 

1041. Ill: 278. — Goethe's Faust. By John L. Lincoln. [Critical, 
sympathetic analysis.] (30 pp.) 

Catholic World. 

1042. IX: 424. — Auerliach, Black Forest Village Tales. Tr. hy 

(1 col.) 

Tr. Rev. 
(1 col.) 

1044. IX: 719. — Schmid, the Hahermeister. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

1045. X: 427. — Aueriach, German Tales. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 



Goepp. Rev. 

1043. IX: 717. — Spielhagen, Problematic Characters. 



Christian Examinee. 

1046. LiXXXVI: 171. — The ScMeiermacher Centennial and its Les- 
son. By S. Osgood. (21 pp.) 

1047. LXXXVII: 1. — On the StvAy of German in American Refer.: 
Evans, Abriss der deutschen Literaturgesch,. By C. H. Brigham. 

(20 pp.) 

Chbestian Quaeteply Review. 

1048. I: 133. — Schenkel, Friedrich ScMeiermacher. Rev. (1 p.) 

1049. I: 275. — Grimm, Worterbuch. V. Rev. (1 p.) 

1050. I: 416. — Polka, Reminiscences of Felix Mendelssohn-Bar- 
tholdy. Tr. by Lady Wallace. Rev. (1 p.) 



Congregational Review. [Boston Review.] 
1051. IX: 287. — Fougue, Undine. Tr. Rev. 

[407] 



(1 p.) 



144 BUUjETIN of the university of WISCONSIN 



Eclectic Magazine. 

1052. LXXII: Z19.—Gerstacker, How a Bride Was Won. Tr. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1053. LXXII: GSi.—Auer'bach, Edelweiss. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

1054. nXXIII: 117. — SpielTiagen, Proilematio GTiaraoters. Tr. hy 
Scheie de Tere. Rev. (2 col.) 

1055. LXXIII: 499.— Heine, Love Song. Tr. 

Evert Sattjedat. 

1056. VIII: 417. — Heinricfi Heine. Repr. from Fortnightly Rev. 
[Biogr. Critical.] (7 pp.) 

GODET'S MAGAaiNE. 

1057. LXXIX: i52.—Qmtation from Richter. (12 11.) 

Harpek's Monthly Magazine. 

1058. XXXVIII: i23.— Ding elstedt, The Amazon. Rev. (9 11.) 

1059. XXXIX: 452. — Auerhach, The Villa on the Rhine; Edelweiss; 
Black Forest Village Stories. Rev. (1 col.) 

1060. XXXIX: 453. — Spielhagen, Problematic Characters. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

1061. XXXIX: 454. — Schmid, The Haiermeister. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

1062. XXXIX: 771. — Wiseman, Gems of German Lyrics. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

1063. XL: 461. — Spielhagen, Through Night to Light. Rev. (5 11.) 

HoTJEs AT Home. 

1064. IX: 141. — Gottfried August Burger. By a student of Ger- 
man lit. [S. S. Conant] (8 pp.) 

1065. IX: 287. — Auerbach, The Villa on the Rhine. Rev. (1 p.) 

1066. IX: 388. — Spielhagen, Problematic Characters. Rev. (6 11.) 

1067. IX: i83.—Auerbach, The Villa on the Rhine. Parts I to IV. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

Lakeside Monthly. 

1068. I: 317. — Auerbach, Edelweiss. Tr. 'by Ellen M. FrothAngham. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

1069. I: Zl^.—MUhlbach, Two Life-Paths. Tr. by Greene. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

1070. I: 320. — Auerbach, Villa Eden: The Country House on the 
Rhine. Tr. by ShacTcford. Rev. (15 11.) 

Lippincott's Maoaz)ine. 

1071. Ill: 349. — Fichte, Science of Knowledge. Rev. (1 p.) 

1072. IV: 211, seq. — Marlitt, Magdalena. Tr. (3 inst.) 

1073. IV: 389. — Heyse, The Lonely Ones. Tr. 



[408] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 145 



LiiTTEJX's Living Age. 

1074. C: 543. — Tarnhagen von Ense. Repr. from Saturday Rev. 
[Literary note.] (1 col.) 

1075. CI: 204. — Qrimm. Repr. from Spectator. (2 pp.) 

1076. CII: 167. — Qrimm. The German WorteriucU. Repr. from 
Pall Mall G-azette. (2 pp.) 

1077. CIII: 165. — Goethe's Literary Remains. Repr. from Pall Mall 
Gazette. [Protest against their retention.] dp.) 

1078. CIII: ISO.— Heinrich Heine. By J. D. Lester. Repr. from 
Fortnightly Rev. (10 pp.) 

Methodist Quaeteblt Review. 

1079. XXIX: 211.— Schleiermacher. By J. A. Reubelt. (17 pp.) 

Nation. 

1080. VIII: 440.— iJedwiia, Hermann Stark. Rev. (15 11.) 

1081. IX: 12. — Aueriach, Villa on the Rhine. Tr. hy Shackford. 
Rev. (1 p.) 

1082. IX: 56. — Aueriach, Black Forest Village Stories. Tr. by 
Goepp. Rev. (1 col.) 

1083. IX: 172. — Goethe's Relations with Madame Marianne von 
Willemer. (20 11.) 

1084. IX: AZS.—Auerbach, German Tales. Rev. (30 11.) 

Nineteenth Centubt. Ch'a.eleston. 

1085. I: 79. — Auerbach, Works. Rev. (10 11.) 

1086. I: 159. — Tales from Alsace. From the German. Rev. (4 11.) 

1087. II: 523. — Bodenstedt, The Maiden of Liebenstein. Tr. (18 pp.) 

Nobth American Review. 

1088. CVIII: 1— Leibniz. By A. B. Kroeger. (36 pp.) 

1089. CVIII: 287.—Dingelstedt, The Amazon. Tr. by Hart. Rev., 
by C. H. Brigham. (2 pp.) 

1090. CIX: 584. — Riickert and his Works. By B. P. Evans. [Criti- 
cal; sympathetic. See p. 44.] (10 pp.) 

1091. CIX: 606. — Evans, Deutsche Literaturgesch. Rev. by C. H. 
Brigham. (2 pp.) 

OvEBLAND Monthly. 

1092. II: 389. — Dingelstedt, The Amazon. Tr. by Hart. Rev. (1 p.) 

1093. Ill: 102. — Auerbach, Villa on the Rhine. Rev. (1 p.) 

1094. Ill: 197. — Polko, Reminiscences of Felix MendeTssohn-Bar- 
tholdy. Tr. by Lady Wallace. Rev. (1 p.) 

1095. Ill: 296. — Auerbach, Black Forest Village Stories. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1096. Ill: 580. — Spielhagen, Problematic Characters. Rev. (1 p.) 

Putnam's Magazine. 

1097. XIV: 254. — Spielhagen, Problematic Characters. Tr. 'by 
Scheie de Vere. Rev. (2 pp.) 

10-H. [409] 



146 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVEESITY OF WISCONSIN 

1098. XIV: 255. — Hermann Schmid, The Habermeister. Tr. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1099. XIV: 255.— Zscholcke, The Dead Ouest; The Eccentric. Tr. 
hy McWhorter. Rev. (1 col.> 

1100. XIV: 506. — Wiseman, Oems of Q-erman Lyrics. Rev. (13 11.) 

Radical. 

1101. VI: lie.— Goethe, The One. Tr. by John Weiss. 

New Eclectic. [Southern Magazine.] 

1102. IV: 74. — Hermann Schmid, the Q-erman Poet and Novelist. 
Tr. from Die Gartenlaube. (7 pp.) 

1103. IV: 188. — Louise Milhliach. Contribution from Berlin. (2 pp.) 

1104. IV: 194.— A Pistol-Shot. Tr. from Die Gartenlauie. (7 pp.) 

1105. IV: 344. — Pechnazi, the Chamois Hunter. Tr. from Der 
Hausfreund. ' (6 pp.) 

1106. IV: 569.—Berthold Auerdach. By Bayard Taylor. [With 
cut] (3 pp.) 

1107. IV: 592. — The Bramin's Secret. Tr. from Die Gartenlaube. 

(1 p.) 

1108. V: 5, 139. — AuerMch, Little Barefoot. Tr. 

1109. V: 2Z3.—Auerl)ach, The Villa on the Rhine. Tr. Rev. Repr. 
from Overland Monthly. (1 P-) 

1110. V: 239. — Spielhagen, Prollematic Characters. Tr. ly Scheie 
de Yere. Rev. Repr. from Statesman. (1 p.) 

1111. V: 368. — Schmid, The Habermeister. Tr. Rev. Repr. from 
Statesman. (1 p.) 

Southebn Review. 

1112. VI: 2i5.—Marlitt, Over Yonder. Tr. Rev. (12 11.) 



1870 

Appleton's Journal. 

1113. Ill: m.—Richter, Brilliants. (15 11.) 

1114. IV: 8. — PoTko, Isoward's Cinderella. (2 pp.) 

1115. IV: 150.— PoZfco, The Artist's Stratagem. (3 pp.) 

1116. IV: 219.— PoZfco, In St. Cloud, 1787. (2 pp.) 

1117. IV: 283.— Gei&eZ, / and Thou. Tr. 

1118. IV: 284. — A Visit to the Authoress of "Goldelsie" [Marlitfi. 
Tr. from Die Gartenlaube. (2 pp.) 

1119. IV; 401. — A Supper with Marie Seelach. From the German. 

(2 pp.) 

1120. IV: 425. — Fortune in Misfortune. From the German. (4 pp.) 

1121. IV: 568.— Poffco, Hortense Mazarin. (2 pp.) 

1122. IV: 630.— PoiJfco, Vo Rose without a Thorn. (5 pp.) 

1123. IV: 689.— PoZfco, Georgine. (5 pp.) 

Atlantic Monthly. 

1124. XXV: 761. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. 'by Ellen 
M. Frothinghami. Rev. (1 p.) 

1125. XXVI: 636. — Spielhagen, Hammer and Anvil. Tr. T)y Browne. 
Rev. (1 p> 



[410] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 147 



Catholic Woiuj). 

1126. X: 576. — Spielhagen, Through, NigM to Light. Tr. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

1127. LXXIV: 763. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen 
M. Frothingha-m. Rev. (1 col.) 

1128. LXXV: 65Q.— Father Arndt. By W. L. Blackley. Repr. from 
Fortnightly Rev. (11 pp.) 

Every Saturday. 

1129. IX: ISl.— Schiller's First Love. Tr. from Die Cfartenlauhe. 

(2 pp.) 

1130. IX: 247. — Goethe and Mendelssohn. (1 p.) 

1131. IX: Z53.— Cut of Schiller. (1 p.) p. 354, editorial. (20 11.) 

1132. IX: 355. — Lessing's Grave. Tr. from Die Gartenlaube. (1 p.) 

GoDEY's Magazine. 

1133. L.XXXI: 278. — Goethe's Opinion of Madame de Stael. (15 11.) 

1134. LXXXI: 479. — (SchnecTcenturger) , Die Wacht am Bhein. Tr. 

H'ARPER's Monthly Magazine. 

1135. XL: 299. — Auerbach, German Tales. Rev. (15 11.) 

1136. XLI: 142. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen M. 
Frothingham. Rev. (1 col.) 

1137. XLI: 143. — Spielhagen, The Hohensteins. Tr. Rev. (10 11.) 

1138. XLI: 458. — Spielhagen, Hammer and Anvil. Tr. by Browne. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

1139. XLI: im.—MUhlbacli, Queen Hortense. Tr. Rev. (10 11.) 

1140. XLI: 4:59.—Hillern, Only a Girt. Tr. Rev. (10 11.) 

1141. XLI: 912. — Auerbach, The RocTc of the Legion of Honor, 
Tr. 

1142. XLII: 55.— Cent, of No. 1141. 

Lakeside Monthly. 

1143. IV: 122. — Karl Gutskow. By Alice Asbury. (6 pp.) 

Lippincott's Magazine. 

1144. "V: 126. — Wiseman, Gems of German Lyrics. Rev. (1 p.) 

Literary World. 

1145. I: 14.-6*06*716, Faust. Tr. by Taylor. [Note.] (10 II.) 

1146. I- 46. — Spielhagen, Hammer and Anvil. Tr. Rev. (12 11.) 

(6 11.) 

1147. I: 61. — Hofer, The Old Countess. Tr. Rev. (25 11.) 



[411] 



148 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

1148. I: 93. — BtiscIi, Max and Maurice. Tr. by Brooks. Rev. 

(6 11.) 

1149. I: 109. — Zschokke, Labor Stands on Golden Feet. Rev. 

(10 U.) 

1150. I: 317. — Konewka, Illustrations of Goethe's Faust. Rev. 

(1 col.) 
LiTTELL's Living Age. 

1151. CIV: 239. — Heine's Remains. Letzte Gedichte und Gedanken. 
Repr. from Spectator. (2 pp.) 

1152. CV: 232. — Goethe's Vnterhaltungen mdt dem, Kanzler Fried- 
rich von Miiller. Repr. from Saturday Rev. (3 pp.) 

1153. CVII: Ql^.— Fritz Reuter. Tr. for the Living Age. (2 pp.) 

Nation. 

1154. X: 197. — Spielhagen, Through Night to Light. Tr. by Scheie 
de Tere. Rev. (30 11.) 

1155. X: 292. — Spielhagen, The Hohensteins. Tr. by Scheie ^e 
Vere. Rev. (1 p.) 

1156. XI: 48. — Hillern, A Physician for the Soul. Tr. by Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (1 col.) 

National Quabterlt Review. 

1157. XXI: 31. — Johann Ludwig Vhland. [Critical; sympathatic. 
See p. 42.] (19 pp.) 

1158. XXI: 176. — Sturm, Lieder und Bilder. Rev. (2 pp.) 

New Englandeb. 

1159. XXIX: 360.— Auerbach, The Vina on the Rhine. Tr. by Tay- 
lor; Black Forest Tillage Stories. Tr. by Goepp. Rev. (1 p.) 

1160. XXIX: 360. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen 
M. Frothinghaim. Rev. (1 p.) 

North American Review. 

1161. CXI: 217. — Hettner, Literaturgesch. des ISten Jahrhunderts. 
Rev. by E. P. Evans. (5 pp.) 

Old and New. 

1162. I: 148. — La Creche. From the German. (9 pp.) 

1163. I: 249. — Grimm, Unilberwindliche Mdchte. Rev. (4 pp.) 

1164. I: 294 seq.— PoZfco, She Writes. Tr. (3 inst.) 

1165. I: 537. — Letzte Gedichte und Gedanken aus dem Nachlass 
■von Heinrich Heine; Strodtmann, Heines Leben. (2 pp.) 

1166. I: G88. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen M. 
:FrotMngham. Rev. by F. H. Hedge. (2 pp.) 

1167. I: 728. — A Crowneid Songstress. From the German. (6 pp.) 

Otm Monthly. 

1168. II: 522.— Rilckert, Amarylis. Tr. by Lem Eltho. 

[412] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 149> 



OvEKi,AND Monthly. 

1169. IV: 5S2.—Spiemagen, The Hohensteins. Rev. (1 p.) 

1170. V: 295. — Miihnach, Queen Hortense. Tr. by Coleman. Rev. 



(1 p.) 



Putnam's Magazine. 



1171. XV: 619. — Spielhagen, The Hohensteins. Tr. by Scheie de 
Vere. Rev. (1 col.) 

1172. XVI: 234. — Spielhagen, Hammer and Anvil. Tr. by Browne. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

Radical. 

1173. VII: 27.— From Goethe, Pour Seasons. Tr. by T. D. (6 11.) 

1174. VII: 51, 128. — Pfarritis, The Family at Entenbruch. Tr. Tjy 
Stackford. 

1175. VII: 255. — Fichte, Science of Knowledge; Science of Right. 
Tr. by Kroeger. Rev. by D. A. W. (1 p.) 

1176. VII: 360. — ^Prom Goethe, West-Eastern Divan. Tr. by John 
"Weiss. (1 p.) 

1177. VII: 430. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen M. 
Frothingham. Rev. by J. W[eiss?]. (1 p.) 

New Eclectic. [Southeen Magazine.] 

1178. VI: 117. — Auerbach, German Tales. Rev. Repr. from Nation. 

(1 p.) 

1179. VII: 70. — Wagner, Lohengrin. [The legend.] (3 pp.) 

1180. VII: 121. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen M. 
Frothingham. Rev. (1 p.) 

1181. VII: 210. — Spielhagen's .Novels. By William H. Browne. 
[See p. 53.] (9 pp.) 

Southern Review. 

1182. VII: 245. — Schmid, The Habermeister. Tr. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1183. VIII: 234. — Spielhagen, Hammer and Anvil. Tr. by Browne. 
Rev. (1 P-) 

1871 

Appleton's Joubnal. 

1184. V: 74. — Frederica Brian, Goethe's First Love. By Francis A. 
Shaw. (2 pp.) 

1185. V: 100. — CamiUa. From the German. (4 pp.) 

1186. V: 189.— PoZfco, A Ballerina. Tr. (3 pp.) 

1187. V: 60S.— Hey se, Laurella. Tr. (4 pp.) 

1188. V: 626. — Extract from criticism of Goethe. (15 II.) 

1189. V: 722. — Pollco. Maidens' Hearts. Tr. (7 pp.) 

1190. VI: 450.— Miihlbach, Herr Thomas' Wife. Tr. (5 pp.) 

1191. VI: 506 seq. — Heyse, My Italian Adventure. Tr. (3 inst.) 

1192. VI: 5i0.— Pollco, A Box on the Ear. Tr. (2 pp.) 

[413] 



150 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Atlantic Monthly. 

1193. XXVII: 258.— Goetfte, Faust. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (3 pp.) 

1194. ^CKVU: Zii).— Goethe, Prelude to Faust, Pt. II. Tr. by Taylor. 

1195. XXVII: 525. — Schmidt, Bilder aus dem geistigen Leben un- 
serer Zeit. Rev. (1 p.) 

1196. XXVII: 527. — Heine. Refer.: Strodtmann, Heines Leben 
und Werke; Letzte Gedichte und Gedanken. (2 pp.) 

1197. XXVII: 528. — Eurs, Leitfaden zur Gesch. der deutschen Lit. 
Rev. (25 II.) 

1198. XXVII: 775.—Hacklander, Nahes und Femes. Tr. Rev. 

(20 U.) 

1199. XXVII: m.—Eostlin. Hegel. Rev. f25 11.) 

1200. XXVIII: 124. — Goethe, Faust, Pt. II. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

Catholic World. 

1201. XIII: 240. — Gottfried von Strassburg's great Hymn to the 
Virgin. Tr. [With introduction.] 

1202. XIV: 15. — Vhland, Evening Clouds. iAbendwetter.'] 

Christian Quarterly. 

1203. Ill: 133. — Goethe, Hermann and Dorothea. Tr. by Ellen M. 
Frothingham. Rev. (8 11.) 

1204. Ill: 281. — Eurz, Leitfaden eur Gesch. der deutschen Lit. 
Evans, Abriss der deutschen Literaturgesch. Rev. (1 p.) 

Eclectic MiGAZiNE. 

1205. LXXVI: 121. — Konewka, Silhouette Illustrations to Goethe's 
Faust. Rev. (10 11.) 

Godey's Magazine. 

1206. LXXXII: 56. — Heine, My Heart, my Heart is Aweary. Tr. 

1207. LXXXII: Z79.— German Patriotic Songs. In Editor's Table. 
Trans, of Arndt, If the Frenchmen Must Again Provoke us to Fight; 
Vhland, I had a Faithful Comrade. Trans, taken from London Quarterly. 

1208. LXXXII: 558. — Rilckert, Trust. Tr. by Aurora S. Nox. 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

1209. XLII: m9.—8ix-and-Thirty. Tr. from the German by C. C. 
Shackford. 

1210. XLII: 62S.— Goethe. Faust. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (1 col.) 

1211. XLII: 624. — Biirger, Lenore. Tr. by Wiseman. Rev. (3 11.) 

1212. XLII: 624:.—Busch, Max and Maurice. Rev. (4 11.) 

Lakeside Monthly. 

1213. V: 280.— Goethe, Faust, Pt. I. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (1 p.) 

Lippincott's Magazine. 

1214. VII: 553. — Some German Authors. By X. [Freytag, Auer- 
bach.] (2 pp.) 

1215. VIII: iBl .—Schiller, The Ideals. Tr. by C. P. Cranch. 



[414] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 151 



LllTEBABl' WOELD. 

1216. I: liS.^Stahr, Lessing. Tr. by Evans. Rev. (1 p.) 

1217. I: 172. — Schefer, The Artist's Married Life. Rev. (12 11.) 

1218. I: nZ.—Ooethe, Faust, Ft. II. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (20 11.) 

1219. II: 39. — Reynard the Fox. From the Low German Original 
of the 15th Century. Rev. (1 p.) 

1220. II: 52. — Anastasius GriXn, The Last Knight. Tr. by Sargent. 
Rev. (1 p.) 

1221. II: 91. — Aytoun and Martin, Goethe's Poems and Ballads- 
Rev. (25 U.) 

1222. II: 107. — Spielhagen, Problematic Characters; Through Night 
to Light. Tr. by Scheie de Tere. Rev. (30 11.) 

LJTTEiii's Living Age. 

1223. CVIII: 19 seq. — Reuter, Seed-Time and Harvest. iUt mine 
Stromtid.^ Tr. (27 inst.) 

1224. CIX: 3. — Father Arndt. Repr. from Edinburgh Rev. [Biogr. 
Trans, of poems.] (13 pp.) 

Nation. 

1225. XII: 11. — Goethes Unterhaltungen mit dem Eanssler Fried- 
rich von Milller. Rev. (1 col.) 

1226. XII: 44. — Heine, Letzte Gedichte und OedanUen. Rev. [With 
specimens.] (1 col.) 

1227. XII: 201. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (1 p.) 

1228. XII: 25S.—Gervinus. [Personal note.] (25 U.) 

1229. XIII: 63. — Volckhausen, Why did he not Die? Tr. by Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (1 col.) 

1230. XIII: 262. — Friedrich, The Lost Dispatch. Tr. by Williams. 
Rev. (10 11.) 

1231. XIII: 278. — Griin, The Last Knight. Tr. by Sargent. Rev. 

(1 col.) 
Nationi.ii, Quarterly Review. 

1232. XXII: 341. — German Minor Poets.— Freiligrath. [Biogr. Grit. 
Praises him as a man, but denies his artistic ability. See p. 44.] 

(19 pp.) 

1233. XXIII: 22. — The Religion and Ethics of Spinoza. (19 pp.) 

1234. XXIII: 373. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (4 pp.) 

OiiD AND New. 

1235. Ill: 239. — Busch, Max and Maurice. Tr. by Brooks. Rev. 

(10 11.) 

1236. Ill: 483. — BincTclage, Geborgenes Strandgut. Rev. (1 p.) 

1237. Ill: 484. — Hoicklander, Nahes and Femes. Rev. (1 p.) 

1238. Ill: 489, 613. — Wagner, Tristan und Isolde; Die Meistersinger. 
Rev. (6 pp.) 

1239. Ill: 748. — Goethe. Faust. Illustrated by Konewka. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

1240. IV: 471.— Goet?ie, Fanist. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. (8 pp.) 

1241. IV: 481. — Madame Hahn-Hahn's Catholic Novels. (4 pp.) 



[415] 



152 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP "WISCONSIN 



Otjb Monthly. 

1242. Ill: 323. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. ly Taylor. Rev. (1 p.) 

1243. Ill: i53.—Ruckert, The Dying Flower. Tr. by C. L. T. 

1244. IV: 54. — The Story of an Ancient Picture. Tr. from the 
German by Mary G. Crittenden. (3 pp.) 

1245. IV: 320. — The Washerwoman's Daughter. From the German. 
Rev. (8 II.) 

Penn Monthly. 

1246. II: 17. — German Novels and Novelists. By J. G. Rosengar- 
ten. [Disc, of principal modern novels.] (11 pp.) 

Radical. 

1247. VIII: 111 seq. — Goethe's Conversations with the Chancellor 
Friedrich von MUller. Tr. by C. C. Sbackford. (4 Inst.) 

1248. VIII: 394.— Becfc, The Death of Borne. Tr. by Broots. 

1249. IX: 143. — Goethe, Permit. From West-Easterly Divan. Tr. 
by J. WCeiss?]. 

1250. IX: ZOi.—Sewald, At Quarantine. Tr. (15 pp.) 

SoTJTHEEN Magazine. 

1251. VIII: 166. — Gerstdcker's AutoHog. Tr. from Die Gartenlau'be 
by Mrs. Rudolph Tensler. (4 pp..) 

1252. VIII: 320. — Stanzas from the Minnesingers. Tr. by A. E. 
Kroeger. Marner, Maria, Blooming Almond, Tree; Frauenloh, Maria, 
God's own Mother; Regeniogen, How spaTce Isaiah in the Dearth? 

(2 pp.) 

1253. VIII: 641. — Ulrich von Lichtenstein. By A. E. Kroeger. 

(11 pp.) 

1254. IX: 200. — Angelus Silesius (Johann Scheffler). By A. B. 
Kroeger. (8 pp.) 

1255. IX: 404. — The German Lied of Early Days. By C. Wood- 
ward Hutson. (10 pp.) 

1256. IX: 755. — Aytoun and, Martin, Poems and Ballads of Goethe. 
Rev. by "W. H. B(rowne). (2 pp.) 



1872 
Appleton's Journal. 

1257. VII: 536.— PoJfco, The Rehearsal. (3 pp.) 

Atlantic Monthly. 

1258. XXIX: 114. — Schmidt, Bilder aus dem geistigen Leben 
unserer Zeit. Rev. (1 col.) 

1259. XXIX: 140. — Wagner and the Pianist Billow. By Alice As- 
bury. (7 pp.) 

1260. XXIX: 242. — Ludwig, Shakespearestudien. Rev. (1 p.) 

1261. XXIX: 243.— Der Neue Tannhauser. [Poem.] Rev. (25 11.)' 

1262. XXIX: 2iZ.—Gutzkow, Fritz Ellrodt. Rev. (25 11.)' 



[416] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 



153 



1263. XXIX: 371. — Grimm, Zehn Ausgewdhlte Essays. Rev. (6 11.) 

1264. XXIX: 505. — Joachim Miihl, Liitj Anna; ader en StUckcUen 
von em, un ehr. Rev. (8 11.) 

1265. XXIX: 505. — Cramm, Das Hamgesetz. Rev. (15 11.) 

1266. XXIX: 629. — Bock, Goethe in seinem VerhdUnis zur Musik. 
Rev. (20 11.) 

1267. XXIX: 629. — Laube, Das Norddeutsche Theater. Rev. (8 11.) 

1268. XXIX: 756. — A. Mezieres, W. Goethe. Les oeuvres expUquees 
par la vie. Rev. (1 col.) 

1269. XXX: 118.— Polko, Im Toriiiergehen; Hofer, Zv/r Unken 
Hand. Rev. (6 11.) 

1270. XXX: 2i5.— Goethe, Brief e an Eichstadt. Rev. (8 11.) 

1271. XXX: i^Z.— Calvert, Goethe. Rev. (1 col.) 

1272. XXX: eSl.—Karpeles, Heinrich Heine. Rev. (15 11.) 



1273. 

[Note.] 



Eclectic Magazine. 
LXXVIII: 640. — Grillparzer. Repr. from Augs'burg 



Gazette. 
(1 col.) 



Hakkness' Magazi^nje. 



1274. I: 57. — Paul Gerhardt. Tr. from the German by Charles D. 
Shaw. [Poem, with introductory sketch of the poet.] (2 pp.) 

1275. I: 141. — Uhland, The Minstrel's Curse. Tr., with introduc- 
tory note, by James McCabe. 

Haepeb's Moijthly Magazine. 



1276. XLV: iQS.—Marlitt, 



The Little Moorland Princess. Rev. 

(13 11.) 

Inland Monthly Mvgazine. 

1277. I: 228. — Pfau, The PoKsh Mother's Cradle Song. Tr. by 
Henry Cobb. d P-) 

LiPPiNCOTT's Magazine. 

1278. X: 18T.— Heinrich Heine. By Kate Hillard. [Biogr. Appre- 
ciative crit. See p. 91, note 77.] (8 pp.) 

1279. X: &OS.—Hillern, By Ms Own Might. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

Liteuvry World. 

1280 II- 140. — Miinnach, Mohammed Ali and his House. Tr. 

Rev. (8 "-^ 

1281. II: 155. — Scheffel, Gaudeamus. Tr. ly Leland. Rev. (8 11.) 

1282. Ill: 12. — Calvert, Goethe. Rev. (15 11.) 

1283. Ill: 33- — Mendelssohn BartJioldy, Goethe and Mendelssohn 
(■1821-1831). Tr. by Glehm. Rev. (1 P-) 

1284. Ill: ^o.—Miinnach, The Story of a Millionaire. Tr. ly 
Greene. Rev. (1 P-^ 

1285. Ill: 91. — Hahn-Hahn, Faustina. Rev. (25 11.) 



[417] 



154 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEEISITY OP WISCONSIN 



Littell's Living Age. 

1286. CXIV: 2.—Mude Un ich, geh zur Buh'. Tr. by P. C. H. Repr. 
from Notes and Queries. 

1287. CXV: 157. — In art. on Novels and their Times, disc, of 
Goethe, Wahlverwandtschaften. Repr. from MacMillan's Mag. (1 p.) 

1288. CXV: il2.— English Trans, of Faust. Repr. from Gornhill 
Mag. (9 pp.) 

1289. CXV: 633. — Sketch of Fritz Renter. Tr. from Kreysigs Li- 
terar und Kulturhistorische Studien. (3 pp.) 

1290. CXV: 745. — Renter, What Game of a Surprise. Tr. (7 pp.) 

Nation. 

1291. XV: ZQ.— Calvert. Goethe. Rev. (1 p.) 

1292. XV: Gi.—Rothenfels, Eleonore. Tr. 'by Bunnett. Rev. (10 11.) 

1293. XV: li&.—Hillern, By his Own Might. Tr. Rev. (8 11.) 

1294. XV: 157. — Marlitt, The Little Moorland Princess. Tr. ly Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (15 11.) 

1295. XV: 172.— MUhlbach, The Story of a Millionaire. Rev. (10 11.) 

1296. XV: 172.— Werner, At the Altar. Tr. by J. 8. L. Rev. 

(10 11.) 

1297. XV: 303. — Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Goethe and Mendelssohn. 
Tr. by Glehm. Rev. (1 col.) 

ISTaTIONAI, QtlAETERLY REVIEW. 

1298. XXIV: 385. — Baskerville, The Poetry of Germany. Rev. [See 
p. 42.] (5 pp.) 

1299. XXVI: ise.— Calvert, Goethe. Rev. (1 p.) 

New Englander. 

1300. XXXI: 2iQ.—Kant. (23 pp.) 

NoBTH American Review. 

1301. CXIV: iil.—Ludwig, Shakespearestudien. Rev. (3 pp.) 

1302. CXV: 104, 235. — Herder. By Karl Hillebrand. [For continu- 
ation see No. 1362. Seep. 38.] (88 pp.) 

1303. CXV: 288. — The German World of Gods. By Karl Blind. 
[Rev. of a no. of works on German mythology.] (44 pp.) 

Old and New. 

1304. V: 2iZ.— The Wagner Festival in Berlin. By A. R. Parsons 

(7 pp.) 

1305. V: 730. — German Poetry of the Romantic School. Refer.: 
Saym, Die Romantische Sohule. [See p. 81.] (9 pp.) 

1306. V: 742. — Werner, Herder's Place as a Theologian. Rev. 

(15 11.) 

1307. VI: 93. — Riickert, Wer wenig sucht, der findet viel. Tr. 
■by Lilian Clarke. 

1308. VI: 481. — The Music from "Lohengrin." (2 pp.) 

1309. VI: 664. — HackUinder, Eigne und fremde Wedt. Rev. (2 pp.) 



[418] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITEEATUBE IN AMERICA 155 



OVEKLAND Monthly. 

1310. VIII: 200. — Aytoun and Martin, Goethe's Ballads. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1311. VIII: 2Q1.—Hittell, aoethe's Faust. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1312. IX: 3S2.— Calvert, Goethe. Rev. (2 pp.) 

ScEiBNEE's Monthly. 

1313. Ill: 257. — Ruckert, The Orphan's Christmas-Tree. Tr. by 
Bayard Taylor. 

Southern Magazine. 

1314. XI: Z28. —Frauenloi, the last of the Minnesingers. By A. E. 
TCroeger. (6 pp.) 

1315. XI: 606. — A German Legend of the Tropic Seas. (2 pp.) 



1873 
Appletox's Journal. 

1316. IX: 285.— Hillern, A Twofold Life. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

1317. IX: 732. — Wille, Johannes Olaf. Tr. By BunnStt. Rev. (25 11.) 

1318. IX: 797. — Stern, Scintillations from Heine. Rev. (25 11.) 

1319. X: 124. — Spielhagen, What the Swallows Sang. Tr. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

1320. X: 221. — 'Freytag, Ingo. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

1321. X: 253. — Goethe's Correspondence with the Brothers Hum- 
ioldt; Correspondences on Natural Sciences. Ed. by BrataneTc. Rev. 

(16 11.) 
1321a. X: Zii.— Schiller at Work. Extract from No. 1331. (1 col.) 

1322. X: 541. — Freytag, Ingraban. Tr. Rev. (30 11.) 

1323. X: 605. — Lewes, Story of Goethe's Life. Rev. (20 11.) 

1324. X: 830. — Zschokke, The Rose of Disentis. Tr. Rev. (20 11.) 

Atlvntic Monthly. 

1325. XXXI: 210. — A Curiosity of Lit. Disc, of Goethe's Corre- 
spondence with a Child. By M. E. W. S. (8 pp.) 

Catholic World. 

1326. XVI: 575. — Eroeger, Minnesingers of Germany. Rev. (1 col.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

1327. LXXX: 172. — Goethe. Repr. from Blackwood's Mag. [Gtoethe 
presented as super-man. Critical disc, of his vforks.] (17 pp.) 

1328. LXXX: 599. — German Novelists. Repr. from St. Paul's Mag. 
tPraises artistic qualities, objectivity, simplicity. See p. 46.] (8 pp.) 

1329. LXXXI: 248. — Stern, Scintillations from Heine. Rev. (1 p.) 

1330. LXXXI: 374. — Gostwick and Harrison, Outlines of German 
Lit. Rev. (1 col.) 

[419] 



156 



BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



1331. LXXXI: 51S.—Johann Friedrich Schiller. Repr. from Black- 
wood's Mag. [Comparison with Goethe. Sympathetic disc, of worka 
See p. 79.] (18 pp.> 

BJVEKY SaTUEDAT. 



1332. XIV: 1.— Same as No. 1327. 

1333. XIV: 443.— Same as No. 1328. 

1334. XV: 327, 342.— Same as No. 1331. 

HjAepeb's Monthly Magazine. 

1335. XLVII: IZl.—Hillern, A Twofold Life. Tr. Rev. (15 ll.> 

Inland Monthly Magazine. 

1336. Ill: 91 seq. — Zschokke, The Walpurgis-Night. Tr. (3 inst.) 

1337. Ill: 297. — Horn, The Pilgrimage of the Rose. Adapted to a 
cantata of Schumann by Henry Cobb. (7 pp.) 

Lippincott's M.\gazine. 

1338. XI: 115. — Wilhelmine von Hillern. [With cut.] (2 pp.> 

1339. XI: 367. — Kroeger, The Minnesingers of Germany. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

1340. XII: 365. — Stern, Scintillations from Heine. Rev. (2 pp.) 

Literary Woeld. 

139. — Kroeger, The Minnesingers of Germany. Rev. 

(25 ll.> 
m.—Wille, Johannes Olaf. Tr. hy Bunnitt. .Rev. (1 col.) 
158.— Reference to No. 1325. (6 11.) 

182. — Wille, Johannes Olaf. Tr. hy Bwinitt. Rev. (1 p.) 
7. — Stern, Scintillations from, Heine. Rev. (1 p.) 

28. — Gostwick and Harrison, Outlines of German Lit.. 

(10 11.) 
60.—Freytag, Ingo. Tr. Rev. (20 11.) 

83. — Lewes, The Story of Goethe's Life. Rev. (1 p.) 
91. — Freytaj. Ingraban. Tr. Rev. (10 11.) 

91. — Ghamisso, Peter Schlemihl. Tr. ty Bowring. Rev.. 

(20 11.) 
94. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. iy Ellen M. Frothingham. 

f8 IL) 
Littell's Living Age. 

1352. CXVI: 2. — Where is the Christian's Fatherlandf Adaptation 
of Arndt, Was ist des Deutschen Vaterland? Repr. from MacMiUan's- 
Mag. 

1353. CXVI: 3.— Same as No. 1327. 

1354. CXVI: 20. — Renter, His Little Serene Highness [Dorchlauch- 
ting^. Tr. 

1355. CXVIII: 28S.— Links in German Lit. Rev. of Gostwick and 
Harrison, Outlines of German Lit. Repr. from Tinsley's Mag. [See 
p. 78.] (4 pp.> 

1356. CXVIII: 707.— Same as No. 1331. 



1341. 


Ill 


1342. 


III 


1343. 


III 


1344. 


III 


1345. 


IV: 


1346. 


IV: 


Rev. 




1347. 


IV: 


1348. 


IV: 


1349. 


IV: 


1350. 


IV: 


1351. 


IV: 


Announced. 



[420] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 157 



Nation. 

1357. XVI: 221.— milern, A Twofold Life. Tr. Rev. (10 11.) 

1358. XVII: 28.— Car? Detlef, Must it Be? Tr. Rev. (12 11.) 

1359. XVII: lS6.—Freytag, Ingo. Tr. Rev. (25 11.) 



New Engl.\.ndee. 

1360. XXXII: 718.— r/ie Friendship of Goethe and Schiller. By 
Prof. W. H. Wynn. [See p. 74.] (20 pp.) 

1361. XXXII: 771. — Gostwick and Harrison, Outlines of German 
Lit. Rev. (20 11.) 

North American Review. 

1362. CXVI: 389.— Continuation of No. 1302. (36 pp.) 

1363. CXVII: 37. — Schopenhauer and his Pessimistic Philosophy. 
By F. Gryzanowski. (43 pp.) 

Old and New. 

1364. VII: 362. — New German Books. Correspondence from Weimar. 
By S. H. (2 pp.) 

1365. VIII: 360. — New German Books. Correspondence from Ger- 
many. By S. H. (1 p.) 

1366. VIII: 753. — Gostwick and Harrison, Outlines of German Lit. 
Rev. by Susan Hale. (1 col.) 

OUB MONTHIiT. 

1367. VIII: 93. — Prayer. From the German of Arnim. 

1368. VIII: 174. — A Very Strange Thing. From the German by 
H. K. [Poem.] (24 11.) 

OvEBLAND Monthly. 

1369. X: 295. — Kroeger, The Minnesingers of Germany. Rev. (1 p.) 

1370. XI: 384. — Gostwick and Harrison, Outlines of German Lit. 
Rev. (2 pp) 

Sceibnee's Monthly. 

1371. V: 315, seq.; VI: 21, seq.; VII: 55, seq. — Novalis, Spiritual 
Songs. Tr. by George MacDonald. (11 inst.) 

1372. VI: 374. — Kroeger, The Minnesingers of Germany. Rev. (1 p.) 

1373. VI: 663. — Wille, Johannes Olaf. Tr. 6j/ Bunn^tt. Rev. (1 p.) 

Southern Maoazine. 

1374. XII: 115. — Kroeger, The Minnesingers of Germany. Rev. by 
W. H. B[rowne]. (5 pp.) 

1375 XII- 503.—Schefer, The World-Priest. Tr. ly Brooks. Rev. 

(2 pp.) 



[421] 



158 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

1376. XIII: 371. — Q-ostwick, and Harrison, Outlines of German Lit^ 
Rev. (2 pp.) 

1377. XIII: 506. — Stern, Scintillations from Heine. Rev. Toy E. S. 

(2 pp.> 

1378. XIII: 765. — Freytag, Ingraian. Tr. ly Malcolm. Rev. by 
W. H. B[rowne]. (2 pp.) 

1874 
Appleton's Jotjenax. 

1379. XI: 169. — Miss MUhlbach and her System. By John Esten 
Cooke. (2 pp.) 

1380. XI: 344. — Schiller at home. (1 p.') 
, 1381. XI: 475. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. hy Ellen M. Frothingham. 

^Rev. [See pp. 39, 64.] (1 col.) 

1382. XI: 571. — Extract from Correspondence of Spielhagen to the' 
London Athenaeum. (15 11.) 

1383. XI: 654. — Hoffmann von Fallersleien. (2 pp.) 

1384. XI: 6SS.—Auerl)ach, Waldfried. Tr. by Stern. Rev. (1 col.) 

Atlantic Monthly. 



V 



1385. XXXIII: 694. — Goethe, Werther; Wilhelm Meister. Discussed 
in art.. Growth of the Novel. By G. P. Lathrop. (1 p.) 

1386. XXXIII: 750. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. by Ellen M. Frothing- 
ham. Rev. (1 col.) 

1387. XXXIV: 201.— Julian Schmidt. A German Critic. By T. S. 
Perry. (8 pp.) 

1388. XXXIV: iZ?, .—BerthoU Auerbach. By T. S. Perry. [See p. 
49.] (7 pp.> 

1389. XXXIV: lh2.— Deutsche Rundschau. I. 1. Rev. (2 pp.) 

Baidwin's Monthly. 

1390. VIII: no. 6, p. l.—The Hen and the Honey-Bee. lAn Apolo- 
gue — from the German of Gillet. (Gellertf)} By John G. Saxe. Repr. 
from N. Y. Ledger. 

1391. VIII: no. 6, p. 5.— A GUmpse of Oriental Splendor. Tr. from 
Gartenlaube, by Jacob L. Mayer. (1 col.) 

1392. IX: no. 4, p. 3. — Summer Life in Greenland. After the Ger- 
man of Dr. LoMbe. By Jacob L. Mayer. (1 col.) 

BOOKBUYEE. 

1393. VII: no. 4, p. 2. — Conversations of Goethe with EcTcermann 
and Sorel. Tr. hy Oxenford. Rev. (1 col.) 



Christian Qtjaeteely. 

1394. VI: 265. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. by Ellen M. Frothingham. 
Rev. (1 P) 

1395. VI: 427. — Nietzsche, Vnzeitgemdsse Betrachtungen. Rev. 

(3 pp.) 

[422] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 159' 



Eclectic Magazine. 

1396. LXXXII: 111.— Lewes, . The Story of Goethe's Life. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1^ 1397. LXXXII: 633. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. iy Ellen M. Frothing- 

ham. Rev. (1 col.) 

1398. LXXXIII: 119. — Auerbach, WaUfried. Tr. ly Stern. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

BVEBY SATTJEDAY. 

1399. XVI: 128.— The Grave of Heine. (2 pp.) 

1400. XVI: 500. — Auerlach, Waldfried. Rev. by Spielhagen. Repr. 
from Athenaeum. (2 pp.) 

Habpee's Monthly Magazine. 

1401. XLVIII: iil.—Leives, The Story of Goethe's Life. Rev. 

(6 11.) 

1402. XLIX: iiS.—Aueriach, Waldfried. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

1403. XLIX: 537. — Thackeray, The Sorrows of Werther. [Pac- 
simile.] 

Lippincott's Magazine. 

1404. XIII: 254. — German Humor. Comic Journals. By "W. W. C. 

(3 pp.) 

1405. XIII: 774. — Emma Lazarus, AUde: An Episode in Goethe's 
Life. Rev. (1 P) 

1406. XIV: 640. — Last Days of Fritz Renter. By W. W. C. (1 p.) 

Literary World. 

^ 1407. IV: 79. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. iy Ellen M. Frothdngham. 
Announced. (1 '^°]\ 

1408. IV: 173. — Same as above. Rev. (1 col.) 

1409. V: 2. — Auerbach, Waldfried. Tr. by Stern. Rev. (1 p.) 
1410 V- 39—Marlitt, The Second Wife. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. Rev. 

(2 col.) 
1411. V: 7i.—Lensen, Not in our Set. Tr. Rev. (8 11.) 

LiTTEix's Living Age. 

1412 CXXII- 574. — Fritz Renter. Repr. from Pall Mall Gan. 
[See p. 59.] (2 pp.) 

Methodist Quarterly Revievt. 

1413. XXXIV: 177. — Hardenberg, Nachlass. Rev. (1 p.) 

Nation. 

1414 XVIII: 192. — Recent German Novels. (20 11.) 

^ 1415! XVIII: 401. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. by Ellen M. Frothing- 

Jiam. Rev. ^^^ "-^ 

[423] 



160 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

1416. XIX: 10.— Awer&acTi, Waldfried. Tr. by Stern. Rev. (1 col.) 

1417. XIX: 92. — LewaU, Hulda. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. Rev. (8 11.) 

1418. XIX: S2.—Marmt, The Second Wife. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. 
^^^- (10 II.) 

NOETH AMEBICAN REVIEW. 

^^ 1419. CXIX: 230.— Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. by EUen M. Frothingham 
^^■>'- (3 pp.) 

1420. CXIX: 476. — Freytag, Ingo and Ingraban. Tr. by Malcolm. 
Rev. by H. H. Boyesen. [See p. 57.] (6 pp.) 

Old and New. 

1421. X: IZi.—Auerbach, Waldfried. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1422. X: 2%l.—aoethe, Das Yeilchen. Tr. 

Otjb Monthly. 

1423. IX: 240. — The Parsonage in the Hare. Tr. from the German 
by McFadden. Rev. (12 11.) 

1424. X: 366. — Amare. From the German. [Poem.] (28 11.) 

OvEELAND Monthly. 

1425. XII: 197. — Stern, Scintillations from Seine. Rev. (1 p.) 

1426. XII: 198. — Zschokke, The Rose of Disentis. Tr. by Trenor. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

1427. XII: 200.— Lewes, Story of Goethe's Life. Rev. (1 col.) 

1428. XIII: 214. — Spinoza. By J. H. Browne. (3 pp.) 

The Owl. 

1429. I: 2.—Len«en, Not in our Set. Tr. by M. S. Rev. (15 11./ 

Penn Monthly. 

1430. V: 60. — Siegfried, The Dragon-Killer. By Henry Eckford. 

(17 pp.) 

1431. "V: 122. — Eriemhild's Revenge. By Henry Eckford. (16 pp.) 

1432. V: 878. — Schiller's Journal. (3 pp.) 

ScBiBNEE's Monthly. 

1433. VII: 506. — Christine MUller, The Burgomaster's Family. Tr. 
by Lefevre. Rev. (1 p.) 

1^ 1434. "VIII: 502.— Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. by Ellen M. Frothingham. 
^ Rev. (1 col.) 

1435. VIII: 754. — Auerbach, Waldfried. Rev. (2 col.) 

1436. IX: 81.— Richard Wagner. By Franz HnefCer. (8 pp.) 

SouTHBEN Magazine. 

1437. XIV: 58. — The Cooper of Averbach. A German legend. By 
R. W. [Poem.] (6 pp.) 

[424] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 161 

1438. XIV: lii.—Kdrner's Friend [Friedrich Forster} By E V 
Valentine. (3 pp j 

1439. XIV: 25Z.~Early Youth of Goethe, Lessing, and Schiller. By 
F. Schaller. ^9 pp j 

1440. XIV: 676. — Aueriach, Waldfried. Tr. by Stern. Rev. (12 U.) 

1441. XV: 246.— rfte last days of Heinrich Heine. By J. A. K. 

1442. XV: eZ6.—Myth of William Tell. By W. W. Lord. [Poem.] 

(2 pp.) 

1875 

APPLETON'S JOUEN.tL. 

1443. XIII: 757. — Burlingame, Art, Life, and Theories of Richard 
Wagner. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1444. XIII: 775. — Aueriach, On Guard. Tr. from Deutsche Rund- 
schau. 

1445. XIV: 39, 70. — Auerbach, Nannchen of Mayence. Tr. 

1446. XIV: 80.— WTio was the first Faust? By Rev. E. G. Holland. 

(1 p.) 

1447. XIV: 176.— Goethe's Faust. By Rev. E. G. Holland. (2 pp.) 

1448. XIV: 2S3.— Eckstein, A Party of Four. Tr. (5 pp.) 

1449. XIV: 392. — Heyse, The Empress of Spinetta. Tr. (5 pp.) 

Atlantic Monthly. 

1450. XXXV: 26; XXXVI: 229. Autumn Days in Weimar. By 
Bayard Taylor. 

1451. XXXV: 36.— Frite Renter. [See p. 59.] By T. S. Perry. 

1452. XXXV: 246. — FranQois, Die letzte Reekenturgerin. Rev. 

(2 pp.) 

1453. XXXV: 373, 505. — Julian Schmidt, Bilder aus dem geistigen 
Leten unserer Zeit. Rev. (3 pp.) 

1454. XXXV: 629.— £J6ert, Fritz Renter. Rev. (1 p.) 

1455. XXXV: 741. — Goethe, Hermann und Dorothea. Ed. ly Hart. 
Rev. (1 p.) 

1456. XXXVI: 49. — Social Aspects of the German Romantic School. 
By H. H. Boyesen. [See pp. 41, 82.] (9 pp.) 

1457. XXXVI: 506. — Auerhach, Drei einzige Tochter. Rev. (1 p.) 

1458. XXXVI: 689. — Novalis and the Blue Flower. The Romantic 
School in Germany. By H. H. Boyesen. [See pp. 41, 82.] (9 pp.) 

Catholic M''oeld. 

1459. XXII; 127.— •William Tell and Altorf. (13 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

1460. liXXXIV; 256. — Goethe's Portraits and Treatment of Women. 
Repr. from Westm. Rev. (1 col.) 

1461. LXXXV; 250. — Auerbach, On the Heights. Tr. T}y Stern. 
Rev. (1 col-^ 

11— H [435] 



162 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEKSITY OF WISCONSIN 

GoDEY'e Magazine. 

1462. XCI: ZTl.—The Study of Oerman. [See p. 35.] (1 col.) 

Lippincoit's Magazine. 

1463. XV: 509.— .Poms* in Poland. [The legend in Poland.] By 
E. C. R. (2 pp.) 

LiTEKABY World. 

1464. VI: 18.— Carl Detlef (Olara Bauer), Dead to the World, or. 
Sin and Atonement. Rev. (10 11.) 

1465. VI: 20.— Wichert, The Qreen Qate. Rev. (8 11.) 

1466. Vil: 20i. — Burlingame, Art, Idfe, and Theories of Richard 
Wagner. Rev. (1 col.) 

1467. VI: 36.— Clara Bauer, At Capri. Rev. (25 11.) 

1468. VI: 67. — Buchheim, Die deutsche Lyrik. Rev. (1 col.) 

1469. VI: 92. — Fleischmann, Prose Miscellanies from Heine. Rev. 

(1 P-) 

Nation. 

1470. XX: 211. — Goethe, Bermann und Dorothea. Ed. 'by Hart. 
Rev. (15 11.) 

1471. XXI: 122. — Selections from Burlingame, Art, Life, and Theo- 
ries of Wagner. (1 p.) 

1472. XXI: 139. — Schiller, Die Piccolomini. Ed. by Hart. Rev. 

(15 11.) 

1473. XXI: ns.— The Recent Goethe Celehration. (1 p.) 

New EInglander. 

1474. XXXIV: 253. — The Last WorJc on the Gudrundichtung. Ref.: 
Wilmanns, Die EntwicTcelung der Gudrundichtung. By Prof. Franklin 
Carter. (21 pp.) 

1475. XXXIV: 601.— Zsc?iofcfce. The Hist, of Switzerland. Tr. by 
¥. G. Shaw. Rev. (15 11.) 

North American Review. 

1476. CXX: 196. — Spielhagen. Ultimo. Rev. by Boyesen. (4 pp.) 

1477. CXX: iii.—Freytag, Die Ahnen, 11, III. Rev. by Boyesen. 
[See p. 57.] (6 pp.) 

1478. CXXI: 190. — Nietzsche, Vmeitgemdsse Betrachtungen. Ztes 
St. Rev. by T. S. Perry. (2 pp.) 

Old and New. 

1479. XI: 90. — Deutsche Rundschau, I. 1. Rev. (1 p.) 

1480. XI: 94. — Dewall, Der rote BascMik. Rev. (I col.) 

1481. XI: 580. — Prize Song of Watther. (Original, with trans, from 
Wagner, Die Meistersinger.y By Nath. Childs. (2 pp.) 

[426] 



HAEETEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 163 



Overland Monthly. 

1482. XV: SQI.—Detlef, Dead to the World. Tr. iy M. 8. Rev. 

1483. XV: 41Z.— The Lay of the Nibelungen. By A. Putzker. 
[Outline.] (8 pp j 

The Owl. 

1484. I: 27. — Goethe, Hermann und Dorothea. Ed. hy Hart. Rev. 

(25 11.) 

1485. I: 52.— Schiller, Die Piccolomini. Ed. by Wright. Rev. (8 II.) 



Penn Monthly. 

1486. VI: ISO.—Aueriach, On the Heights. Tr. by Stern. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

Potteb's Amebican Monthly. 

1487. IV: 211, seq. — The Fatal Meeting. Tr. from the German by 
Mrs. A. S. MacKenzie. (3 inst.) 

Sceibner's Monthly 

1488. X: 126. — Freytag, Die Briider vom deutschen House. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1489. X: 392. — Freytag, Ingo und Ingraban. Rev. (1 col.) 

1490. X: 520. — Burlingame, Art, Life, and Theories of Richard 
Wagner. Rev. (1 p.) 

1491. X: 523. — Briefe von Goethe an Johanna Fahlmer. Rev. (8 II.) 

1492. X: 523. — Goethe. Faust. Illustriert von Kreling. Rev. (8 11.) 

1493. XI: 113. — The Goethe House at Frankfort. By A. S. Gibbs. 

(10 pp.) 

1494. XI: 137.— Born. Heine. Rev. (12 11.) 

1495. XI: 297. — Scheffel, Das Waltarilied. Illustriert von Baur- 
Rev. (1 col.) 1^ 
W^ 1496. XI: 298.— Lessing, WerTce. Rev. (8 11.) 

Sotjtheen Magazine. 

1497. XVII: 119. — Burlingame, Art, Life, and Theories of Richard 
Wagner. Rev. (4 PP-) 

Southern Review. 

1498. XVII: 471. — Lessing, Laocoon. Tr. by Ellen M. Frothingham. 
Rev. (2 pp.) 

Unitarian Review. 

1499. IV: 54il.— Schiller, Die Piccolomini. Ed. by Hart. Rev. 

(15 11.) 



[427] 



164 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

1500. IV: 638. — Freytag, Ingo und Ingraban; Das Nest der Zaun- 
Jconige. Rev. by K. G. W. (2 pp.) 

Western. 

"J 501. I: 324. — Goethe, Hermann und Dorothea. Ed. by Hart. Rev. 

(10 11.) 

1876 

Appleton's Jouen.\l. 

1502. XV: 452, 482.— A False Principle. Tr. from the German. 

1503. XV: ili.^Freiligrath. By Bayard Taylor. (1 col.) 

1504. XVI: 360.— 52/ the Thickness of a Button. Tr. from the Ger- 



man. 



Atlantic Monthly. 



1505. XXXVII: 5(i2.— Schiller, Die Piccolo-mini. Ed. by Hart. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1506. XXXVII: 505, 755. — Brandes, Hauptstromungen der Lit. des 
19ten JaUrhunderts. Vbersetzt von Strodtmann. Bd. II, III, IV. Rev. 

(2 pp.) 

1507. XXXVII: 607. — Literary Aspectb of the Romantic SchoO'l. By 
H. H. Boyesen. [See pp. 41, 82.] (10 pp.) 

Baldwin's Monthly. 

1508. XIII: no. 4, p. 7. — The War-Songs of Germany. By Mrs. 
Barr. (1 p.) 

The Bookbuyer. 

1509. IX: no. 3, p. 2. — Stigand, Life, Worlcs, and Opinions of Hein- 
■rich Heine. Rev. (1 col.) 

1510. IX: no. 5, p. 3. — Zimmern, Schopenhauer. Rev. (20 11.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

1511. LXXXVI: 226.— T?!,e Wagner Festival of 18~C. By Franz 
"HuefEer. Repr. from Eraser's Mag. (6 pp.) 

1512. LXXXVI: 745. — Maxims and Reflections from the German of 
Goethe. Repr. from Eraser's Mag. (9 pp.) 

1513. LXXXVII: 145. — Walter von der Vogelweide. Repr. from 
Cornhill Mag. (12 pp.) 

1514. LXXXVII: 351.— T?ie Faust Legend. By H. Sutherland Ed- 
wards. Repr. from MacMillan's Mag. (6 pp.) 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

1515. LIII: 529. — Gerstacker, Germelshausen. Tr. 

1516. LIII: 714. — German Love Song. Tr. by Helen S. Conant. 

(8 11.) 

[428] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 165- 



1517. 
1518. 
1519. 
1520. 
1521. 



International Review. 

130. — Heyse, Im Paradies. Rev. (15 n.)> 

270. — Grimm, Filnfzehn Essays. Rev. (1 col.). 

271. — Mels. Unsichthare Mdcfite. Rev. (1 p.). 

558. — Hettner, Goethe und Schiller. Rev. (2 pp.) 

712.— Scfterr, Die Pilger der Wildnis. Rev. (1 p.> 



LippiNCOTT's Magazine. 

1522. XVII: 367. — Bodenstedt, The Songs of Mirza-Schaffl. By Air- 
bur Forestier. (7 pp.) 

1523. XVII: ^IQ.— Heine, ChiUe Harold; Spring Festival. Tr. by 
Emma Lazarus. 

1524. XVIII: 776. — Die Reise wider Willen. lllustriert von Dore. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

LiTEBAET World. 

1525. VI: 178. — Goethe, Roman Elegies. Tr. hy Noa. Rev. (10 11.) 

1526. VII: 48. — SchiicMng, Fire and Flame. Tr. ty Johnson. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1527. VII: 48. — Marlitt, At the Councillor's, or, a Nameless History. 
Tr. hy Mrs. Wister. Rev. (25 11.) 

1528. VII: 125. — Grillparser, Sappho. Tr. ty Ellen M. Frothing- 
ham. Rev. (1 col.) 

1529. VII: 154. — Riickert, Wisdom of the Brahmin. Tr. by BrooJcs.^ 
Rev. (1 p.) 

1530. VII: 158. — Claire von Gliimer, The Frau Domina. Tr. Rev> 

(1 col.) 

1531. VII: 159. — Goethe, West-Eastern Divan. Tr. hy Weiss. Rev_ 

Littfill's Living Age. 

(1 col.> 

1532. CXXVIII: 11.— Renter, How I Won a Wife. Tr. by M. S. 

1533. CXXVIII: 554.— GoefTie and Minna HerzUeb. By Andrew 
Hamilton. Rev. Repr. from Continental Rev. (13 pp.) 

1534. CXXIX: 117.— S&me as No. 1512. (8 pp.) 

1535. CXXX: 172. — The Originals of Werther. Repr. from Temple 
Bar. (4 PP) 

1536. CXXX: 229. — Walther von der Vogelweide. By Edmund Will- 
iam Gosse. Repr. from Cornhill Mag. (11 PP.) 

1537. CXXXI: 23. — Correspondence between Schiller and the Duke 
of SchlesvMg-Holstein. Rev. Repr. from MacMillan's Mag. (12 pp.) 

1538. CXXXI: 147. — Rudolph Lindau, The Philosopher's Pendulum.. 
Repr. from Blackwood's Mag. (12 pp.) 

1539. CXXXI: 167. — Wagner, The Bayreuth Performances. Repr. 
from An the Year Round. (4 pp.) 

Methodist Quarterly Review. 

1540. XXXVI: 487. — Schopenhauer and his Pessimism. By J. P. 
LaCroix. (24 pp.) 

[429] 



166 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



Nation. 

1541. XXII: 69. — Baumhart, Ooethes Marchen. Rev. (1 col.) 

1542. XXII: 85.— milern, Oeier-Wally. Rev. (10 11.) 
^ 1543. XXII: 251.— Bernays, Der junge Ooethe. Rev. (1 col.) 

1544. XXIII: 46. — Sacher^Masoch, Die Ideate unserer Zeit. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1545. XXIII: 139. — ScMicking, Fire and 'Flame. Tr. by Johnson. 
Rev. ■ (20 11.) 

1546. XXIII: 194. — The Wagner Performances at Bayreuth. (2 pp.) 

1547. XXII: 303.— Marlitt, At the Gouncillor's. Tr. by Mrs. Wis- 
ter. Rev. (25 11.) 

1548. XXIII: 3S8.— Goethe's Prose. Ed. iy Hart. (1 col.) 

New Englander. 

1549. XXXV: 204. — Schiller, Die Piccolomini. Ed. ty Wright. Rev. 

(20 11.) 

1550. XXXV: 695.— The Nihelungenlied. Tr. iy Lettsom. Rev. by 
Franklin Carter. (13 pp.) 

Penn Monthly. 

1551. VII: 93.—Chidrun the Trusty. By Henry Eckford. (19 pp.) 

POTTBE'6 AmEEIOAN MONTHLY. 

1552. VII: 473. — Goethe and his Influence. In Essays on Literary 
Criticism. By Riciard H. Hutton. Rev. (1 P-) 

; Sceibneb's Monthly. 

1553. XI: 449. — Auertach, Drei einzige Tochter. Rev. (25 11.) 

1554. XI: 593. — Versen, Transatlantische Streifsiiige. Rev. (25 11.) 

1555. XI: 528.— My Frienfi. After the German. By W. W. Ells- 
worth. [Poem.] (8 11.) 

1556. XI: 754. — Hauff's Marchen, revised hy A. L. Grimm. Rev. 

(20 11.) 

1557. XI: 903. — Renter, Nachgelassene Schriften. Rev. (25 11.) 

1558. XII: 3Q1.— Wagner at Bayreuth. By J. L. G. (6 pp.) 

1559. XII: 442. — Eckstein, Der Besuch im Earzer, etc. Rev. (25 11.) 

1560. XII: 761. — Same as above. 

1561. XII: 609. — Marie Peterson, Princess Ilse. Tr. by McClellan. 
Rev. (14 pp.) 

1562. XII: 911. — Walther von der Vogelweide. Schulausgabe von 
Bartsch. Rev. (15 11.) 

1563. XII: 911. — Heine, SammtUche Werke. Rev. (25 11.) 

1564. XIII: 31. — Matthisson, Andenken. Tr. by Rosalie Rivers. 

TJnitaeian Review. 

1565. VI: 5e9^Goethe's Prose. Ed. by Hart. Rev. (8 11.) 

Westeen. 

1566. II: 55. — Brandes, Hauptstromungen. Rev. by B. S. M[or- 
gan]. (1 p.) 

[430] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 



167 



1567. II: 385. — Zimmermann, Handhuch der deutschen Lit. Euro- 
pas una, Amerikas. Band I. Rev. by W. H. Rosenstengel. (1 p.) 

1568. II: 452.— The same. Vol. II. Rev. by Rosenstengel. (1 p.) 

1569. II: 509. — Brandes, Hauptstromungen. 7ol. IV. Rev. by E. S. 
Morgan. (1 p.) 

1570. II: 347. — Bernays, Der junge Goethe. By Ellen M. Mitchell. 

(4 pp.) 

1571. II: 720. — Ooethe, When Friends we Fondly Love Decay. Tr. 



ty Frederick R. Marvin. 



(8 11.) 



1877 
American Catholic Quarterly Review. 
1572. II: 191. — Spinoza's Ethics. Rev. 



(1 p.) 



Appleton's Journal. 

1573. XVII: 23.—Heinrich Heine. By Junius Henri Brown. (8 pp.) 

1574. XVII: 335.— r?ie Wild Dove's Nest. From the German. 
rStory.] (5 PP-) 

1575. XVIII: Z22.— Rudolph Lindau, Woman's Love (3 pp.) 

1576. XVIII: 472. — Rudolph Lindau, First Love. (1 p.) 



1577. XXXIX: 

1578. XXXIX: 

1579. XXXIX: 

1580. XXXIX: 
Pinck. 

1581. XL: 104 
4^1582. XL: 129 

1583. XL: 383. 

1584. XL: 494. 

1585. XL: 635 



Atlantic Monthly. 

61. — Weimar in June. By Bayard Taylor. (8 pp.) 
121. — Bernays, Der junge Goethe. Rev. (1 col.) 
506.— Aiier6ac?i, Nach dreissig Jahren. Rev. (1 pp.) 
603. — The Wagner Music-Drama. By Henry T. 

(7 pp.) 
. — (Thomas Thyrnau), The Citizen of. Prague. (1 p..) 
—German Influence in English Lit. By T. S. Perry. 

(18 pp.) 
Spiethagen, Sturmflut. Rev. (2 do.) 

Goethe's Immorality. In Contriiutor's Club. 

(2 pp.) 
.—Jensen, Flut una Ebbe. Rev. d p) 



Boston Book Bulletin. 
1586. I: 9. — Sime, Lessing. Rev. 



(20 11.) 



Eclectic Magazine. 

1587 LXXXIX- 7i.— Translations from Heine. By Theodore Mar- 
tin I'ch stand in dunheln Traumen; Warum sind die Rosen so 
Uassf; Hebe, sollst mir heute sagen! ; Lorelei. Repr. from BlacTc- 

Tsts. "^LXXXIX: 350.-Wa^«er. [With cut] By Rev. H. R. Ha- 
weis M. a. Repr. from Contemporary Rev. d-i PP-.* 

[431] 



168 BULLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

1589. L.IV: 264. — Thackeray, Sorrows of Werther. 

1590. LV: 38. — The Nibelungen Lay. By Leda M. Schoonmaker. 

(13 pp.) 

1591. LV: 149. — Auertach, Lorley and Reinhard. Tr. Rev. (20 II.) 

1592. DV: 610. — Waifs from Motley's Pen. Trans, of Schiller, The 
Diver; Novalis, Wine Song; selection from Tieck, Blueieard. 



International Review. 

1593. IV: 572. — Auerhach, Neue Dorfgeschichten. Rev. (30 11.) 

1594. IV: 572. — Spielhagen, Sturmflut. Ren. (20 11.) 

1595. IV: 573. — Freytag, Die Ahnen; Marcus Konig. Rev. (1 col.) 

1596. IV: 823. — Schopenhauer's Philosophy. By Charles F. Tiwing. 

(15 pp.) 

Lippincott's Magazine. 

1597. XIX: 223.— TTie Second Part of Goethe's Faust. By William 
Henry Goodyear. (6 pp.) 

1598. XIX: 240, sag. — Auerbach, Young Aloys. Tr. by Charles T. 
Brooks. (3 inst.) 

1599. XIX: 340. — A Jewish Family. From the German. (7 pp.) 

1600. XX: 354. — From Heine, Buch der Lieder. Tr. by Charles 
Quiet. (20 11.) 

Literary World. 

1601. VIII: 9. — Auerbach, Lorley and Reinhard. Tr. Rev. (25 11.) 

1602. VIII: 99.—HacTcla.nder, Forbidden Fruit. Tr. Rev. (20 11.) 

1603. VIII: 165. — Longfellow, Poems of Places. Germany. Rev. 
with extract, Dingelstedt, The Watchman. (1 col.) 

Littell's Living Age. 

1604. CXXXII: 305. — Bismarck's Literary Faculty. Repr. from 
Gentlemen's Mag. (6 pp.l 

1605. CXXXII: Z^i— Rudolph Lindau, Weariness: A Tale from 
France. Tr. Repr. from Blackwood's Mag. (8 pp.) 

1606. CXXXII: 482. — Goethe in h/is Old Age. By Edward Barring- 
ton Fonblanque. Repr. from New Quart. Rev. (12 pp.) 

1607. CXXXII: 550. — Weimar under Schiller and Goethe. By H. 
Schutz Wilson. Repr. from Contemporary Rev. (10 pp.) 

1608. CXXXIII: IZl.— Spinoza. By A. B. Lee. Repr. from Con- 
temporary Rev. (18 pp.) 

1609. CXXXV: 495 seq. — Frau von Ingersleben, Erica. Tr. (21 Inst.) 

Nation. 

1610. XXIV: 136.— Goet/ie, West-Easterly Divan. Tr. by Weiss. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

[432] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 169 

1611. XXIV: 182. — Claire von Q-liimer, Frau Domina. Tr. Rev. 

(5 11.) 

1612. XXIV: 283. — AuerhacU, Neue Dorfgeschiohten. Rev. (1 col.) 

1613. XXV: 18i.— Helm, Gretchen's Joys and Sorrows. Tr. hy 
Blade. Rev. (15 11.) 

1614. XXV: 185. — Werner, Vineta. Tr. ty Shaw. Rev. (20 11.") 

1615. XXV: 199.— Grimm, Goethe. Rev. (1 p.) 

National Quaeteely Review. 

1616. XXXV: 83, 28i.— German Novels and Novelists. Refer.: 
Spielhagen, ProTjlematische Naturen, Durch Nacht zum Licht, Was die 
Schwalbe sang; Aueriach, Auf der Hohe, Barfiissele; Martitt, Das 
Haideprinzesschen ; Sumarrow, XJm Szepter und Krone; Hillern, Ein 
Arzt der Seele; Werner, Ein Held der Feder, Vineta. By E. V. Blake. 
[See pp. 47 ff., 56.] (51 pp.) 

New Bnglandbr. 

1617. XXXVI: 258.— The Wagner Festival at Bayreuth. By Gus- 
tave J. Stoeckel, Mus. D. (35 pp.) 

NoETH American Review. 

1618. CXXIV: 53.— Richard Wagner's Theories of Music. By E. 
Gryzanowski. (28 pp.) 

1619. CXXIV: 146. — Fichte, Fragen und BedenTcen. Rev. (1 p.) 

1620. CXXIV: 265.^Tfte Centenary of Spinoza. By Samuel Os- 
good. (23 pp.) 

1621. CXXIV: 494. — Auerlach, Nach dreissig Jahren; Neue Dorf- 
geschichten. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1622. CXXIV: 509.— Grimm. Goethe. Rev. by S. Osgood. (2 pp.) 

1623. CXXV: 162. — Hassard-, Richard Wagner at Bayreuth. Rev. 

(1 p.) 
Pottee's Amebican Monthly. 

1624. VIII: 155. — Goethe, Faust. Illustrated 'by Kreling. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

The Radical Review. 

1625. I: 24. — To Benedict Spinoza. By B. W. Ball. [Poem.] (16 11.) 

Sceibnee's Monthly. 

1626. XIII: 727. — Filippi, Richard Wagner. Rev. (1 col.) 

1627. Xlir 728. — Paul Lindau, Niichterne Brief e aus Bayreuth. 
Rev. (1 c°l-^ 

1628. Xiri: 728. — Hagen, Gber die Dichtung der ersten Scene des 
"Rheingold" von Richard Wagner. Rev. (1 col.) 

XTnitaeian Review. 

1629. VII- 225 — Goethe, West-Easterly Divan. Tr. by Weiss. Rev. 

(20 11.) 

1630. VII: i5i.—Grillparzer. Sappho. Tr. by Ellen M. Frothing- 
ham. Rev. (^ ^'-^ 

[433] 



170 



BULLETIN' OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 



Western. 

1631. Ill: 376. — Schiller, Die Piccolomini. Ed. iy Hart. Rev. by 
"W. H. Rosenstengel. (15 11.) 

1632. Ill: 395.— Wagner. By Simeon Tucker Clark. [Poem.] 

(14 11.) 

1633. Ill: ii2.— Schiller, Tell. Ed. iy Sachleben. Rev. by W. H. 
Rosenstengel. (12 11.) 

1634. Ill: 568. — Simrock, Edda. Rev. by W. M. Bryant. (3 pp.) 

1635. Ill: 633. — Lodermann, Grundriss der Gesch. der deutschen 
Lit. Rev. by W. H. Rosenstengel.] (4 U.) 



1878 

APPLBTTON'S JOtTENAL. 

1636. XX: 535. — Aueriach, Carrying a Paint-Box. Tr. by Annie B. 
Irish. 

Atlantic Monthly. 



1637. 
1638. 



XLI: 803. — Sime, Lessing. Rev. 
XLII: 177. — The Stage in Germany. 



' (1 p.) 
By Sylvester Baxter. 
(10 pp.) 

1639. XLII: 518. — Lichtenierger, etudes sur les poesies lyriques de 
Goethe. Rev. (2 pp.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

1640. XC: 91. — Heine, Sie haben heut' Abend Geseilschaft ; Die 
Jungfrau schlaft in der Kammer; Am fernen Horizonte; Das Herz ist 
mir bedriicTct und sehnlich; Vnd wilssten's die Blumen, die Icleinen; 
Die Jahre kommen und gehen. Tr. by Theodore Martin. Repr. from 
Blackwood's Mag. 

1641. XC; 96.^In art. on Books and Critics, by Mark Pattison, 
disc, of modern German books. Repr. from Fortnightly Rev. (1 p.) 

1642. XC: 689.— Heine, On the Hardenberg. Tr. by Theodore Mar- 
tin. Repr. from Blackwood's Mag. 

1643. XC: 762. — Auerbach, Landolin. Tr. by Irish. Rev. (1 col.) 

1644. XCI: 492. — Heine, The Runic Stone. Tr. Repr. from Temple 
Bar. 

1645. 
1646. 



XCI: 635.— ffej/se, In Paradise. Tr. Rev. (1 col.) 

XCI: 12L—Belschazzar. After Heine. By Theodore Martin. 
Repr. from BlacTi wood's Mag. 

1647. XCI: 752. — Lindau, Fred: A Tale from Ja/pan. Tr. Repr. 
from Blackwood's Mag. (4 pp.) 

1648. XCI: 76S.—UhJana, The Comrades. Tr. by C. S. M. 



Hakpee's Monthly Magazine. 

1649. LVI: 753. — Old German Love Song. [Thirteenth Century.'] 
Tr. 

[434] 



1655. 


V: 


1656. 


V: 


1657. 


V: 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 171 

1650. LVII: 310.— Auerhacn, LandoUn. Tr. Rev. (10 II.) 

1651. LVII: 789. — Goethe's Poems. Tr. by Dyrsen. Rev. (20 11.) 

1652. LVII: 9il.— Hey se, in Paradise. Tr. Rev. (20 II.) 

1653. LVIII: 151. — HacMdnder, Behind Blue Glasses. Rev. (5 II.) 

1654. LVIII: 151. — Conant, A Primer of German Lit. Rev. (10 II.) 

International Review. 

IZL—Haym, Herder. Band 1, Iste Hdlfte. Rev. (20 II.) 
280. — Heyse, 81cizzenl)uch: Lieder und Bilder. Rev. (1 p.) 
283, 705. — Kcinig, Deutsche Literaturgesch. I and II. Rev. 

(2 pp.) 

1658. V: 284. — Ehers, Homo Sum. Rev. (1 p.) 

Lippincott's Magazine. 

1659. XXI: Z&^.—Franzos, Without Inscription. Tr. by -George C. 
Eyrich. (12 pp.) 

1660. XXI: 376. — Lenau, Winter Night. Tr. by Emma Lazarus. 

LiTEBARY World. 

1661. VIII: 161. — Forestier, Echoes from Mist-Land, or the Nibe- 
tungen Lay. Rev. (20 H-) 

1662. VIII: 180. — StrecTcfuss, Too Rich. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. Rev. 

(15 II.) 

1663. IX: 30.— A«er6ac7i, Little Barefoot; LandoUn. Tr. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1664. IX: 30.—Lessing, Fables. Ed. by Storr. Rev. (30 II.) 

1665. IX: 51.— E. Junker, Margarethe. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. Rev. 

1666. IX: 5T.—Ruaolph Lindau, Gordon Baldwin; Philosopher's 
Pendulum. Rev. ^ .^ ^ ^^5 11.) 

1667. IX: 5S.— Conant, A Primer of German Lit. Rev. (t> ii.J 

1668. IX: QO.— Goethe and Ms Faust. (2 col.) 

Littbll's Living Age. 

1669. CXXXVI: 451.— A French Critic on Goethe. Edmond Scherer, 
Goethe. Repr. from Quart. Rev. r.,„}}}, ^S? 

1670. CXXXVI: 770. — Heine, Wie Tcannst Du ruhig schlafenT ir. 
■Renr from Blackwood's Mag. 

1671 CXXXVI: in.-Spinoza. By F. Pollock. Repr. from ISth 

_ . (15 pp.) 

1*672 CXXXVII- 337 402.— LmdoM, Rudolph, Second Sight. Tr. for 

'X'it'c^lirll^in.^^::: ^y X Repr. from ^raser'^^^^^^^ 

1674 CXXXVir 822 — Goethe, Hermann und Dorothea. In art. on 
Idyllic Poetry, by'n. W. Moggridge. Repr. from MacMillan's^Mwg. 

[435] 



172 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



Nation. 

1675. XXVI: 360.— Herder, Werke. Rd. hy Suphan. Rev. (1 p.> 

1676. XXVII: 111 .—Auerbach, Landolin. Tr. by Irish. Rev. (5 11.) 

1677. XXVII: 1^2.— Hayward, aoethe. Rev. (1 col.) 

1678. XXVII: 319.— Heyse, In Paradise. Rev. (1 col.) 

1679. XXVII: 3^2.— Goethe, Faust. Pt. I. Ed. by Bart. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

National Quarterly Review. 

1680. XXXVI: 186. — Forestier, Echoes from Mist-Land; or, the 
NibeMngen Lay. Rev. (3 pp.) 

New Etstglander. 

1681. XXXVII: no.— Herder, Sammtliche Werke. Ed. by Suphan. 
Rev. (3 pp.) 

North American Review. 

1682. CXXVI: 554. — Goethe's Poems. Tr. by Dyrsen. Rev. (1 p.) 

1683. CXXVII: 167. — Klein, Gesch. des Dramas. Rev. (2 pp.l 



Penn Monthlt. 

1684. IX: 567. — Auerbach, Landolin. Tr. by Irish. Rev. (18 11.) 

1685. IX: 819. — Schiicking, How the Baron got him a Wife. Tr. 
by "W. H. Furness. (18 pp.) 

1686. IX: 923.— Elze, Westward. Tr. by Mrs. Wister. [Poem.l 

(24 11.) 

Unitarian Review. 

1687. IX: il6.— Forestier, Echoes from Mistland. Rev. (12 11.) 

1688. X: 377, 469. — Lessmg as a Theologian. Tr. from the German 
of Dr. Edward Zeller, by Edwin D. Mead. (40 pp.) 



Western. 

1689. IV: 667.—Heinrich Heine. By J. K. Hosmer. [Sympathetic 
blogr. Emphasizes Heine's position as a Jew.] (31 pp.) 



1879 
Appleton's Journal. 

1690. XXI: 287. — Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. (1 p.) 

1691. XXII: 162.— Same as No. 1702. 

» 1692. XXII: 574. — Taylor, Studies in German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

[436] 



HAERTEL 6BBMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 173 



Atlvntio Monthly. 

1693. XLIII: 530. — Baumbach, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen. 
Rev. with trans, of extracts. (2 pp.) 

1694. XLiIII: 541. — Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1695. XLIII: 54S.—Heyse, Das Ding an sich. Rev. (1 p.) 

1696. XLIII: 680.— if osmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

1697. XLIV: iOZ.—The Selfishness of Goethe. In Contributors' Gluh. 

(1 P-) 

1698. XLIV: 686.— A«er6acft, LandoUn. Rev. dp.) 

Boston Book Bulletin. 

1699. 11: 10. — Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (1 col.) 

1700. II: 119. — Marlitt, The Countess Gisela. Tr. hy Mrs. Wister. 
Rev. (6 11.) 

Eclectic Magazine. 

1701. XCII: 378. — Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. (1 col.) 

1702. XCIII: 214. — Schopenhauer, On Men, Books, and Music. Repr. 
from Eraser's Magazine. (7 pp.) 

1703. XCIII: 161.— Taylor, Stiulies in German Lit. Rev. (1 col.) 

Harper's Monthly Magazine. 

1704. LVIII: 786.— Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. (10 11.) 

1705. LVIII: 937. — Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (1 col.) 

1706. LIX: 628. — Seely, Life and Adventures of Arndt. Rev. (1 p.) 

Ltbeary Magazine. 

1707. I: 493. — Wagner as a Dramatist. By Eduard Rose. Repr. 
from Fraser's Mag. (15 pp.) 

1708. I: 751.— Same as No. 1702. 

LiPPiNCOTT's Magazine. 

1709. XXIV: 5i7.— Goethe's Mother. By Alfred S. Gibbs. (10 pp.^ 

Literary World. 

1710. X: 9. — Hoefer, Goethe und Charlotte von Stein. Rev. (4 11.) 

1711. X: 10. — Ehers, Agypten in Wort und Bild. Rev. (4 11.) 

1712. X: 13. — GutzJcow. [Notice of his death.] (8 11.) 

1713. X: 41. — Karl Gutzkow. [Sketch by a Berlin correspondent.] 

(1 col.) 

1714. X: 54. — Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. (15 11.) 

1715. X: 67. — Hosmer, Hist, of German Lit. Rev. ' (1 col.) 

1716. X: 83. — Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (2 col.) 

1717. X: 102. — Selections from Heine. Rev. (1 col.) 

1718. X: 136. — Annals of the German Theater. From our regular 
correspondent. (2 col.) 

[437] 



174 BXJLLETIN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

1719. X: 166. — Streckfuss, Castle HohenwalA. Tr. ly Mrs. Wister^ 
Rev. (1 col.) 

1720. X: 188. — Elemm, Poesie fur Ham und ScJiule. Rev. (10 11.) 

1721. X: 215. — Seeley, Life and Adventures of Arndt. Rev. (1 col.> 

1722. X: 217.— Yischer, Auch Miner. Rev. (1 p.) 

1723. X: i2,%.—8nodgrass, Wit, 'Wisdom, and Pathos from the Prose 
of Heine. Rev. (12 11.) 

1724. X: 233. — Freytag, Die Ahnen, V.; Die Geschwister. Rev- 

(1 col.) 

1725. X: 248. — Count Moltlce, Wanderluch. Rev. (2 col.) 

1726. X: 2il.—Marlitt, In the SchAllingscourt. Tr. "by Mrs. Wister. 
Rev. (1 col.) 

LiTTBLL's Living Age. 

1727. CXLI: 2. — Goethe. Haidenroslein. Tr. Repr. from Chamher'» 
Jo. 

1728. CXLIII: 440. — A Gossip about Goethe in his Birthplace, 
Repr. from Spectator. (4 pp.) 

Louisville Monthlt Magazine. 

1729. I: 529. — The Significance of the Volkslied. By H. R. Ran- 
som. . (2 pp.) 

Nation. 

1730. XXVIII: IZi.-^Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev, 

(1 col.> 

1731. XXVIII: 15i.—Lessing, Dramas. Tr. Ed. hy Bell. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1732. XXVIII: 188. — Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. (8 11.) 

1733. XXVIII: 189.— B02/ese«, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (1 col.) 

1734. XXVIII: 291.— Streckfuss, Castle Hohenwald. Tr. hy Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (6 11.) 

1735. XXVIII: 391. — Werner, At a High Price. Tr. by Smith. 
Rev. (5 11.) 

1736. XXIX: 353. — Geibel. Brunhilde. Tr. by Dippold. Rev. (1 col.) 

1737. XXIX: 390. — Recent Biographies of Lessing. Refer.: Sime, 
Lessing; Zimmern, Lessing. (2 pp.) 

1738. XXIX: 443. — Marlitt, In the SchiUingscourt. Tr. by Mrs. 
Wister. Rev. (10 11.) 

National Quarteklt Review. 

1739. XXXVIII: iOS.—Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. 

(1 p.) 

1740. XXXIX: 192. — Seeley, Life and Adventures of Arndt. Rev. 

(2 pp.) 

1741. XXXIX: 413.— Bo2/esen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (3 pp.) 

National Repository. 

1742. V: 569.—Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (20 11.) 

1743. VI: 417. — Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Taylor. Rev. by Milton S. 
Terry. (6 pp.) 

[438] 



1749. 


X: 


1750. 


X: 


1751. 


X: 


1752. 


X: 


1753. 


X: 


1754. 


X: 


1755. 


X: 


States.] 





(1 


p.) 


(1 


p.) 


(25 


11.) 


(6 


11.) 


(10 ll.> 


(12 11.) 


United 


(2 ] 


pp.) 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 175 



New Bnqlandeb. 
1744. XXXVIII: 75.— £6ers, Homo Sum. Rev. by Franklin Carter. 

(10 pp.) 
\^1745. XXXVIII: Zei.—Lessing, Laocoon. Ed. iy Hamann. Rev.. 

(2 pp.) 

1746. XXXVIII: Z^^.— Recent Faust Literature. Reter-.—Boyesen,. 
Ooethe and Schiller; Faust I, ed. hy Hart; Orimm, Qoethe; Tischer, 
Goethe's Faust. By Franklin Carter. (24 pp.) 

NOBTH AmKRICAN REVIEW. 

1747. CXXVIII: 689.— Sime, Life of Lessing. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1748. CXXIX: 107, 238.— The Work and Mission of my Life. By 
Richard Wagner. 

Penn Monthi/Y. 

78. — Rudolph Lindau, Gordon Baldwin, etc. Rev. 

314. — Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. 

315. — Scherr, Schiller und seine Zeit. Rev. 

398. — Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. 

557. — HiUern, Geier-Wally. Tr. Rev. 

718. — Werner, At a High Price. Tr. Rev. 

965. — A German Poet. [Bodenstedt visiting the 



ScEiBNEB's Monthly. 

1756. XVIII: 147. — Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (1 p.) 

1757. XVIII: 315. — Rudolph Lindau, Gordon Baldwin, etc. Rev. 

(1 col.) 
South- AtUa-ntic [Wilmington] . 

1758. Ill: 285. — Tales from the German of Heyse. Rev. (1 p.)' 

Unitarian Review. 

1759. XI: 248. — Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. by F. H. 
Hedge. [Condemns Hosmer's book.] (6 pp.) 

1760. XI: 570.— Reply to No. 1759 by Hosmer. (6 pp.") 

Wbstekn. 

1761. V: 205.— Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (3 pp.) 

1762. V: 219. — Analysis of the Nibelungen. By W. Ebeling. (15 pp.) 

1763. V: 345. — The New Heloise and the Sorrows of Werther. Refer.: 
Brandes, Hauptstromungen. By Mary E. Perry. (7 pp.) 



1880 

Appleton's Jotjbnai,. 

1764. XXIII: 539. — A Swiss Novelist. Gottfried Keller. By Helen 
Zimmem. Repr. from Fraser's Mag. (10 pp.) 

1765. XXIV: 136. — German Dialect Poets. ByW. W.Crane. (4 pp.> 

[439] 



176 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 



Atlantic Monthly. 

1766. XLV: 566. — Recent German Fiction. Rev. of Auerbach, Un- 
terwegs; Der Forstmeister ; Hillern, Vnd sie Kommt DocW. (2 pp.) 



Catholic World. 

1767. XXXI: 142. — A German Catholic Novelist. [Amara George- 
Kaufmann.] (2 pp.) 

1768. XXXI: S08.— Countess Ida Hahn-Hahn. (9 pp.) 

1769. XXXI: 716.— £6ers, Uarda. Tr. by Bell. Rev. (2 pp.) 

1770. XXXI: 859.— JS&er-s, Homo Sum; The Sisters. Tr. by Bell. 
Rev. (1 p.) 

1771. XXXII: 186.— Goethe, Dedication to Faust. Tr. 



Dial. 

1772. I: 28. — A Romance of the Desert. Rev. of Ebers, Homo Sum. 
Tr. by Bell. By Edward F. Williams. (1 P-) 

1773. I: li.— Ebers, The Sisters. Tr. by Bell Rev. (1 p.) 

1774. I: IZl.— Auerbach, The Foresters; Brigitta. Rev. (25 11.) 

1775. I: WO.— Goethe, Faust. Tr. by Martin. Announced. (10 11.) 



Eclectic Magazine. 

1776. XCIV: 190.— Same as No. 1728. 

1777. XCV: 512. — Tieck, Autumn Song. Tr. by L. T. M. 

1778. XCV: 706. — The Dilettant. Imitated from the fables of Gel- 
lert. Repr. from Belgravia Mag. 

1779. XCV: 759. — RiicUert. Separation. Tr. Repr. from Temple Bar. 



Hakper's Monthly Magazine. 

1780. LX: 627. — Taylor, Studies in German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

1781. LX: 628. — Hosmer, A Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 col.) 

1782. LXII: 154. — Auerbach, Brigitta. Tr. by Bell. Rev. (5 11.) 



International Review 

1783. VIII: 167. — Mediaeval German Poetry versus Vaticanism. By 
Karl Blind. (18 pp.) 

1784. IX: 12Z.—Hosmer. Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 



LiBEART Magazine. 

1785. IV: ne.—Richter, The Sculptures of the Facade of St. Mark's, 
Venice. Tr. Repr. from MacMillan's Mag. (16 pp.) 

[440] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 177 



LiLPPINCOTT's MAGA.ZIKE. 

1786. XXV: 12S. —Zerwitsch, Eiri Trinklied. Original with trans, 
by C. W. C. 

1787. XXV: 391. — Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

1788. XXV: 637. — The Countess Ida Hahn-Hahn. By A. V. (2 pp) 

1789. XXVI: 604.— Heme. By A. Parker. [See p. 91.] (8 pp.) 

1790. XXVI: 776.— Awerbacft, Brigitta. Rev. (6 11.) 



LiTEEAEY News. 

1791. I: 6T.—Boyesen, Goethe and Schiller. Rev. (15 11.) 

1792. I: 117. — Eliers, Uarda; Homo Sum; The Egyptian Princess- 
Rev. (10 11.) 

1793. I: 132. — Taylor, Studies in German Lit. Rev. by Spielhagen. 
Eepr. from Athenaeum. (20 11.) 

1794. I: 173. — Ebers, Homo Sum. Rer. (20 11.) 

1795. I: 177. — Anecdote of Schiller. (1 col.) 

1796. I: 225. — Goethe and Emerson. Extract from a letter written 
by Hermann Grimm to Emerson. (1 col.) 

1797. I: 241. — Scherer, Hist, of German Lit. Rev. by Spielhagen. 
Repr. from Atheneaum. (20 11) 

1798. I: 252.— Auerbach, The Foresters. Rev. (25 11.) 

1799. I: 303. — Goethe's Mother. Correspondence of Catherine Eliza- 
beth Goethe. Rev. (8 11.) 

1800. I: 316. — Grimm, Goethe. Tr. by Adams. Rev. (20 11.) 

1801. I: 332. — Selection from Grimm, Goethe. Tr. by Adams. 

(1 col.) 

LiTEKAET World. 

1802. XI: 40. — Bodenstedt. [Biogr. sketch.] (1 col.) 

1803. XI: 112. — Ebers, Uarda. Rev. (1 col.) 

1804. XI: 125. — Grillparzer. [Note.] (10 11.) 

1805. XI: 198. — Bingelstedt, The Amazon. Tr. by Hart. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

1806. XI: 214. — Ebers. Homo Sum. Tr. by Bell. Rev. (1 col.) 

1807. XI: 246. — Ebers, The Sisters. Tr. by Bell. Rev. (30 11.) 

1808. XI: 326 — Grimm. Teutonic Mythology. Rev. (2 col.) 

1809. XI: 346 — Auerbach, The Foresters. Rev. (1 col.) 

1810. XI- 348. — Berthold Auerbach and the American Forests- 

(1 col.) 

1811. XI: 367. — Karl HiUebrand. German Thought from the Seven 
Years' War to Goethe's Death. Rev. by Arthur V&nner. (2 col.) 

1812. XI: Z7 5. —Auerbach, Brigitta. Rev. (1 col.) 
1813 XI- iZ5.—Hillern, The Hour Will Come. Tr. by Bell. Rev. 

(1 col.) 

LiTTELi/'s Living Age. 

1814. CXLIV: i5.— Rudolph Lindau, A Deadly Feud. Tr. Repr. 
from Blackwood's Mag. (8 PP-) 

1815. CXLV: 368.— Same as No. 1764. 



12— H. [441] 



178 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

1816. CX1,V: 552.— Klopstook. By M. W. M. G. Repr. from Corn- 
hill Mag. (9 pp.) 

1817. CXL.VI: 68i.^Brandt, Das Narrenschiff. Rev. Repr. from 
CornMll Mag. (6 pp.) 

Nation. 

1818. XXX: 283. — Wagner's Tristan and Isolde. (2 pp.) 

1819. XXXI: Z5.—Buntzer, Life of Goethe. Rev. (1 col.) 

1820. XXXI: 208.— Baimund, A New Race. Tr. ly Mrs. Wister. 
Rev. (10 11.) 

1821. XXXI: 313. — Spielhagen, Quisisana. Rev. (1 col.) 

1822. XXXI: 382.— Hillern, The Hour Will Come. Tr. ly Bell. 
Rev. (10 11.) 



1823. XL, 

1824. XL, 

1825. XL, 



Nationax Quarterly Review. 

246. — Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

491.- — Taylor, Studies in German Lit. Rev. (4 pp.) 

496. — Ebers, Varda. Tr. J)y Olara Bell. Rev. (1 p.) 



1826. XLI: 74. — Goethe and Bettina. By Clara White. (31 pp.) 

Penn Monthly 

1827. XI: 563. — Johann Walther, HerzUch tut es mich erfreuen. 
Tr. by Harriett R. Krauth. [Poem.] (9 pp.) 

1828. XI: 579. — Dingelstedt, The Amazon. Rev. (18 11.) 

Potter's American Monthly. 

1829. XIV: 476. — Goethe, Wilhelm Meister. (2 pp.) 

Scribner's Monthly. 

1830. XIX: 471. — Taylor, Studies in German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

1831. XX: S09.— Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

South-Atlantic [Wilmington]. 

1832. VI: li5.— Abandoned. A sketch from the German. By Sarah 
Randolph Carter. ' (4 PP-^ 

Western. 

1833. VI: 68.— Hosmer, Short Hist, of German Lit. Rev. (1 p.) 

1834. VI: 72. — Pearson, Translations from German Poets. Rev. by 
W. H. Rosenstengel. ^ j}. P;/ 

1835 VI- i08.— Ebers, Varda. Tr. by Bell. Rev. by Laura HincK- 

man. (^ PP> 

Western Magazine. 
1836. IV: 24, io8.— Legends from the Rhine. Tr. from the German, 

[442] 



HAERTEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 179 

LIST B 
GERMAN AUTHORS REFERRED TO 

Alexander of Wurttemberg, (1863) 889. 
Amalie of Saxony, (1848) 184. 

Arndt, Ernst Moritz, (1846) 53, (1850) 316, (1858) 765, (1863) 879, 
(1870) 1128, (1871) 1207, 1224, (1873) 1352, (1879) 1706, 1721, 1740. 
Arnim, Achim v., (1854) 598, (1873) 1367. 
Arnim, Bettina v., (1852) 497. 

Auerbach, Berthold, (1847) 74, 99, (1849) 195, (1850) 288, 310, 332, 
339, (1851) 397, (1853) 507, 514, (1857) 723, (1858) 735, (1860) 
822, (1862) 862, (1867) 961, 977, 978, (1868) 994, 997, 1003, 1009, 
1029, (1869) 1039, 1042, 1045, 1053, 1059, 1065, 1067, 1068, 1070, 1081, 
1082, 1084, 1085, 1093, 1095, 1106, 1108, 1109, (1870) 1135, 1141, 
1159, 1178, (1871) 1214, (1874) 1384, 1388, 1398, 1400, 1402, 1409, 
1416, 1421, 1435, 1440, (1875) 1444, 1445, 1457, 1461, 1486, 
(1876) 1553, (1877) 1579, 1591, 1593, 1598, 1601, 1612, 1616, 1621, 
(1878) 1636, 1643, 1650, 1663, 1676, 1684, (1879) 1698, (1880) 1766, 
1774, 1782, 1790, 1798, 1809, 1810, 1812. 
Auersperg, Alexander v., see Anastasius Griin. 
Bauer, Klara (Carl Detlef) (1873) 1358, (1875) 1464, 1467, 1482. 
Baumbach, Rudolf, (1852) 496, (1879) 1693. 
Bechstein, Ludwig, (1849) 237. 
Bodenstedt, Friedrich, (1851) 387, 418, (1857) 732, (1869) 1087, (1876) 

1522, (1879) 1755, (1880) 1802. 
Borne, Ludwig, (1848) 189, (1871) 1248, (1878) 1673. 
Brachmann, Luise, (1857) 710. 
Brant, Sebastian, (1880) 1817. 
Brentano, Clemens, (1849) 203. 
Burger, Gottfried August, (1852) 463, (1858) 758, (1869) 1064, (1871) 

1211. 
Burstenbinder, Elisabeth, (E. Werner), (1872) 1296, (1877) 1614, 1616,. 

(1879) 1735, 1754. 
Busch, Wilhelm, (1870) 1148, (1871) 1212, 1235. 
Carove, Friedrich Wilhelm, (1848) 190. 

Chamisso, Adalbert v., (1851) 412, (1859) 791, (1873) 1350. 
Claudius, Matthias, (1846) 38, (1849) 227, (1850) 320, (1868) 1004. 
Cramm, Burghard v., (1872) 1265. 
Detlef, see Klara Bauer. 
Dewall, (1875) 1480. 
Dincklage, E. v., (1871) 1236. 
DIngelstedt, Franz, (1868) 1006, 1013, 1028, (1869) 1058, 1089, 1092, 

(1877) 1603, (1880) 1805, 1828. 
Dulk, A. B., (1867) 991. 
Ebeling, Friedrich, (1851) 389. 
Ebers, Georg, (1878) 1658, (1879) 1711, 1744, (1880) 1769, 1770, 1772, 

1773, 1792, 1794, 1803, 1806, 1807, 1825, 1835. 
Eckstein, Ernst, (1875) 1448, (1876) 1559, 1560. 
Eichendorff, Joseph v., (1851) 357, (1852) 448, 480, 493, (1856) 684, 

(1866) 945, (1868) 1030. 
EIze, Karl, (1878) 1686. 
Engel, J. J., (1852) 502. 
Esche, Luise, (1864) 906. 

[443] 



180 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

Feuerbach, Ludwig, (1846) 4, 45. 

Fichte, Johann G., (1S46) 12, 62, (1847) 133, (1848) 160, (1851) 417, 

(1866) 947, (1867) 983, (1868) 1017, 1021, (1869) 1071, (1870) 1175, 

(1877) 1619. 
Fouque, Fr. de la Motte, (1846) 40, 52, (1847) 70, 125, 130, (1849) 

197, 230, 234, (1850) 338, (1858) 740, (1865) 927, (1867) 982, (1869) 

1051. 
Francpis, Luise v., (1875) 1452. 
Franzos, Karl Emil, (1878) 1659. 
Frauenlob, (1871) 1252, (1872) 1314. 
Frelligrath, Ferdinand, (1847) 94, 95, 117, (1849) 196, 215, (1850) 

290, (1851) 372, (1853) 522, (1856) 656, (1859) 775, (1860) 826, 

827, (1871) 1232, (1876) 1503. 
Freytag, Gustav, (1857) 704, (1858) 750, 751, 766, 767, 768, (1860) 831, 

(1864) 905, (1866) 954, (1867) 974, (1871) 1214, (1873) 1320, 132?, 

1347, 1349, 1359, 1378, (1874) 1420, (1875) 1477, 1488, 1489, ISOOy 
(1877) 1595, (1879) 1724. 

Friedrich, Friedrlch, (1871) 1230. 

Gaudy, Franz v., (1850) 319. 

Gelbel, Emanuel, (1850) 335, (1851) 410, (1853) 521, 535, (1856) 655, 
(1858) 759, (1862) 861, (1870) 1117, (1879) 1736. 

Gellert, Christian F., (1846) 35, (1852) 453, (1880) 1778. See Gillet. 

George-Kaufmann, Amara, (1880) 1767. 

Gerhardt, Paul, (1853) 537, (1864) 912, (1872) 1274. 

Gerstaecker, Friedrich, (1847) 81, 84, (1848) 153, 170, 177, 178, 185, 
(1853) 517, 548, (1855) 620, 642, (1869) 1052, (1871) 1251, (1876) 
1515. 

Gessner, Salomon, (1853) 571. 

Gillet, (Gellert?) (1874) 1390. 

Gleim, Joh. Wilh. Ludw., (1853) 523, (1860) 819. 

Glumer, Claire v., (1876) 1530, (1877) 1611. 

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, (1846) 22, 34, 54, 64, (1847) 69, 87, 91, 
104, 106, 108, 109, 111, 114, 122, 136, 138, 143, (1848) 155, 156, 
172, 174, 194, (1849) 200, 204, 206, 225, 245, (1850) 248, 251, 253, 
254, 262, 265, 269, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 281, 285, 301, 309, 311, 
314. 323, 324, 326, 331, (1851) 343, 347, 348, 350, 351, 355, 356, 
358, 363, 364, 366, 367, 380, 385, 400, 402, 405, 414, 416, 419, 423, 424, 
426, (1852) 431, 447, 454, 470, 486, 489, 499, (1853) 534, 536, 538, 540, 
544, 545, 547, 555, 556, (1854) 590, 599, 603, 606,, (1855) 608, 610, 
611, 622, 636, 641, 647, (1856) 649, 651, 652, 658, 659, 664, 665, 
671, 672, 673, 674, 680, 685, 687, 688, 689, 693, 694, 696, 697, (1857) 
703, 721, 725, 728, (1858) 737, 738, 739, 742, 744, 746, (1859) 774, 
776, 778, 779, 780, 781, 784, 787, 790, (1860) 796, 797, 815, 820, 824, 
833, 835, 836, (1861) 847, (1862) 859, 864, 867, 870, 872, (1863) 880, 
881, 895, 898, (1865) 928, 931, 932, 933, 943, (1867) 964, 965, 968, 
990, (1868) 995, 998, 1019, (1869) 1041, 1077, 1083, 1101, (1870) 
1124, 1127, 1130, 1133, 1136, 1145, 1150, 1152, 1160, 1166, 1173, 
1176, 1177, 1180, (1871) 1184, 1188, 1193, 1194, 1200, 1203, 1205, 1210, 
1213, 1218, 1221, 1225, 1227, 1234, 1239, 1240, 1242, 1247, 1249, 1256, 
(1872) 1266, 1268, 1270, 1271, 1282, 1283, 1287, 1288, 1291, 1297, 
1299, 1310, 1311, 1312, (1873) 1321, 1323, 1325, 1327, 1332, 1343, 

1348, 1353, 1360, (1874) 1385, 1393, 1396, 1401, 1403, 1405, 1422, 
1427, 1439, (1875) 1446, 1447, 1455, 1460, 1463, 1470, 1473, 1484, 
1491, 1492, 1493, 1501, (1876) 1512, 1514, 1520, 1525, 1531, 1533, 
1534, 1535, 1541, 1543, 1548, 1552, 1565, 1570, 1571, (1877) 1578, 

[444] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 181 

1584, 1589, 1597, 1606, 1607, 1610, 1615, 1622, 1624, 1629, (1878) 
1639, 1651, 1668, 1669, 1674, 1677, 1679, 1682, (1879) 1694, 1697, 
1699, 1705, 1709, 1710, 1716, 1727, 1728, 1733, 1741, 1742, 1743, 

1746, 1750, 1756, 1763, (1880) 1771, 1775, 1776, 1791, 1796, 1799, 

1800, 1801, 1819, 1826, 1829. 
Gohren, Caroline v., see Frau von Zollner. 
Gorres, Jakob Josef v., (1855) 626. 
Gottfried von Strassburg, (1871) 12011. 
Gotthelf, Jeremlas, (1861) 841, (1864) 911. 
Gottschall, Rudolf, (1867) 970. 
Grillparzer, Franz, (1846) 13, (1847) 103, (1858) 769, (1872) 1273, 

(1876) 1528, (1877) 1630, (1880) 1804. 
Grimm, Gabriel, (1848) 191. 
Grimm, Hermann, (1865) 939, (1866) 950, (1867) 981, (1870) 1163, 

(1872) 1263, (1876) 1518, (1877) 1615, 1622, (1880) 1800, 1801. 
Grimm, Jakob, (1854) 597, 600, (1861) 851, (1864) 908, (1865) 942, 

(1868) 1022, (1869) 1049, 1075, 1076, (1880) 1808. 
GrUn, Anastasius, (1846) 48, (1849) 203, 205, (1852) 468, (1853) 527, 

533, (1858) 764, (1871) 1220, 1231. 
Gudrunlied, (1875) 1474, (1876) 1551. 
Gutzkow, Karl, (1847) 96, (1850) 286, (1852) 503, (1853) 507, 543, (1860) 

832, (1870) 1,143, (1872) 1262, (1879) 1712, 1713. 
Hacklander, Friedrich, (1855) 619, (1856) 679, (1858) 762, (1871) 1198, 

1237, (1872) 1309, (1877) 1602, (1878) 1653. 
Hahn-Hahn, Ida v., (1847) 79, 131, (1851) 381, (1853) 510, (1861) 838, 

(187]) 1241, (1872) 1285, (1880) 1768, 1788. 
Halm, Friedrich. See Miinch-Bellingliausen. 
Hanke, Henriette W., (1840) 59. 
Hardenberg, Friedrich von, (1846) 17, (1848) 186, 187, (1849) 197, 207, 

(1853) 529, (1873) 1371, (1874) 1413, (1876) 1458, (1877) 1592. 
Harring, Harro, (1851) 407. 
Hartmann, (1850) 328. 
Hauff, Wilhelm, (1847) 118, (1849) 228, (1851) 359, (1860) 803, 807, 

(1876) 1556. 
Hebbel, Friedrich, (1851) 377. 

Hebel, Johann Peter, (1853) 575, (1862) 856, (1866) 952. 
Hegel, Georg Friedr. Wilh., (1850) 251, (1858) 747, (1866) 946, 957, 

(1867) 966, (1868) 1014, 1018, (1871) 1199. 
Heine, Heinrich, (1847) 71, 92, (1848) 162, (1849) 210, 214, 224, 240, 

(1850) 284, 317, (1851) 354, (1852) 429, 438, 440, 442, 444, (1853) 

518, (1854) 586, (1855) 618, 623, 643, (1856) 660, 663, 675, 676, 

677, 686, 692, 695, (1858) 749, (1861) 843, (1863) 894, (1866) 956, 

(1869) 1055, 1056, 1078, (1870) 1151, 1165, (1871) 1196, 1206 

1226, (1872) 1272, 1278, (1873) 1318, 1329, 1340, 1345, 1377, 1874) 

1399, 1425, 1441, (1875) 1469, 1494, (1876) 1509, 1523, 1563, (1877) 

1573, 1587, 1600, (1878) 1640, 1642, 1644, 1646, 1670, 1689, (1879) 

1717, 1723, (ism 1789. 
Heller, Robert, (1858) 741. 
Helm, Clementine, (1877) 1613. 
Herder, Johann Gottfried, (1846) 36, 39, (1847) 93, 140 (18f8 181, 

(1850) 251, 1281, 337, (1853) 572, 574, (1857) 724, (1858) 736, (1862) 

863, (1872) 1302, 1306, (1873) 1362, (1878) 1655, 1675, 1681. 
Heyse, Paul, 1855) 624, (1869) 1073, (1871) 1187, 1191, (1875) 449, 

(1876) 1517, (1878) 1645, 1652, 1656, 1678, (1879) 1690, 1695, 1701, 

1704, 1714, 1732, 1752, 1758. 

[445] 



182 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVEESITY OP WISCONSIN 

Hildebrandslied, (1852) 480. 

Hillern, Wilhelmine v., (1870) 1140, 1156, (1872) 1279, 1293, (1873) 
1316, 1335, 1338, 1357, (1876) 1542, (1877) 1616, (1879) 1753, (1880) 
1766, 1813, 1822. 

Hofer, Bernhard, (1870) 1147. 

Hofer, E., (1872) 1269. 

Hoffmann, E. Th. A., (1847) 80, (1852) 494. 

Hoffmann von Fallersleben, (1856) 670, (1874) 1383. 

Holty, Ludwig, (1852) 458. 

Horn, Moritz, (1873) 1337. 

Humboldt, Wilhelm von, (1850) 249, (1860) 834, (1865) 941, (1873) 1321. 

Immermann, Karl, (1851) 398. 

Ingersleben, Frau v., (1877) 1609. 

Jacob!, Johann Georg, (1849) 244. 

Jager, Hermann, (1852) 495. 

Jensen, Wilhelm, (1877) 1585. 

Jung-Stilling, (1846) 16. 

Junker, E., (1878) 1665. 

Kant, Immanuel, (1855) 644, (1872) 1300. 

Keller, Gottfried, (1880) 1764, 1815. 

Kerner, Justinus, (1850) 297, 299, (1852) 441, 442, 443, 462, (1856) 650, 
(1862) 868. 

Keymann, Chr., (1865^ 935. 

KInkel, Johann Gottfried, (1854) 595. 

KIsslin, A., (1852) 496. 

Klemm, L. R., (1879) 1720. 

Klinger, Fr. Max. von, (1860) 813. 

Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb, (1849) 241, (1851) 391, (1859) 785, 
(1864) 916, (1880) 1816. 

Knorring, Baroness, (1848) 146, 154, 180. 

Kobell, Franz von (1861) 854. 

Kopisch, August, (1852) 452. 

Korner, Theodor, (1846) 31, 42. 57, (1847) 126, (1848) 164, (1849) 198, 
(1850) 265, (1851) 360, 425, (1855) 630, (1860) 798, 800, 823, 830, 
(1861) 852, 853, (1863) 890, (1864) 910, (1874) 1438. 

Kortum, Karl Arnold, (1851) 376, 411, (1863) 897. 

Kotzebue, August v., (1865) 934. 

Krummacher, Friedrich A., (1846) 15, 46, (1847) 76, (1852) 442, (1853) 
554, (1854) 592. 

Lampertus, (1868) 1008. 

Langbein, August F., (1847) 124, (1850) 302. 

Laube, Heinrich, (1872) 1267. 

Lebnert, (1853) 576. 

Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm, (1846) 29, 50, (1847) 105, 112, (1858) 743, 
(1864) 917, (1869) 1088. 

Lenau, Nikolaus, (1850) 283, (1858) 753, 760, (1861) 846, (1878) 1660. 

Lenzen, Marie, (1874) 1411, 1429. 

Lessing, G. E., (1846) 23, 47, (1847) 127, 128, (1848) 152, (1849) 
202, 231, (1851) 341. (1856) 699, (1858) 752, (1863) 886, 892, 
(1866) 955, (1867) 958, 962, 963, 973, 986, (1868) 992, 996, 1C01, 
1010, 10115, 1020, 1027. (1870) 1132, (1871) 1216, (1873) 13&1, 

(1874) 1381, 1386, 1394, 1397, 1407, 1408, 1415, 1419, 1434, 1439, 

(1875) 1496, 1498, (1877) 1586, (1878) 1637, 1684, 1688, (1879) 1731, 
1737, 1745, 1747. 

Lewald, Fanny, (1851) 368, (1861) 839, (1871) 1250, (1874) 1417. 

[446] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 183 

Lichtwer, M. S., (1853) 551. 

Lindau, Paul, (1877) 1627. 

Lindau, Rudolf, (1876) 1538, (1877) 1575, 1576, 1605, (1878) 1647, 

1666, 1672, (1879) 1749, 1757, (1880) 1814. 
Ludwig, Otto, (1857) 702, (1859) 773, 782, (1872) 1260, 1301. 
Luther,! Martin, (1850) 298, (1852) 466, (1865) 935. 
Lyser, (1846) 5. 
Mahl, Joachim, (1872) 1264. 
IVlaltitz, Appolonius v., (1851) 375, 409. 
IVIarie, Jeanne, (1851) 390. 

Marlitt, Eugenie, (1868) 1007, 1011, 1012, 1025, (1869) 1072, 1112, 
(1870) 1118, (1872) 1276, 1294, (1874) 1410, 14,18, (1876) 1527, 
1547, (1877) 1616, (1879) 1700, 1726, 1738. 
Marner, (1871) 1252. 

Matthisson, Friedrich, (1847) 115, (1849) 247, tl876) 1564. 
Mayem, Gustav v., (1851) 382. 
Meinhold, Wilhelm, (1853) 539. 
Mels, A., (1876) 1519. 

Mendelssohn, Moses, (1848) 148, (1861) 847, (1870) 1130, (1872) 1283, 
1297. 

Merrian, Theodor M., (1852) 442. 

Miller, Johann Martin, (1853) 546. 

Moltke, Count, (1879) 1725. 

Morike, Eduard, (1856) 661, (1857) 716. 

Mosen, Julius, (1852) 460. 

Mugge, Theodor, (1854) 604, (1856) 662, (1865) 938. 

Muhlbach, Luise, (1867) 959, 960, 971, 972, 985, 988, (1868) 993, 995, 
999, 1023, 1026, (1869) 1069, 1103, (1870) 1139, 1170, (1871) 1190, 
(1872) 1280, 1284, 1295, (1874) 1379. 

MUhler, Wolfgang, (1864) 923. 

Muller, Christine, (1874) 1433. 

MUller, Wilhelm, (1847) 90, (1850) 292, 308, (1852) 461, 500. 

Miinch-Bellinghausen, E. F. J. v., (1846) 11, (1848) 179. 

Naumann, Jacob, (1849) 236. ,^o',a\ 

Nibelungenhed, (1847) 66, (1850) 264, (1851) 555, (1864) 915 (1874) 
1430, 1431, (1875) 1483, (1876) 1550, (1877) 1590, (1878) 1661, 
1680, 1687, (1879) 1762. 

NIerltz, Gustav, (1852) 476, (1855) 640. 

Nietzsche, Friedrich, (1874) 1395, (1875) 1478. 

Novalis, see Hardenberg. 

Oerr, V., (1861) 849. 

Pechnazi, (1869) 1105. 

Peterson, Marie, (1876) 1561. 

Pfarrlus, Gustav, (1870) 1174. 

Pfau, Ludwig, (1872) 1277. 

Pfeffel, Gottlieb K., (1859) 786. 

;S AuS ['.'lis- 229, (1851) 422, (1857) 711, (1859) 777, 

(1868) 1031. 
Plettenhaus, Luise v., (1857) 713. 

^•1ko'^lnse"'^a854{'r8i: afs.^'l 'S64) 918, (1869) 1036, 1^7. 
'^1060 1694, (1870) 1114, 1115, 1116, 1121, 1122, 1123, 1164, 

(1871) 1186, 1189, 1192, (1872) 1257, 1269. 
■ 1 There are, of course, numerous references to Luther as a theologian, which 
haye not been listed. rAAm 

[447] 



184 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OP WISCONSIN 

Proiss, Robert, (1851) 393. 

Prutz, Robert Eduard, (1851) 396. 

Putlitz, Gustav, (1856) 683. 

Raimund, Ferdinand, (1880) 1820. 

Redwitz, Oskar V., (1858) 748, 761, (1869) 1080. 

Regenbogen, (1871) 1252. 

Reuter, Fritz, (1867) 974, 979, 980, (1868) 1016, (1870) 1153, (1871) 
1223, (1872) 1289, 1290, (1873) 1354, (1874) 1406, 1412, (1875) 
1451, 1454, (1876) 1532, 1557. 

Reynard the Fox, (1851) 370, (1865) 926, (1871) 1219. 

Richter, Jean Paul, (1846) 10, 27, 30, 44, 56, (1847) 98, 100, 101, 107, 
110, 120, (1848) 165, (1849) 216, 220, 221, 236, 238, 239, (1850) 265, 
274, 303, 315, 336, 340, (1851) 352, 404, 413, 415, (1852) 465, 471, 
(1853) 511, 526, 553, 573, (1855) 615, (1857) 708, (1858) 757, (1859) 
783, (1860) 812, (1861) 842, (1862) 870, (1863) 874, 875, 878, 
883, 899, 9(J0, (1864) 909, 920, 922, (1865) 937, (1869) 1033, 1057, 
(1870) 1113, (1880) 1785. 

Robell, (1846) 25. 

Rothenfels, E. v., (1872) 1292. 

RUckert, Friedrich, (1846) 8, 9, (1850) 250, 258, 259, 261, 294, 295, 
300, 305, (1851) 345, 349, 408, (1852) 451, 455, (1853) 549, (1854) 
578, (1860) 811, 817, 818, (1866) 944, 948, (1868) 1000, 1002, 1005, 
(1869) 1090, (1870) 1168, (1871) 1243, (1872) 1307, 1313, (1876) 
1529, (1880) 1779. 

Saciis, Hans, (1850) 266. 

Sallet, Friedrich v., (1846) 24, (1849) 218, 233, (1856) 682. 

Scheffel, Joseph Victor v., (1872) 1281, (1875) 1495. 

Schefer, Leopold, (1867) 976, (1871) 1217, (1873) 1375. 

Scheffler, Johann [Angelus Silesius], (1871) 1254. 

Schenkendorf, IVIax v., (1858) 756, (1867) 969. 

Scherr, Johannes, (1876) 1521. 

Schiller, Friedrich, (1846) 1, 2, 3, 14, 28, 51, 61, (1847) 67, 68, 73, 
77, 89, 97, 116, 134, 135, 141, (1848) 147, 151, 158, 163, 174, 183, 
193, (1849) 211, 242, 246, (1850) 251, 252, 257, 263, 265, 275, 278, 
280, 293, 330, 333, (1851) 356, 362, 401, 406, (1852) 432, 439, 469, 
470, 483, 492, (1853) 505, 536, (1854) 594, 607, (1855) 609, 616, 
645, (1856) 700, (1857) 714, (1858) 742, (1859) 774, 795, (1860) 
814, 816, 821, (1862) 870, (1863) 893, 896, (1864) 902, 914, (1865) 
930, 940, (1866) 951, (1867) 987, (1868) 995, (1870) 1129,1131,(1871) 
1215, (1873) 1321a, 1331, 1334, 1356, 1360, (1874) 1380, 1432, 1439, 
1442, (1875) 1459, 1472, 1485, 1499,. (1876) 1505, 1520, 1537, 1549, 
(1877) 1592, 1607, 1631, 1633, (1879) 1694, 1699, 1705, 1716, 1733, 
1741, 1742, 17501 1751, 1756, (1880) 1791, 1795. 

Schlegel, A. W., (1852) 445. 

Schlegel, Friedrich, (1846) 7, (1847) 113, (1848) 149, (1849) 219. 

Schleiermacher, Friedrich, (1850) 251, (1852) 428, (1861) 850, (1862) 
860, 873, (1869) 1046, 1048, 1079. 

Schlippenbach, Albert, Graf v., (1852) 480. 

Schmid, Hermann, (1869) 1044, 1061, 1098, 1102, 1111, (1870) 1182. 

Schmidt, Julian, (1851) 388, (1871) 1195, (1872) 1258, (1874) 1387, 
(1875) 1453. 

Schmidt, Klamer, (1849) 212. 

Schmidt fof Lubeck], (1850) 318. 

Schneckenburger, Max, (1870) 1134. 

[448] 



HAERTEL — GERMAN LITEEATUEE IN AMERICA 185 

Schopenhauer, Arthur, (1854) 601, (1864) 904, (1873) 1363, (1876) 
1510, 1540^ (1877) 1596, (1879) 1691, 1702, 1708. 

Schopenhauer, Johanna, (1846) 18, (1847) 121. 

Schrader, August, (1852) 478. 

Schreiber, Aloys, (1851) 403. 

SchUcking, Lewin, (1867) 967, (1876) 1526, 1545, (1878) 1685. 

Schwab, Gustav, (1857) 718. 

Seebach, Marie, (1870) 1119. 

SeidI, Johann G., (1855) 631. 

Simrock, Karl, (1849) 222, 223, (1850) 287, (1852) 449. 

Smets, Wilhelm, (1850) 256. 

Soiling, Gustav, (1849) 208, 209, (1850) 260, 267. 

Spielhagen, Friedrich, (1867) 975, (1869) 1043, 1054, 1060, 1063, 1066, 
1096, 1097, 1110, (1870) 1125, 1126, 1137, 1138, 1146, 1154, 1155, 
1169, 1171, 1172, 1181, 1183, (1871) 1222, (1873) 1319, (1874) 
1382, (1875) 1476, (1877) 1583, 1594, 1616, (1880) 1821. 

Spindler, Karl, (1847) 132, (1852) 501. 

Spinoza, Benedict, (1851) 399, (1863) 876, (1864) 919, (1869) 989, 

(1871) 1233, (1874) 1428, (1877) 1572, 1608, 1620, 1625, (1878) 1671. 
Starke, Gotthelf, (1853) 552. 

Sternberg, Baron v., (1850) 289, (1854) 577. 

Stifter, Adalbert, (1850) 2B5, (1865) 929. 

Stolberg, Fr. L. Graf zu, (1850) 250. 

Stolle, Ferdinand, (1856) 698. 

Storm, Theodor, (1864) 906. 

Streckfuss, Adolf, (1878) 1662, (1879) 1719, 1734. 

Sturm, Julius, (1870) 1158. 

Sumarrow, Gregor, (1877) 1616. 

Tauner, (1855) 632. 

Temme, J. D. H., (1852) 487. 

Theremin, Ludwig F. F., (1856) 681. 

Thyrnau, Thomas, (1877) 1581. 

Tieck, Ludwig, (1846) 60, (1850) 321, 334, (1853) 509, 531, 541, (1854) 
580, 584, (1856) 669, (1864) 924, (1877) 1592, (1880) 1777. 

Tromlitz, see Witzleben. 

Uhland, Ludwig, (1846) 19, 33, 63, (1847) 65, 139, (1848) 144, 167, 
173, (1849) 243, (1850) 296, 312, 313, (1851) 342, 361, 373, 374, 
(1852) 442, 444, 449, 450, 459, 477, 479, 498, (1853) 512, 519^ 
(1854) 593, (1855) 617, (1856) 666, (1858) 745, (1861) 844, (1862) 
865, (1863) 884, 885, 888, (1864) 903, 913, (1870) 1157, (1871) 1202, 
1207, (1872) 1275, (1878) 1648. 

Ulrich von Lichtenstein, (1871) 1253. 

Varnhagen v. Ense, (1847) 129, (1860) 804, 805, 806, 834, (1861) 848, 
(1862) 866, 869, (1869) 1074. 

Versen, Max v., (1876) 1554. 

Vischer, Friedrich Theodor, (1879) 1722. 

Volckhausen, Adalbert v., (1871) 1229. 

Voss. Johann Heinrich, (1847) 102, (1852) 430. 

Wagner, Richard, (1851) 383, (1863) 901, (1870) 1179, (1871) 1238, 

(1872) 1259, 1261, 1304, 1308, (1874) 1436, (1875) 1443, 1466, 1471, 
1481, 1490, 1497, (1876) 1511, 1539, 1558, (1877) 1580, 1588, 1617, 
1618, 1623, 1626, 16127, 1628, 1632, (1879) 1707, 1748, (1880) 1818. 

Walther, Johann, (1880) 1827. 

Walther von der Vogelweide, (1852) 482, (1876) 1513, 1536, 1562. 

Weissflog, Karl, (1851) 420. 

[449] 



186 BULLETIN OF THE UNHTil-rrT-.- '7 TTISCONSIN 



Werner, E., see Btirstenbinder. 

Wickede, Julius v., (1863) 882. 

Wichert, Ernst (1875) 1465. 

Wieland, Christoph Martin, (1862) 871. 

Wildenhafin, Dr., (1854) 582. 

Wildermuth, Ottilie v., (1857) 727, (1864) 921. 

Wille, Elisabeth de, (1873) 1317, 1342, 1344, 1373. 

Witzleben, K. A. F. v. [A. v. Tromlitz], (1846) 55. 

Wolfran v. Eschenbach, (1867) 984. 

Zerwitsch, Professor v., (1880) 1786. 

Ziegler, Alexander, (1849) 236. 

Zollner, Frau v., (1852) 437. 

Zschokke, Heinrich, (1846) 26, 43, 49, (1847) 85, (1848) 157, 159, 176, 
(1850) 270, 322, (1851) 346, 379, 421, (1852) 473, 490, (1853) 516, 
(1854) 585, (1855) 623, 637, (1856) 667, (1857) 707, 729, (1863) 
877, (1869) 1099, (1870) 1149, (1873) 1324, 1336, (1875) 1426, 1475. 



LIST C 

LIST OF JOTJRNAI,S EXAMINED. 

Amebican Catholic Qhjabtebut Review. 1-5. Phila. 1876-80. 
Ameeican Church Review. 1-3. N. Y., 1857-58. 
American Historical Record. See Potter's American Monthly. 
American Literary Magazine. 1-5. Albany and Hartford, 1847-49. 

(Vols. 2, 4, 5 incomplete.) 
American Monthly. 1. N. Y., 1860. 

American Notes and Queries. 1, Nos. 1-4. Phila., 1857. 
American Protestant Magazine. 1, 2. N. Y., 1845-47. 
American (Whig) Review. 3-16. N. Y., 1846-52. 
ArPLETON's Journal. 1-24. N. Y., 1869-80. Ap. Jo. 
Atlantic Monthly. 1-46. Boston, 1857-80. At. Mo. 
Baldwin's Monthly. 8-13. N. Y., 1874-76. 

Ballou's Dollar Monthly Magazine. 1, 2, 7-10. Boston, 1855-60. 
Baptist Quarterly. 1-9. Phila., 1867-75. 
Beadle's Monthly. 1-3. N. Y., 1866-67. 
The Beautiful World. 1-4. Boston, 1871-74. (Continues Sierra 

Magazine.) 
Beecher's Magazine, 1-5, No. 2. Trenton, N. J., 1871-72. 
(Emerson) Bennett's Dollar Monthly. 1. Phila., 1860. 
BooK-BuYTSR. 1-9. N. Y., 1867-76. 
Boston Book Bulletin. 1-3, No. 3. Boston, 1877-80. 
Boston Review. 1-6. Boston, 1861-66. (Continued as Congregational 

Review.) 
Brownson's Quarterly Review. 3-24. Boston and N. Y., 1846-64, 

1873-75. 
Catholic World. 1-32. N. Y., 1865-80. 
Century. 1-2, n. s. 1, No. 1. N. Y., 1858-60. 
Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany. 40-87. Boston, 

1846-69. 
Christian Observatory. 1-4. Boston, 1847-50. 
Christian Parlor Magazine. 3-6. N. Y., 1846-50. 
Christian Quarterly. 1-8. Cincinnati, 1869-76. 
Congregational Revibiw. 7-11. Boston, 1867-71. (See Boston Review.) 
Continental Monthly. 1-6. Boston and N. Y., 1862-64. 

[450] 



HAEETEL GERMAN LITERATURE IN AMERICA 187 

COENHiLL Monthly .wid Literary Reoobdek. 1, No. 1-5. Boston 1868 

Ceitekion. 1, 2. N. Y., 1855-56. ' 

Daguekreotype. 1, 2. Boston, 1847-48. 

Democratic Age. 1. N. Y., 1859. 

Democratic Review. 18-43. Washington and N. Y., 1846-59. Dem 

Rev. 
The Dial. 1. Cincinnati, 1860. 
-Eclectic Magazine. 7-95. N. Y., 1846-80.. Eel. Mag. 
Emerson's United States Magazine. 1-7.' N. Y., 1854-56. 
Every Saturday. 1-17. Boston, 1866-74. >^ 

Fireside Monthly. 1. N. Y., 1860. '^ — ' 

GoDEY's Lady's Book and Magazine. 32-101. Phila., 1846-80. Godey's 



Ge.vham's Illustrated Magazine. 28-37. Phila., 1846-58. 

Harkness' Magazine. 1-4. Wilmington, Del., 1872-77. 

Harper's New Monthly Magazine. 1-62. N. Y., 1850-80. Harp. Mag. 

HarvHrd Magaztne. 1-10. Cambridge, 1854-64. 

Herald of Truth. 1-4. Cincinnati, 1847-48. 

Hesperian. 2-10. San Francisco, 1859-63. 

Holden's Dollar Magazine. 1-8. N. Y., 1848-51. 

Hours at Home. 1-11. N. Y., 1865-70. 

Hl-tching's California Magazine. 1-3. S!an Francisco, 1856-59. 

Inland Monthly Magazine. 1-3. St. Louis, 1872-73, 

Intern .A.TI0NAL Monthly Magazine. 1-5. N. Y., 1850-52. Intern. Mag. 

• International Review. 1-9. N. Y., 1874-80. 
Kansas Magazine. 1-4. Topeka, 1872-74. 
Knickerbocker. 27-66. N. Y., 1846-65. Knick. 

Lakeside Monthly. 1-11. Chicago, 1869-74. (1-3 called Western 

Monthly.) 
LiBR\RY Magazine, 1, 4, 5. N. Y,, 1879-80, 
LiPPfTNCOTT's Magazine. 1-26. Phila., 1868-80. Lip. Mag. 
Literary Companion. 1. Harrishurg, Pa,, 1854. 
Literary Gem. 1. Phils,., 1853. 

Literary World. 4-11. Boston, 1870-80. Lit. World. 
Literary World. 1-13. N. Y., 1847-53. Lit. World, N. T. 

• Littfll's Living Age, 8-147. Boston, 1846-80. L. L. A. 
Louisvtlle Monthly Magazine, 1. Louisville, Ky., 1879. 
Massachusetts Quarterly Review. 1-3. Boston, 1847-50. 
Methodist Quarterly Review. 6-40. N. Y., 1846-80. 
Metropolitan. 1-6. Baltimore, 1853-58. 

Monthly Literary Miscellany. 2-5. Detroit, 1850-51. 
Mrs. Stephen's Illustr\ted Monthly. 1-4. N. Y., 1856-58. 
Nation. 1-31. N. Y., 1865-80. 

National Democratic Quarterly Review. 1. Washington, 1860. 
National M\gazine. 1-13. N. Y., 1852-58. 

National Quarterly Review. 1-41. N. Y., 1860-80. Nat. Quart. Rev. 
National Repository. 1-8. Cincinnati, 1877-80. 
New Eclectic. S'ee Southern Magazine. 
New Ewglander. 4-39. New Haven, 1846-80. New Eng. 
New Hampshire Repository. 1, 2. Gilmanton, 1845-47. 
New Pictorial Family Magazine. 3-5. N. Y., 1846-49. 
New York Illustrated M\gazine. 2, 3. 1846-47. 
New York Quarterly. 1-4. N. Y., 1852-55. 

Nile's Register. 69-75. Baltimore, Washington, and Phila,, 1846-49. 
Nineteenth Century. 1, 2. Charleston, S. C, 1869-70. 

[451] 



188 BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN 

Nineteenth Centdby. 1-3. Phila., 1848-49. 
• Noeth Amekican Review. 62-80. Boston and N. Y., 1846-80. N. A. H. 

Northern Monthly and Ne^v^ Jersey Magazine. 1-3. N. Y. anS 
Newark, 1867-68. 

NoKTHEEN Monthly. 1. Portland, Me., 1864. 

Norton's Literary Gazette and Publisher's Ciectjlae. 1, n. s. 2. 
N. Y., 1851-55. 

Old and New. 1-11. Boston, 1870-75. 

Once a Month. 1, 2. Pbila., 1869. 

Overland Monthly. 1-15. .San Francisco, 1868-75. 

Our Monthly. 1-10. Cincinnati, 1870-74. 

Owl. 1, 2. Chicago, 1874-76. 

Packard's Monthly. 1. N. Y., 1869. 

Panobama op Life and Literature. 1-5. Boston, 1855-57. 
- Penn Monthly. 1-11. Phila., 1870-80. Penn Mo. 

Pioneer. 1-4. S'an Francisco, 1854-55. 

■ Potter's American Monthly. 1-14. Phila., 1872-80. (1-7 called 

•American Historical Record.) 

Public Spirit. 1-3. Troy, 1867-68. 

Putnam's Monthly Magazine. 1-16. N. Y., 1853-70. Put. Mo. Mag. 

Radical. 1-10. Boston, 1865-72. 

Radical Review. 1. New Bedford, Me., 1878. 

Richmond Eclectic. 1, 2. Richmond, Va., 1866-67. 
*■ Russell's Magazine. 1-6. Charleston, 1857-60. 

Saetain's Union Magazine or Liteeatuee and Aet. 1-11. N. Y. and 
Phila., 1847-52. 

ScEiBNBB's Monthly. 1-21. N. Y., 1870-80. 

Sierra Magazine. 1-3. Boston, 1868-71. (See Beautiful World.) 

South Atlantic. 1, 2, 4. Wilmington, N. C, 1877-79. 

Southern Literary Messenger. 12-36. Richmond, 1846-64. 

Southern Magazine. 1-17. Baltimore, 1868-75. (1-'^ called New 
Eclectic.) 

Southern Quarterly Review. 1. Louisville, 1879. 

Southern Quarterly Review. 9-30. New Orleans and Charleston, 
1846-57. So. Quart. Rev. 

Southern Review. 1-24. Baltimore and St. Louis, 1867-78. 

Southwestern Monthly. 1, 2. Nashville, 1852. 

Spare Hours. 1. Boston, 1866. 

Tales of the Day. 1, 2. Boston, 1861-62. 

Theological and Literary Journal. 1-13. N. Y., 1848-61. 

To-Day. 1, 2. Boston, 1852. 
. Unitarian Review. 1-14. Boston, 1874-80. 

University Quarterly. 1-4. New Haven, 1860-61. 

West American Review. 1. Cincinnati, 1853. 

■ Western. 1-6. St. Louis, 1875-80. 

Western Liteeaky Eicpoeium. 2. Cincinnati, 1848. 

Western Liteeary Magazine. 1. Columbus, 1853. 

Western Liteeaey Messenger. 7-13, 20-27. Buffalo, 1847-57. 

Western Magazine. 1, 3-5. Chicago, 1845-51. 

Western Miscellany. 1. Dayton, 1849. 

Western Monthly. See Lakeside Monthly. 

Westeen Review. 1. Columbus, 1846. 



[452] 



Philology and I<lteratnre Series 
VOLUME I 

C Compute in four numbers, with title-page, table of contents, and index. J 
No. 1. On the development of American literature from 1815 to 1833, by 

William B. Cairns. 1898. 4+87 p. 35 cents. 
No. 2. The treatment of nature in the poetry of the Boman Republic, by 

Katharine Allen. 1899. 131 p. 50 cents. 
No. 3. The Great Mother of the gods, by Grant Showerman. 1901. 113 p. 

i pi. 45 cents. 
No. 4. Wortlehre des Adjectivs im Altsachsischen, by Edwin Carl Eoed- 

der. 1901. 82 p. 35 cents, 

VOLUME II 

('Complete in three numbers, with title-page, table of contents, and index. J 

No. 1. The time elements of the Orestean trilogy, by Jonathan Bailey 
Browder. 1902. 76 p. 35 cents. Out of print. 

No. 2. Schillers Einfluss auf Grillparzer, eine litterarhistorische Studie, 
by Otto Edward Leasing. 1902. 128 p. 50 cents. 

No. 3. The philosophy of Ernest Renan, by Herman Gustav Adolph 
Brauer. 1903. 176 p. 50 cents. Out of print. 

VOLUMB III 

No. 1. Das Sprichwort bei Hans Sachs: Teil 1, Verzeichnis der Sprich- 
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No. 2. The Graecostasis of the Roman Forum and its vicinity, by Charles 
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No. 4. The Indebtedness of Samuel Taylor Coleridge to August Wilhelm 
von Schlegel, by Anna Augusta Helmholz. S8 p. 40 cents. 

VOLUME IV 

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Holland Groodnight. 264 p. 50 cents. 

No. 2. German literature in American magazines, 1846 to 1880, by Mar- 
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Cornell University Library 
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